^

Health

Cold drops

, medical expert
Last reviewed: 09.08.2022
Fact-checked
х

All iLive content is medically reviewed or fact checked to ensure as much factual accuracy as possible.

We have strict sourcing guidelines and only link to reputable media sites, academic research institutions and, whenever possible, medically peer reviewed studies. Note that the numbers in parentheses ([1], [2], etc.) are clickable links to these studies.

If you feel that any of our content is inaccurate, out-of-date, or otherwise questionable, please select it and press Ctrl + Enter.

Drops from the common cold are a universal and convenient remedy in the fight against the disease. But before you go for another medication, it is necessary to understand its main classifications. After all, these drugs are of different types and affect the body in a special way.

trusted-source[1], [2], [3]

Indications for use

Concluded in the use of these medications during the period of mucus formation in the nasal passages.

In general, funds are taken for the treatment of inflammatory diseases of the nose and nasopharynx, in particular, rhinitis of the following nosological forms: acute bacterial rhinitis; chronic infectious rhinitis; Rhinitis of fungal origin.

In some cases, the funds are used to eliminate postoperative cicatricial changes in the nasal mucosa. In the form of inhalation medicines are used to eliminate inflammatory diseases of bacterial origin of the upper respiratory tract. These include pharyngitis, tracheitis, tonsillitis and bronchitis.

Not all drops from the common cold can be used during acute rhinitis. Therefore, before starting treatment, it is necessary to consult a doctor. Self-intervention can aggravate the problem. It is necessary to understand that some drugs may on the contrary cause its aggravation.

How to cure a cold without drops?

In fact, it's quite simple. In this matter, alternative medicine will help perfectly. Naturally, from potatoes, onions, beets and carrots it is possible to make drops and simply dig in their nostrils several times a day. But there is an opportunity to eliminate the problem without it.

So, you should take honey and smear it on your nose. It is advisable to do this in the area of the sinuses, after which everything should be covered with adhesive plaster. Thus, we get a compress. The procedure is done at night. By morning the honey will be absorbed and properly, the nose warms up. Runny nose will recede in a few days.

You can cook potatoes and breathe it with steam. In this case, the head should be covered with a towel. In this way, you will get a home bath. Breathing "potatoes" can be 1-2 times a day. If there is no desire to cook potatoes, it is enough just to take a bulb, cut it and breathe in pairs. The effect is wonderful, the breath is released immediately. A similar procedure is also carried out with garlic. You can boil an egg and while it is warm to roll on the bridge of the nose, the effect is stunning.

Such simple ways to eliminate the common cold will be much easier. To do this, it is not necessary to use drops from the common cold, enough conventional tools.

Read also:

Pharmacodynamics

It is that these products are intended for topical application. When applied locally to the inflamed mucous membranes of the nose, their puffiness and the amount of secretions are reduced.

There is a significant recovery of nasal breathing. Eliminating the swelling of the mucous membranes, medications contribute to the restoration of aeration of the paranasal sinuses, the middle ear cavity and prevents the development of bacterial complications (sinusitis, sinusitis, otitis media).

With local intranasal use in therapeutic concentrations, the agents do not have a systemic effect, do not irritate the mucous membranes and cause no hyperemia. Basically, medicines are aimed at long-term action and a person begins to feel relief after a few minutes.

It is necessary to understand that the active substances of the preparation are different, depending on its kind of activity. 

Pharmacokinetics

For some drugs is not fully understood. They are completely removed from the body after the expiration of their use. With local use on the inflamed mucous membranes of the nose, their puffiness and the amount of secretions are completely reduced. This allows you to feel relief in the first minutes after use.

After using medicines, nasal breathing is restored almost immediately. Eliminating the swelling of the mucous membranes, the agent helps restore the aeration of the paranasal sinuses, the cavity of the middle ear and prevents the development of bacterial complications. These include sinusitis, sinusitis and otitis media.

In general, the drugs begin to act a few minutes after their application. The duration of the "positive action" can reach 12 hours. Much depends on the drug itself. At the end of admission, it is completely eliminated from the body. 

Droplets in the nose from the cold

Familiar to almost everyone. There are no such people who would never have resorted to their help. To date, pharmacies offer not so few different means. And they are able to cure as an ordinary runny nose, and a serious disease in the form of sinusitis and sinusitis.

So, drops are vasoconstrictive, moisturizing, combined, antiviral, bacterial, antibacterial, phytopreparations and complex.

Vasoconstrictive medications include the most inexpensive and effective remedies. Among them are Naftizin, Xylen, Galazolin, Nazol and Ximelin. This is the most effective first aid for the nose. They quickly eliminate the symptoms of the common cold and facilitate breathing in a matter of minutes. However, it is necessary to use such medications often and for a long time, which leads to addiction.

Moisturizing drops clean the nose and moisturize its mucous membrane. The main function of these medicines is to facilitate the departure of mucus. As a part of these preparations there are no dangerous components, therefore to accept them it is possible without special dosage. Among the moisturizing droplets include Tizin and Aqua Maris.

Combined drugs are designed to increase the efficiency of vasoconstrictors. They perfectly remove the swelling and relieve a person from constant sneezing and itching. Among these medicines is Sanorin-Anergergin. It is mainly used in the presence of an allergic rhinitis.

Antiviral agents are used in ARVI. The most effective and safe consider Interferon and Grippferon. They refer to nonspecific antiviral drugs of a wide spectrum of action. This group of drugs is known for a long time and managed to overcome not one kind of virus.

Bacterial vaccines are immunomodulating drugs. They allow to accelerate the immune reaction of the body to a viral infection. To date, the most effective among them are Poludan and Derinat. Apply them best as a prophylaxis, they are not suitable for the treatment of the underlying disease.

Antibacterial drugs are used for sinusitis, sinusitis and etmoiditis. They are very effective, but at the same time they can significantly reduce immunity. Drugs have no effect on the tone of blood vessels. Polydex is a good drop. This is a modern tool that is suitable even for children from 3 years old.

Phytopreparations are made from vegetable raw materials. Among them there is a medicine that treats a viral cold, this is Pinosol. Thanks to the content of pine, mint, eucalyptus and vitamin A oil, the product has an incredible anti-inflammatory effect.

Complex drops from the nose refer to the historical past. However, today some of them are also actively used. Among them are Collargol and Protargol. 

trusted-source[10], [11], [12], [13]

Drops from an allergic rhinitis

Can be divided into several main types. At an allergic rhinitis it is accepted to use

Galazolin, Naftizin and Nazivin. They are aimed at removing the swelling of the nasal mucosa and alleviating the common cold. This group of drugs is not intended for prolonged use and serves as an "emergency measure" for rhinitis.

Excellent help to cope with the problem of drugs such as Levocabastin and Allergoodil. This group of drugs removes symptoms by "cutting off" the very mechanism of allergy development.

Partially rid of allergies and hormonal drugs. Fliksonaze and Avamis are among them. It is worthwhile to pay attention to combined drugs, such as Sanorin-Anaerhegine and Vibrocil.

All of the above means have their testimony and side effects. Therefore, taking them in a chaotic manner is not recommended. Everything should be clearly agreed with the attending physician. 

trusted-source[14]

Drops from the cold to the nursing mother

It is necessary to select with extreme caution. In principle, the body can overcome an unpleasant symptom and independently. But the whole danger lies in the fact that the problem is caused, can be a viral infection. In this case, antibiotics are indispensable.

Modern means contribute to the rapid elimination of the problem. Often used are Naphthysine, Tizin and Nazivin. The main feature of these medicines is complete harmlessness, but only if the dosage is not exceeded.

To get rid of annoying cold will help and Pinosol. This product includes in its composition plant components and does not pose any danger for either mother or baby. The most safe are medicines based on sea water. Among them are Salin and Aquamaris. They can remove all unpleasant symptoms and alleviate the condition of a person. 

trusted-source[15]

Drops from the common cold for adults

It is necessary to choose according to the reason for which it was called. So, basically solutions are used, which are designed to narrow the lumen of blood vessels. In this case, preference should be given to Pinosol. Apply it 3-4 times a day, a couple of drops in each nostril.

