Symptoms of atopic dermatitis
With such a disease as allergic dermatitis, the symptoms are in many ways similar to the manifestations of acute eczema. At the initial stage, rather large red spots are formed on the skin, on the background of which small blister formations subsequently form. As a rule, there are quite a lot of them, and after their emptying, traces remain on the skin, and scales and crusts may appear. Their bulk is usually concentrated in places of direct contact with the allergen. But since the disease affects the entire body as a whole, secondary foci of damage can be located elsewhere. As a rule, it is a small swelling, redness, blisters, etc., accompanied by itching.
Allergic dermatitis in adults
Allergic dermatitis occurs for the first time, usually at an early age and is accompanied by itching and rash. Allergic dermatitis in adults occurs in an acute form, regardless of the fact that the allergen is constantly in the body. The severity of allergic dermatitis in adults depends on age factors, environmental conditions, etc.
, , , , 
Allergic dermatitis during pregnancy
In women with allergies, allergic dermatitis during pregnancy can regress due to the production of cortisol in the body of pregnant women, which can inhibit allergic reactions. After the onset of labor, its level decreases sharply and the symptoms of the disease recur. But such a course of the disease during pregnancy is far from always observed, in some cases, pregnancy can trigger an increase in allergic symptoms. If, before the onset of pregnancy, a woman did not suffer from allergies, then against the background of the hormonal restructuring of the body, reducing its protective functions and nervous states, its initial appearance during pregnancy is possible.
, , , , 
Allergic dermatitis in children
Allergic dermatitis in children is considered to be very common. This is primarily due to insufficient formation of the immune and digestive systems, as well as the inability of the liver to sufficiently process harmful substances, as a result of which an allergic reaction develops.
Allergic dermatitis in children is manifested by swelling, itching, blistering and red spots on the surface of the skin. Due to skin irritation, the child begins to scratch it, as a result of which crusts form, giving the child a lot of inconvenience, causing irritability and discomfort. Allergic manifestations may occur on the forehead, on the cheeks, on the arms, legs, head. At an older age may be localized to the elbow bends.
, , 
Allergic dermatitis in infants can develop both with artificial and with natural feeding. It is believed that the basis of this disease is genetic predisposition. In turn, food can provoke its development, problems with emptying the intestines, excessive sweating, excessive dryness of the skin, exposure to it of various chemicals. According to studies, allergic dermatitis often occurs as a result of a negative reaction of the body to milk, egg, fish, and soy protein. Unbalanced nutrition of the mother during childbearing, the use of highly allergenic foods, poor diet, as well as various risks and difficulties during pregnancy can contribute to the development of allergic dermatitis in infants. There is also an assumption that the risk of allergic dermatitis is elevated in children who are overnourished, because the body may show a negative reaction due to constant overfeeding. Concomitant diseases such as intestinal dysbiosis, infection with worms, gastritis, also play a role in the development of allergic dermatitis. The most common symptoms in infants of dermatitis are dry skin and the formation of diaper rash, scaly skin, redness and itching on the cheeks.
Allergic dermatitis in newborns is most often the result of unbalanced, abnormal or highly allergenic nutrition of the mother during pregnancy. The main symptoms of atopic dermatitis in newborns are redness on the cheeks, a rash and itching. This disease can occur in a newborn baby as well in cases where the pregnancy has proceeded with complications. Allergic dermatitis in newborns can occur with artificial feeding, as well as with breastfeeding.
, , , , , , , , , , , 
How does allergic dermatitis appear?
Allergic dermatitis on the face
Allergic dermatitis on the face most often results from the use of poor-quality or inappropriate cosmetics, which is why this type of disease usually affects women. Although, of course, in men the likelihood of this disorder also exists, for example, when using creams, foams, gels and lotions before and after shaving. Food or medication can also cause allergies on the face. Symptoms of allergic dermatitis on the face include redness of the cheeks, rashes, swelling, itching. In extremely severe cases, tissue necrosis may develop with the formation of scars.
, , , , , , 
Allergic dermatitis for centuries
Allergic dermatitis on the eyelids is characterized by their swelling and hyperemia, the appearance of rashes, painfully tickling irritation. The skin on the eyelids becomes hot, coarse, dried out or, conversely, becomes wet. With the development of dermatitis on the eyelids, it is possible to attach allergic conjunctivitis, accompanied by sticky transparent secretions, cutting in the eyes. With allergic dermatitis on the eyelids, the patient may be bothered by headache, general weakness, chills. Such disorders occur most often due to the use of cosmetics or drugs.
, , , , , , , , , 
Allergic dermatitis on the hands and feet
Allergic dermatitis on the hands manifests as symptoms such as itching and dryness of the skin, its coarsening and redness. Household chemicals, cosmetics and drugs, food, wool, pollen, fungus, etc. Can be provoking factors for the development of allergic dermatitis on the hands. Stress and overwork, unbalanced diet can also affect the appearance of an allergic reaction.
