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Allergic dermatitis

 
, medical expert
Last reviewed: 11.04.2020
 
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Allergic dermatitis, or diffuse atopic dermatitis, is equally found in both men and women.

Of the total number of all cases of referral to a dermatologist, allergic dermatitis is approximately ten to twenty percent. Most often, the disease affects infants and children of preschool age, and subsequently the probability of the disease decreases.

According to studies, more than half of all patients suffering from allergic dermatitis, the first manifestations occur before the age of one year, and in about ninety percent of cases, allergic dermatitis first makes itself felt at the age of five. Significantly reduced risk of disease after the onset of thirty years of age. Cases of the disease in this case are recorded mainly in places with unfavorable climate or environmental conditions. Allergic dermatitis can affect any surface area of the skin, including the face. The main symptoms of this are itching and skin rash. The factors that can provoke allergic dermatitis, a great many, the most common of these include food, plant pollen, cosmetics and household chemicals, various drugs, etc.

trusted-source[1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6], [7], [8], [9]

Causes of atopic dermatitis

The cause of the development of atopic dermatitis is a hypersensitivity of the organism of a delayed type, manifested in response to contact with an irritant. T-lymphocytes are of primary importance in the development of allergic dermatitis, before the first allergic manifestations take place, as a rule, for at least two weeks after contact with the allergen. For people with existing allergies, this period is reduced to three days. This is the main difference between allergic dermatitis and immediate allergic reactions. The development of atopic dermatitis may be influenced by genetic factors, poor ecology, emotional disorders. The reasons for the development of atopic dermatitis include the direct contact of the skin with a substance that causes hypersensitivity. At the moment there are more than three thousand. They are divided into plant-derived allergens, metals and metal-containing substances, medicinal allergens, preservatives, etc. The risk of developing allergic dermatitis increases in the presence of skin lesions.

trusted-source[10], [11], [12], [13], [14], [15]

Is allergic dermatitis transmitted?

There is no single answer to the question whether allergic dermatitis is transmitted. However, many researchers consider the genetic factor to be one of the causes of allergic dermatitis. There is an assumption that patients suffering from allergic dermatitis, have congenital hypersensitivity and a tendency to irritation of the skin. Allergic dermatitis is not a contagious disease and cannot be transmitted from a sick person to a healthy one.

trusted-source[16], [17], [18], [19]

Symptoms of atopic dermatitis

With such a disease as allergic dermatitis, the symptoms are in many ways similar to the manifestations of acute eczema. At the initial stage, rather large red spots are formed on the skin, on the background of which small blister formations subsequently form. As a rule, there are quite a lot of them, and after their emptying, traces remain on the skin, and scales and crusts may appear. Their bulk is usually concentrated in places of direct contact with the allergen. But since the disease affects the entire body as a whole, secondary foci of damage can be located elsewhere. As a rule, it is a small swelling, redness, blisters, etc., accompanied by itching.

Allergic dermatitis in adults

Allergic dermatitis occurs for the first time, usually at an early age and is accompanied by itching and rash. Allergic dermatitis in adults occurs in an acute form, regardless of the fact that the allergen is constantly in the body. The severity of allergic dermatitis in adults depends on age factors, environmental conditions, etc.

trusted-source[20], [21], [22], [23], [24]

Allergic dermatitis during pregnancy

In women with allergies, allergic dermatitis during pregnancy can regress due to the production of cortisol in the body of pregnant women, which can inhibit allergic reactions. After the onset of labor, its level decreases sharply and the symptoms of the disease recur. But such a course of the disease during pregnancy is far from always observed, in some cases, pregnancy can trigger an increase in allergic symptoms. If, before the onset of pregnancy, a woman did not suffer from allergies, then against the background of the hormonal restructuring of the body, reducing its protective functions and nervous states, its initial appearance during pregnancy is possible.

trusted-source[25], [26], [27], [28], [29]

Allergic dermatitis in children

Allergic dermatitis in children is considered to be very common. This is primarily due to insufficient formation of the immune and digestive systems, as well as the inability of the liver to sufficiently process harmful substances, as a result of which an allergic reaction develops.