If the rhinitis is a vaso-motor, then it is better to eliminate it with Vibrocil. But if it is a question of atrophic rhinitis, then it is worth not to use it. If it is necessary to treat a cold in acute and chronic forms, and also to prevent it, Derinat is usually prescribed. This drug has an effect on the immune system. In addition, it is able to have an overwhelming effect on the development of viral respiratory diseases.

In general, you can choose any drops from the cold. But it is desirable to know the reason for which it arose. Chaotic reception of funds can not only exacerbate the situation, but also worsen the process of recovery.

trusted-source[16], [17], [18], [19]

Drops from the common cold for children

Require a special approach. If it is necessary to cure rhinitis, then it is worthwhile to understand the fact that in no case can the mucous membranes be dried. Eliminate the runny nose can be saline solution, or a remedy consisting of vitamins A and E. Naturally, it is desirable to resort to the help of specialized medications.

It is recommended to pay attention to Nazivin, Vibrocil, Brizolin and Otrivin. The instructions to these drugs describe the dosage in which they can be used to achieve a certain effect. Prolonged use of the drug can lead to addiction.

Before using any remedy it is necessary to show the baby to the doctor. If the cause lies in bacterial contamination, Derinat is widely used in this case. It not only eliminates an existing problem, but also works effectively as a preventive measure.

In childhood, homeopathic remedies are also shown. Among them are EuforbiumCompositum and Okarizalia. Especially effective is Collargol and Protargol. 

trusted-source[20]

Drops from a cold to the year

They occupy a special niche in medicine. After all, a child needs not only to effectively remove an unpleasant symptom, but at the same time not to harm other systems and organs.

If adults do not always bother to treat rhinitis and try to run across it on their feet, then babies should be treated without fail. After all, shortness of breath can cause reluctance to eat and sleep. This leads to a complete "defeat" of the child's body. Therefore, it is necessary to eliminate the runny nose qualitatively.

Untimely treatment can lead to complications, as well as the development of bronchitis. With the right approach, you can eliminate a runny nose in 3 days. For this you can use the children's Vibrocil and Nazivin. Naturally, there are not so few remedies that eliminate the problem, but it is better to get full information about this from the therapist. It is advisable to talk with the doctor on this topic and then follow his recommendations. 

Drops from the cold for the newborn

It is necessary to select with extreme caution. Many parents are so confident in the effectiveness of inhalations that they try to take them constantly. The fact is that newborns can not be used in any case. This can lead to suffocation!

It is not recommended to take drops from the cold yourself. After all, you first need to understand, because of what the baby he appeared and only then start to remove the problem. To date, many medications are universal, in terms of age. Therefore, choosing a tool is enough to simply read the instructions.

The right decision is to consult a doctor. Therefore, as young parents themselves are unlikely to be able to understand, because of what the baby had a runny nose and how to properly and efficiently remove it. There are many tools that have been developed specifically for toddlers. This is Vibrozil and Nazivin. Regarding their intake and dosage, it is worth consulting with a doctor. 

trusted-source[21]

How to choose a drop from the cold?

Treatment of the common cold can be done without consulting a doctor, but, nevertheless, it will be much more correct. After all, the problem can be of a different nature. It can be an infectious, allergic and even a vasomotor runny nose and with each of them it is necessary to fight correctly.

The choice of a certain remedy for the common cold largely depends on the patient. The fact is that the concentration of the used drugs is directly dependent on the age of the patient and his condition as a whole.

It should be understood that not all drugs can have an effective and positive effect. For example, Naphthysine, Sanorin and Galazolin have a fairly short duration of action and have a toxic effect on the cardiovascular system and the body. Moreover, they are capable of causing addiction. Therefore, you need to take them with extreme caution. In rhinitis, preference should be given to oil-based drops - they do not completely dry the mucous membrane, and they contain extracts of medicinal plants that have a curative effect when applied topically.

If the child is sick, it is better to choose a drop with an antiseptic and mild cauterizing effect. Protargol and Coragol are among them. But they must be used only on the advice of a doctor

One of the most effective are those drops, which contain water broths and infusions of herbs - chamomile, calendula, St. John's wort, sage, eucalyptus. True, they have a short time of action, so they have to be used 5-6 times a day.

Preference is given to drops and sprays based on sea water. Aquamaris and Humer are good for eliminating the common cold. They are able to normalize the composition of nasal mucus and improve the condition of the nasal mucosa. 

Complex drops from the cold

Contain many active ingredients in their composition. These funds can consist of different complexes. These include: antiallergic, vasoconstrictive, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and hormonal.

It has always been thought that the complex effect of complex drops can bring a more rapid effect. However, much depends on the composition of complex drops, since not all components can be used for a long time.

It is necessary to know that drops can not be immediately canceled, but it needs to be done with a gradual decrease in the dose. Therefore, the effect when using complex drops can be instantaneous, and the duration of the action is far from always always positive.

Take funds with extreme caution. It is advisable to consult a doctor before starting treatment. 

Recipe for complex drops from the cold

To make it is simple enough. It is necessary to understand that eliminating the problem is not always so simple. Drops may not have the desired effect, and resorting to alternative means does not always have time.

That's why complex recipes come to the aid, which you can prepare yourself. In the pharmacy you need to buy a 2-cc syringe, children's eye drops sulfacil (20%), one ampoule of diphenhydramine, adrenaline and dexamethasole. Before you prepare a remedy, it is good to wash your hands. Then all ampoules are opened, and liquid is drawn from them, gradually injecting into the vial of the sulphide. The content of dexamethasole and diphenhydramine should be used all, and adrenaline only half a cube. Then you need to shake the tube and that's it. Droplets in the nose are ready for use.

In order to feel the effect, it's worth simply napping them 2-3 times a day for 2 drops in each nostril. The treatment will take 3 days. 

Names of drops from the cold

You need to know at least superficially. This can help in solving an unpleasant problem. So, the best and most effective drops are Halazoline, Aqualor, Aquamaris, Ximelin, Tizin and Nazonex. All of them are aimed at a quick solution to the problem.

It is enough to take the remedy for a short time, in order to feel a positive effect. Usually the course of treatment is 3-5 days. Look closely at such drugs as Naftizin, Nazivin, Otryvin, Physiomer, Fliksonase, Euphorbium Compositum and Umkalor.

Do not choose the names themselves. It is necessary to pay attention to the effect of the drug. After all, many of them are aimed at solving both simple and complex problems. It is advisable to choose a means to determine the true cause of the problem. After all, she can hide behind a serious illness. 

Vibrocil

Are able to have a positive effect. This is one of the modern medicines, which allows you to quickly get rid of the common cold of a different nature.

To date, this drug is rightfully on the list of the safest drugs, so it is prescribed even to infants and pregnant women. In addition, this product with a slight smell of lavender is released without a doctor's prescription.

The main effect of the drug is aimed at eliminating nasal congestion. The active substances in the composition have a positive effect. They cause vasoconstriction, help clear the nasal passages from pathological contents, reduce mucosal edema, reduce the secretion secreted and restore nasal breathing.

Use the remedy for acute or chronic rhinitis caused by colds, as well as allergic rhinitis. In addition, this tool helps to remove the edema after surgery in the nasal cavity. Use the medicine should be about 4 times a day. Babies up to a year are enough to inject one drop into each nostril, older children - 2-4 drops. The exact dosage should be prescribed by the attending physician. Vibrocil is used for 7 days.

Anthropologist

Are intended for fast elimination of a problem. In their composition are the oils of pine or mountain pine, peppermint and eucalyptus. All these components together help to get rid of the problem quickly.

