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Health

Ointments from barley

Barley is considered a purulent inflammation of the eyelash follicle, which is caused in 90-95% by staphylococci, less often with demodex. That is why before treatment it is necessary to find out what exactly led to the formation of inflammation. To date, barley is treated mainly with ointments, since it is this form of medicine that is considered the most effective in fighting this disease.

Indications of the ointments from barley

Usually, when treating barley, ointment antibiotics are used. They are recommended for use when the following symptoms appear:

  1. The eyelid swells and hurts.
  2. Appears reddening of the century.
  3. The affected eye begins to water.
  4. The patient appears to have a foreign body in his eye.

As a rule, for treatment in the early days, ointments are not used, since barley can pass through on its own. If this does not happen, then it is necessary to contact an ophthalmologist who will prescribe certain medications.

Release form

Ointments are considered a more popular form of medicine for barley therapy. This can be explained by the fact that they do not spread, as, for example, drops. They contain various antibacterial substances. Ointment always acts exactly on the inflammation focus, so the infection passes much faster. In addition, many patients find it easier to apply ointment on eyelids than to instill eyes with drops.

Names of ointments from barley on the eye

For today in drugstores it is possible to find a huge quantity of antibacterial preparations which are issued in the form of ointments and can be used for treatment of barley on an eye. The most popular among them are:

  1. Tetracycline ointment.
  2. Phloxal Ointment.
  3. Vishnevsky ointment.
  4. Hydrocortisone ointment.
  5. Levomecol ointment.
  6. Ichthyol ointment.
  7. Oksolinovaya ointment.
  8. Acyclovir Ointment.
  9. Erythromycin ointment.
  10. Synthomycin ointment.

Next, we consider the features and benefits of each of them separately.

Tetracycline ointment

A popular remedy with antibacterial effect, which is used mainly in ophthalmology. With its help, treat a wide variety of infectious and inflammatory diseases of the eyes, including barley.

The drug contains the active substance tetracycline. Also in the basis of the drug there are additional components: lanolin and petroleum jelly. Thanks to them, the therapeutic effect of tetracycline is longer.

The ointment is placed behind the lower or upper eyelid (depending on where exactly the barley is located). Use three to five times a day, until signs of inflammation do not subside.

It is very important before the therapy to consult a specialist who can take into account all the side effects of using the drug. Patients with fungal and viral diseases of the eye, tetracycline intolerance to use the drug is prohibited. It is also not recommended to apply ointment to pregnant women, children under five years of age and breastfeeding mothers.

Negative symptoms from the use of tetracycline ointment are rare. Among them are:

  1. Gastrointestinal disorders.
  2. Allergy.
  3. Deterioration of the condition in fungal infections.

It is very important to observe all the conditions for storing the drug, and also not to use it during teething in children, since tetracycline is deposited in enamel and dentine, disrupting the normal formation of teeth.

Ointment Floxal

A drug that is used to treat various eye diseases of bacterial etiology. Produced in the form of ointment and eye drops. The drug contains the active substance ofloxacin. Also in the basis there are additional components: wool fat, liquid paraffin, white petrolatum. It differs in bactericidal and antibacterial action.

Phloxal ointment is used for the treatment of barley, blepharitis, dacryocystitis, conjunctivitis, chlamydial eye disease, keratitis.

The ointment is applied with a small thin strip under the lower or upper eyelid. Apply two to three times in 24 hours. The duration of treatment depends on the disease and its severity, but you can not use the drug for more than two weeks. For more effective treatment it is possible to combine ointment with Phloxal drops.

Patients with ofloxacin intolerance to take the drug is prohibited. Do not use for treatment during pregnancy and lactation. When using the drug, the following symptoms may appear: hyperemia, allergy, discomfort in the eyes, burning, dry eye, fear of light, dizziness and tear.

Vishnevsky ointment

Perhaps the most popular remedy that helps against many diseases. The composition of the Vishnevsky ointment is simple enough, but it is distinguished by its naturalness, safety and efficiency: xerobes in the form of a powder (effective antiseptic that fights microbes), tar birch (due to increased circulation improves the nutrition of tissues), castor oil (improves the effect of all the other substances of the ointment ).

