Treatment of bronchitis is not an easy task, but it can be made safe enough if at least part of the drugs are replaced, if possible, with medicinal herbs. But in fact many of the herbs have an anti-inflammatory and expectorant effect and could become a help to synthetic pharmaceutical medicines. Yes, only herbal treatment is considered a busy activity, because you need to get useful herbs and recipes, prepare infusions, tinctures, syrups and decoctions, which sometimes takes a lot of time. It is much easier and safer to use ready-made preparations based on herbs from bronchitis, which takes into account all the nuances of harvesting, harvesting and cooking plant raw materials. In addition, pharmacy medicines allow you to gain time, which is very important for preventing various complications.
Many medicinal herbs themselves can already be considered an effective cough medicine , which is the main symptom of bronchitis. Coughing is a response to inflammation and irritation of the mucosa, which means that to combat the symptom it is enough to remove the inflammation and its effect in the form of mucus accumulated in the bronchial tubes. This is not so difficult, given the amount of herbs that have an anti-inflammatory and expectorant effect. Here on the basis of such herbs and preparations are created from bronchitis and cough, where plant material acts as an active substance.
The drug is based on a liquid extract of thyme, intended for ingestion with bronchitis, tracheitis, tracheobronchitis.
Form of issue. The medicine is available in the form of a normal syrup (contains sucrose), syrup with sorbitol (without sugar) and drops on sorbitol for oral administration. Syrups are packaged in 200 and 175 g bottles, bottles with droplets can have a volume of 20 or 50 ml. All containers are made of dark glass, so that the plant extract does not lose its properties under the influence of light.
Pharmacodynamics. Thyme (thyme) is a herb with pronounced antimicrobial, bronchodilating, expectorant, mucolytic and anti-inflammatory actions. It is clear that all these properties will have a drug based on thyme, which makes it effective even in the case of obstructive bronchitis.
Method of administration and dose. The drug is prescribed for diseases of the upper and lower respiratory tract patients older than 1 year. In this case, the particular application and dosage will depend on the form of the preparation and the age of the patient.
In principle, both drops and syrup can treat both adults and children. Syrup is usually drunk undiluted after 20-30 minutes after eating. Drops can be used undiluted or diluted with water. As an option, you can drip them on a piece of sugar that will improve the taste of the medicine.
Children younger than 5 years of medication are given 2 or 3 times a day. A single dose for syrups is 5 ml, for a drop form - from 10 to 25 drops.
For older children, the frequency of medication can be increased up to 4 times, the dose of syrup - up to 10 ml, the dose of a drop form - up to 50 drops.
Adult patients syrup can be taken in a dosage of 10-15 ml, a drop form - up to 60 drops per reception. The frequency of application remains the same (up to 4 times a day).
Contraindications. Despite the fact that the active substance of the drug is a plant component, the medicine is not suitable for everyone. It is not recommended for taking with renal or hepatic insufficiency, CHF not responding to treatment, severe disorders of the thyroid gland, with individual intolerance of the drug components.
Syrup with sugar is not recommended for people with high blood glucose, for example, with diabetes mellitus. Drops contain an alcohol extract of a plant, which means that you need to be careful with people with alcohol dependence and those who have liver problems.
Pediatricians allow the use of the drug in various forms from a one-year-old age. And yet, children under 12 years old are better off not using drops on alcohol, preferring syrup.
The use of the drug during pregnancy is unacceptable, since the action of the herb can provoke uterine contraction, which leads to premature birth or miscarriage. During lactation, taking the drug is also considered undesirable.
Corking actions. The use of the drug "Tussamag" may be associated with the emergence of allergic reactions and nausea, especially against a background of hypersensitivity.
Interactions with other drugs. Since the drug has an expectorant effect, it can not be used in combination with antitussive drugs and drugs that reduce sputum production.
Storage conditions. The drug does not require special storage conditions. The maximum temperature at which syrups can be stored is 30 degrees, for drops - 25 degrees. Store the medicine is possible only at plus temperatures. Shelf life of any form of medicine is not more than 3 years.
Analogue of the preparation "Tussamag" for the active substance. Differ medications except that the auxiliary components and form of release.
