Diseases of the endocrine system and metabolic disorders (endocrinology)

Thyroid hypertrophy

Thyroid hypertrophy (goiter) can be caused by a variety of reasons, and its symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis can vary depending on the underlying cause.

Gonadal dysgenesis

Pathology due to chromosomal defects that is accompanied by abnormal gonadal development during the embryonic period is called gonadal dysgenesis.


In the structure of thyroid pathologies, a special place is occupied by thyreopathy - a disease that can be accompanied by both hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism.


While providing oxygen to the body, the respiratory system simultaneously removes a product of metabolism, carbon dioxide (carbon dioxide, CO2), which the blood brings from the tissues to the alveoli of the lungs, and through alveolar ventilation it is removed from the blood.

Infantilism: genital, psychological, social

In medicine, the term infantilism (accurately translated from Latin infantia means "infancy") refers to one of the developmental disorders in which adults and children are marked by clearly inappropriate for their age physical or physiological parameters, mental or behavioral characteristics.

Pituitary microadenoma: causes, symptoms, what is dangerous, prognosis

The neoplasms of a benign nature arising in the endocrine glands are called adenomas, and the pituitary microadenoma is a small tumor of its anterior lobe, which produces a number of important hormones.

Treatment of congenital hypothyroidism

A treatment plan for congenital hypothyroidism has been developed since the final diagnosis. Therapy depends on the form of the disease and its symptoms, the patient's age, the presence of comorbidities.

Diagnosis of congenital hypothyroidism

Detection of genetic pathologies in newborns is carried out in the first week after the birth of the baby. For the diagnosis of the condition of the newborn assessed on the Apgar scale.

Symptoms and forms of congenital hypothyroidism

Genetically determined anomalies of the development of the thyroid gland can be diagnosed at different ages, depending on the severity of the disease and its form. With aplasia or severe hypoplasia, the symptoms of the disorder are noticeable in the first week of the infant's life.

Congenital hypothyroidism: causes, pathogenesis, consequences, prognosis

According to medical statistics, the prevalence of congenital hypothyroidism is 1 case per 5000 babies. The disease is about 2.5 times more common in girls than in boys. 


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