Allergic dermatitis in children is manifested by swelling, itching, blistering and red spots on the surface of the skin. Due to skin irritation, the child begins to scratch it, as a result of which crusts form, giving the child a lot of inconvenience, causing irritability and discomfort. Allergic manifestations may occur on the forehead, on the cheeks, on the arms, legs, head. At an older age may be localized to the elbow bends.

trusted-source[30], [31], [32]

Breast children

Allergic dermatitis in infants can develop both with artificial and with natural feeding. It is believed that the basis of this disease is genetic predisposition. In turn, food can provoke its development, problems with emptying the intestines, excessive sweating, excessive dryness of the skin, exposure to it of various chemicals. According to studies, allergic dermatitis often occurs as a result of a negative reaction of the body to milk, egg, fish, and soy protein. Unbalanced nutrition of the mother during childbearing, the use of highly allergenic foods, poor diet, as well as various risks and difficulties during pregnancy can contribute to the development of allergic dermatitis in infants. There is also an assumption that the risk of allergic dermatitis is elevated in children who are overnourished, because the body may show a negative reaction due to constant overfeeding. Concomitant diseases such as intestinal dysbiosis, infection with worms, gastritis, also play a role in the development of allergic dermatitis. The most common symptoms in infants of dermatitis are dry skin and the formation of diaper rash, scaly skin, redness and itching on the cheeks.

Allergic dermatitis in newborns is most often the result of unbalanced, abnormal or highly allergenic nutrition of the mother during pregnancy. The main symptoms of atopic dermatitis in newborns are redness on the cheeks, a rash and itching. This disease can occur in a newborn baby as well in cases where the pregnancy has proceeded with complications. Allergic dermatitis in newborns can occur with artificial feeding, as well as with breastfeeding. 

trusted-source[33], [34], [35], [36], [37], [38], [39], [40], [41], [42], [43], [44]

How does allergic dermatitis appear?

trusted-source[45]

Allergic dermatitis on the face

Allergic dermatitis on the face most often results from the use of poor-quality or inappropriate cosmetics, which is why this type of disease usually affects women. Although, of course, in men the likelihood of this disorder also exists, for example, when using creams, foams, gels and lotions before and after shaving. Food or medication can also cause allergies on the face. Symptoms of allergic dermatitis on the face include redness of the cheeks, rashes, swelling, itching. In extremely severe cases, tissue necrosis may develop with the formation of scars.

trusted-source[46], [47], [48], [49], [50], [51], [52]

Allergic dermatitis for centuries

Allergic dermatitis on the eyelids is characterized by their swelling and hyperemia, the appearance of rashes, painfully tickling irritation. The skin on the eyelids becomes hot, coarse, dried out or, conversely, becomes wet. With the development of dermatitis on the eyelids, it is possible to attach allergic conjunctivitis, accompanied by sticky transparent secretions, cutting in the eyes. With allergic dermatitis on the eyelids, the patient may be bothered by headache, general weakness, chills. Such disorders occur most often due to the use of cosmetics or drugs.

trusted-source[53], [54], [55], [56], [57], [58], [59], [60], [61], [62]

Allergic dermatitis on the hands and feet

Allergic dermatitis on the hands manifests as symptoms such as itching and dryness of the skin, its coarsening and redness. Household chemicals, cosmetics and drugs, food, wool, pollen, fungus, etc. Can be provoking factors for the development of allergic dermatitis on the hands. Stress and overwork, unbalanced diet can also affect the appearance of an allergic reaction.

Allergic dermatitis on the legs is quite common. The legs become covered with a rash, redness and itching appear. The affected area may include various areas of the skin of the legs - thighs, legs, and feet. Contact with irritating clothing can provoke allergies on the legs, and the constant rubbing and scratching of the affected areas leads to the formation of secondary lesions - cracks, scratches through which microbes can penetrate, resulting in the risk of inflammation. When an infection is introduced, treatment with antibiotics can only exacerbate the situation, since many of them are allergens. That is why to prevent the development of complications should avoid combing the skin and the appearance of damage. Such factors as food, fungi, bacteria, plant pollen, adverse environmental effects, etc. Can also cause allergies on the legs.

trusted-source[63], [64], [65], [66], [67]

