Diseases of the lungs, bronchi and pleura (pulmonology)

Shortness of breath after a fever

If there is dyspnea after fever, then most often it indicates a significant amount of lung damage or the accession of cardiac pathologies, which, in turn, can be complicated by oxygen deprivation or other diseases and conditions.

Shortness of breath and weakness

Shortness of breath and weakness is a common complaint that causes patients to seek medical attention.

Shortness of breath after exercise

Dyspnea after physical activity is a fairly common phenomenon that occurs as a reaction of the body to increased activity.

Expiratory dyspnea

The symptom, which is manifested by difficulty and prolongation of the expiratory phase of breathing - exhalation - and causes a feeling of discomfort when breathing, is defined in medicine as expiratory dyspnea.

Inspiratory dyspnea

Intermittent inspiratory dyspnea is a condition that a person may not notice at first, although it often indicates the development of serious diseases.

Mixed dyspnea

If a patient has a combination of inspiratory (during inhalation) and inspiratory (during exhalation) breathing difficulties, specialists use a term such as mixed dyspnea.

Bronchospasm in children and adults

When the lumen of small branches of the bronchial tree is narrowed, it is said that bronchospasm has occurred, associated with prolonged reflex contraction of smooth muscle fibers present in the bronchi and bronchioles.


Pathologic accumulation of serous fluid - transudate or exudate - in the pleural cavity is defined as hydrothorax.

Types of pleuropneumonias

Pneumonias are subdivided according to the degree of lung damage. If the inflammatory process covers only the lobes, not spreading to the vessels and alveoli, then we talk about pleuropneumonia, or pneumonia krupoznaya - a disease of infectious nature, which can be provoked by viruses, microbes or fungi.

Treatment of pleuropneumonia

The treatment protocol for croupous inflammation involves the simultaneous use of two antibiotics: one intravenously, the other intramuscularly. Usually therapy is carried out with the drugs described below.


You are reporting a typo in the following text:
Simply click the "Send typo report" button to complete the report. You can also include a comment.