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Health

Ascoril of cough for children

There comes a time of colds, a season of mass epidemics. Cough, runny nose, colds, flu, ARD. Pleasant little. Especially if it's a child. Fortunately, in such a situation, the cough syrup of children will always come to the rescue. Today the pharmacy has a wide range of antitussive medicines. Consider the properties of some of them.

Antitussive, which has a complex effect on the body. It is used to treat cough of different origin. It can be used at any age, since it has practically no contraindications.

Indications Ascoril of cough for children

The main indication for the use of this medication is a severe cough, respiratory failure, bronchospasm, obstruction, impaired airway patency. It is recommended mainly with a productive cough, because with this cough the drug simply increases the spitting of the sputum, as a result of which the inflammatory process is quickly eliminated, the development of stagnant phenomena and infection is prevented.

However, in the case of an unproductive cough, it is also recommended to take this medication in connection with its ability to transfer unproductive dry cough to wet, productive. The drug can be taken with a cough of any etiology: both with cough viral nature, and with a cough bacterial, and even allergic origin. Can be used for pneumonia, bronchitis, pleurisy, tracheitis and laryngitis. Can significantly alleviate the condition with bronchial asthma, respiratory diseases with asthmatic and obstructive component. The positive effect can be achieved due to the fact that the drug has the ability to eliminate spasms.

It is recommended for infectious diseases, such as tuberculosis, pneumococcosis, cystic fibrosis. Can be appointed as an independent tool, but as part of complex therapy will be more effective.

Release form

Children are prescribed as a syrup, although there are other forms of release of this drug. For children, this drug can also be called Ascoril Exporter.

Pharmacodynamics

The composition of the medicament includes several components that have anti-inflammatory and anti-infectious effects on the body. So, the main active substances are bromhexine and guaifenesin. Salbutamol may also be included. These substances are mutually complementary. Both substances have mucolytic properties, which are manifested in the fact that the drug dissolves sputum and promotes its excretion from the body.

Accordingly, the inflammatory process decreases, recovery comes faster. The second substance has mainly bronchodilator properties, since it can effectively eliminate the inflammatory process, normalize the condition of the alveoli. As a result, the contractility of the bronchi is normalized, and optimal conditions for accelerated excretion of diluted sputum from the body are added.

In addition, both drugs quite quickly and effectively eliminate irritation and hyperemia of the mucous membranes, having a positive effect, both on the walls of the respiratory tract and on the mucous membranes. Effectively affects the bronchi, lungs, respiratory tract, trachea. An additional property of the complex of preparations is the prevention of bronchopulmonary spasm, which contributes to the effective elimination of spasmodic phenomena.

In addition to the properties described above, the drug has the ability to reduce resistance in the airways, reduce alveolar pressure, which contributes to an increase in pulmonary volume and normalization of bronchial conductivity. As a result, the cells' ability to saturate with oxygen increases and accelerated removal of carbon dioxide from the body. This reduces the degree of viral and bacterial load on the body, and also eliminates intoxication syndrome.

As an additional property of the drug, its ability to affect the receptors of blood vessels is considered, as a result of which the drug can be attributed to adrenostimulators. The main target of these drugs are the receptors located in the bronchi, and blood vessels, localized mainly in the mucous membranes. Among the competitive advantages of this drug can be attributed to their property, such as high speed of action. This effect can largely be achieved through vasodilator action.

In addition to the main effect, the drug has a mild immunostimulating effect, due to which there is active secretion of the mucous membranes, which has an antiseptic effect on the body, facilitates the dilution of sputum and its complete excretion from the body.

Bromhexine, which is part of the drug, also has antitussive effects on the body, which can be achieved through stimulating effects on the body, and primarily on the cilia of the ciliated epithelium. Also, as another competitive advantage, it is worth noting the ability of the drug to achieve fairly high rates of the positive impact on the body, which can be achieved through a high rate of absorption of the active substance through the walls of blood vessels, its effective penetration into lymph and blood, rapid spread to target organs and tissues.

In addition, due to the action of this drug, the amount of sputum can dramatically increase. Accordingly, its ability to accelerate excretion from the body also increases. It is also worth noting that due to the ability to eliminate spasms and inflammatory processes in the bronchi and lung tissue, it becomes possible to go out that sputum, which is stagnant in the bronchioles and alveoli. It is for this reason that there is an increase in sputum production.

It should be borne in mind that bromhexine is a drug of accumulative action, that is, it has the ability to accumulate in the body. Accordingly, with each subsequent case of the disease, a much lower dosage of the drug will be required to achieve the desired therapeutic effect.

Guaifenesin is a substance of plant origin, which has long been used for medical purposes. It was first used in India for the treatment of inflammatory diseases of the bronchi and lungs. The source of this substance is the guaiac tree. First of all, the drug is known for its high secretory activity and directly affects the bronchial cells. The drug stimulates the increased production of sputum secretory cells of the bronchi, so it becomes more viscous, promotes greater excretion, and accordingly, the speedy removal of the inflammatory process and the anti-infective action.

