In the case of treatment of red eye syndrome, there is no general method or drug for all manifestations associated with the onset of this condition. It must be remembered that it can relate to any ophthalmic diseases, and consequently - different treatment tactics will be recommended.
With conjunctivitis, the treatment relies mainly on removing irritation. Apply a variety of eye drops, depending on the cause of inflammation of the conjunctiva.
To eliminate the symptoms of conjunctivitis of viral origin, a combination of warm compresses and drops of artificial tears (artificial tears - moisturizing drops for the eyes, for example, "Systemin", "Oksial" and other preparations of this pharmacological group) are used. A specific drug solution in the treatment of viral conjunctivitis is eye drops "Ophthalmoferon", the active ingredient of which is synthesized interferon. When there are signs of infection with bacterial etiology, drops containing antibacterial substances are used. With acute bacterial conjunctivitis, therapy is carried out using frequent ocular instillation (more than 3 times a day) with ophthalmic medicinal solutions (30% albucid, 0.25% levomycetin) and ointment forms containing antibiotics (tetracycline ointment 1%). Before the procedure of instillation, wash eyes with disinfectant broth (chamomile broth, tea black tea).
If suspicion of conjunctivitis caused by the herpes virus (ophthalmologic zoster), drugs with acyclovir are prescribed.
To eliminate the symptoms of conjunctivitis, ophthalmic drops containing corticosteroids are successfully used. In the treatment of allergic conjunctivitis, contact with the provoking agent is excluded, cool packs are applied to the eye area, drops "artificial tears" 2-4 times a day. Apply antiallergic drugs: azelastine, allergodyl; levocabastine, and also octanol, which can be used in children over 3 years of age. These funds can eliminate inflammation of the eyes, because of the short-term effects they should be used up to 4 times a day. Patients with polynomas during the flowering period should not wear contact lenses.
When glaucoma drug therapy is reduced to taking inhibitors of carbonic anhydrase, beta-blockers, pilocarpine. If the therapy is not successful, then resort to a surgical laser method of treatment.
With red eye syndrome, it is necessary to take vitamin and mineral complex preparations, antioxidants.
Retinol or Vitamin A. It is prescribed in a dosage of 100,000 IU daily for 1 month. Allows to strengthen the immune system.
Ascorbic acid or vitamin C. It is prescribed in a dosage of 2000-6000 mg daily. Vitamin C has a wound-healing effect.
Zinc. The daily dose is 50 mg. Promotes the activation of the immune system.
OPC is an oligomeric proanthocyanidin, a powerful antioxidant derived from pine bark and grape seed. It is used for anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic therapy. At a one-time intake with ascorbic acid, the effectiveness of this drug increases. Recommended use of 100 mg of OPC 2 times a day.
The main purpose of physiotherapy is to provide antiflogistic, bacteriostatic and anesthetic effects. In complex etiopathogenetic treatment of common diseases that provoked red eye syndrome, high-frequency therapy (UHF or microwave fields), diodinomotherapy and ultrasound that eliminate conjunctival hyperemia are used.
At the end of the anti-phlogistic therapy course, electrophoresis with antibiotics may be prescribed depending on the sensitivity of the bacterial flora to them.
In the presence of an inflammatory process that lasts a long time, electrophoresis after 1-1.5 months shows electrophoresis with vitamins C and B to stimulate the metabolism of tissues, tighten the walls of capillaries, improve the reactivity of tissues, and remove pain.
To increase the therapeutic effect, it is recommended to use electrophoresis with drugs and UHF therapy.
Quickly and easily remove eye strain, normalize the circulation of blood through the eye capillaries, eliminate swelling and redness of the eyelids can be, using alternative means:
- cool compresses with pure water or herbal infusions of chamomile or oak bark;
- ice cubes;
- slices of raw potatoes;
- lotions with black tea.
It must be remembered that the use of alternative drugs is recommended, in the event that there are no symptoms of serious ophthalmologic pathology.
With red eye syndrome, gymnastics for the eyes are allowed. The approximate complex of the exercise is as follows:
If you take a long and close look at the monitor, every hour after hard work you need to perform the following - "outline" the shapes of various objects on the table and wall.
With hard work the eye muscle requires relaxation: for this it is necessary to go to the window and look into the distance and after a few seconds to look at any point near. This exercise will stimulate our eyes to develop a tear fluid that moisturizes the eyes, so that they will not be dry and red.
With red eye syndrome, herbalists recommend the following recipes.
Compresses with wild cherry (bird cherry) - an alternative remedy for purulent ophthalmic diseases.
Prepare the infusion of flowers of wild cherries as follows: 60 g pour 2 cups of boiling water, insist in a warm place for 8 hours, then filter and use as compresses on the eyes several times a day.
Infusion of herbs and fennel seeds for the treatment of red eye syndrome: 1 tablespoon of ground raw material pour 200 ml of boiling water after 1 hour, drain. Use compresses at night.
Drops for eyes with cumin. One teaspoon of seeds of cumin pour 1 tbsp. Boiling water. Insist, cool, then strain and use as a lotion.
Homeopaths advise using red eye syndrome to use such drugs:
Arnica. It is used for conjunctivitis caused by trauma.
Aconitum (Aconitum) - with diseases of the visual organ, which occurred as a result of mechanical damage, with catarrh of the eyes, due to ARVI.
Hepar sulfur (Gepar sulfur) will be useful for reddened, inflamed eyes, centuries, abundant purulent discharge.
With certain diseases accompanied by red eye syndrome, surgical treatment is prescribed.
In keratitis, in severe cases of disease and improper treatment, the formation of scarring is possible, which leads to a deterioration of vision. In this case, you may need a corneal transplant.
In glaucoma, iridotomy is indicated, a treatment whose purpose is to create a connection between the anterior and posterior chambers of the eye, which leads to a decrease in intraocular pressure.