This composition of vegetable oils is enhanced by the introduction of guaiazulene, which is isolated from the ethereal eucalyptus oil. In addition to these components in the composition there are vitamin E and thyme oil. As auxiliary components in the medicine, rapeseed oil for nasal drops, white wax for cream or ointment, as well as labrafil M and butyloxyanisole are used.

All these components have excellent complex antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, softening, regenerating, mild vasoconstrictive actions in the treatment of rhinitis of non-allergic origin.

Apply an agent for the treatment of inflammatory diseases of the nose and nasopharynx, in particular, rhinitis following nosological forms: acute bacterial rhinitis; chronic infectious rhinitis; Rhinitis of fungal origin.

To drip the agent it is necessary in each nostril on 1-2 drops, 2-3 times a day. The course of treatment is 7 days. 

trusted-source[22], [23], [24]

Oil drops from the cold 

Suitable for the treatment of a common cold, but they need to be properly used. Oil drops in the nose are often used without good reason. But they are intended for the initial stage of rhinitis.

They are widely used for atrophic rhinitis. This condition is characterized by severe dryness. The medication acts less irritatingly. It does not cause hypertrophy, dryness and irritation in the nose.

Without doctor's prescription, such drops can be used up to two weeks. They will not bring any harm. But it is still advisable to consult with a specialist. True, in many patients they can cause allergic reactions, and in the nose can be swelling.

Burying them in the nose is quite simple. But before that it is worth devastating. Thus, the tool will act much more efficiently. Among oil medications, Tizin occupies a leading position. 

Derinath

They are intended for the treatment of acute respiratory infections (ARI), prevention and treatment of acute respiratory viral infections (ARVI), ophthalmology, including inflammatory and dystrophic processes and inflammatory diseases of the oral mucosa.

For complex therapy, they are used for chronic inflammatory diseases, fungal, bacterial and other mucosal infections in gynecology, acute and chronic diseases of the upper respiratory tract, obliterating diseases of the lower extremities, trophic ulcers, long-term non-healing and infected wounds, gangrenes, burns and frostbite.

When the first symptoms of respiratory disease appear, Derinat must be instilled in the nose every 1-1.5 hours during the day, then 2-3 drops in each nasal passage 3-4 times / day. The course duration is 2 weeks. With inflammatory diseases of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses, the drug is instilled by 3-5 drops into each nasal passage or a cotton swab impregnated with the solution of the preparation is inserted into each nasal passage 3-6 times / day; duration of the course is 1 month. It should be noted that these drops from the cold take for a long time, from 1 to 3 months.

trusted-source[25]

Protargol

Getting on the inflamed surface of the skin, form a protective film. The drug reduces the sensitivity of the skin and mucous membranes, narrows the vessels, which leads to suppression of inflammatory reactions.

The preparation Protargol consists of proteins that contain silver ions (7-9%). Apply it with conjunctivitis, pharyngitis, blepharitis prophylaxis in newborns, rhinitis, otitis and even cystitis.

The drug should be taken 2-3 drops in one nostril 2-4 times a day. The duration of treatment depends on the specific situation. Therefore, this question is best solved with a doctor. This medicine has a wide range of effects, so it is not recommended to use it yourself.

Children use this drug is not worth it, it has a strong effect. The dosage of a medicine depends on the problem with which a person struggles. 

Titlein

Patients with acute rhinitis of various etiologies, including allergic rhinitis, are used. It is also used by people with vasomotor rhinitis, sinusitis, inflammation of the eustachian tube and middle ear, as well as in acute respiratory diseases, which are accompanied by a violation of nasal breathing. Take medication is necessary for 1-2 drops, 2-3 times a day. In dosage, much depends on the problem that needs to be addressed. Therefore, it is advisable to get medical advice. Duration of treatment is 7 days. More than this time to take them is not necessary, perhaps, the development of addiction. Moreover, the therapeutic effect is gradually reduced, which requires the use of other drugs in parallel

Otrivin

Are capable to struggle with respiratory diseases. They eliminate acute allergic rhinitis, pollinosis, sinusitis, eustachitis, otitis media (to reduce edema of the nasopharyngeal mucosa).

Take the drug in a special dosage. So, for children it is: up to 6 years - 1-2 drops in each nasal passage 1-2 times a day; Do not use more than 3 times a day, over 6 years - 2-3 drops in each nostril 3-4 times a day. In this case, we are talking about 0.05% drops. If the percentage is higher, namely, 0.1, then they can be used exclusively by adults for 2-3 drops in each nasal passage 3-4 times a day.

The agent of otrivin is one of the most effective. Take them with caution. It is advisable to consult a doctor before the course of treatment. He will prescribe dosages, according to which and it will be possible to take the remedy. 

Isofra

Eliminate rhinitis, rhinopharyngitis and sinusitis in the absence of damage to the partitions. Moreover, it is used to prevent infections after surgery.

It is not recommended to use it for people with hypersensitivity. In some cases, Isophra causes allergic reactions. Adults - 1 injection every nasal 4-6 times a day; Children - 1 injection into each nasal passage 3 times a day. The course of treatment is 10 days. Drops. Bury 1-2 drops 4-6 times a day in each nasal passage with an interval of 2-3 hours.

There are also special instructions regarding the use of the drug. In no case is it recommended to use it to wash the paranasal sinuses. There were no specific studies regarding the safety of use during pregnancy and during lactation. It is necessary to understand that the emergence of resistant strains of microorganisms is possible during treatment. 

Sinupret

Used for any viral infectious rhinitis, sinusitis, acute and chronic sinusitis. You can take it with an allergic rhinitis. The product has a good mucaltic effect, so it can be used for coughing up phlegm during coughing during bronchitis.

This medication has its own characteristics. These include low allergic activity, increased individual sensitivity to the drug and excellent interaction with other anti-inflammatory drugs.

You can take the drug from the 7th year of age, 25 drops daily. For a good effect, it is recommended to do this three times a day. To adolescents and adults, the dose is doubled and is 50 drops. Before starting treatment, it is necessary to consult a doctor. D

Polydeks

Have anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic effects. All this is due to the content of antibiotics. Together with phenylephrine hydrochloride, the drug has an effective effect.

Sulfates of neomycin and polymyxin are able to initiate the activity of the drug to microorganisms that excite upper respiratory tract infections.

Use the funds you need only as directed by your doctor. Usually, adults should use the medication 4 times a day, one injection per each nostril. Usually the course of treatment is a week.

For children from two and a half to fifteen years, single injections should be made in each nostril three times a day for the same period. During use, the bottle must be in an upright position. The course of treatment of the nose should not exceed ten days. 

Xylene

Eliminate rhinitis: allergic, with catarrhal diseases, sinusitis, otitis media, and as part of combination therapy to reduce edema of the nasopharyngeal mucosa, as well as in preparation for the rhinoscopy.

It is undesirable to use the drug with increased hypersensitivity, glaucoma, atrophic rhinitis, during pregnancy and breast-feeding. Therefore, before starting treatment it is worth consulting with a doctor.

Apply it in accordance with the allowable dosage. So, for an adult and a child over 6 years of age, 1-2 drops of 0.1% solution should be used in each nasal passage 2-3 times a day. For babies younger than 6 years, including infants 1-2 drops of 0,05% solution in each nasal passage 1-2 times a day for 3-5 days. You can not use the tool for more than the specified time. 

Drops from a cold and silver

Have antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effects. They exert speed due to colloidal silver, which is a component of these droplets, the remedy quickly eliminates nasal congestion. Moreover, the result from their reception is very long. With complications, simple drops do not give a lasting result, but drops with silver allow the nose to breathe for 8 hours.

The drugs have astringent, weak antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effect. To drops of a similar kind carry Kollargol and Protargol. Information on the dosage can be provided by the attending physician. After all, this is an individual process and in this case it is necessary to build on the problem itself.