When taking ascoril, stagnant phenomena do not occur due to the fact that all active substances are directed directly at reducing the inflammatory process and eliminating sputum. The advantage of the drug is that it prevents the accumulation of bacterial microflora in the body. Accordingly, the probability of development of the infectious process decreases. The emergence of new foci of infection is practically not possible. The drug can be taken with a dry cough, which is not accompanied by sputum. The fact is that in this case, it promotes the excretion of phlegm from the body by transferring a dry, unproductive cough into a productive, moist cough, accompanied by an anti-inflammatory effect.

Also, as an additional active ingredient is menthol, the effect of which is aimed at expanding the bronchi, dilution and complete dissolution of bronchial secretion, antiseptic effect on the body.

Contraindications

Contraindicated drug for individual intolerance, as well as with increased sensitivity to the drug, or to its individual components. Also it is not recommended to take children under 6 years of age. With caution should take the drug to people with diseases of the cardiovascular system, in connection with its ability to expand the blood vessels. It is not recommended to take with a tendency to hypertension, arrhythmia and tachycardia, with recently transferred myocarditis, stenosis of the arteries. Direct contraindication is hepatic and renal failure. This is because most of the drug is excreted by the kidneys, which creates an additional burden on the kidneys. The load increases on the liver due to the fact that it is actively processed and neutralized by the liver.

Various heart defects, gastrointestinal diseases in the acute stage are also a direct contraindication. In particular, the drug is contraindicated for ulcerative gastritis, with exacerbation of the stomach ulcer and 12 duodenal ulcer. To relative contra-indications include disturbances of a hormonal background, in particular, a thyrotoxicosis, and other pathologies of a thyroid gland. It is not recommended for increased intraocular and intracranial pressure due to the fact that the drug has the ability to increase pressure.

Also, a sharp contraindication is the use of the drug in the event that the patient is already taking antitussive drugs of central action. For example, you can not take ascariil together with codeine.

Side effects Ascoril of cough for children

Nevertheless, the drug is not devoid of side effects, the presence of which is repeatedly noted by patients. Many people are under pressure, especially in people prone to hypertension. There is also arrhythmia, or taccaratia. And this is not surprising, since the drug has a pronounced ability to expand blood vessels, in particular, coronary vessels. This positively affects the respiratory system, however, it can lead to some disorders and functional malfunctions in the cardiovascular system, especially in people with a predilection for heart disease.

In some cases, nausea, vomiting, general malaise, dizziness occur. But these symptoms are most often the result of an overdose or misuse of this medication. Therefore, you should not take the medicine yourself. It is necessary to consult a doctor.

Side effects come in the form of disorders from the gastrointestinal tract, which manifest themselves as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, violations of peristaltic processes and motor function of the intestine. There may also be skin reactions that manifest mainly in the form of delayed-type reactions, such as urticaria, pruritus, burning, irritation. A frequent side effect is headache, neuro-psychic overexertion, increased nervous excitability of the nervous system, drowsiness, decreased concentration of attention. Sleep may be disturbed.

Dosing and administration

The drug is taken regardless of the meal. Children under 12 years are advised to take a teaspoon 3-4 times a day. Adults and children over 12 years are prescribed a drug of 10-15 ml (2-3 teaspoons). Younger than 6 years, the drug is not recommended, but in exceptional cases can be assigned to this category of patients. But before using, you should always consult a doctor. The duration of treatment depends on the stage, form and severity of the disease.

Interactions with other drugs

The drug can be used in combination with other medicines, but they should be combined with caution. So, with selective blockers beta-adrenergic receptors the drug is not recommended to take, because side effects can significantly increase, both in frequency of occurrence and in strength. It is also necessary to exclude the use of the drug when taking MAO inhibitors. The preparation also does not combine with various alkaline liquids, in particular, with mineral water. 

However, there are drugs that improve the action of Ascoril. In particular, with the joint administration of a cough syrup with certain antibiotics, for example, with tetracyclines, erythromycin, the antitussive activity of the drug is enhanced, it penetrates better into the lung tissue, and has a more potent anti-inflammatory effect.

Many doctors purposefully prescribe cough syrup in children Ascoril in combination with antibiotics in order to strengthen the therapeutic effect of both drugs, and to achieve a speedy recovery.

Analogues

There are no analogues of this drug. However, individually, you can find drugs containing bromhexine in their composition. Bromhexine is produced separately, in pure form, however it is less effective than its combination with other components. It is also known that in pure form bromheksin can cause numerous side effects, the number of which is significantly reduced when combined with other components. The drug is produced by the producing country of India.

It is important to know!

Many people mistakenly perceive a cough for the disease. In fact, it acts as a protective reflex of the body to a certain pathogen - the virus, harmful microorganisms, the entry of foreign objects into the lungs and the respiratory tract. Read more..

Last reviewed by: Aleksey Portnov , medical expert, on 09.11.2018
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Attention!

To simplify the perception of information, this instruction for use of the drug "Ascoril of cough for children" translated and presented in a special form on the basis of the official instructions for medical use of the drug. Before use read the annotation that came directly to medicines.

Description provided for informational purposes and is not a guide to self-healing. The need for this drug, the purpose of the treatment regimen, methods and dose of the drug is determined solely by the attending physician. Self-medication is dangerous for your health.

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