Diseases of the lungs, bronchi and pleura (pulmonology)

Causes and pathogenesis of pleuropneumonia

Lobar bacterial pneumonia, or focal non-segmental pneumonia, or acute lobar inflammation of the lung lobes affecting part of its serous membrane (pleura) can be diagnosed as pleuropneumonia, although this definition is absent in the respiratory system class ICD-10.

Spikes in the left and right lung: pleural, fibrous

A serious complication after respiratory diseases is a spike in the lungs. Consider the pathogenesis and the causes of their appearance, the main symptoms, methods of treatment and prevention.

Syndrome of compaction of lung tissue

A common objective sign of the developing decrease in airiness corresponding to the tightening of the pulmonary tissue is the asymmetry of the chest, revealed during examination and palpation.

Pleural Syndrome

The accumulation in the pleural cavity of the fluid (hydrothorax), which can be exudate, transudate, pus (piothorax, empyema of the pleura), blood (hemothorax) or mixed

Cough with acute, chronic and obstructive bronchitis

Bronchitis refers to the acute or chronic form of the disease of the respiratory tract, the trigger mechanism for development is a violation of microflora.

Subcutaneous emphysema of the thorax, neck, face, lungs

If air bubbles accumulate in the subcutaneous fat tissue, then one speaks of a pathology such as subcutaneous emphysema. Usually, emphysema appears on the background of other diseases - for example, in the defeat of the respiratory system or esophagus.

Dyspnoea with obstructive and acute bronchitis: treatment with drugs and alternative means

Different forms of the inflammatory process in the bronchi are usually accompanied by dyspnoea (dyspnea). And in children, dyspnea with this disease develops much more often than in adults.

Enlargement of lymph nodes of the mediastinum

The role of blood vessels and lymphatic capillaries is to absorb and divert the protein fluid from the blood capillaries and return it to the venous circulation. 

Enlargement of the lymph nodes of the roots of the lungs and mediastinum

Among the general symptoms of a fairly wide range of diseases, there is an increase in lymph nodes in the lungs - pulmonary, basal bronchopulmonary, peribronchial or paratracheal. 

Atelectasis of the lung: discoid, right, left, upper, lower, middle

Atelectasis leads to a significant reduction in the respiratory volume and ventilation of the lungs, and with total damage to airborne lung tissue - to respiratory failure with a fatal outcome.


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