Drops from the common cold of this content are not used so often. But if you use them, then with unpleasant symptoms you can say goodbye for a long time. 

Nephyin

They help to get rid of rhinitis, hay fever, sinusitis, laryngitis, laryngeal edema of allergic genesis or against radiation, sinusitis, conjunctivitis and eustachyte. In some cases, it is used to stop nasal bleeding.

Apply Naphthyzinum place, 1-3 drops in each nasal passage up to four times a day. If it is necessary to stop nasal bleeding, then tampons moistened with this medication should be used. They should be placed in each nostril and kept until the blood stops.

Naphthyzine for children use only 0.05% or 0.025% for the preparation, which 0.05% solution is diluted with distilled water. There is a special children's medicine. Its dosage depends on the child's age. Children 1-6 years - 1-2 drops, 6-15 years - 2 drops from one to three times a day. The course of treatment is no more than 7 days. Otherwise, it can become addictive. 

Snoop

Applied with acute allergic rhinitis, acute respiratory disease with phenomena of rhinitis, sinusitis, pollinosis and otitis media. In the latter case, the use of the drug leads to a decrease in edema of the mucous membrane of the nasopharynx.

Use the medicine intranasally. Nasal drops for adults and children over 6 years of age are used for 2-3 drops. 0.1% solution or one injection from the nebulizer into each nasal passage. In a day it is enough to make manipulation 4 times. For infants and children under the age of 6 years - 1-2 cap. 0.05% solution in each nasal passage 1 or 2 times a day; Do not use more than 3 times a day. Children should use the product with extreme caution.

Before you start treatment, it is worth consulting with a doctor. Because these drugs are not suitable for everyone. They can cause an allergic reaction of the body, especially if a person has an increased hypersensitivity to certain components of the drug.

Levomycetin

Used in ophthalmic practice for the therapy of patients suffering from conjunctivitis, keratitis and other infectious diseases caused by susceptible to the action of levomycetin by microorganisms.

The drug is widely used in ophthalmology for the treatment of infectious diseases in the case of ineffectiveness of other drugs. Take it by 1 drop in each eye 3 times a day. It is advisable to draw a remedy from the vial with a clean pipette. It does not have a specific dispenser, so you should calculate the dose yourself. Children should not take this remedy.

The length of the course of treatment depends on the individual characteristics of each patient. The maximum duration of therapy is 2 weeks. But in this case there may be some corrections. Because the situations are different and much depends on the complexity of the situation. 

Rhinofluzymil

Used for diseases of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses with the formation of a thick mucopurulent exudate. Simply put, the remedy is fighting with sinusitis and rhinitis of any severity.

It is not recommended to take the medicine with hypersensitivity to certain components of the drug. With caution it is used for severe angina, bronchial asthma, during pregnancy and lactation. For children, medication is undesirable. If necessary, it is prescribed to babies, but in a special dosage.

In case of improper use, side effects may develop. Do not exclude allergic reaction, dry mouth, nose and nasopharyngeal cavity. Adults take it for 2 injections with an interval of 5 minutes in each nasal passage 3-4 times a day. For children, the dosage is somewhat lower and is 1 dose 3-4 times a day. 

Edas

They are a complex preparation. They are widely used in diseases such as: inflammation of the adenoids, tonsillitis, sinusitis, eye fatigue, bronchial asthma, flu, eczema, gastritis, digestive disorders, urolithiasis and cholelithiasis, hepatitis, urogenital infections, etc. In fact, the list is quite extensive. But in this case, much depends on the form of release of the drug itself.

Use the product as directed. The main thing is not to combine this action with food intake. The daily dose depends directly on the problem by which the medication is used.

To activate the therapeutic effect of drops, the bottle should be shaken before use. To achieve a positive effect, the remedy is applied 2-3 times a day, 2-3 injections into each nostril. Children should not use a medication. Edas must be taken with caution, they can cause allergic reactions.

These sequences

Apply for rhinitis, sinusitis, pharyngitis, and hay fever. The drug not only performs therapeutic, but also preventive measures. Naturally, there are obvious contraindications. So, it should not be taken to people with hypersensitivity and dry rhinitis. Children up to 2 years can use only 0.05% drop, and from 6 years - 0.1%.

Medication can cause side effects. It manifests itself in the form of headache, tremor, weakness, nausea, pulmonary edema, arrhythmia, sweating and high blood pressure.

Apply potassium intranasal. They need to be buried in each nostril with the head slightly backward, if necessary, but not more than once in 4 hours. Adults and children over 6 years of age - 2-4 drops (0.1%) in the nose, children 2 -6 years - 2-3 drops (0.05%). The course of treatment is approximately 3-5 days. 

Sanorin

Perfectly help to eliminate acute rhinitis, sinusitis, laryngitis and even nosebleeds. Often it is used as an additional agent in the treatment of conjunctivitis of bacterial origin. But this is done solely on the advice of a doctor.

Use the medicine is not worth it with increased sensitivity to some of its components. It is not desirable to use it for chronic rhinitis, arterial hypertension, glaucoma, diabetes mellitus and concurrent administration of MAO inhibitors. In any case, it should be at least 14 days after the person was treated with the last kind of drug.

In acute rhinitis, sinusitis, eustachitis, laryngitis, in order to facilitate the conduct of a rinoscope for adults and adolescents over 15 years - 1-3 drops of nasal drops 0.1% or 1-3 doses of spray in each nasal passage 3-4 times a day; drops nasal 0.1% in the form of an emulsion appoint 1-3 drops in each nasal passage 2-3 times a day.

Africa

Applied with rhinitis of allergic and infectious-inflammatory etiology. They are widely used to eliminate sinusitis, hay fever and eustachyte. Moreover, it is used to remove signs of conjunctivitis of allergic origin.

The drug has its own contraindications. Thus, it is not recommended to use it for hypersensitivity, pregnancy, severe atherosclerosis, diabetes, children under 6 years of age, and angle-closure glaucoma.

If improperly taken, side effects may occur, and even an overdose. All this is accompanied by dryness, burning, insomnia, nausea, dizziness, severe palpitation and sleep disturbance.

Adults and children over 12 years of age should be administered intranasally, 1-2 drops of 0.025-0.05% solution in each nasal passage 2-3 times a day or 2-3 injections in each nasal passage at intervals of 10-12 hours. Children aged 6 to 12 children have 1 injection in each nasal passage. The duration of treatment is prescribed by the doctor. 

trusted-source[26]

Fenistil

Applied to eliminate hives, vasomotor rhinitis, with allergic reactions to insect bites. In addition, the remedy effectively fights rubella, chicken pox, and measles. The spectrum of action of this drug is considered broad.

Apply medication and for preventive purposes. Especially in patients who are prone to allergic reactions. For external use: itchy skin lesions with dermatoses, hives, insect bites, and also with light burns.

When administered orally for adults, a single dose is 1-2.5 mg, a daily dose of 3-5 mg. The frequency of reception directly depends on the dosage form used, is 2-3 times / day. The duration of treatment is prescribed by the doctor. Children should not take this medication. In this case, everything depends on what kind of problem you need to solve.

trusted-source[27], [28], [29]

Grippferon

They are used to solve many problems. Moreover, this medication can be administered even intravenously. It helps to cope with such problems as acute hepatitis B, chronic hepatitis C, chronic hepatitis B, malignant melanoma, etc. Drops in turn perfectly compete with swelling of the nasal mucosa and eliminate the common cold.

Dosage is prescribed by a doctor on an individual basis. This is a pretty strong medicine and taking it yourself is not recommended, it can aggravate the situation. Children should take this drug, it is not worth it. With special need to consult is with the child's therapist.

As for the duration of treatment, this is also an individual process. In general, drops from the cold take no more than 7 days. In some cases, the duration may be increased. Again, this issue is decided solely by a specialist. 

