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Health

Ointments for conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis is an inflammatory reaction in the ocular mucosa - it can be caused by various factors, such as allergies, getting on a conjunctiva of viruses or microbes. Each type of inflammation requires its own specific treatment, so even an ordinary ointment from conjunctivitis may be different: antibacterial, antiviral or antihistaminic. Some ointments contain even hormonal components - corticosteroids. In order not to make a mistake in the choice of a drug, it should be prescribed only by a doctor who, after receiving the results of the tests, accurately determines the etiology of the disease.

Indications of the ointments from conjunctivitis

Ointment from conjunctivitis is often the main medication in the treatment of eye disease. In most cases, the doctor prescribes antimicrobial ointments, although such assignment is 100% dependent on the factor that triggered the disease.

With conjunctivitis of the microbial etiology, ointment preparations with an antibiotic are used: the active component of such preparations may be erythromycin, tetracycline, levomycetin or ofloxacin.

With conjunctivitis of allergic origin, ointments with an antihistamine component are used. Sometimes the composition also includes hormones that help to cope not only with allergies, but also with the consequences of the inflammatory process.

If the inflammation of the eye mucosa is associated with the effect of the virus, the ointment prescribed should necessarily have antiviral activity. Often in the composition of such drugs there is an interferon - a protein substance that promotes an increase in the body's defenses in response to the invasion of a viral infection.

It is only the doctor who can determine what exactly caused the conjunctivitis. Independent improper treatment of the disease can lead to the development of complications and the transition of the disease to the stage of chronic course.

Release form

This form of release of a medicine, like ophthalmic ointment from conjunctivitis, is an ophthalmic agent intended for therapy of bacterial-viral-allergic lesions of the visual organ. The use of ointment is extremely rarely accompanied by side effects, since the absorption of the drug is negligible.

Ointments from conjunctivitis may differ in consistence, spectrum and mechanism of action, by the number of adverse symptoms and contraindications to the appointment.

Ointment is applied for the area of the lower eyelid (a small dose of about 10 mm). The procedure is repeated up to 3 times a day. The therapeutic course can last from 7 to 14 days, depending on the doctor's decision.

During treatment with ointment, it is recommended to temporarily stop using contact lenses. If ointment drops are also prescribed for eyes, then between their application should be able to withstand a time interval of at least 15-20 minutes.

Dosing and administration

Antibacterial ointments from conjunctivitis

Tetracycline ointment

Erythromycin ointment

Pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics

Eye ointment from conjunctivitis with antibiotic. In the general blood flow does not fall.

Antibacterial eye ointment from conjunctivitis, without systemic exposure. Is a representative of macrolide antibiotics.

Use of ointments from conjunctivitis during pregnancy

Due to insufficient study of the properties of the drug, its use by pregnant patients is not recommended.

Use is not welcome.

Contraindications for use

Hyperallergic sensitivity, children under 8 years.

Allergies to macrolides.

Side effects of ointments from conjunctivitis

Redness and itching of the eyes, which indicate the development of the allergic process.

Signs of irritation of the mucosa, allergy, secondary microbial contamination.

Dosing and Administration

The application procedure is carried out up to 5 times a day. The minimum number of applications is 3 times a day.

Apply for the lower eyelid at least 3 times a day.

Overdose of ointments from conjunctivitis

There were no situations.

There were no situations associated with overdose.

Interactions with other drugs

Can be combined with other antibacterial drugs.

It is not recommended to combine with cephalosporins, antibiotics of penicillin series.

Storage conditions and shelf life

Storage is allowed at t up to + 15 ° C, up to 3 years.

Ointment is stored in the refrigerator, up to 3 years.

Antiviral ointments from conjunctivitis

Ointment Acyclovir

Ointment Viferon

Pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics

3% ointment with an antiviral effect, the active component of which is a synthetic analogue of thymidine. It concentrates mainly in the aqueous humor.

Ointment Viferon with conjunctivitis has an antiviral, antiproliferative and immunomodulatory effect. The active component is interferon. Systemic suction is scanty.

Use of antiviral ointments from conjunctivitis in pregnancy

Application is not recommended.

Use in recommended amounts is acceptable.

Contraindications for use

Allergic inclinations.

Allergic inclinations.

Side effects of antiviral ointments from conjunctivitis

Allergy, rarely - a sensation of irritation of the mucosa, keratopathy.

Small rhinitis, sneezing, burning of the mucous membrane.

Method of application and dose

Apply every 4 hours, until complete recovery.

Ointment is used 3-4 times a day, lasting up to 1 week.

Overdose of antiviral ointments from conjunctivitis

With external use, an overdose is almost impossible.

Situations are not described.

Interactions with other medications

A combination with immunostimulating drugs is recommended.

It is not bad combined with other medicines.

Conditions of storage of antiviral ointments and their expiration date

The sealed tube is stored at normal temperature for up to 3 years. The opened tube is to be used for 30 days.

