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Pale skin

 
, medical expert
Last reviewed: 09.06.2019
 
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Pale skin is a bright complexion due to a number of reasons.

Usually, a healthy skin tone is pink.

This complexion indicates that the microcirculation of blood in the skin is carried out normally, without any violations.

trusted-source[1], [2]

Causes of the pale skin

The causes of a person's pale skin most often need to be sought in violation of a healthy lifestyle. Factors causing pale skin are:

  1. Poor, inadequate monotonous diet, in which there are not enough useful components to maintain the function of blood formation, as well as the optimal functioning of the whole organism.
  2. Smoking tobacco.
  3. Abuse of alcoholic beverages.
  4. Unfavorable ecological situation in the place of residence of a person, poor quality of air, water and soil.
  5. Constant presence in the room, especially with musty and smoky air. The lack of regular walks in the fresh air, especially in parks and squares, for a long time.
  6. Constant and long-term stresses that destabilize the entire human body and cause various psychosomatic diseases.
  7. Strong emotional shock once in a lifetime.

Pale skin is also a symptom of a person’s disease. Most often, the paleness of the skin is caused by the presence of iron deficiency anemia in the body, which is accompanied by the appearance of constant weakness, fatigue and feelings of lack of air. Anemia in women is most often caused by prolonged and severe menstrual bleeding, which affects the color of the skin. Also, iron deficiency anemia accompanies diseases such as peptic ulcer and duodenal ulcer, hemorrhoids, as well as intestinal tumors.

Pale skin is observed in the following conditions:

  • Sometimes with fever due to a generalized spasm of the skin vessels, the skin may turn pale (the so-called pale fever). With pale fever, the use of physical methods of cooling is unacceptable.
  • In people with a labile autonomic nervous system, reddening and blanching of the skin can alternate due to fluctuations in tone, and, consequently, blood filling of small arteries and arterioles of the skin.
  • Permanent and often increasing paleness of the skin occurs when the hemoglobin content in the blood decreases (anemia), for example, in acute blood loss or various blood diseases.
  • Whitening of the skin of the fingertips, caused by a spasm of blood vessels, provoked by cold or negative emotions and accompanied by a feeling of numbness (a symptom of "dead fingers"), is observed with Raynaud's syndrome.

The use of a large amount of aspirin as a medicine can also lead to a change in skin color and lightening. Insufficiency in the body of ascorbic acid also causes pallor of the skin.

In some cases, the pallor of the skin is caused by heredity, which is a distinctive individual feature of a person and is not associated with any diseases. To make sure that there are no dysfunctions of the body, you need to evaluate the color of the mucous membranes and nails. If in severe pallor of the skin mucous membranes and nails have a normal color, this indicates a healthy state of the human body.

trusted-source[3], [4], [5], [6]

Pathogenesis

If certain dysfunctions are observed in the human body, this affects the quality of the blood microcirculation in the skin. The blood begins to flow into the skin in insufficient quantities, which leads to a change in the color of the face and body - it becomes pale.

See also:

It can be said that with the exception of genetic features that cause pallor of the skin without disturbing the state of human health, very light skin color is the result of complex disorders in the body of an individual.

The peculiarity of pale skin is its intolerance to tanning procedures, since it is very gentle and does not tolerate harmful environmental factors. Representatives of light skin are wary of staying under the scorching rays of the summer sun for a long time, and are also the main consumers of means of protection from the sun's rays and burns in the summer.

Pale skin color can be made more attractive if you emphasize it with a certain hair color and makeup, as well as suitable shades of clothing. If fair skin gives a lot of chagrin to beautiful ladies, then it can always be made darker with the help of a tanning bed, as well as with special homemade masks and industrial cosmetics.

trusted-source[7], [8], [9], [10], [11], [12], [13], [14], [15], [16]

Symptoms of the pale skin

In some cases, the presence of very light skin indicates the presence of diseases in the body.

With pale skin changes the tone of the vessels, which are penetrated the skin. As a result, microcirculation is disturbed, which causes skin lightening. Reducing the amount of hemoglobin in the blood is also the cause of a lighter tone in certain diseases. The low content of red blood cells in peripheral blood in certain diseases is also manifested in an increase in the pallor of the skin.