Adrianol

Designed to eliminate acute and chronic rhinitis and sinusitis. Widely used medicament and with diagnostic procedures and surgical manipulations. But this is done solely on the advice of a doctor.

The drug Adrinol is available in the form of nasal drops and is intended primarily for adults. If the child needs to use this remedy, then it should be done very carefully. It is advisable not to use the medication more often 4 times a day for 1-3 drops in each nostril.

In some cases, the remedy is used by children at an earlier age. So, from 1 to 5 years, it is desirable to use 2 drops in each nostril 3 times / day. Newborns do not have more than 1 drop 30 minutes before the start of feeding. Take this medicine with the child with extreme caution. In no case can you take this decision on your own. It is best to consult a therapist. 

trusted-source[30], [31]

Fluimuite

Assign for diseases of the respiratory system. In this case, they must be accompanied by a violation of sputum discharge. Therefore, the remedy is widely used in bronchial asthma, lung atelectasis, catarrhal otitis, sinusitis, sinusitis, to facilitate the passage of secretions.

For inhalation, the agent is prescribed 300 mg 1-2 times a day for 5-10 days. In some cases, long-term use of this drug is not excluded. The dosage and the frequency of taking the drug depending on the therapeutic effect and the condition of the patient can be changed by the doctor.

There are no differences between children and adults in taking this medication. For endobronchial administration, the drug solution is injected with a bronchoscope, permanent tubes, etc. These drops from the common cold have a wide range of effects, so taking them yourself is not recommended, all this can lead to a worsening of the situation as a whole.

Galazolin

Used for otitis media, sinusitis, acute rhinitis and in preparation for performing diagnostic manipulations. Despite such evidence, it is better to "use" the medication after the doctor's approval.

Use the product you need in a special way. So, it is desirable to give preference to not too much concentration, it is quite suitable 0.05%. You can use the medicine from the age of 3. In order to feel relief, it is enough to make 1-2 sprays in the nostrils. It is done not more often 1-2 times a day. Duration of treatment is appointed by the attending physician.

This drug is difficult to call one of the most popular. It is used on a general basis and requires a doctor's consultation. It should be understood that not all drops from the common cold can eliminate the reasons for which it appeared. Therefore, before starting an independent treatment, it is worth consulting with a specialist. 

RhinoStop

Used for acute allergic rhinitis, acute respiratory disease with phenomena of rhinitis, sinusitis, pollen, otitis media and in preparation for diagnostic manipulations in the nasal passages

This medication has its contraindications. So, it should not be used by people with hypersensitivity to certain components of the drug, with severe atherosclerosis, glaucoma, atrophic rhinitis, angina, and children under 6 years of age.

Nasal drops for adults and children over 6 years - 2-3 drops 0.1% solution or one injection from the nebulizer in each nasal passage, usually to achieve a positive effect, it is enough 4 times a day. For infants and children under 6 years - 1-2 drops of 0.05% solution in each nasal passage 1 or 2 times a day should not be used more than 3 times a day. The course of treatment for rhinitis usually does not exceed 7 days. 

Chinese drops from the cold

Can have an incredible effect. Not many people pay attention to them, and in vain. The fact is that in their composition are exclusively plant components, which together have a powerful effect.

The main elements are propolis, angelica, skullcap, mint, scarlet and many other plants. Possess such antibacterial properties, they also help in the treatment of a cold, nasal congestion due to colds, dryness and irritation in the nose, with a cold, sneeze, headaches and loss of nose sensitivity to odors.

Accept them in a similar way, like many other medications. So, every day it is necessary to inject drops into each nostril, 2-5 times a day. The person almost immediately begins to feel relief. The course of treatment depends on the situation and on average does not exceed 7 days. Well-established potassium from the common cold Bilitong, they do not contain antibiotics in their composition, and has an incredible effect.

trusted-source[32]

Drops from the common cold with genyantritis

Should be special. The fact is that this disease is not so simple. In many cases, it is characterized by a severe form, which requires immediate piercing.

If sinusitis is non-infectious, it can be overcome with the help of special preparations. So, the drops of Naftizin, Rinostop, Nazivin, Xylen and Galazolin are great. They have a vasoconstrictive effect. Use them for more than a week is not recommended, because they are able to cause addiction.

An effective remedy for sinusitis are drops of sinuport. The main ingredient, which is the juice of the cyclamen tubers. This component causes irritation of the nerve endings of the nasal mucosa, which increases the production of mucus. To eliminate the intrusive problem, it will take 5-9 days.

Well-proven and drops of Sinupret. They have anti-inflammatory, antiviral and immunomodulatory effects.

It consists of verbena, the root of the gentian, the flowers of elder and primrose, sorrel. The duration of treatment with the drug does not exceed 7 days.

It must be understood that sinusitis is not a simple disease and it needs to be eliminated with serious medications. 

trusted-source[33]

Homeopathic drops from the cold

Help in treating the first symptoms of colds. Drugs of this pharmacological group have a combined effect on the body: decongestant, immunostimulating, antiviral, anti-inflammatory.

It is important that these medications are prescribed by an experienced homeopathic doctor. Much depends on the person's age and physical condition. Usually, the drug is used according to the scheme, it is instilled every 15 minutes for 1-2 hours. But everything is appointed individually. It is advisable to do nothing yourself and not to choose, it will avoid side effects.

In this area, Edas-131, Delufen and Euphorbium Compositum proved to be very successful. But all the same, to such funds should be treated with caution. Independently to accept them in no event it is impossible. 

Eye drops from the cold

They can help, but you need to use them with caution. The fact is that they have a positive effect only with a certain admission. When choosing this method of treatment, Sulfacil sodium should be preferred. It is classified as antimicrobial or antiseptic.

It is able to have vasoconstrictive and anti-inflammatory effects. This drug is able to stop the reproduction and growth of bacteria. This helps the body to overcome the infection by itself.

Traditionally, this medication is indicated for conjunctivitis, purulent corneal ulcers, blepharitis, bleneree (acute purulent inflammation of the eyes caused by gonococcus). Many doctors recommend using it for a cold.

The course of treatment is quite simple. It is enough simply to instill the agent in 1 drop up to 4 times a day. Full recovery comes on the seventh day. 

trusted-source[34], [35], [36]

Drops with a purulent cold

There may be different origins. So, to eliminate an unpleasant symptom, it is enough to resort to the help of moisturizing, antibacterial, vasoconstrictive and herbal remedies.

In the groups of moisturizing medicines is aimed at the complete elimination of mucus. But before using these products it is recommended to wash the nose. To solve the problem, drops such as Saline, Aqua Maris, Humer, etc. Are suitable.

Vasoconstrictors are prescribed to reduce nasal congestion and edema of the mucous membrane. You can use such funds for not more than a week. The most effective are Vibrocil, Galazolin, Nazivin, Otrivin, and the like.

Antibacterial drugs effectively affect the cause of the disease, the therapeutic effect is achieved only at the site of administration of the drug and does not apply to the entire body. The best of these medications is Polydex.

Finally, herbal remedies. Their action is aimed at reducing the mucosal edema and improving nasal breathing. Effective drugs in this group are Sinupret and Agri.

trusted-source[37]

Antiviral drops from the cold

Are directed on elimination of virus diseases. They are the most effective and safe. When choosing a certain tool, it is worth paying attention to Interferon and Grippferon.

They are among the nonspecific antiviral drugs of a wide spectrum of action. Before use, Interferon must be diluted with boiled water. As for Grippferon, it is already made on a water basis. Detailed information is provided in the instructions accompanying the preparations.

This group of drugs is known for a long time and has shown itself to be active in almost all types of viruses. These drugs are needed by people who constantly suffer from chronic colds. It is widely used by children. There are no restrictions for the period of pregnancy and lactation. But, despite such efficiency and complete safety of a drop from a cold it is necessary to select under the guidance of a good specialist.

trusted-source[38]

Hormonal drops from the cold

Must be taken with extreme caution. Especially those people who do not have a stable hormonal background. The fact is that these drugs can have a positive effect on the body as a whole. But because of the content of hormones, some processes may be disrupted.