Often Vishnevsky's ointment is used to treat barley, as it effectively cures infection and inflammation. Apply is in individual dosage several times a day until the disappearance of unpleasant barley symptoms. Patients with intolerance to at least one of the components of the drug to take it is prohibited.

Hydrocortisone ointment

Corticosteroid with active substance hydrocortisone. It differs anti-inflammatory, immunosuppressive, antiproliferative and anti-allergic effect.

Dosage is individual, as it depends on the patient's condition, possible side effects and severity of the disease. The duration of treatment is determined by a specialist. Apply not more than two or three times in 24 hours.

Patients with viral and fungal eye diseases, trachoma, tuberculosis lesions of the eyes, violation of the epithelium of the eyes to use Hydrocortisone ointment is prohibited. It is not recommended to use for therapy of pregnant women and those who feed the baby with breast milk.

When applying the ointment, the following symptoms may manifest: hypocalcemia, hypernatremia, weakness and fatigue, obesity, amenorrhea, paranoia, depressive states, vomiting, vision loss, poor wound healing, ecchymosis, allergy, pain, leukocyturia, itching and burning.

Levomecol ointment

The drug is a complex tool that is used in ophthalmology. The drug includes the following active substances: methyluracil and chloramphenicol. Ointment is actively used not only for the treatment of barley and other infectious diseases of the eyes, but also for burns of varying degrees.

Apply every day in small amounts under the lower or upper eyelid (depending on the location of the inflamed focus). Patients with intolerance to chloramphenicol or methyluracil should not use the drug. Ointment can be used during lactemia or pregnancy, but before applying, you should consult a specialist.

In rare cases, the use of Levomecol ointment can lead to allergic reactions.

Ichthyol ointment

Antiseptic for topical use. It has a marked analgesic, antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effect. The drug contains the active substance ichthyol.

Use the drug is recommended for the treatment of pain in the joints, with burns, wounds, eczema, barley. Apply a thin line to the lesion (lower or upper eyelid), do not rub. After using the drug, be sure to wash your hands well. Dosage is individual and is determined by an ophthalmologist. As a rule, it is applied two to three times in 24 hours.

Patients under 12 years of age, as well as with intolerance to ichthyol, should not use the drug. Sometimes patients develop allergic reactions (rashes, burning, hyperemia) on the components of the medicine. In this case, therapy should be stopped.

Oksolinovaya ointment

An antiviral that is often used in the fall and winter to prevent colds, including barley on the eye. As a rule, oksolinovaya ointment 0.25% is used in ophthalmology. The drug contains the active substance oxolin.

To treat barley and conjunctivitis, a thin band of the drug under the eyelid (upper or lower) is superimposed. Patients with frequent allergic reactions and intolerance to the components of the drug to use the ointment is prohibited. At pregnancy to use extremely cautiously.

May cause various allergic reactions, including rash, redness, hives, irritation.

Acyclovir Ointment

An antiviral drug that is used topically. The active ingredient is acyclovir. Also in the basis there are additional components: nipagin, lipocomp "C", nipose, polyethylene oxide 400, purified water.

Apply a thin line under the lower or upper eyelid up to five times a day. In this case, the interval between applications should be at least four hours. The therapy lasts five to eight days, depending on the severity of the disease.

Patients with intolerance to acyclovir or other components of the ointment to use it is prohibited. It is not recommended for the treatment of pregnant women and children under the age of two.

In rare cases, after the application of the drug, the following symptoms may appear: burning, itching, redness, swelling, scaling of the skin.

Erythromycin ointment

A medicinal preparation in ophthalmology, which differs antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effect. In the composition of the ointment is the active substance from the group of macrolide antibiotics erythromycin. Also in it there are additional components: petrolatum, lanolin, sodium disulfide.

The drug is placed under the lower eyelid three times a day (in some cases it is possible to apply up to five times in 24 hours). The duration of therapy is established by the attending physician depending on the patient's condition. But it should not exceed fourteen days.

