Diseases of the endocrine system and metabolic disorders (endocrinology)


Providing the body with oxygen, the respiratory system simultaneously removes the product of metabolism - carbon dioxide (carbon dioxide, CO2), which the blood brings from the tissues to the alveoli of the lungs, and thanks to alveolar ventilation, it is removed from the blood. 

Infantilism: genital, psychological, social

In medicine, the term infantilism (exactly translated from Latin infantia means “infancy”) is one of the developmental disorders in which adults and children have physical or physiological parameters that are clearly inappropriate for their age, mental or behavioral characteristics.

Pituitary microadenoma: causes, symptoms, what is dangerous, prognosis

The neoplasms of a benign nature arising in the endocrine glands are called adenomas, and the pituitary microadenoma is a small tumor of its anterior lobe, which produces a number of important hormones.

Treatment of congenital hypothyroidism

A treatment plan for congenital hypothyroidism has been developed since the final diagnosis. Therapy depends on the form of the disease and its symptoms, the patient's age, the presence of comorbidities.

Diagnosis of congenital hypothyroidism

Detection of genetic pathologies in newborns is carried out in the first week after the birth of the baby. For the diagnosis of the condition of the newborn assessed on the Apgar scale.

Symptoms and forms of congenital hypothyroidism

Genetically determined anomalies of the development of the thyroid gland can be diagnosed at different ages, depending on the severity of the disease and its form. With aplasia or severe hypoplasia, the symptoms of the disorder are noticeable in the first week of the infant's life.

Congenital hypothyroidism: causes, pathogenesis, consequences, prognosis

According to medical statistics, the prevalence of congenital hypothyroidism is 1 case per 5000 babies. The disease is about 2.5 times more common in girls than in boys. 

Calcification: What is this, how to treat?

Among all the biogenic macroelements of the human body, the proportion of calcium - in the form of crystals of hydroxyapatite bone tissue - is the most significant, although blood, cell membranes and extracellular fluid also contain calcium.

Myxedema in adults and children: pretybial, primary, idiopathic

In endocrinology, myxedema is considered to be the most severe form of thyroid dysfunction and severe hypothyroidism with a critically low level of thyroid hormone synthesis or its complete cessation.

Why is the body temperature lower than 36, 35.5: which means what to do?

A person is homeothermic, that is, warm-blooded, and has a constant temperature, which during the day can range from + 36.5 ° C to + 37 ° C. But any temperature above or below this range is abnormal. 


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