Diseases of the heart and blood vessels (cardiology)

Pericardial adhesions

As a rule, pericardial adhesions develop against the background of inflammatory process in the pericardium (pericarditis), against chronic or recurrent pericarditis, after surgical operations.

Can I go to a bathhouse if I have bradycardia?

Visiting a bathhouse in bradycardia may be permissible, but requires prior consultation with a doctor.

Echonegative space in the pericardium

When an echonegative space in the pericardium is visualized, one may suspect, first of all, an effusion, the presence of fluid content in the pericardium.

Shortness of breath in heart failure

Dyspnea in heart failure, or cardiac dyspnea is one of the leading symptoms of impaired filling or emptying of the heart, an imbalance of vasoconstriction and vasodilation neurohormonal systems.

Anechogenic mass in the pericardium

Anechogenic masses are sometimes visualized on ultrasound. This is often a tumor.

Myocardial damage syndrome

Under the syndrome of pericardial lesions is usually understood an inflammatory process in the pericardial area, which is accompanied by an intense accumulation of liquid contents.

Violation of repolarization processes on ECG

If both the ST segment and the T segment are altered (shifted), the physician records a repolarization disorder on the ECG. In a healthy person, the ST segment is isoelectric and has the same potential as in the interval between the T and P teeth.

Pericardial tumors

Pericardial tumors are a serious problem. Conventionally, all pericardial tumors can be divided into primary and secondary tumors.

Pericardial friction murmur

In some pathologic conditions, a pericardial friction murmur may occur. It is important to be able to recognize it, as it may have important diagnostic value.

Rheumatic pericardial lesions

Rheumatic pericardial lesions are often observed against the background of the course of rheumatic and autoimmune diseases, in which the level of sensitization of the organism is increased, increased autoimmune aggression is manifested.


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