Treatment of any kind of dermatitis in small children is carried out in a complex way, using different methods of therapy: medicamentous, non-traditional, physiotherapy. External medicinal products occupy a special place in it. The most effective drugs for fighting the unpleasant symptoms of this disease are a variety of ointments.
Indications of the ointments for dermatitis for children
In children, the most common types of dermatitis are the following:
A variety of ointments that are considered popular for the treatment of skin diseases, you can begin to apply with the appearance of the first symptoms of the disease. With dermatitis of the seborrheic type, it is rashes and dry skin, mainly in the diaper area and on those parts of the head where the hair grows. With atopic dermatitis, the first signs are: itching in the area of lesion, exudation. It is very important to begin proper treatment before complications arise. Therefore, as soon as your child has the first rash on the skin, the skin becomes too dry or there are other signs, you should immediately show the baby to a specialist child dermatologist.
First of all, it is necessary to remember the fact that all ointments that can be used to treat various types of dermatitis are divided into non-hormonal and hormonal drugs. Among the effective non-hormonal ointments doctors distinguish such:
D-Panthenol. The drug for improving regeneration and trophism of the epidermis. This medicine, based on the active ingredient of dexpanthenol, supports the normal function of skin tissues, leads the metabolism of cells to normal, softens and nourishes the epidermis.
In order to treat a variety of dermatitis in children, the ointment is applied only to the affected skin, rubbed with light massage movements until its components are absorbed into the epidermis. Use no more than four times in 24 hours. If dermatitis occurs in infants, then the doctor can advise you to apply the ointment every time after changing diapers or after bathing.
Patients with intolerance to dexpanthenol are prohibited from using this medication. Side effects do not cause.
Zinc ointment. A remedy that is widely used to treat a variety of dermatitis in adults and children. The drug is based on the active component of zinc oxide, an additional substance is petroleum jelly. Has adsorbent, drying, disinfecting and astringent effect. Helps to remove inflammations and irritations that appear on the epidermis with a variety of dermatitis.
It is recommended to apply no more than three times in 24 hours, using a small amount of ointment. When the patient has cracks or wounds on the skin, they are, first of all, treated with an antiseptic. For the treatment of dermatitis diaper type can be used more often, but only after a doctor's recommendation.
Patients who suffer from allergies and do not tolerate zinc oxide, use the medicine is prohibited. May cause skin flushing or allergic rashes.
Skin-cap. The drug, which is well established in the treatment of psoriasis and dermatitis of various types. The medicine based on zinc pyrionate fights against microbes, fungi and bacteria.
Therapy of dermatitis in children is carried out as follows: the drug is applied no more than three times in 24 hours to the damaged skin. Treatment continues for two weeks.
Patients who suffer from intolerance to zinc pyrionate can not use the drug. It is forbidden to rub into the skin together with ointments, which are based on glucocorticosteroids. May cause an allergy.
Radevit. A drug that helps improve the regeneration of the skin and relieve inflammation. The drug based on retinol (vitamin A), ergocalciferol and tocopherol moisturizes the skin, makes it soft and pleasant to the touch, relieves itching and flaking.
Apply to affected parts of the skin, as well as to neighboring areas from two to four times in 24 hours. If the skin is very flaky, you can use a bandage. If there are defects or wounds on the skin, they should be treated with an antiseptic and only then apply ointment.
Patients with intolerance to drug components, hypovitaminosis A, inflammatory processes on the skin to use the drug is prohibited. May cause an allergy.
Naftaderm. A drug based on naphthalan refined oil. It differs antipruritic, disinfectant, anti-inflammatory and wound-healing effect. It is used mainly for seborrheic dermatitis.
It is recommended to apply a thin layer of ointment on the skin with lesions twice in 24 hours. The duration of therapy is individual, it is established by the attending physician, but usually the treatment lasts two to four weeks.
Patients with intolerance to drug components, hemorrhagic syndrome, renal failure, anemia is not recommended to use this drug. May cause folliculitis, dry skin, allergies.
The most popular hormonal ointments from dermatitis are:
But you should understand that they are not always suitable for the treatment of children, so before using, you should consult your doctor or read the instructions carefully.
With Lorinden. A drug based on the active components of clioquinol and flumethasone pivalate. It differs with anti-inflammatory, antifungal and antibacterial action.
It is recommended to apply only to those parts of the skin that have been damaged by the pathological process. The first days of ointment can be used two to three times in 24 hours, but as soon as there is a positive dynamics, use is reduced to one or two times. The duration of therapy should not exceed two weeks.