Pale skin, as a sign of the disease, appears in the event of a multitude of ailments, namely:

  • Iron deficiency anemia.
  • Leukozia
  • Angina pectoris.
  • Congenital heart disease.
  • Arrhythmias.
  • Heart failure.
  • Myocardial infarction.
  • Hypertensive heart disease.
  • Paroxysmal tachycardia.
  • Candida endocarditis.
  • Celiakie.
  • Epilepsy.
  • Multiple myeloma.
  • Diphtheria.
  • Hodgkin's disease (lymphogranulomatosis).
  • Crohn's disease of the colon.
  • Crohn's disease of the small intestine.
  • Disorders of the function of absorption in the intestines.
  • Ulcerative colitis.
  • Acute hemorrhagic gastritis.
  • A stomach ulcer.
  • Duodenal ulcer.
  • Perforation of the esophagus.
  • Acute pancreatitis.
  • Diaphragmatic hernia.
  • Hypopituitarism.
  • Acute amebic dysentery.
  • Ankylostomy.
  • The Bronche.
  • Pneumonia.
  • Amoebic lung abscess.
  • Pluvite
  • Asthma
  • Tuberculosis of the lungs.
  • Diffuse membranous glomerulonephritis.
  • Nephrotic syndrome.
  • Puzırçatke.

trusted-source[17], [18], [19]

Pale skin and bruises under the eyes

Pale skin and bruises under the eyes are a sign of illness and dysfunction of the body.

What can cause such a combination?

  1. In the first place, such phenomena can be caused by overwork. Owners of such defects, most likely, sleep little, stay up late at work or at a computer entertainment, are burdened with taking care of young children and countless household chores. All this violates the natural wellness cycle of sleep, does not allow to get enough sleep and restore the body. A large amount of work and intense, without the ability to relax, the rhythm of life provokes a change in appearance not for the better.
  2. Pallor of the skin in combination with dark circles under the eyes can be caused by a constant stay in the room, without the possibility of regular walks in the fresh air. This way of life develops in cases where women have dedicated their lives to work or simply lead a home, sedentary lifestyle. The lack of sufficient oxygen leads to a decrease in the level of hemoglobin in the blood, which adversely affects the appearance.
  3. Wrong, poor in nutrients food provokes the appearance of dark circles under the eyes. Fast foods and a large amount of salt, abuse of spices and spices cause problems with digestion. Malfunctions of the digestive tract lead to disruption of the functioning of internal organs and tissues.
  4. Alcohol abuse and smoking also adversely affect the appearance and health of the fair sex.
  5. When certain diseases of the internal organs appear dark circles under the eyes. These include diseases of the cardiovascular and urinary systems:
    • vegetative-vascular dystonia, arterial hypertension, congenital and acquired heart defects, chronic and acute heart failure;
    • pyelonephritis, autoimmune diseases of the kidneys, glomerulonephritis.

A stagnant fluid in the body, which is observed in such diseases, provokes its accumulation mainly in the subcutaneous fatty tissues of the eyelids. This disrupts the proper circulation of blood in the vessels, which leads to the appearance of dark circles under the eyes.

  1. Permanent colds provoke the occurrence of puffiness under the eyes due to the constant intoxication of the body. If a headache, fever, dark circles under the eyes were added to this symptom, then it is safe to say that the sinuses of the nose were inflamed with sinus, frontal sinusitis and polysinusitis.
  2. One of the reasons for the appearance of permanent bruises under the eyes are hereditary factors. With thin and pale skin around the eyes, vessels close to the skin create an impression of dark circles under the eyes. Such features of appearance are most often transmitted genetically.

trusted-source[20], [21], [22], [23], [24]

Pale skin in a child

Sometimes mothers begin to worry that their baby has pale skin. The easiest way to find out whether the baby is sick or not by contacting a doctor. The specialist will examine the condition of the mucous membranes of the mouth and eyes of the child, pay attention to the color of his nails. If all the examined covers are of normal color, and the child does not show lethargy and weakness, eats well and sleeps, then the baby is considered to be completely healthy. It is possible that pale skin caused hereditary factors or lack of sufficient sun during the winter.

The presence of other disturbing symptoms, in addition to severe pallor, may serve as a signal to identify certain diseases.

  • If the baby is one and a half to two years old, and in addition to the paleness of the skin, the child is worried about his parents with irritability and fatigue, then anemia can be suspected.
  • The presence of dark circles under the eyes together with fair skin can indicate allergies, diseases of the urinary and cardiovascular systems.
  • If with the pallor of the skin of a baby, bruises appear in various parts of the body, then such oddity may indicate blood diseases.

For any disturbing symptoms, consult a pediatrician, who can prescribe the necessary examination and appropriate treatment.

trusted-source[25], [26], [27], [28]

Pale skin in infants

Pale skin in infants is in the form of a bluish tinge with streaks of blood vessels in the form of spots or reticular pattern. This skin is called marble. And most often appears on the hands and feet of the baby.

