Due to the antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic and expectorant properties of biologically active substances that make up their essential oils occupy a separate niche among the means that are used in the complex treatment of respiratory, otolaryngological and pulmonological diseases and help get rid of cough.
, , , 
Essential oils for cough
How to use essential oils for chronic bronchitis, detailed in the material - Oils for the treatment of bronchitis
The main essential oils for dry cough are eucalyptus oil, menthol or peppermint oil, oregano oil (oregano oil - Origanum vulgare).
The most suitable cough oil for aroma lamps, first of all, include essential oil of thyme (thyme), tea tree, lemon, rosemary, fir, juniper, myrrh.
This essential oil for inhalation is considered No. 1 because it simultaneously acts as an anti-inflammatory agent, and as an antiseptic, and as a bronchodilator and extractor, which is provided by the most complex combination of isoprene derivatives (terpene alcohol 1,8-cineole, monoterpenic compounds and sesquiterpenes), aldehydes and phenols. And the best way to use it is steam inhalation. How to do them correctly, in detail - Inhalation with eucalyptus when coughing and bronchitis
In addition, these recipes are offered mixtures (balms) for rubbing the chest:
- a teaspoon of almond oil takes three drops of eucalyptus essential oil, two drops of thyme essential oil and one drop of pine essential oil;
- For a tablespoon of coconut oil, take eight drops of eucalyptus oil, five drops of lavender oil and two drops of thyme oil.
There is also a recipe for oral cough medicine, which is prepared by mixing three tablespoons of honey with two drops of eucalyptus and the same amount of lemon essential oil (which improves blood circulation in the respiratory system and relieves spasms). Take the mixture in a teaspoon, dissolving it in 200 ml of warm water. It is recommended to drink this remedy slowly and not more than twice a day.
Peppermint oil has a strong antiseptic and effective antispasmodic reputation, supported by monoterpene menthol. It is proved that it relaxes the smooth muscles of the bronchi and increases their ventilation, reducing the intensity of cough. It is also believed that menthol contributes to the dilution of thick bronchial secretions and soothes sore throat.
There are several ways to apply it: dissipate in the air and breathe it, inhale the smell directly from the bottle or from a tampon moistened with oil, or make steam inhalations (with the addition of 5-6 drops in water for one procedure).
Thyme Oil (Thyme)
Due to the content of 2-isopropyl-5-methylphenol (thymol), this essential oil can also be called multifunctional - antiseptic (antimicrobial and fungicidal), antispasmodic, mucolytic and mucokinetic. All applications of thyme oil relieve cough, but most often it is used in aroma lamp.
Oregano oil (oregano oil)
The combination of terpene compounds (including thymol and carvacrol) and esters gave this essential oil not only strong antimicrobial properties, but also the ability to relieve spasms of all structures of the respiratory system, which soothes coughing and facilitates the restoration of normal mucociliary clearance of the bronchial epithelium.
Tea Tree Cough Oil
Containing α-phellandrene, alpinins, β-pinene, cyneol, γ-terpineol, limonene, linalool and piperitone tea tree essential oil are among the universal biologically active substances that provide, among other things, the expectorant effect.
Read more - Applying tea tree oil
Fir is the closest relative of pine, and its essential oil also contains organic terpene compounds, in particular, α-pinene, which determines its antimicrobial effect. It is used as an oil for cough inhalation for respiratory diseases, for spraying (diffusion) and in the aroma lamp - as a prophylactic during flu epidemics.
Effective mucolytic and mucokinetic means, proof of which is the presence of anise oil in chest elixir and ammonia-anise drops. Phenylpropin anisic oil compound - anethole - has an antimicrobial and antiviral effect, and also increases the production of bronchial secretions, dilutes it and promotes expectoration. When using it, it should be borne in mind that anise oil interacts with drugs that affect the work of the central nervous system.
It is allowed to use camphor oil only outwardly and with caution: camphor is classified as a neurotoxin. Experts warn that when ingested camphor oil in the gastrointestinal tract can be serious side effects, even deadly.
With a strong wet cough, frankincense oil (obtained from the resin of Boswellia sacra tree) is recommended, used in sprayers or aroma lamps; basil essential oil (two or three drops of oil mixed with coconut oil and rub the chest with this mixture); steam inhalations with essential oils.
, , , 
Cough Oil Inhalation Oil
A simple and at the same time effective method of applying the above essential oils is inhalation, with simultaneous moistening of the respiratory tract with water vapor, a decrease in the viscosity of sputum, as well as removal of nasal congestion and relief of breathing. Two procedures a day are enough with a duration of each not more than five minutes.
For carrying out inhalations, Makhold's oils for coughing and nasal congestion for colds (with a special inhaler attached to them - Mahold inhaler) are also sold in pharmacies. It is a blend of essential oils of eucalyptus, peppermint, tea tree, rosemary and cedar. The instructions indicate that this tool does not apply to patients younger than 12 years and pregnant.
Cough Essential Oils for Aroma Lamp or Steam Evaporator
All the previously mentioned cough essential oils can be used for the aroma lamp, through which they are intensely evaporated during the heating process.
Additionally, lemon oil and other citrus oils can be evaporated in the aroma lamp (they ensure normal breathing, clearing the upper respiratory tract); fir and pine oil (help reduce sputum formation and facilitate its elimination from the respiratory tract); rosemary and cedar oils, which contribute to the dilution of thick sputum, as well as to the relaxation of smooth muscles of the trachea and bronchi and the removal of cough.
The recipe for universal cough mix for aromalampy (or steam evaporator): 12 drops of eucalyptus essential oil, 10 drops of lemon essential oil, 8 drops of thyme and laurel essential oil, 6 drops of myrrh’s essential oil and 4 drops of spruce (cedar and pine) essential oil. ) and incense.
Aromatherapists note that peppermint, bay, clove and thyme oils should be used with caution, as they can cause irritation of the mucous membranes.
Read on what and how exactly essential cough oils are used in the bath, read - Bath for bronchitis
It should be borne in mind that essential oils - camphor, fir, tea tree, oregano, thyme, menthol, bitter wormwood and tarragon - during pregnancy and breastfeeding can not be used. What kind of oil cough during pregnancy can be used in the material - How to treat a cough during pregnancy
Essential oils for cough for children
Essential oils are most often used to children externally, in more detail in the publication - Cold ointment in children: rub or not rub? More useful information is provided in the article - Cough Ointment.
Geranium, cypress, blue (German) chamomile, mandarin and sandalwood oils are considered useful for children with coughing and ARVI. Dill, mint, eucalyptus, tea tree, cloves, cinnamon, rosemary and verbena are contraindicated in children under three years of age due to the threat of convulsions and respiratory arrest. And adolescent boys are not recommended to apply tea tree oil and lavender.
Experts emphasize the need to dilute essential oils with any vegetable oils and indicate that the oil is well tolerated when used externally, may be toxic when taken orally.
Those who are interested in the Kyzyl May product, manufactured in Kazakhstan, for children from cough and cold, intended for external and internal use at any age (children are only three years old). The composition is a mixture of extracts of medicinal plants such as St. John's wort, thyme, lemon balm, nettle, licorice root and rose hips on the basis of sea buckthorn and sunflower oils.