Allergic dermatitis on the head

Allergic dermatitis on the head can be triggered by diseases of the endocrine system, digestive tract, hormonal problems, psycho-emotional overstrain. Various cosmetic products can cause allergic dermatitis on the head - hair masks, rinse conditioners, shampoos, hair dyes, varnishes, mousses, foams and styling gels. If PH of the scalp is disturbed, the use of low-quality water containing impurities that cause irritation can affect the development of atopic dermatitis. The main symptoms of allergic dermatitis of the scalp are itching and peeling of the skin, the presence of redness and nodular formations, thinning and tarnishing of the hair, as well as their loss and dandruff. If the allergy was caused by a fungus, the inflammatory process may include the eyebrows, face, and earlobe region.

trusted-source[68], [69], [70], [71]

Allergic dermatitis on the eyes

Allergic dermatitis on the eyes affects the eyelid skin and may be accompanied by allergic conjunctivitis. In this case, an acute allergic reaction may occur on the use of drugs or cosmetics. The main manifestations of the disease are redness and swelling of the eyelids, puffiness on the face, tearing and painful pain in the eyes, itching, burning, rash. In chronic dermatitis of the eyelids, caused by the use of drugs, symptoms, as a rule, develop gradually: the skin on the eyelids starts to swell slightly, becomes thicker, and hyperemia appears. Then the skin dries out and shrinks, rashes and formations of a different nature appear. Before the development of the clinical manifestations of the patient, as a rule, pain, itching or burning in the eyes. Damage to the eyelids is usually symmetrical.

trusted-source[72], [73]

Allergic dermatitis in the groin

Allergic dermatitis in the groin is manifested by inflammation of the skin in the groin area, the appearance of a rash, red spots, itching. In this case, a local allergic reaction may be caused by the use of cosmetic products - soap, spray, gel or cream for intimate hygiene, etc., which contain substances that cause hypersensitivity in the patient. Allergic dermatitis in the groin may be accompanied by itching of the vulva, scrotum. Synthetic underwear or microparticles of powder remaining on it after washing can also cause irritation if the patient is allergic to synthetics or components of laundry detergent.

trusted-source[74], [75], [76], [77], [78], [79], [80]

Allergic dermatitis on the back

Allergic dermatitis on the back can occur as a result of exposure to the skin of mechanical or chemical irritants. Its main manifestations are the back of the surface, the formation of small nodules, blisters, painful tickling irritation, redness of the skin. The reason for the development of allergic dermatitis on the back can also be wearing tight or synthetic clothing that causes friction and irritates the skin. In allergic dermatitis, a rash can spread throughout the back, accompanied by a continuous reddening of the entire surface of the skin or its individual sections.

trusted-source[81], [82], [83], [84], [85], [86], [87]

Allergic dermatitis of the genital organs

Allergic dermatitis of the genital organs can be caused by such factors as candidiasis, hemorrhoids or anal fissure, pubic lice, worm infestation, scabies, emotional overstrain, etc. Erythematous base. Allergic dermatitis of the genital organs can be a consequence of the development of seborrhea on the scalp. As a rule, it is characterized by genital pruritus, the presence of lesions of a pale red or yellow-pink color. For seborrhea of the genital organs, women are recommended to use special pads, which include a solution of basic aluminum acetate, as well as the use of ointments containing corticosteroids and various antipruritic agents.

trusted-source[88], [89], [90], [91]

Allergic dermatitis on the abdomen

Allergic dermatitis on the abdomen can occur with direct exposure to irritation of the skin, for example, with friction (physical factor), with the use of cosmetics or drugs (chemical factor), with allergies to plants (biological factor). The contact area with contact dermatitis is equal to the area of contact with the allergen. With prolonged contact with an irritant, chronic dermatitis may develop. Diseases such as herpes, scabies, etc. Can affect the appearance of allergic dermatitis on the abdomen. After prior consultation with a doctor, local hormonal ointments may be prescribed for treatment, and antiseptic agents, both artificial and natural, may be used for moist dermatitis., oak bark, etc. If psycho-emotional factors have occurred in the development of dermatitis, sedation drugs may be prescribed. In the presence of comorbidities, the treatment of the underlying disease is first necessary.