Allergic dermatitis on the legs is quite common. The legs become covered with a rash, redness and itching appear. The affected area may include various areas of the skin of the legs - thighs, legs, and feet. Contact with irritating clothing can provoke allergies on the legs, and the constant rubbing and scratching of the affected areas leads to the formation of secondary lesions - cracks, scratches through which microbes can penetrate, resulting in the risk of inflammation. When an infection is introduced, treatment with antibiotics can only exacerbate the situation, since many of them are allergens. That is why to prevent the development of complications should avoid combing the skin and the appearance of damage. Such factors as food, fungi, bacteria, plant pollen, adverse environmental effects, etc. Can also cause allergies on the legs.
, , , , 
Allergic dermatitis on the head
Allergic dermatitis on the head can be triggered by diseases of the endocrine system, digestive tract, hormonal problems, psycho-emotional overstrain. Various cosmetic products can cause allergic dermatitis on the head - hair masks, rinse conditioners, shampoos, hair dyes, varnishes, mousses, foams and styling gels. If PH of the scalp is disturbed, the use of low-quality water containing impurities that cause irritation can affect the development of atopic dermatitis. The main symptoms of allergic dermatitis of the scalp are itching and peeling of the skin, the presence of redness and nodular formations, thinning and tarnishing of the hair, as well as their loss and dandruff. If the allergy was caused by a fungus, the inflammatory process may include the eyebrows, face, and earlobe region.
, , , 
Allergic dermatitis on the eyes
Allergic dermatitis on the eyes affects the eyelid skin and may be accompanied by allergic conjunctivitis. In this case, an acute allergic reaction may occur on the use of drugs or cosmetics. The main manifestations of the disease are redness and swelling of the eyelids, puffiness on the face, tearing and painful pain in the eyes, itching, burning, rash. In chronic dermatitis of the eyelids, caused by the use of drugs, symptoms, as a rule, develop gradually: the skin on the eyelids starts to swell slightly, becomes thicker, and hyperemia appears. Then the skin dries out and shrinks, rashes and formations of a different nature appear. Before the development of the clinical manifestations of the patient, as a rule, pain, itching or burning in the eyes. Damage to the eyelids is usually symmetrical.
Allergic dermatitis in the groin
Allergic dermatitis in the groin is manifested by inflammation of the skin in the groin area, the appearance of a rash, red spots, itching. In this case, a local allergic reaction may be caused by the use of cosmetic products - soap, spray, gel or cream for intimate hygiene, etc., which contain substances that cause hypersensitivity in the patient. Allergic dermatitis in the groin may be accompanied by itching of the vulva, scrotum. Synthetic underwear or microparticles of powder remaining on it after washing can also cause irritation if the patient is allergic to synthetics or components of laundry detergent.
, , , , , , 
Allergic dermatitis on the back
Allergic dermatitis on the back can occur as a result of exposure to the skin of mechanical or chemical irritants. Its main manifestations are the back of the surface, the formation of small nodules, blisters, painful tickling irritation, redness of the skin. The reason for the development of allergic dermatitis on the back can also be wearing tight or synthetic clothing that causes friction and irritates the skin. In allergic dermatitis, a rash can spread throughout the back, accompanied by a continuous reddening of the entire surface of the skin or its individual sections.
, , , , , , 
Allergic dermatitis of the genital organs
Allergic dermatitis of the genital organs can be caused by such factors as candidiasis, hemorrhoids or anal fissure, pubic lice, worm infestation, scabies, emotional overstrain, etc. Erythematous base. Allergic dermatitis of the genital organs can be a consequence of the development of seborrhea on the scalp. As a rule, it is characterized by genital pruritus, the presence of lesions of a pale red or yellow-pink color. For seborrhea of the genital organs, women are recommended to use special pads, which include a solution of basic aluminum acetate, as well as the use of ointments containing corticosteroids and various antipruritic agents.
, , , 
Allergic dermatitis on the abdomen
Allergic dermatitis on the abdomen can occur with direct exposure to irritation of the skin, for example, with friction (physical factor), with the use of cosmetics or drugs (chemical factor), with allergies to plants (biological factor). The contact area with contact dermatitis is equal to the area of contact with the allergen. With prolonged contact with an irritant, chronic dermatitis may develop. Diseases such as herpes, scabies, etc. Can affect the appearance of allergic dermatitis on the abdomen. After prior consultation with a doctor, local hormonal ointments may be prescribed for treatment, and antiseptic agents, both artificial and natural, may be used for moist dermatitis., oak bark, etc. If psycho-emotional factors have occurred in the development of dermatitis, sedation drugs may be prescribed. In the presence of comorbidities, the treatment of the underlying disease is first necessary.
, , , , 
Allergic dermatitis on the neck
Allergic dermatitis on the neck can manifest as increased pigmentation and keratosis, itching, rashes and redness. Allergic dermatitis on the neck can be caused by such irritants as sweat, cosmetics, various neck jewelery, and food.
, , ,