Examination of the body


Olfactometry is necessary to determine olfactory disorders - in particular, anosmia, hyposmia, parosmia. The procedure is performed using a series of cylinders filled with special solutions, as well as a device for the quantitative supply of these solutions.

Ear otoscopy: what is it?

In otorhinolaryngology, a special diagnostic procedure, otoscopy, is performed to examine the external auditory canal and examine the tympanic membrane.

Smear on flora: indications, training, technique

A smear on the flora is one of the important diagnostic methods that allow obtaining a biomaterial for microscopic laboratory testing from the surface of the skin and mucous membranes. Most often, this concept refers to the taking of material from the surface of the vaginal mucosa.

Whole body plethysmography

To implement the method of plethysmography, special devices are used - plethysmographs, of various modifications - electrical, water, photographic, mechanical.

Testicular biopsy: puncture, open

Diagnostic procedure - testicular biopsy - is relatively rare, but it is considered very informative to determine the causes of impaired fertility in men, as well as other diseases associated with the male reproductive system.

Blood pressure measurement: algorithm, norm

Arterial pressure is the pressure that blood exerts on the walls of the vessels. This pressure is somewhat less in peripheral, smaller vessels. It fluctuates due to the contractile function of the heart.

Study of arteries

Peripheral arterial circulation disorders are usually more severe in the elderly due to the deterioration of collateral blood flow.

Study of veins

. Evaluation of the veins is important for examination and palpation. When blood flow is disturbed in a large vein, collateral circulation rapidly develops.

Percussion and palpation of the spleen

There are many methods of percussion of the spleen, which is explained by the difficulties in choosing the optimal anatomical-topographical landmarks.

Duodenal sounding of the gallbladder

Until recently, it was very common to study the biliary tract with duodenal probing, which is the introduction of a probe into the duodenum to obtain its contents.


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