Keep in the temperature range of + 2 ... + 8 ° C, up to 1 year.

Prophylactic ointments for conjunctivitis

Oksolinovaya ointment

Pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics

Oksolinovaya ointment with conjunctivitis may be prescribed for the therapy of adenovirus and herpetic infection. It does not accumulate in the tissues and does not enter the bloodstream.

Use of ointment during pregnancy

Not recommended.

Contraindications to prescription

Allergy to tetraoxoline or other ingredient ingredients.

Adverse manifestations of ointment

Transient feeling of irritation and itching.

Dosing and Administration

Procedure of laying the ointment is repeated every 6-8 hours.

Overdose ointment

Situations are not described.

Interaction with other medications

It is well combined with other medicines.

Ointment storage conditions and shelf life

You can store the ointment in the refrigerator, up to 24 months.

Ointment from allergic conjunctivitis

Hydrocortisone ointment

Maxisode

Pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics

Hydrocortisone ointment with conjunctivitis has an anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic effect, the mechanism of which has not yet been fully clarified.

Corticosteroid ointment based on dexamethasone. Has a pronounced anti-inflammatory effect.

Appointment of ointments from allergic conjunctivitis in pregnancy

Assign with great care.

The use of pregnant patients should be limited.

Contraindications to prescription

Allergic tendencies, viral keratitis, eye damage, increased intraocular pressure, fungal and tuberculous lesions of the eye.

Allergic sensitivity, varicella and recent vaccination against varicella, fungal lesions of the eyes, herpetic keratitis.

Side effects of ointments from allergic conjunctivitis

Cataract, increased intraocular pressure, allergic manifestations.

Feeling of discomfort, irritation of the mucosa, increased intraocular pressure, headache, allergies.

Dosing and Administration

Use several times a day, with a course of no more than 2 weeks.

Use every 4-6 hours.

Overdose of ointment from allergic conjunctivitis

Overdosing is not expected.

There were no messages.

Interaction with other medicines

It can not be combined with medications that increase intraocular pressure.

Between the use of other drugs for the eyes should pass at least 15-20 minutes.

Storage conditions and shelf life

Do not open the tube until 2 years, at normal temperature. After opening the tube, the storage period is reduced to 1 month.

Sealed tube can be stored for up to 2 years, and after opening - up to 1 month.

Ointment for conjunctivitis for children

Tebrofen Ointment

Floxal

Pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics

An antiviral eye ointment is 0.5%, approved for use in infants.

Ointment from conjunctivitis for newborns and older children. The basis of the drug is ofloxacin, which is a representative of the fluoroquinolone series.

Use of ointment from conjunctivitis during pregnancy

Allowed under the supervision of a doctor.

Usage is not recommended.

Contraindications for use

Inclination to allergic reactions.

Inclination to allergic reactions to fluoroquinolone formulations.

Side effects of ointments from conjunctivitis

Itching, allergies.

Redness of the conjunctiva, allergy, a feeling of discomfort, local edema, a feeling of external irritation.

Dosing and Administration

Apply up to 4 times a day, up to 1 month.

Apply for the lower eyelid thrice a day, with a course of no more than 2 weeks.

Overdose of ointment from conjunctivitis

Situations are not described.

Such situations are not known at present.

Interaction with other drugs

It goes well with other external medicines.

Unwanted interactions are unknown.

Storage conditions and shelf life

Keep in rooms with a temperature of up to + 20 ° C, up to 2 years.

Ointment is stored for 3 years under normal conditions. After opening the tube the drug is suitable for one and a half months.

When laying the ointment, it is desirable to use special sticks, which are supplied with the tube. Newborns and small children ointment apply clean, freshly washed hands.

Ointment from conjunctivitis should be used only individually, paying attention to the shelf life of the drug after opening the tube. If you use an ointment with an expired useful life, then the course of conjunctivitis can become much more complicated.

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Medical expert editor

Portnov Alexey Alexandrovich

Education: Kiev National Medical University. A.A. Bogomolets, Specialty - "General Medicine"

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The latest research relating Ointments for conjunctivitis

What is conjunctivitis and how to fight it?
Conjunctivitis - an unpleasant disease, the causative agent of which is a bacterial or viral infection. In this case, a transparent envelope of the eye - a conjunctiva that covers the inner surface of the eyelids and the eye proteins - is inflamed. Also, the causes of conjunctivitis may be allergies, toxins, or other diseases, against which it develops.

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To simplify the perception of information, this instruction for use of the drug "Ointments for conjunctivitis" translated and presented in a special form on the basis of the official instructions for medical use of the drug. Before use read the annotation that came directly to medicines.

Description provided for informational purposes and is not a guide to self-healing. The need for this drug, the purpose of the treatment regimen, methods and dose of the drug is determined solely by the attending physician. Self-medication is dangerous for your health.

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