Often, when choosing hormonal drugs, Fliksonaze and Avamis give preference. It is not recommended to take them on their own, especially people who have problems with hormones. It is believed that such funds are the most effective. Confirm this fact or refute it is difficult. After all, much depends on the individual characteristics of the human body. The dosage of the drug should be calculated for each case separately.

Accept hormonal drops, like all the others, it is important during treatment not to exceed the given duration. After all, this can lead to serious consequences. 

New drops from the cold

To date, just flooded the shelf pharmacies. The pharmaceutical industry is growing, and more and more new medicines are being developed and are constantly being developed. Naturally, many simply are analogues of all known drugs.

By giving preference to new means, it is worth paying attention to their composition. Basically, they just duplicate existing means. But they can have unique components. What is worth paying attention to. After all, some people are prone to allergic reactions. All this can adversely affect the human body as a whole.

It is advisable to give preference to those medicines that have been used consistently. The proven means is much better unknown. After all, in this case, at least it is clear what the result will be. Get detailed information from the pharmacist or at a doctor's office.

Home drops from the cold

Prepare them is not difficult. And their effectiveness is not inferior to the available drugs. However, before using them, it is better to consult a doctor.

When using drug drops can be addictive, which can not be said about home medication. To prepare an effective remedy, you need to take one teaspoon of vegetable oil and fresh carrot juice. Here you can add a little juice of garlic, approximately 5 drops. The resulting mixture is digested into the two nostrils 3-4 times a day for several droplets. It should be noted that every time you should prepare a new portion of the mixture.

The effect of garlic will be slightly reduced due to the presence of oil. But at the same time the phytoncides will still make their useful business. Home drops from the common cold are a universal remedy. You can use them in any situation. But, if a person has sinusitis, then it is better to resort to the help of traditional medicine.

Drops of onions from the cold

An effective tool in solving many problems. It is necessary to simply grate on a small grater onion, to get 2 tablespoons, and pour into a clean glass. Then put the glass in a pot of hot water and cover it with a funnel made of thick paper. The resulting edge of the funnel is applied to the nose and thus the inhalation is performed. It is advisable to do this manipulation on each nostril for 10 minutes.

You can just breathe in pairs of onions. Do not necessarily do any inhalation. It is possible to make droplets on its own. To do this, the juice is squeezed out of the vegetable and, using a pipette, a few drops are added to each nostril. It is advisable to repeat this action several times a day. Relief is observed on the first day. Alternative tools help to cope with the problem quite quickly.

It should be noted that the juice of onions should be diluted with water, in a proportion of 1: 2. Otherwise, there is a chance of causing burns to the mucous membrane. Drops from the cold prepared from onions are the best and most effective home remedy.

trusted-source[39]

Garlic drops from the cold

Similar onions. Not everyone knows that this plant contains substances such as phytoncides. They are able to easily fight many colds.

These funds are particularly effective during the resumption of the common cold. To make good drops, you need to take a large clove of garlic finely chop it, and pour a hundred grams of boiling water. After that, the container with garlic tincture is wrapped and left for one hour. During this period, everything is properly insisted. After the set time, the tincture is filtered. Then you need to let it cool. The product is ready for use. It is enough to drip it into each nostril for 2-3 drops at the first manifestations of a cold, we store garlic droplets in the refrigerator.

If the runny nose is not so strong and its appearance is not associated with sinusitis, you can use garlic remedy.

Beet Drops

Have been effective for many years. So, to this day, not so few recipes have accumulated, in the composition of which there are these drops.

Use beets can be either in its pure form or add auxiliary components to it. It is desirable that this is an element with stronger healing properties.

In order to get rid of the common cold, it is worth to dig in beet juice 2-3 drops 3-4 times a day in each nostril. Wishing to get a good effect, it is recommended to wash the nasal passages before use. If the beet causes unpleasant burning, you must dilute it with water, in a ratio of 1: 1.

There is another good tool. For its preparation you need to take 3 tsp. Beet juice and mix with 1 tsp. Honey. It should be noted that these products have good antibacterial and disinfectant properties. Use it in the same way as the previous one.

You can take one part of the juice of beets and carrots, add two parts of vegetable oil and a few drops of garlic juice. All ingredients should be mixed thoroughly and dripped 2-3 drops 3-4 times a day. You can moisten with cotton pads and put them on for 15-20 minutes.

Another good recipe involves the use of 3 parts of a mixture of carrot and beet juice together with 1 part of honey. The resulting drug drip into the nose a few drops 4-5 times a day. 

Kalanchoe from the cold of the drop

They have a good effect. The juice of this plant has excellent properties. More often it is used as follows: fresh juice, squeezed out of leaves, mixed with milk or with water in a proportion of 1: 1. Use this solution three times a day, digging in three drops each time.

If the human mucosa has increased sensitivity, it is desirable to make a less strong solution. To enhance the positive properties of Kalanchoe, you can add it to the juice of aloe. This ingredient perfectly combines with onions. Mix it in a certain proportion, 1: 3. The useful effect of such treatment is, first of all, that the nasal cavity is actively cleansed of mucus. It should be noted that in many people the calanchoe causes a strong sneeze. Thus, it is possible to release the nasal passages and facilitate breathing. Drops from the cold prepared independently, and even with the addition of medicinal drugs, fight the problem much more effectively.

Drops with eucalyptus from the cold

In alternative medicine, they are known as excellent vasoconstrictors. Initially, many healers used concentrated infusions of this plant to eliminate many health problems.

Perfectly combines eucalyptus with essential oil of mint. A few drops of peppermint or eucalyptus oil are diluted with a few drops of warm water, the resulting mixture is instilled in turns into each nasal passage, after which considerable relief of breath occurs. This procedure can be repeated several times a day. However, it is not necessary to abuse the tool especially. Because the mucous membrane of the nose can quickly get used to such an effect. Mint and eucalyptus oils can also be used for inhalations in the common cold.

It should be noted that eucalyptus should be taken with extreme caution, this is a very powerful tool. 

Drops from the common cold on herbs

Effective help to get rid of a cold on grass drops. Butadol oil has an incredible effect. To prepare the product, you need to take 1 tablespoon of the ground herb of Ledum, pour 100 ml of vegetable oil. Then, all this is held in a boiling water bath for 40-50 minutes and insist until it cools. After cooling, filter and use 2-3 drops in each nose for instillation into each nostril 3-4 times a day with a cold.

Eucalyptus oil is also wonderfully struggling with the problem. It is enough to take 2 tablespoons of dry crushed eucalyptus leaves and pour 200 ml of olive, sunflower or other vegetable oil. Then the resulting mixture should be boiled on low heat for 10 minutes, insist 4-5 hours and filtered through a folded in several rows of gauze. To achieve a positive effect, dig in 5-7 drops of oil in each nostril 4-6 times a day with a cold.

A special effect is achieved by using aloe juice. You just need to get the liquid from the plant and dig in 5 drops every 2-3 hours. The effect will not keep you waiting. 

trusted-source[40]

Drops from the cold from aloe

This is the best way to get rid of the problem quickly and effectively. If the house has this plant, then remove the unpleasant symptom will be much easier. So, just take an aloe leaf and rinse it thoroughly, then wrap it in a sheet of paper and place it in the fridge. In this "position" the plant should last 12-16 hours. Use the resulting sheet will be available for 2 weeks.

Aloe juice is very bitter and in a concentrated form can cause irritation of the nasal mucosa. This fact must be remembered during the preparation of drops from the common cold. That is why it is recommended to dilute the juice with water 1: 1.5 (aloe: water) before use. For children, the proportion is slightly different, 1: 2. It is also effective to add honey to nasal drops (honey: water: aloe vera juice - 1: 1: 1).