trusted-source[92], [93], [94], [95], [96]

Allergic dermatitis on the neck

Allergic dermatitis on the neck can manifest as increased pigmentation and keratosis, itching, rashes and redness. Allergic dermatitis on the neck can be caused by such irritants as sweat, cosmetics, various neck jewelery, and food.

trusted-source[97], [98], [99], [100]

Allergic Medicinal Dermatitis

Allergic drug dermatitis, or toxicoderma, manifests itself in the form of multiple lesions on the skin that appear as a result of an allergic reaction to any drug or drug. Widespread allergic dermatitis is associated with such factors as the uncontrolled use of drugs for self-treatment, the emergence of new drugs. Toxic medicinal dermatitis, unlike its other types, not associated with the use of drugs, in addition to damage to the skin, can affect the nervous and vascular system, as well as mucous membranes. There is a fairly large number of drugs that most often cause allergic drug dermatitis. These include penicillin, novocaine, streptocid, cyanocobalamin, etc. Fixed allergic drug dermatitis is characterized by the appearance of one or many round or oval-shaped spots about two to three centimeters in size, which change their color and become brownish for several days. Blistering formations may appear in the middle of such spots. After stopping the drug, symptoms usually disappear in about seven to ten days. In the case of repeated use of the drug, the signs of the disease recur and can concentrate on the same place or on other areas of the skin.

trusted-source[101], [102], [103]

Professional allergic dermatitis

Professional allergic dermatitis is included in the group of skin diseases developing under the influence of chemical substances. This group is quite extensive and includes epidermite, contact dermatitis, oily folliculitis, toxic melasma, professional ulcers and warty formations, eczema, etc. The only occupational allergies of infectious nature include erysipeloid. In addition to chemical and infectious, there are also factors of physical and parasitic effects on the skin. Occupational epidermis occurs as a result of prolonged exposure of the skin to water, cutting fluids, organic solvents, and weak acid and alkaline solutions. Symptomatology of the disease includes a sharp drying of the skin, its peeling, damage in the form of cracks, mainly in the forearm and hand regions. Severe inflammation and infiltration of the skin are absent. With professional contact dermatitis, an acute inflammatory process occurs on the skin surface due to direct contact with a production irritant. Erythema, edema, vesicular and blistering formations with serous or bloody-serous composition appear at the site of the lesion. The patient feels a burning sensation in the affected area, there is pain, less often itching. General signs, as a rule, are mild or not expressed at all. The more powerful the action of the stimulus, the more pronounced the symptoms of the disease. When the exposure to the stimulus is stopped, signs of inflammation subside quickly enough and the skin regains its normal appearance. Professional contact dermatitis usually occurs within a short period after contact with an irritant and is concentrated in the area of its impact on the skin. With the development of occupational allergic dermatitis, as a rule, a hidden period is first noted, which should be borne in mind when making a diagnosis. In many cases, with occupational allergic dermatitis, the irritant provokes inflammation after repeated exposure to the skin.

Oily folliculitis appears on the surface of those skin segments that are in contact with cutting fluids, engine oils, distillates of coal tar, oil and shale, kerosene, gasoline, and other hydrocarbons or hydrocarbon-containing substances. Mainly, the lesions are localized in the forearm and hand regions, as well as on the skin of the thighs, abdomen, etc. In the places of contact of the stimulus with the skin comedoons and acne are formed.

trusted-source[104], [105], [106], [107], [108]

Neuro-allergic dermatitis

Neuro-allergic dermatitis is an inflammation of the surface layers of the skin, associated with its hypersensitivity to the effects of internal or external stimuli. Contribute to the development of neuro-allergic dermatitis can stress, diseases of the endocrine system, gastrointestinal organs, weakened immunity. As a result, an inadequate response of the immune system to the effects of various external and internal factors. Treatment of neuro-allergic dermatitis in each case individually, but the general recommendations include strengthening the immune system of the body, exclusion from the diet of highly allergenic products, as well as limiting water procedures. Reception of vitamin-mineral complexes and carrying out physiotherapeutic procedures in coordination with the dermatologist is possible.

trusted-source[109], [110], [111], [112], [113], [114], [115], [116], [117]