The cause of the marble skin is considered to be insufficient maturity of the infant’s vascular system. Temperature changes cause the baby such a reaction, because his body has not yet adapted to environmental changes. Vessels and capillaries, which are close to the skin, actively expand and contract, which gives the skin such a strange marble color. In this case, the mother should not worry, and wait six months, when such manifestations completely disappear.

Physiological, that is, the natural marbling of the skin is found in premature babies. This is an absolutely normal phenomenon that will disappear by a certain date.

In some cases, marble skin indicates the presence of certain diseases in a child, namely congenital heart defects, rickets, anemia, intracranial hypertension, perinatal encephalopathy, and genetic diseases of a different spectrum.

In any case, if the baby has paleness or marbling of the skin, it is recommended to consult a pediatrician who can correctly indicate the causes of such skin manifestations.

What do need to examine?

Treatment of the pale skin

First of all, if the owner of pale skin does not like her color, it is worth asking the relatives, such a skin tone is not hereditary. If some or many representatives of the pedigree tree had fair skin, do not worry about their health, but simply use makeup products, special masks and a tanning bed to make the skin darker.

If the porcelain skin color was the privilege of one lady, and not many relatives, it is worth signing up for a consultation with a doctor and undergo a special examination. Since very light skin color can cause a large number of diseases. After that, it is necessary to undergo a course of therapy from the identified dysfunctions of the body.

It happens that pale skin was the result of an unhealthy lifestyle. What to do in this case, if the pale skin does not suit its owner? There are several ways to improve the complexion, and at the same time, your own health:

  1. Every day, you need to allocate time for walks in the fresh air. It is best to walk in the daytime to saturate the skin with ultraviolet light and give it a natural darkness. It is also recommended to take walks in oxygen-rich places - parks and squares, in nature, near river bodies of water. Hemoglobin, which responds to a healthy complexion, is called “oxygen” iron, that is, for its synthesis, the body needs a sufficient supply of oxygen.
  2. It is necessary to make nutrition more complete. For these purposes, you should include in your daily diet fresh vegetables and greens, fruits and vegetables. The gifts of nature contain most of the vitamins and minerals that the body needs to maintain health.
  3. You can increase the level of hemoglobin that affects skin color with certain foods:
    • Takes in equal parts dried apricots, raisins, prunes, figs, walnuts, lemon and honey. Everything is thoroughly crushed and mixed. The resulting mixture is transferred to a glass jar with a lid and stored in the refrigerator. Apply the "medicine" twice a day, morning and evening, twenty to thirty minutes before meals, two tablespoons.
    • Beet-apple juice is a tasty and healthy drink. One part of beet and three parts of apples are taken, everything is passed through a juicer and immediately drunk. The drink is used one glass twice a day, fifteen minutes before meals. You can use carrot - beet - apple juice, then the ratio of fruits is as follows: two parts of carrots, one part of beets and two parts of apples.
  4. Healthy sleep is the best cosmetic for women. It is necessary to go to bed every evening until eleven o'clock, and even better - at ten. Since the time from ten o'clock in the evening to two nights is considered the most useful for restoring the body. It is necessary to sleep at least eight hours a day, and young women need even nine to ten hours sleep.
  5. It is necessary to quit the habit of being in smoky rooms, as well as in rooms with stale air. It is recommended to air the workplace and home accommodation at least twice a day.
  6. Smoking is an unhealthy habit that interferes with proper blood circulation. As a result, the smoker gets a whole bunch of diseases, including unhealthy or pale skin. To acquire a healthy appearance, it is necessary to part forever from this addiction.

How to get rid of pale skin?

Many owners of light skin are tormented by the question: how to get rid of pale skin? There are tools with which you can achieve a better complexion and body. Here are some of them:

  1. Time-tested and well-proven means is to use carrots. For these purposes, carrot juice is used, with which the skin of the face must be wiped twice a day.
  2. If there is a desire to give the skin a tanning effect, you can apply to the skin of the face compresses of grated carrots wrapped in gauze. This should be done three times a week, twice a day.
  3. Tanning pale skin gives the use of a mixture of carrot juice and glycerin. You need to take two tablespoons of carrot juice and one teaspoon of glycerin. The resulting mixture should wipe the skin of the face every day in the morning and evening.
  4. Can be used to improve the complexion mask of apple and carrot. For these purposes, you need to take equally apples and carrots, grate them with a grater and mix. The resulting mass is applied to the face evenly, and after fifteen minutes, rinse with cold water. After that, the skin on the face is moistened with a suitable cream. Regular use of the mask will provide the skin with a healthy look and a light blush.
  5. It is good to use frozen green tea in cubes. They need to wipe their face every morning after washing. You can also just wash every morning, infusion of green tea.

trusted-source[29]

Solarium for pale skin

It is known that light skin is sensitive to the effects of ultraviolet radiation. Therefore, use tanning for owners of pale skin should be with caution.