Form of issue. Under the name "Bronchicum" in addition to the cough syrup (100 ml bottle with a measuring spoon), you can also find pastilles, which because of the round shape can be taken for candy or tablets.
Pharmacodynamics and indications for the use of the drug are completely similar to Tussamag. This medicine is for facilitating sputum expectoration and fighting inflammation.
Method of administration and dose. Pastilles "Bronhicum" are intended for the treatment of patients, whose age is more than 12 years. For children and adolescents, a form in the form of a syrup is more suitable.
Children under one year of syrup are given twice a day for 2.5 ml, toddlers from year to 2 years give the same dose, but already three times a day.
For children 2-12 years, a single dose is doubled and is 5 ml, although to children under 6 years of age it is necessary to give it only 2 times a day, and for older children - 3 times a day.
Patients who are already 12 years old or more can be recommended to drink syrup for 2 tsp. For taking three times a day.
Lozenges can be given to children over 6 years of age, 1 unit three times a day. The same dose is similar to adults, but in severe cases of cough it can be increased to 6 lozenges a day.
Contraindications. The manufacturer states the following restrictions on the use of the drug: it is not recommended for patients with decompensated CHF, severe impairment of liver and kidney function, hypersensitivity to components, alcoholics (both forms contain alcohol as an extractant), and also during pregnancy and lactation.
Both forms of the drug contain sugar, so they are not recommended for those who have fructose intolerance and glucose metabolism disorders. Caution should be observed for those who suffer from diabetes or practice a hypoglycemic diet.
The drug is not intended for treatment of children up to six months. It is undesirable to give lozenges to children under 6 years of age.
Side effects are not very diverse. These are allergic reactions, including angioedema, and gastrointestinal disturbances (nausea, dyspepsia, epigastric pain).
The storage conditions of the preparations are also similar. At room temperature, lozenges and syrup can be stored for 3 years.
An incomplete analogue of the drugs described above. In addition to the liquid extract of thyme, it also contains potassium bromide, which has a softening and sedative effect.
Form of issue. The drug is produced only in the form of syrup.
Pharmacodynamics. It is believed that the medicine accelerates and facilitates the excretion of the mucus accumulated there from the bronchi by stimulation of the nerve endings of the mucosa, stimulation of the production of bronchial secretions and dilution of sputum. Promotes the transition of non-productive cough to productive.
Method of administration and dose. Unlike previous drugs, the drug contains an additional component of potassium bromide, which does not allow it to be used in the treatment of children under 3 years.
For patients older than 3 years, the drug is prescribed with a frequency of intake 3 times a day. The optimal single dose for children under 6 years is 2.5 ml, for children under 9 years - 5 ml, for adolescents under 12 years - 10 ml. Adults can take syrup three times a day for 15 ml.
A child under 6 years of age is not recommended to give the syrup in its pure form. It is better to dilute the recommended dose with water of 20 ml (4 tsp).
Overdose. This phenomenon is observed in connection with the presence of bromine in the composition of the drug. It is manifested by rashes on the skin, runny nose, inflammation of the mucous eyes, weakness, inflammation of the stomach and intestines (gastroenterocolitis), rapid pulse, ataxia. The totality of these symptoms is called bromism and occurs when the recommended dosage is exceeded.
The appearance of symptoms of bromism requires the withdrawal of the drug. Further treatment is carried out, aimed at reducing the severity of symptoms.
Contraindications. The drug is not suitable for the treatment of patients with severe CHF, liver and kidney disorders, anemia, low blood pressure, arteriosclerosis of vessels, individual intolerance to the components.
Caution should be observed for diabetics and alcoholics, because the medicine contains sugar and alcohol.
The use of the drug during pregnancy and lactation is also limited . In the first trimester of pregnancy, the prohibition is categorical. In the 2-3 trimester, "Pertussin", according to the instructions, can be used only in extreme cases, if there is a threat to the life of a woman.
It is not recommended to take medicine to people whose activities are associated with danger and require concentration of attention. At the time of treatment, such activities will have to be postponed.
Side effects. Usually, everything is limited to allergic reactions against a background of hypersensitivity, but if the place is overdose or treatment has been carried out for a long period, it is likely that signs of bromism appear.
Storage conditions. At room temperatures, the drug retains its properties for 4 years.