Food allergic dermatitis

It is believed that more often than other factors, food causes the development of allergic dermatitis. That is why in the event of such a disorder as allergic dermatitis, a therapeutic hypoallergenic diet is necessarily prescribed. However, it should be borne in mind that factors such as the state of the nervous system, genetic predisposition, structural features of the skin, hypersensitivity to any other substances are also involved in the development of such diseases as food allergic dermatitis. Food allergies can develop with the use of any product, most often it is different proteins, less often - fats and carbohydrates. The most common food allergens are eggs, fish, nuts, soybeans, legumes. The main signs of allergic dermatitis associated with the use of food are painful tickling irritation of the skin, urticaria, eczema, skin redness and rashes. If you have been diagnosed with food allergies and the allergen has been identified with the help of allergy tests, then this food should be excluded from the diet.

trusted-source[118], [119], [120], [121], [122], [123], [124], [125]

Diagnosis of atopic dermatitis

Diagnosis of atopic dermatitis usually does not cause any difficulties and is based on a full-time examination of the patient’s skin doctor. To specify the diagnosis, allergy tests are also carried out, with the help of which they directly determine the irritant that caused the allergic reaction. For an allergy test, solutions of the most common allergens and sterile water are injected into the patient with a syringe under the skin. With the introduction of a substance to which the patient is allergic, the skin at the injection site swell and redden. There are no side effects at the site of water injection Allergic tests can be carried out only after the removal of all skin lesions and signs of allergies. Diagnosis of atopic dermatitis is most often carried out on the basis of an on-site examination of the skin by a dermatologist, as well as a comprehensive examination, which includes a number of procedures, such as a study of the level of immunoglobulin E, skin biopsy (in case of development of an atypical allergic reaction). In the course of the diagnosis, the patient is also given a blood biochemistry test, a lipidogram (a blood test for cholesterol), a hemistasiogram, the determination of markers of systemic inflammation.

trusted-source[126], [127], [128], [129], [130], [131], [132]

Who to contact?

Treatment of allergic dermatitis

Treatment of atopic dermatitis is aimed primarily at completely limiting contact with the allergen. With the development of an allergic reaction to relieve itching, you can use the cream skin cap. Zinc pyrithione, which is part of it, has antimicrobial and antifungal activity. In turn, methyl ethyl sulfate improves the absorption of the active substances by the skin and their deep penetration, and also ensures long-term moisture retention. Ointment skin cap applied to the surface of the skin two or three times a day until full normalization. The duration of treatment also depends on the severity of symptoms and the nature of the disease. Also, with the development of atopic dermatitis, a patient may be assigned a special therapeutic hypoallergenic diet, which is selected individually by the attending physician. For the treatment of atopic dermatitis, laser therapy methods can be used that have anti-inflammatory, anti-edematous, healing effects, and also contribute to the normalization of the immune system. Before conducting a session of laser therapy, the affected skin is cleared of serous or purulent contents. If scales or crusts form on the skin, they are affected by infrared radiation through several layers of gauze. For the relief of an allergic reaction, it is possible to use various anti-histamine drugs - tsetrin, zodak, erius, claritin, etc. It should be remembered that timely visit to the doctor will help not only to choose the correct treatment methods, but also to avoid the development of complications.

Treatment of allergic eyelid dermatitis

When treating atopic dermatitis, eyelids exclude contact with the allergen first. As a topical treatment, it is possible to use celestoderm B ointment, which is applied to the affected skin of the eyelids two to three times a day. The duration of treatment is approximately seven to fourteen days. For internal use, a ten percent calcium chloride solution is used, as well as antihistamines - claritin, suprastin, Erius, etc. Use prenitsid, histimetr, dexamethasone or prednisolone solution in the conjunctival sac.