There are several rules that can help make tanning for a pale skin safe:

  1. In the first sessions of the solarium you need to attend once or twice a week for three minutes.
  2. After the skin gets a little dark, you can increase the duration of the procedure up to five minutes. In this case, if discomfort appeared, then it is necessary to reduce the time spent under ultraviolet rays to three minutes, as before.
  3. When you visit a tanning salon, you should use special cosmetics for light skin. They contain special moisturizing agents, such as oils and vitamins. The addition of amino acids makes it possible to achieve a dark skin tone in a shorter period of time.
  4. You should not use cosmetics for a sun deck with bronzator, they can leave stains on very light skin. In addition, cosmetics without bronzers, allows faster tanning for people with fair skin.

trusted-source[30], [31], [32], [33]

Pale Skin Masks

One part of the milk is mixed with two parts of the flour and applied to the face. After this, the mask is left on the skin of the face until it is completely dry, and then washed off with warm water. After that, the skin must be applied moisturizer.

  1. Potato masks are an excellent means of lightening the skin. Peeled and sliced potatoes should be put on the face, capturing all skin patches. If time allows, you can rub the potatoes on a grater and make a paste out of it for application to the skin of the face. Mask hold for fifteen minutes, then rinse with warm water and apply moisturizing cream for the face.
  2. Tomato is considered a good bleaching agent. In order to prepare the bleaching mixture, you need to chop a few tomatoes into a slurry, add ten drops of lemon juice to them and mix everything thoroughly. The resulting mass is applied to the face and held for fifteen minutes. To effect the use of the mask was noticeable, it must be used fifteen days in a row without interruption.
  3. Almond mask is also well suited for lightening procedures. It is prepared as follows. A handful of almonds are soaked in water overnight, after which in the morning the almonds are ground in a paste and mixed with honey or milk. The resulting mass is superimposed on the face and neck and held until dry. After that, the hardened gruel must be scraped off and washed with cold water. At the very end of the procedure, a moisturizer should be applied to the face and neck.
  4. The use of mint gruel will also help to achieve the desired light skin tone. It is prepared as follows: fresh mint leaves are crushed into a fine mass and applied to the face. Twenty minutes later, the mask is rinsed with cold water, after which a moisturizer is applied to the face.
  5. Whitening mask can be prepared with a cucumber. To do this, take one cucumber, cut into slices, some of which are left for the mask, and the juice is squeezed out of the others. Sliced cucumber rubbed into the skin, and then cucumber juice is applied to the face. The resulting mask is left overnight, and then washed off in the morning with water. Cucumber juice smooths skin color well and also makes it more natural.
  6. Lemon-cucumber mask has a good effect. For its preparation will require one lemon and one cucumber. It is necessary to squeeze the juice from the fruit, then mix and apply on face. Fifteen minutes later, you should wash your face with water and apply a moisturizer. If necessary, such a mask can be applied to the body.
  7. For whitening, you can prepare a "delicious" mask. Take one tablespoon of boiled oatmeal, one tablespoon of natural yogurt and one tablespoon of tomato pulp. All components are mixed, and then applied to the face and hold for fifteen minutes. After that, the mask is washed off with cold water, and at the end of the procedure, a moisturizer is applied to the face. In addition to lightening, the mask makes the skin of the face velvety and smooth.

trusted-source[34]

Stars with pale skin

The worship of the stars of the movie screen and show industry has introduced fashion on porcelain skin. In the modeling business, models with a pale complexion and body have gained particular popularity. Ladies from higher circles are also beginning to pay more attention to lightening the skin than spending time in a tanning salon.

The pale-skinned stars are most represented by Hollywood, although European divas also affect the global passion for pallor. So, the most popular ladies with porcelain skin are Michelle Trachtenberg, Emily Blunt, Isla Fisher, Amy Adams, Ann Hetuei, Dita Von Teese, Kate Blanchett, Nicole Kidman, Christina Hendricks, Julianne Moore, Diane Kruger.

Pale skin, whatever the reasons for its appearance, is always different from the usual appearance. Therefore, many women who do not have a similar complexion and body, resort to a lot of tricks to imitate their idols, different porcelain skin.

It is important to know!

Dry skin on the legs, on the hands, on the face.

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