Herbal preparation, the active ingredient of which is the common ivy in the form of a dry extract. Ivy also refers to expectorants due to the ability to dilute sputum, stimulate the production of bronchial secretions, remove spasms of smooth muscles of the bronchi, which is especially important in the event of obstruction and bronchial asthma. The grass also has some antitussive effect, but it does not affect the central nervous system and the activity of the cough center does not depress.
Form of issue. The medicine from ivy is made in the form of a syrup with fruit taste and cherry flavor. A measuring spoon is added to the vial of syrup.
A drug is prescribed for a severe cough with difficulty in withdrawing sputum.
Method of administration and dose. Syrup is recommended for different groups of patients three times a day. Dosage depends on the age of the patient.
Babies older than 1 year, but less than 6 years should be given 2.5 ml per reception. Children up to 10 years of age, the dose is increased to 5 ml. For older patients, the dose can be kept the same or increased to 7.5 ml.
An overdose of the drug is a very rare phenomenon, since only triple doses of the drug can cause the danger. In this case, possible: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea.
Contraindications. The main and absolute contraindication to the drug is increased sensitivity to its individual components.
Syrup contains sugar, so you need to be careful with people with glucose metabolism and diabetes mellitus.
During pregnancy and during breastfeeding, taking the medicine is considered undesirable because of the lack of sufficient evidence of its safety for the mother and the fetus. And still, if the attending physician does not see any danger in such treatment, the drug can be safely taken during these periods.
In pediatrics it is allowed to be used from one-year-old age.
Side effects. The drug contains sorbitol as an auxiliary component, which has a laxative effect, so in rare cases, patients complain of diarrhea. Not excluded and such symptoms as nausea, pain and heaviness in the stomach, vomiting.
There may appear allergic reactions in the form of itching, rashes on the skin, swelling of the mucous membranes, the appearance of shortness of breath.
Storage conditions. Storage of the drug should be carried out at room temperatures up to 25 degrees. This will allow the medicine to remain effective for 3 years. But if the bottle was once opened, it can be stored for no more than 3 months.
Analogue of the preparation "Prospan" on the basis of a dense extract of ivy leaves, which is used as an expectorant and spasmolytic effect in respiratory diseases with difficult sputum excretion.
Form of issue. Syrup in a vial with a measuring spoon. The volume of the bottle is 100 or 200 ml. Solution in the form of drops of 50 ml.
Method of administration and dose. Both the syrup and the solution are designed to treat patients of different ages, but the dosage for children and adults will differ by a factor of 2.
So, for adults, the drug is prescribed in dosage: syrup - 5 ml, solution - 25-30 drops. Children accordingly can be given 2.5 ml of syrup and 12-15 drops per reception. In this case, the medicine is better to breed in a small amount of tea or juice.
Multiplicity of medication - 3 times a day.
Overdose is possible if you take a tripled dose of medication. In this case, there may be nausea, vomiting, nervous excitement.
Contraindications to use and side effects are identical to the preparation "Prospan".
Storage conditions. If we save the drug at a temperature below 25 degrees and do not freeze it, it will retain its properties for 5 years, but the expiration date of the open bottle is reduced to six months.
Another mono drug based on ivy is a herb valuable for bronchitis for its ability to facilitate expectoration and prevent bronchial obstruction.
Method of administration and dose. The instructions say that the drug can be taken regardless of food intake, but patients with stomach diseases should do this after eating because of some alcohol content in the syrup. Multiplicity of medication - three times a day regardless of age.
As for dosages, children under 6 years of age should be given 0.5 tsp for taking. Drugs, children under 10 years - 1 teaspoon syrup, the senior patients - 1-1.5 tsp.
Treatment with the drug is carried out for a week, even if the symptoms of the disease disappeared earlier.
An overdose of the drug is possible if you take an overestimated dose of the drug. In this case, you can expect the appearance of such symptoms as nervous excitement, nausea with bouts of vomiting, diarrhea. When the above symptoms appear, the drug is stopped, the stomach is washed and sorbents are taken.
Contraindications. Syrup should not be taken with hypersensitivity to any of its components. In pediatrics, it is used from the age of 2, since in younger children the medicine can cause an increase in symptoms and difficulty in breathing.