Treatment of atopic dermatitis on the hands

Treatment of dermatitis on the hands depends on the severity of symptoms. In case of mild dermatitis on the hands, contact with the allergen should first be excluded. In order to determine what exactly the allergy arose, conduct preliminary allergy tests with the introduction of suspected allergens under the skin. Allergic dermatitis on the hands of the treatment must have a comprehensive, including the use of anti-histamine drugs, taking vitamin-mineral complexes, therapeutic hypoallergenic diet. To normalize the emotional state of the patient using sedative drugs. Local treatment of atopic dermatitis on the hands consists in treating the affected skin with various ointments designed to treat skin irritations, such as skin cap ointment. The tool is applied to the skin of the hands two or three times a day. Herbal remedies can be used in the form of lotions. For these purposes, you can apply a series, chamomile, dandelions, etc. Ointment containing the content of propolis and vitamins can also accelerate the healing process. For the treatment of skin on the hands, you can use radeit ointment. It is applied in a thin layer on the affected area twice a day. If the skin on the hands is very flaky, it is possible to apply a gauze bandage, soaked in healing ointment. If there are skin defects, they should be treated with an antiseptic before using the drug. Ointment radevit has anti-inflammatory effect, improves tissue healing processes, reduces itching, helps to moisturize the skin and enhance its protective functions.

Treatment of atopic dermatitis in adults

The treatment of atopic dermatitis in adults is characterized by a wider range of therapeutic agents as compared to the treatment of dermatitis in children. Treatment of dermatitis can be effective only in case of complete exclusion of contact with the allergen. Of great importance is also a hypoallergenic diet, which excludes products to which allergic reactions occur most frequently. Treatment for allergic dermatitis in adults is divided into external and internal, which are most often used in the complex. For ingestion during the development of allergic dermatitis, antihistamines are prescribed - suprastin, claritin, loratadine, etc. For external treatment, ointments and creams, both hormonal and non-hormonal, are used to treat dermatitis. It should be borne in mind that wetted areas should not be wetted and treated with soap; it is necessary to protect the skin from exposure to cold, wind, friction and other injuries. With the right treatment tactics, the normalization of the condition occurs in about two to three weeks. If the disease is not treated, it can take a chronic form. Competent treatment can only be prescribed by a qualified dermatologist after all necessary tests have been performed.

Treatment of allergic dermatitis in children

Treatment of atopic dermatitis in children is a rather long process, which, to begin with, requires a thorough examination by a specialist. First of all, it is necessary to know to which substance the child has hypersensitivity. After determining the stimulus, it must be excluded from the environment of the baby. For ingestion, antihistamines may be prescribed at a dosage determined by the attending physician. These include diazolin, Erius and others. Erius in the form of syrup is prescribed to the children between six and eleven months, 1 mg (2 ml), ranging from one year to five years, 1.25 mg (2.5 ml), from six to eleven years - 2.5 mg (5 ml) once a day, regardless of the meal. Children older than twelve years, the drug is prescribed in a dosage of 10 ml. In case of severe skin irritation, it is necessary to treat it with antipruritic ointment permitted for use by children. Of great importance in the treatment of atopic dermatitis in children is dietary nutrition. All highly allergenic foods should be excluded from the diet. The diet and diet should be balanced and adjusted by the attending physician. For example, if a child has an allergic reaction to eggs, all foods that contain eggs and their derivatives in one form or another are prohibited. It should be remembered that the choice and use of any drugs for the treatment of allergic dermatitis in children should first be guided by the recommendations of a specialist. Remember that self-treatment, like a neglected disease, can lead to the development of complications and worsening of the condition, therefore, in case of any alarming symptoms, consult a doctor immediately.

What and how to treat allergic dermatitis?

To figure out how to treat allergic dermatitis, you need to consult with a dermatologist. After the differential diagnosis, allergy tests and the determination of the causes of the disease, competent treatment can be prescribed. First of all, in the treatment of atopic dermatitis, the factor that provoked it is eliminated. The patient is prescribed a hypoallergenic diet. If the disease does not proceed in a severe form, it may be enough to use local remedies for treatment - creams or ointments containing corticosteroids. In severe cases, use desensitizing drugs.

