Who is an ophthalmologist?
Ophthalmology as a science dates back to ancient times, in the 1st century BC, the healer Cornelius Celsius already knew what the iris of the eye is, what functions the front and back chambers perform, and also the ciliary body. In those days, people did not ask themselves - who is an ophthalmologist, and just received help, if suddenly the eyes ached, blindness developed. Cels already knew how to distinguish between cataract and glaucoma and understood the difference between reversible and irreversible loss of vision associated with these pathologies. By his works, methods doctors used until the XVII century. A great contribution to the development of the science of vision was made by Arab doctors who managed to combine and synthesize various information, systematizing them into a large scientific description "The Book of Optics", the authorship of which belongs to Alhazen. He supplemented the methods of diagnosis and treatment and Avicenna, his "Canon of Medical Medicine" contains many useful tips that help the healers cure diseases of the eyes. Of course, now there are more advanced technologies that allow not only to quickly establish the root cause of the disease, but also virtually painlessly eliminate it. In the development of modern ophthalmology, an important role was played by the Englishman Kritschet, in the XXth century the great physicians - Fedorov and Filatov.
Who is an ophthalmologist? He is a specialist with a higher medical education specializing in the field of eye diagnostics and treatment. Narrow specialization involves knowledge of anatomy, the structure of the organs of vision, the entire visual system, the ability to use the necessary diagnostic methods and methods of treatment. In addition, the ophthalmologist should be able to make a program of preventive measures, be aware of all pharmaceutical innovations and, in principle, constantly improve their skills. In this specialization there is a subdivision into more narrow profiles - an ophthalmologist, an oculist and an optometrist, an optometrist.
- Ophthalmologist - determine the disease, treats them both therapeutic and surgical.
- The oculist - the expert correcting infringements of sight, writes out preparations for treatment.
- Optometrist is a doctor who does not deal with eye surgery, he can diagnose, diagnose diseases or visual impairments, pick up glasses or contact lenses, suggest specific methods of correction - curative gymnastics, eye exercises.
When should I go to an ophthalmologist?
In order to prevent eye disease, in principle, you need to check your eyes at least annually. It is also necessary to know when to contact an ophthalmologist, which signs can be alarm signals that indicate the onset of a pathological process:
- Defects, changes in the field of vision - local or concentric narrowing, scotoma (foci of vision loss).
- Reducing visual acuity in the distance, near.
- Moss, dots, circles before the eyes as a sign of the beginning of the destruction of the vitreous body.
- Distortion of the shape of objects.
- Fog before the eyes.
- Fear of light.
- Increased lacrimation.
- Pain in the eyeball.
- Burning, itching in the eyes.
- Dry eyes.
- Redness of the eyelids.
- Redness of the eyeball.
- The swelling of the eyelids, unrelated to an objective provocative cause.
- Sensation of foreign, foreign object in the eye.
- Purulent discharge from the eyes.
In addition, continuous monitoring of the ophthalmologist is needed for diabetes, as well as for pregnancy. Clinical examinations are necessary for patients who have a history of kidney disease, liver, endocrine system, all people suffering from atherosclerosis, cardiovascular diseases. Any discomfort in the eyes should be an occasion for a visit to the doctor, since many pathologies, eye diseases develop asymptomatically, especially it is important for the elderly, when the risk of developing glaucoma or cataract is much higher.