The duration of treatment with aloe juice does not exceed 3-5 days. Much depends on how properly a person uses the remedy. But you should not abuse it. 

Honey drops from the cold

It is recommended to take people with inflammatory diseases of the sinuses of the nose. It is advisable to make a special compress for the night or stick a place of honey application with a sticking plaster so that its edges go beyond the honey cake. Usually by morning, honey starts to be absorbed and thereby relieves swelling and pain.

Beet juice along with honey helps to get rid of the common cold. Cellular honey excellently removes the sinusitis. It is necessary to chew a piece of honey comb every day for 15 minutes. This will greatly facilitate breathing, and will remove the inflammatory response.

Honey with purulent otitis and sinusitis it is recommended to instill 1-2 drops in each nostril 3-4 times a day. Relief is observed almost immediately. Onions with honey help to remove the runny nose. To prepare an effective product, take 3 tablespoons of finely chopped onion and pour it with warm water. Then there is added a teaspoon of honey. All this is mixed until completely dissolved. It is necessary to insist the remedy for 30-40 minutes. It is advisable to use the obtained drops from the cold 4-5 times a day, digging in 4-6 droplets into each nostril.

Drops from a cold with menthol

Use with extreme caution. This component can significantly burn the nasal mucosa. Therefore, in its pure form it is better not to use it.

Menthol perfectly eliminates the common cold and facilitates nasal breathing. However, with menthol, as with mint oil, you have to be more careful, and use them a little, because in some people they increase the irritation of the mucous membranes of the nose. Therefore, before you resort to the help of this tool, it is worth consulting with your doctor.

You can just bury menthol oil in the nose: 3-5 drops in each nostril, 2 times a day. This oil can also lubricate the wings of the nose, forehead, nape and whiskey - the earlier you start, the better. Thus, you can get rid of the problem in a matter of days. However, it is not necessary to abuse the use of this remedy. 

Carrot drops from the cold

The greatest popularity was earned in children. However, in order to achieve the desired effect, it is necessary to thoroughly wash the nasal passages before using the droplets.

Bury the carrot juice in the nose from a regular pipette 3-4 drops in one nostril every 3-4 hours. For babies it will be enough to use 2 drops. It should be noted that the juice should be freshly squeezed! The procedure is repeated up to 3 times a day for a week.

If the rhinitis in the baby, then it is necessary to wash the nasal passages with breast milk. It is capable of having a disinfecting effect and clearing the nasal passages. Naturally, using it together with carrot juice will be much more effective. But any manipulation with the baby should be discussed with the therapist.

Carrot juice is a great way to get rid of a cold in a short time, though not all fit. 

Dosing and Administration

Directly depends on the problem and the specific drug. In general, drops are taken several times a day, an average of 3-4 times. Moreover, 1-2 instillations are made into each nostril.

Give an example is on a particular medicine. So, Derinat drops are taken as follows. For the prevention of acute respiratory viral infusion, 2 drops are administered in each nasal passage 2-4 times / day for 7-14 days. In inflammatory diseases of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses, the drug is instilled with 3-5 drops into each nasal passage or a cotton swab impregnated with the solution of the preparation in each nasal passage 3-6 times / day, the duration of the course is 1 month.

It should be noted that the dosage directly depends on the patient's problem and age. In some cases, it is much easier to aggravate the situation than to alleviate it. Especially when it comes to the health of the child.

trusted-source[41]

Drops from a cold in pregnancy

It should be used with extreme caution. The fact is that many drugs have a direct effect on the mucous membrane of the nose and do not disrupt the operation of other systems. But a woman can accidentally swallow a little money and thereby harm herself.

Special drops for pregnant women do not exist. Because among the existing drugs there is something to choose. Naturally, special advice can be given exclusively by the attending physician. When choosing a medicine, it is worth considering the mass of accompanying factors. An important role is played by the composition of the drug, the sensitivity to certain components and the duration of pregnancy.

Safe means are those in which structure there are vegetative components. It is possible to eliminate an unpleasant symptom even with ordinary sea water. In pharmacies, there are enough drugs that are based on sea water. Especially popular were Aqua Maris, Aqualor, Salin, Merimer, Dolphin and Humer. You can take them even to newborns. But using drops from the cold without consulting a doctor is still not recommended.

trusted-source[4], [5], [6]

Contraindications for use

It is necessary to understand that there are also contraindications to the use of drops from the common cold. The fact is that all of them differ not only in their efficiency, but also in their composition.

Therefore, taking drugs is highly not recommended for people who have hypersensitivity to the components of the drugs. Many of them are not desirable for use in atrophic rhinitis, pregnancy and lactation. Particular care should be given to people with arrhythmia, atherosclerosis, diabetes, angle-closure glaucoma and thyrotoxicosis. Many drugs can not be used by children under 6 years of age. In this case, everything depends on the means.

Therefore, before you start treatment with any medication, it is worth to visit a doctor's consultation. He will determine the true cause, which caused this negative phenomenon and appoint a good drug. Drops from the common cold can cause harm and it is worth understanding, therefore, self-medication is not recommended, especially if there are any health problems.

trusted-source[7], [8], [9]

Side effects

May occur on the background of improper intake of medications. So, usually drugs are well tolerated by patients, but there are always exceptions.

So, in some cases, there is burning and a feeling of dryness of the nasal mucosa. Sometimes there is hyperemia and sneezing. This indicates that the drug has not been approached and it is better to cancel it. When using too high doses of funds for a long time, tachycardia, arterial hypertension, headache, disturbed sleep and wakefulness can develop. 

Side effects can occur with proper reception. Rather, it indicates the presence of hypersensitivity to certain components of the drug. Therefore, it is better to replace these drops from the common cold with another option. This will avoid serious health problems in the future.

Getting used to the drops from the cold

It can easily arise if taken for a long time and in an increased dosage. In addition, the medicine used for a long period of time can lose its effectiveness. Most drops can be applied 2-3 times a day for no longer than 7 days.

In order not to become addictive, it is necessary to reduce the number of instillations and the amount of the medicine itself. It is desirable to take it once, but not several. It is advisable to do this before bed. The dose can be safely divided into two.

It is necessary to get rid of the habit of dripping medicines at the first occurrence of stuffiness. This leads to a gradual addiction, and you have to constantly use drops. Breathing can be restored in other ways that are not addictive.

You can visit a doctor if a person has not managed to get rid of addiction. In this case, physiotherapy will help. In order not to become addictive, it is quite realistic to use alternative medicine. 

Overdose

It can occur against the background of improper intake of medications. This is especially often due to the use of overestimated doses of the drug. Naturally, the facts of accidental oral administration are not excluded. All this can lead to the development of nausea, fever, vomiting, arterial hypertension, respiratory disorders, pulmonary edema and even cardiac arrest.

Moreover, some patients may experience depression of central nervous system functions and development of drowsiness. There were facts of arterial hypotension, bradycardia, respiratory arrest and coma. This is all very serious! Therefore, it is necessary to take drops from the cold in full compliance with the instructions.

Overdose mainly occurs against the background of self-medication. Therefore, consultation with a doctor should not be ignored. There is no specific antidote to the drugs. At casual oral reception of a preparation gastric lavage and reception of enterosorbents is shown. In case of an overdose, symptomatic therapy is performed. 

Interactions with other drugs

Possible, but only if the funds do not have the same "functions and composition".

With the combined use of the drug with monoamine oxidase inhibitors and tricyclic antidepressants, it is possible to develop arterial hypertension.

It is undesirable to apply a few drops of the cold at the same time. This can lead to an overdose of the body. Usually, only one medication is sufficient to eliminate the edema of the nasal mucosa and eliminate the common cold. Need to take several funds at the same time was not observed. Naturally, if in addition to drops a person takes any more funds, it is worth to tell the treating doctor. After all, the combination of some drugs can cause an ambiguous reaction of the body, including a strong allergy. Drops from the common cold can interact with other medicines, but still, the risk of getting unpleasant consequences is always preserved.