Ointments for allergic dermatitis

When treating atopic dermatitis for topical administration, various ointments may be used. Ointment for allergic dermatitis skin cap contains zinc pyrithione and has anti-fungal and anti-microbial action. The product is applied to damaged surfaces two or three times a day. The duration of treatment averages from two to five weeks and is determined depending on the severity of the symptoms. In case of atopic dermatitis, the use of hormonal ointments is also possible. Elokom hormone-containing ointment is applied to the affected segments once a day. Duration of use is determined individually. Celestoderm B ointment is applied to the skin two to three times a day. It is also possible to treat the surface of the skin with a waterproof dressing. The drug helps to relieve inflammation, has anti-allergic and antipruritic action. Hormonal ointment Advantan is divided into several types, each of which is designed for different skin types. For very dry skin, you should use a greasy ointment, for a mixed type, it is better to use an ointment with a balanced fat and water content, and when weeping the skin choose an ointment with a low fat content. The drug is applied to the skin once a day for three months. The ointment has an anti-inflammatory effect, reduces the severity of such signs of atopic dermatitis as swelling, rash, itching, redness.

trusted-source[133], [134], [135], [136]

Zinovit cream

Zinovit cream for allergic dermatitis helps relieve inflammation, has a calming and softening effect on the skin, relieves irritation, redness, itching, helps to cope with peeling of the skin. Zinovit cream contains zinc, dipotassium glycyrrhizinate, vegetable oils, as well as other ingredients without dyes and fragrances. The indications for the use of the cream are allergic dermatitis, accompanied by painful tickling irritation of the skin, redness, peeling, etc. The components of the cream also have anti-fungal and anti-bacterial action. The drug is used to treat the surface of the skin and applied with a thin layer to the affected areas twice a day. The duration of therapy depends on the degree of symptoms and is determined individually.

Alternative treatment of atopic dermatitis

To relieve itching in the treatment of allergic dermatitis, the following alternatives can be used: the contents of one package of baby cream mixed with one tablespoon of juice, squeezed from the leaves of the plant golden mustache, add one teaspoon of valerian tincture and a tablespoon of olive oil. The resulting mixture must be treated skin, causing it to be a thin layer. Herbal preparations used in the treatment of allergic dermatitis are quite diverse and can have the following components: grass of tricolor violet, parsley, chicory are poured with a glass of hot boiled water and infused for about ten hours, after which the infusion is filtered and taken 1/2 cup three or four times a day thirty minutes before meals for one or two months. Then, after a short break (seven to ten days), the course of treatment can be repeated. For the preparation of the collection, you can also use dogrose, flowers of viburnum, train. In cases of atopic dermatitis, black currant branches are also used, infused for about ten hours. The finished tincture is drunk one tablespoon five to six times a day, and the affected skin can also be treated with a decoction. Blackberry leaves can also be used to treat atopic dermatitis. A few teaspoons of blackberry leaves (four to five) are added to 400 ml of boiling water and left for three to four hours, after which they take ½ cup half an hour before meals for thirty days.

trusted-source[137], [138], [139]

Nutrition for allergic dermatitis

Nutrition for allergic dermatitis primarily involves the exclusion from the diet of foods that cause it. If allergic dermatitis has developed for another reason or the allergen has not been identified, it is recommended to balance the diet and eliminate high-allergenic foods from the diet. With allergic dermatitis is not recommended to use the following products:

  • Alcohol.
  • Citrus.
  • Eggs
  • Mayonnaise, mustard, etc. Condiments, spices and sauces.
  • Nuts
  • Fish
  • Poultry meat
  • Chocolate confectionery.
  • Coffee.
  • Cocoa.
  • Smoked products.
  • Radish, tomatoes, blue.
  • Milk.
  • Melons and watermelons.
  • Strawberries
  • Sdobu.
  • Honey.
  • Mushrooms

trusted-source[140], [141], [142], [143], [144], [145], [146], [147], [148]

Diet for allergic dermatitis

The diet for allergic dermatitis may include the following foods:

  • Boiled beef.
  • Low-fat vegetable soups, you can add cereals.
  • Boiled potatoes.
  • Butter and vegetable oil.
  • Rice, buckwheat, rolled oats.
  • Dairy products (cottage cheese, kefir).
  • Greenery.
  • Baked apples.
  • Apple compote.
  • Fresh cucumbers.
  • Sugar.
  • Tea.

Adhere to a strict diet should, as a rule, until complete stabilization of the condition and the disappearance of signs of allergy, after which, in consultation with the doctor, the diet menu can be gradually expanded.

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