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General doctor

, medical expert
Last reviewed: 01.06.2018

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Every day we learn more and more new words and even names of medical professions. Until recently, no one had heard of the existence of such a general practitioner. Who is he? And in general, why do you need very few people know.

If we talk with the usual terms for us, then the general practitioner, a kind of family doctor or therapist who treats the whole family, as well as studying the history of illness.

In a nutshell, we roughly described the new concept, and now we will consider in more detail the advantage of the appearance of this specialist.

Who is a general practitioner?

The fact that a general practitioner is a person with a medical background is logical. His qualification allows you to consult all members of the family about any matter of the medical industry, while he can add other narrower specialists to the case, as well as supervise the relative treatment itself.

At the first moment of consultation, a general practitioner thoroughly examines the patient's medical history, and afterwards appoints the necessary diagnostics. Further, the purpose of his work is aimed at reducing or eliminating the likelihood of the occurrence of pathological phenomena to which there is a tendency in the patient.

What tests should I take when I see a general practitioner?

A general practitioner should know the medical history thoroughly, and for this, the following tests are necessary:

  • a general analysis of blood and urine,
  • to hand over feces to the eggs of worms,
  • a blood test for HIV infection, a Wasserman reaction,
  • hormonal examination and ejaculate,
  • blood tests, where the check of TORCH infections, ESR, Rhesus factor, oncomarker and so on,
  • analysis of the urogenital tract,
  • Analyzes at the gynecologist: crops on a candidiasis, a microflora, a cytology, sensitivity to antimycotics, antibiotics, a biopsy, aspiration, a bacterioscopy.

What methods of diagnosis does the general practitioner use?

The general practitioner should clearly see the situation concerning the patient's health, and for this alone, some tests are not enough, it is necessary to resort to numerous diagnostic methods, which include:

  • ECG, EEG, EchoCG, EchoEG, ultrasound,
  • X-ray and fluorography,
  • colposcopy, CT, MRI, mammography.

This diagnostic system allows you to see the state of the respiratory system, the work of the heart and other organs. Such a procedure is useful because in this way it is possible to warn against most serious problems, for example, a heart attack.

What does the general practitioner do?

The general practitioner includes in the scope of his duties the treatment of a variety of diseases, which include:

  • atherosclerosis,
  • oncological pathologies,
  • metabolic syndrome,
  • excess weight,
  • obliterating diseases of the vessels of the lower extremities.

Its task is to identify the presence of probable diseases, as well as the causes of their occurrence. This also includes the selection of preventive measures to prevent the risk of diseases, which are addicted, including the genetic predisposition of the patient. It should be added that a general practitioner is not just a district doctor, but a specialist who takes part in all matters relating to the treatment of certain diseases.

What diseases are treated by a general practitioner?

Despite the "broad" name, a general practitioner does not treat all diseases, but controls and attracts other doctors if his competence does not extend to the patient's existing disease.

Above we have already said that a general practitioner treats oncological pathologies, overweight, atherosclerosis and so on.

As for excess weight, then the therapy is not only aimed at drawing up the right diet, but determining the factor that caused this condition, especially since excess kilograms are a possible disease, for example, abnormal metabolism, hormonal disorders, thyroid problems, mental state and much more.

When should I go to a general practitioner?

General practitioner will help in the presence of all sorts of symptoms, even seemingly, at first glance, insignificant such as a feeling of heaviness or fatigue. Sometimes a provocateur of headaches, which at first sight seem unreasonable, can become a block in the cervical vertebra - it also has a direct relationship to vascular spasms that disrupt the outflow of blood from the head.

But not only for this reason it is recommended to consult a general practitioner. In fact, there are many:

  • changes in weight, despite the fact that diet and lifestyle have not changed. These signs are characteristic for various diseases, for example, to cancer diseases or to disorders of the nervous system,
  • slurred speech, fatigue, paralysis and stupor of limbs can talk about impending stroke,
  • black feces is a possible ulcer or swelling in the stomach or intestine. The change in stool color in this situation occurs on the basis of internal bleeding, which in itself is a dangerous process,
  • Meningitis is characterized by a headache that passes into the neck, accompanied by a temperature,
  • with a hemorrhage in the brain, there is an exhausting headache.

A general practitioner can help with all these and other symptoms.

Advices of a GP doctor

The general practitioner advises to observe the standard rules that can prolong health, and thus, life itself:

  • protect yourself from all sorts of stressful situations, as even the smallest push of negative energy can be detrimental to not only the nervous system, but also cardiovascular. In addition, most diseases occur on a nervous basis,
  • you need to protect your heart and blood vessels, and for this there is a simple preventive complex consisting of proper nutrition and lifestyle: sport, day regimen, proper rest,
  • love works wonders. Therefore, love one another and be happy.

trusted-source[1], [2]

It is important to know!

A family doctor is a general practitioner who has completed a multidisciplinary training and is able to provide first aid to all family members regardless of their age and gender. Let's consider what is the responsibility of the family doctor, and in what cases should he be treated. Read more..

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