Storage conditions

Some drugs can safely be left in the medicine cabinet, while others require a certain temperature regime. So, basically the storage conditions are limited to a temperature of 15-25 degrees. It is desirable that it is a dry and warm place, where the sun's rays do not penetrate.

Some drugs require storage in the refrigerator. That is why it is difficult to talk about storage conditions in general terms. You just need to study the instructions of a specific medication and follow it.

It is important that children do not have access to the remedy. After all, they can take it orally and thereby cause a severe reaction of the body. All this is quite serious. Many medicines are "afraid" of moisture and this point should be taken into account. Direct sunlight and increased humidity can spoil the product, which will lead to its total worthlessness. Therefore, drops from the cold should be stored in accordance with the conditions that are prescribed in the instructions to the drug.

Shelf life

Directly depends on storage conditions. So, if they are observed, the medication will last for 3 years. It is important to ensure a certain temperature regime for the drug. Usually it is 15-25 degrees, but some tools are recommended to store in the refrigerator. Therefore, you can find out more about this condition from the instructions to the specific drug.

It is desirable to ensure the observance of heat. It is important that moisture does not get into the storage place, it has a detrimental effect on the storage of the medicine. Watch is also behind the appearance of the bottle. If it is damaged then the service life is reduced at times. And it is worth noting the fact that open drops can be stored in the refrigerator for no more than 1-2 months.

If all the storage conditions are met properly, the medication will last for the specified years. Drops from the common cold are stored for a long time, but with certain "parameters" of location. Therefore, it is necessary to fully comply with all the requirements described in the instructions to the drug.

Good drops from the cold

As a rule, those that quickly help get rid of this problem. It can not be said that the formation of mucus in the nasal passages is something dangerous. But to exclude cases of severe complications is also not worth it. In any case, the problem must be properly dealt with.

Before choosing a drop, it is worth familiar with the reasons for its appearance. So, the common cold can be contagious and non-infectious. The first stage appears as a result of the action of unfavorable viruses and bacteria. Noninfectious rhinitis occurs against a background of a certain stimulus, up to ordinary cold air. Therefore, you need to choose the drops based on the problem itself.

So, the drops are vasoconstrictive, oily, anti-allergic, etc. Some of the best of them consider Galazolin, Ximelin, Rinonorm, Oksimetazolin, Nazivin, Nazol Naphthysine and Sanorin. They are able in a short time to get rid of unpleasant symptoms and completely eliminate the common cold.

Effective and safe drops from the cold

They help almost immediately after the first dose. The fastest-acting group are vasoconstrictor drugs. Once you just dig in your nose, it's much easier to breathe. Use them can be no more than 2-3 times a day. The course of treatment is 7 days. With prolonged admission, it can be addictive. Among the most effective drops in this case include Naphthysine, Sanorin, Nafazoline, Briisolin, Rhinostop, Rhinomaris, Tysin, Eucazolinum and Ximelin.

Moisturizing drops also have a good effect. They include sea salt, which facilitates the human condition. Pay attention to Saline, Aqualor, Physiomer and AquaMaris. These drops instantly affect the mucous membrane, relieve swelling and reduce inflammation.

Antiviral drops are quite effective. But they should be used from the very first signs of a cold. In that case, he will quickly retreat. With the correct reception of the problem you can get rid of for 3 days. Look closer to Grippelforn and Nazaferon. The last medicine can be taken even to nursing infants.

Phytotherapy is aimed at eliminating the problem with extracts of medicinal herbs. When selecting droplets, special attention should be paid to Pinosol. It is necessary to understand that in their composition there are essential oils that are not suitable for everyone.

Combined drops have a complex composition and that is why they are considered effective. They can contain even antibiotics. When choosing such drops, it is worth considering the complexity of the problem itself. It is recommended to pay attention to Vibrocil.

Antibacterial drops contain antibiotics. Therefore, they are taken solely by the doctor's prescription. Look closely at Bioparox, Polidex and Isofra. Basically, these drops are used to eliminate sinusitis.

Homeopathic drops have a complex mechanism of action. They have a complex effect on the problem. Usually they have no side effects and contraindications. Choosing such a drop from the common cold should pay attention to Edas-131, Delufen, Euphorbium compositum.

You can use even pregnant women. That is why this issue has received such an urgency today.

To alleviate the common cold and at the same time not to cause an allergic reaction will allow many vasoconstrictive, homeopathic and plant-based remedies. Particular preference is given to Protargola and Pinosol. In their composition, they do not contain harmful components that can overdry the mucous membrane. True, they do not have such a wonderful effect as vasoconstrictor drops, but they are completely safe.

It's worth paying attention to Sanorin. In most cases, Otrivin is a great help. To get rid of rhinitis will help wash the sinuses of the nose with special products based on sea water. So, to their number carry Salin, Aqua Maris, Aqualor and Dolphin. If a person is hypersensitive to many components of the drops from the nose, it is worth consulting with the doctor regarding their intake. 

trusted-source[42], [43]

Cost

Depends on many factors. So, the big role is played by the manufacturer. Usually preparations of domestic production have much more reasonable prices. Basically you can buy drops for 15-50 hryvnia. Much depends in this case on the location of the pharmacy and other small factors.

Drops from the cold were never distinguished by a high price. But, if you take into account imported drugs, the cost is much higher. So, on average, the drops will cost 70-80 hryvnia. It is difficult to say that they have special effectiveness. In this case, everything depends on the country of the manufacturer.

Efficiency and composition of droplets play a significant role. Simple drugs are much cheaper, they can remove the runny nose for only a few hours, but can not cure it. Therefore, when buying a product, it is worth paying attention to its effect. 

Cheap drops from the cold

Also can be effective. A very strange stereotype has developed for a long time. If the product is expensive, it means it will definitely help. This is not always the case. Quite often the simplest drops can have a good effect.

Among inexpensive means, Galazolin has proven itself. It removes the swelling of the nasal mucosa and eliminates the runny nose. After the first application, breathing is greatly facilitated.

In general, the concept of inexpensive drops is very doubtful. The fact is that for each person it is original. For someone inexpensive, this is not more than 10 hryvnia, for another not more than 50. Therefore, when choosing a medicine, it is first of all to pay attention to its composition and action. After all, saving on health is stupid.

Choosing inexpensive drops to look after stands to Isofra, Pinosolu and Aqua-Laura. All of them are able to get rid of an unpleasant symptom in a short time. 

Reviews

They can be either positive or negative. Much depends on the individual characteristics of the body, the method of taking and the problem that needed to be eliminated.

In general, many drops from the common cold are very popular. This is due to the fact that modern medicines can be relieved after the first use. Thus, almost every second means works.

The only thing that can cause a problem is in side effects. Many people are able to experience the overdrying of the nasal mucosa. In addition, against this background there is burning and sneezing. In some cases, the runny nose does not go away, but on the contrary intensifies. All this directly depends on how the person took the funds and whether he has a hypersensitivity to the components of a drug. Therefore, it can be precisely said that the drops from the cold have both positive and negative feedback.

Attention!

To simplify the perception of information, this instruction for use of the drug "Cold drops" translated and presented in a special form on the basis of the official instructions for medical use of the drug. Before use read the annotation that came directly to medicines.

Description provided for informational purposes and is not a guide to self-healing. The need for this drug, the purpose of the treatment regimen, methods and dose of the drug is determined solely by the attending physician. Self-medication is dangerous for your health.

Translation Disclaimer: For the convenience of users of the iLive portal this article has been translated into the current language, but has not yet been verified by a native speaker who has the necessary qualifications for this. In this regard, we warn you that the translation of this article may be incorrect, may contain lexical, syntactic and grammatical errors.

You are reporting a typo in the following text:
Simply click the "Send typo report" button to complete the report. You can also include a comment.