Patients with impaired liver function and erythromycin intolerance should not use ointment. In rare cases, patients develop an allergy to the components of the drug.

Synthomycin ointment

Antibiotic, which is used to treat many diseases, including barley. It has an effective anti-inflammatory effect. In the composition of the ointment active substance chloramphenicol.

Dosage, as well as the duration of therapy, is determined by the doctor depending on the patient's condition. It should be noted that people with intolerance to chloramphenicol, oppressed bleeding, psoriasis and eczema, an allergy to the components of the drug can not use ointment. It is also prohibited for use during pregnancy, lactation, at the age of 1 year.

According to reviews, during the use of the Synthomycin ointment, patients may experience: leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, anemia, agranulocytosis, secondary fungal infection, allergy, rash, collapse, local skin irritations.

Ointments for barley in children

Barley on the eye is a painful disease. If you notice your child's first symptoms of barley, you must immediately decide on the choice of the drug for future treatment.

The most famous antibacterial ointment, which is often used for barley therapy in children, is Erythromycin. In some cases, also helps tetracycline ointment. But it is worth understanding that the last resort can be used to treat children only after consulting an ophthalmologist. Before using any preparation, carefully read the instructions. An ointment is placed under the eyelid, as a rule, twice or thrice a day.

Pharmacodynamics

Consider the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of ointments from barley using the example of the popular drug "Tetracycline Ointment".

Tetracycline is a known bacteriostatic antibiotic that has a broad spectrum of action (Streptococcus pneumoniae, Listeria spp., Haemophilus influenzae, Klebsiella spp., Bordetella pertussis, Shigella spp., Chlamydia spp., Treponema spp.). After contact with the skin or mucous membrane, it begins to disrupt the relationship between the ribosome and the transport RNA of pathogenic microorganisms. This violates protein synthesis, which leads to the death of bacteria.

Pharmacokinetics

The pharmacokinetic effect was not investigated.

Use of the ointments from barley during pregnancy

Since barley often appears in people with reduced immunity, this disease is popular among pregnant women. Barley usually goes away on its own five to seven days after the onset. But if improvement has not occurred, it is necessary to use available antibacterial drugs in the form of ointments. Please note that during pregnancy, you first need to consult your doctor to avoid side effects. Remember that uncontrolled application of various medicines can harm your child. The most popular during pregnancy is Levomycetin ointment.

Contraindications

  1. Intolerance of active substances that are part of ointments.
  2. Frequent allergic reactions.
  3. Viral or fungal diseases of the eyes.

Side effects of the ointments from barley

  1. Irritation, rash, redness, itching, burning.
  2. Anemia.
  3. Leukopenia.
  4. Agranulocytosis.

Dosing and administration

  1. Only the ointment that the ophthalmologist prescribed after examining your eye is most effective.
  2. Always read the instructions carefully to any remedy to use it correctly.
  3. During treatment it is forbidden to use contact lenses.
  4. Before applying the ointment under the eyelid, wash the hands thoroughly. The same procedure should be repeated after using the drug.
  5. During the treatment, you can not use any cosmetics (shadows, mascara).
  6. Ointments have a thick consistency, so after applying your vision for half an hour or an hour can get a little worse.
  7. The optimal frequency of applying ointment from barley is two to three times in 24 hours.
  8. If you use eye drops additionally, at least half an hour must pass between application of the ointment and the application of drops.
  9. Do not use barley ointment for more than two weeks.

Storage conditions

It is very important to store any medications, including ointments against barley, in a place protected from small children. Do not expose to direct sunlight.

Shelf life

As a rule, ointments are stored for two to three years.

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Attention!

To simplify the perception of information, this instruction for use of the drug "Ointments from barley" translated and presented in a special form on the basis of the official instructions for medical use of the drug. Before use read the annotation that came directly to medicines.

Description provided for informational purposes and is not a guide to self-healing. The need for this drug, the purpose of the treatment regimen, methods and dose of the drug is determined solely by the attending physician. Self-medication is dangerous for your health.

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