Clinical studies

How does alcohol affect the tests?

Alcohol can affect a variety of tests used in medical and laboratory tests, including blood, urine, and other tests

Urine bacteriogram in pregnancy

Bacteriologic or bacteriologic urine test in pregnancy - refers to tests that allow timely detection of bladder and urinary tract problems

Blood poikilocytosis

Poikilocytosis is a medical term that refers to the presence of abnormalities in the shape of red blood cells (red blood cells), including their irregular shape and size.

Myelocytes in the blood

Myelocytes are immature bone marrow cells that precede the formation of more mature blood cells such as neutrophils (a type of white blood cell) or other granulocytes.

Cervical swab

Cervical seeding is a laboratory test that takes a sample of mucus or discharge from a woman's cervical canal to detect pathogens

Pharyngeal swab for microflora

A pharyngeal swab for microflora is a procedure that collects a sample of cells and microorganisms from the pharynx (throat) for later laboratory testing.

Urogenital swab in women and men

A urogenital swab is a biological material that is taken from the urogenital area (genitourinary system) of a woman or man to diagnose various infectious and inflammatory diseases.


Normoblasts are young, immature red blood cells that form in the bone marrow during erythropoiesis (red blood cell formation).

Bacterial culture of urine with determination of sensitivity to antibiotics

For this purpose, every patient should take a bacterial culture of urine with determination of sensitivity to antibiotics. This is a mandatory test for many urogenital disorders.

Klebsiella in the feces of an adult and a child

Klebsiella is a type of Enterobacteriaceae, which is an opportunistic microorganism. They are capsule-shaped Gram-negative bacilli, arranged one at a time, in pairs or in chains. They are considered very dangerous because they are resistant to existing antibiotics.


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