Surgical diseases

Hernia of the esophagus: causes, signs, how to treat?

Pathologies associated with disruption of the gastrointestinal tract are always a big trouble for a person. Interfere with one of its basic physiological needs - nutrition. 

Omphalitis of the navel: catarrhal, purulent, phlegmonous, necrotic

Omphalitis is a process of inflammation of the umbilical cord and surrounding tissue, which is more common in newborns. Features of the structure of the skin and subcutaneous tissue in infants are such that the inflammatory process spreads very quickly.

Acute catarrhal appendicitis

By catarrhal appendicitis is meant the initial stage of changes in the mucous layer of the appendix. In this case, inflammation has a mostly superficial character, which means that it does not affect the deep tissues, but develops in the cells of the epithelium.

Gangrenous appendicitis: symptoms, consequences, operation, postoperative period

The concept of "appendicitis" is known to everyone, but few know about such a diagnosis as "gangrenous appendicitis".

Acute phlegmonous appendicitis: purulent, ulcerative, gangrenous

Phlegmonous appendicitis is an acute form of inflammation of the appendix, characterized by the deposition of fibrin on its surface, a large concentration of pus and a clearly marked edema.

Appendicular abscess: clinic, autopsy

Acute appendicitis is a very common surgical pathology. Such a disease requires urgent surgical intervention, otherwise serious and life-threatening complications may develop.


Acute surgical pathology of the peritoneum, which consists in twisting any part of the intestine or its part around the mesentery or its axis. The gut lumen is overlapped, the mesenteric nerves and blood vessels are squashed, a mechanical obstacle arises in the digestive tract.

Subdiaphragmatic abscess

When the internal infectious inflammation of the tissues, accompanied by their destruction and purulent fusion, is classified as a subdiaphragmatic abscess, this means that the abscess (limited by a pus accumulation capsule) is located in the sub-abdominal area of the abdominal cavity

Abscess of abdominal cavity

It can form in any part of the abdominal cavity with the formation of a number of clinical syndromes: septic, intoxicating, febrile.


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