The lack of data on the safety of syrup during pregnancy, future mothers can only be taken after consultation with a doctor. Breastfeeding for the period of treatment is better to stop.
Caution should be observed for patients with diabetes mellitus, diseases of the digestive system, impaired glucose metabolism and intolerance to fructose.
Side effects appear either against the background of an overdose of the drug, or as a consequence of intolerance to its components. In any case, the medication will have to stop and seek medical advice and assistance.
Storage conditions. Keep the syrup under normal conditions. It does not require cooling, and even the opened bottle can be used for another 3 months. Hermetically sealed syrup can be stored for 2 years.
The drug containing an alkaloid, found in plants from two families: lily and amaryllis. Depending on the dosage, the drug has an expectorant or vomiting effect.
Form of issue. The drug is in the form of tablets with a dosage of 0.1 mg or 0.2 mg.
Pharmacodynamics. Lycorin is a substance that stimulates the secretion of the bronchi, which facilitates the sputum liquefaction, which relieves the spasms of the muscles of the respiratory system, so that it can be used for bronchitis (including obstructive form), bronchial asthma, pneumonia and other acute and chronic catarrhal pathologies of the respiratory system.
Method of administration and dose. The drug is intended for adult patients who are given 1-2 tablets 3 or 4 times a day. If there is nausea and vomiting, dosage is reduced.
Contraindications. According to the instructions, the medicine can not be used in patients with diseases in which there is a risk of pulmonary hemorrhage, with organic pathologies of the central nervous system, serious cardiovascular diseases, stomach ulcers and PDC, and if there is a high risk of gastric bleeding.
Side effects. In moderate therapeutic doses, unpleasant symptoms hardly appear, except that the patient is hypersensitive to the components of the drug. And in high doses, it can irritate the esophagus and stomach, resulting in nausea and vomiting.
Interaction with other drugs. The use of simultaneously with the preparations of the codeine group significantly reduces the effectiveness of cough treatment due to the manifestation of antagonism.
Storage conditions. Tablets should be stored in a cool and dark place, out of children's reach. Use before expiry date.
The drug in the form of capsules, which contain ethereal myrtle oil (Myrtol standardized). The plant base of the drug has a secretolitic and secretory action, i.e. Increases the amount of bronchial secretion and dilutes it, facilitating its easy elimination. In large doses the drug shows vasodilator, spasmolytic and immunostimulating action.
The drug is used in the treatment of acute and chronic forms of bronchitis.
Method of administration and dose. The drug is recommended to take half an hour before meals. Like any other capsule, "Gelomirtol" should be washed with water in large quantities, necessary for dissolving the shell.
Dosage and the frequency of taking the drug depend on the age of the patient and the form of the inflammatory process. So patients over 10 years are prescribed in one dose of 2 capsules of the drug, but in acute disease, this dose is taken 4 to 5 times a day, whereas for the treatment of chronic bronchitis 4 times a day.
If in chronic bronchitis in the morning the patient is very hard to expectorate sputum, you can take 2 more capsules of the drug at night.
As for the treatment of children under 10 years of age, it all depends on whether the child can swallow the capsule or not. In principle, treatment with the drug is possible with three years. In an acute period of the disease, a single dose, which is 1 capsule, is given to children up to 5 times a day, with a chronic course of the disease - 3 times a day.
If treatment is carried out for a long period, you need to adhere to the minimum doses (adults do not exceed 6 capsules per day, children - no more than 3).
Contraindications. The drug is not prescribed for individual intolerance of the components of the drug, gastritis, gastroduodenitis, stomach ulcer and other inflammatory pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract, severe liver diseases.
During pregnancy, drug treatment is not prohibited, but requires prior consultation with a doctor. Especially it is worth taking care of in the first 3 months of pregnancy. Breastfeeding during treatment with any medication should be interrupted.
Side effects of the drug are very rare. It can be pain and discomfort in the stomach and intestines. Less often, nausea and vomiting occur, in some cases, patients suffer from diarrhea. There are also allergic reactions: shortness of breath, itching and rash on the body, swelling and redness of the skin, etc.
Storage conditions. Keep the capsules at room temperature for up to 3 years. The storage room for medicines should be dry and darkened.
