Clinical studies

Cystitis tests: what should I take?

You should not play with your health, especially since it is not that difficult to diagnose cystitis. With the existing complaints, the patient can turn to his therapist, and he will make a preliminary diagnosis on the basis of medical history and laboratory tests and decide which doctor to visit: patient, urologist, nephrologist, gynecologist, venereologist, etc.

Results of smear on flora: leukocytes, erythrocytes, epithelium, mucus

A gynecological or urological smear is a study of not only the microflora that lives inside our body, but also other components of the internal environment, which can also carry important information for diagnosis.

Bacterial and non-bacterial flora in a smear

The coccal flora in a smear, whose representatives are spherical in shape, can be represented in all the richness of its species. Normally, cocci along with other opportunistic and neutral microorganisms in the vagina are present in a total volume of not more than 5%.

What does a smear show on flora?

The result of a microbiological or cytological examination may be handed to the patient or sent to the doctor who prescribed the analysis (gynecologist, urologist, etc.). To record the evidence provided a special form of bacteriological or cytological examination.

Erythrocytes in the urine: symptoms, effects, diagnosis

Complaints of pain usually accompany urolithiasis, cystitis, uric acid crisis. In other cases, the pain may not be. The greatest danger in this case are tumor processes in the bladder and kidneys.

Causes of elevated red blood cells in the urine

Laboratory test results often raise many questions for patients. This is especially the case when blood elements appear in fluids, where they normally should not be - for example, if red blood cells are found in the urine.

Streptococcus in a smear in women, with pregnancy, men and children

Streptococci are gram-negative microorganisms, which are the causative agents of many purulent-infectious and inflammatory diseases. 

Analysis of the smear on the flora: how to prepare, what shows?

Among the many laboratory studies, there is a smear on the microflora - an analysis that determines the presence of bacteria at the site of collection, and also identifies them.

Analyzes of blood, urine and feces with pancreatitis: the results of indicators

Pancreatitis is an extremely common disease. It has numerous features of modern life: eating disorders, eating dry, eating semi-finished and fast food, smoking and uncontrolled use of medicines.

Cells of flat, cylindrical, glandular epithelium in the smear: what does it mean?

The process of renewal of epithelial cells occurs constantly, therefore the epithelium in a smear from the urethra, vagina, cervical canal is present even in the absence of urological and gynecological diseases.


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