Hematocele usually results from hemorrhage from damaged blood vessels. This happens with traumatic injuries, surgical procedures. In some patients, the appearance of pathology is associated with the development of testicular cancer, when the tumor grows and violates the integrity of the scrotal vascular network.
For the prevention of chronic cystitis, it is important not to delay urination, to protect yourself from colds, to observe personal hygiene, especially in the intimate area. The underwear should be loose, do not squeeze the bubble.
Today, more and more often one hears the question of whether bacteria in urine are dangerous. Should they show up there? It turns out that urine is considered a conditionally sterile biological fluid, so normally it shouldn't contain bacteria.
Bacteria in the urine are an extremely unfavorable sign that indicates a severely ongoing inflammatory and infectious process affecting the kidneys, urinary tract, and possibly even the blood and other body systems.
Explaining to patients what diffuse changes in the kidneys, detected during their ultrasound scan (US), mean, nephrologists and urologists talk about echographically visualized pathological abnormalities in the tissues and individual structures of this organ.
If we translate the name "azotemia" from Latin, it literally means "nitrogen in the bloodstream." Sometimes this condition is called uremia - that is, "urine in the bloodstream", but the concepts are not exactly the same: azotemia is usually the basis of uremia.