Phytopreparation based on the root of the althaea has a pronounced expectorant effect, so it is often prescribed for cough in hard-to-recover sputum during bronchitis and other respiratory diseases. In addition, the drug is characterized by: enveloping (protects against irritation) and anti-inflammatory action.
The bottle or jar with the drug contains 125 g of syrup.
Method of administration and dose. Doctors recommend taking medicine after eating, first diluting it with water.
Children prescribed a medication in a single dose of 1 tsp. On 50 g of water, for patients over 12 years of age give for taking 1 tablespoon, diluting it in 100 g of liquid. The medication is administered 4-5 times a day in a course of 1.5-2 weeks.
Contraindications. Limitations in taking the drug a bit. Do not prescribe it only with increased sensitivity to components and serious disorders of glucose metabolism. It should be understood that the syrup contains sugar, so it is worthwhile to consult a doctor about the possibilities of taking it with diabetes and a low-carb diet.
Speaking about the side effects, they respond only about infrequent allergic reactions.
Storage conditions. Store the syrup allowed at room temperature to 25 degrees, protecting against direct sunlight, not more than 1.5 years.
One of the herbal preparations, which doctors most often prescribe to children from bronchitis and cough. In pharmacies, you can find a medicine in vials of plastic or glass. The volume is 100 or 20 ml.
Method of administration and dose. From the syrup of the althea the preparation differs by auxiliary components. Take it before meals with a small amount of water (for children) or in pure form. The dosage depends on the age of the patient.
Breastfeeding in the age of up to 12 months is recommended to be given for taking ½ tsp. Syrup twice a day. Children up to 2 years of age can take the same dose 3 to 4 times a day.
Children 2-7 years of age are given 1 tsp, children from 8 years and teenagers under 14 years are prescribed 2 tsp. 4-6 times a day. The same frequency of admission remains for adults, but the optimal dose will already be equal to 1 tbsp.
The course of treatment takes mostly 1-2 weeks.
Contraindications and side effects are similar to the drug "Syrup althea." If you take the drug in high doses, it can cause nausea and vomiting.
Interaction with other drugs. It is not recommended to use an expectorant syrup together with antitussive drugs, since this reduces the therapeutic effect. If "Alteika" is used in combination with antibiotics, the concentration of the latter in the respiratory tract will be higher.
Storage conditions. Like the previous product, the "Alteika" syrup should be stored at room temperature, choosing places without light access.
If the vial with the drug was opened, it can be used only for 14 days, after which the medicine is considered unfit for consumption.
Known for decades, the drug with secretolytic action, which simultaneously dilutes sputum and facilitates its easier elimination by stimulating the work of bronchial glands and increasing the production of a specific liquid secret. There is also some anti-inflammatory effect due to the enveloping action of the drug.
Not everyone knows, but the active substance of the drug, produced in the form of tablets of cream or brownish color, is an extract of the althaea, so the drug is also referred to as phytopreparations.
Method of administration and dose. The instruction recommends taking the pill completely, before eating, drinking with water. Despite the fact that forms in the form of tablets are designed for children over 3 years old, doctors allow the use of tablets to treat babies, starting from 1 year.
The drug is prescribed for children in a single dose equal to 1 tablet. But up to 3 years of age the child can take the medicine three times a day, while for children aged 4-12 the medicine can be given 4 times a day.
Adults take the drug also four times a day, but the dosage for them is twice as high, i.e. 2 tablets at a time.
Children tablets can be given in the form of an aqueous solution (one-third glass of warm water per 1 tablet) with honey or sugar. The course of treatment is not less than a week. If necessary, the tablet can be used for a long time.
Contraindications. The drug is not prescribed for hypersensitivity to its components, as it can cause allergic reactions in the form of itching and rash. If the drug is taken for a long time and at high doses, symptoms such as nausea and vomiting may appear.
The instruction states that the study of the drug on pregnant women was not carried out, therefore it is not recommended to use it for future mothers. Nevertheless, therapists actively prescribe 1-2 tablets to pregnant women three times a day, but advise them to pre-dissolve in a glass of water.
Storage conditions. Storage of the drug should be carried out at plus temperatures below 25 degrees. Shelf life of the tablets is 4 years.