Patients with tuberculosis of the skin, chickenpox, skin syphilis, pink or vulgar acne, perioral dermatitis, trophic ulcers, infections of the skin, and those who do not tolerate ointment substances, use the drug is prohibited. Children under the age of ten can be applied only after a doctor's recommendation. May cause allergy, burning, dry skin, itching, atrophy.
Advantan. A drug based on the active component of methylprednisolone aceponate. Helps suppress allergic and inflammatory reactions that appear on the skin. Can be used from the age of four months.
It is recommended to apply once every 24 hours only to the skin that has been affected. The duration of therapy for children is no more than four weeks. Ointment can not be used on dying wounds.
Patients with tuberculosis or skin syphilis, rosacea, viral skin diseases, perioral dermatitis, as well as those with methylprednisolone aceponate causes allergies, it is prohibited to use the drug. May cause allergy, itching, burning, vesicle rash.
Fluorocort. A drug based on the active component of triamcinolone acetonide. It differs anti-inflammatory, anti-edematous, anti-allergic effect.
Apply should be in small amounts two or three times in 24 hours (but not more than 15 g of ointment per day). When using bandages, the amount of daily dose is reduced to 10 g. The duration of therapy is not more than 15 days.
Patients with skin syphilis, skin tuberculosis, fungal or viral skin diseases, perioral dermatitis, tumors or cancers, as well as those who do not tolerate triamcinolone acetonide, are not allowed to use the ointment. May cause hypertrichosis, erythema, secondary infectious skin diseases, allergies.
In tselestoderm. A drug based on the active component of betamethasone valeri. It inhibits the metabolism of arachidonic acid, relieves inflammation and allergy manifestations.
Apply to the skin one to three times in 24 hours. Dosage depends on the patient's condition and is established by the attending physician. Often to improve the condition, you need to apply only once a day.
Patients who suffer from allergies and intolerance to active substance agents, use the ointment is prohibited. It is not recommended to apply to pregnant women and children up to six months. May cause allergy, dryness, burning, folliculitis, contact dermatitis, atrophy of the skin.
Ointment from atopic dermatitis in children
When atopic dermatitis on the skin there are allergic rashes, the skin becomes dry, begins to peel off. The most popular means for treating this type of dermatitis in children are various anti-inflammatory ointments:
Pimafukort. A drug based on the active components of neomycin, natamycin and hydrocortisone micronized. It differs with anti-inflammatory, antifungal and antibacterial action.
Use the product is recommended two to four times in 24 hours. For the treatment of children, a small amount of the drug is applied and only on limited areas of the skin. The duration of therapy is determined by the attending physician.
Patients with rosacea, tuberculosis of the skin, viral infections, skin ulcers, ichthyosis, tumors, anogenital itching, as well as those who do not tolerate any substance ointment, use the drug is prohibited. May cause allergy, thinning of the skin, delayed healing of wounds, hypertrichosis, contact dermatitis.
The lokoid. A drug based on the active component of hydrocortisone 17-butyrate. It differs antipruritic, anti-inflammatory and anti-edematous effect.
Apply the drug once or three times in 24 hours. If the patient has a positive dynamics, then the ointment can be used only two or three times a week. To increase the penetration of the drug, you can rub the ointment. You can use bandages.
Patients who have an individual sensitivity to hydrocortisone 17-butyrate, suffer from tuberculosis or syphilis of the skin, viral skin diseases, parasitic skin infections, rosacea and acne, have wounds or ulcers on the skin, fungal skin diseases are not recommended to use ointment. May cause irritation on the skin and allergies.
Ointment for allergic dermatitis for children
When allergic dermatitis is very important to moisturize the skin, quickly remove inflammation and unpleasant itching. For this, the following ointments are often used:
Elobase. A product based on phosphoric acid, paraffin, mineral oil, sodium hydroxide. It helps to moisten the dry skin, creating a special protective film on the skin.
Sites of the affected skin before applying the ointment must be thoroughly cleaned and dried. Applying a small amount of ointment to the damaged area, it should be rubbed with light movements.
It can in rare cases cause allergic reactions, itching and burning.
Bepanten. Medicinal preparation based on dexpanthenol. It has a regenerating effect on the skin, improves the exchange between cells.
It is recommended to apply Bepanten to the skin, which has been damaged, and rub a little. Use once or twice in 24 hours. When treating diaper dermatitis ointment should be applied every time during diaper change.
Patients who suffer from allergies and individual intolerance to the active substances of the remedy are not allowed to use it.
Ointment for diaper dermatitis for children
When diaper dermatitis, the skin that is under the diaper becomes inflamed. This is due to the characteristics of the structure of the baby's skin. The most popular ointments for the treatment of diaper dermatitis in children are:
Drapolen. A drug based on the active components of cetrimide and benzalkonium chloride. It is an antiseptic for external use. It differs in antimicrobial action.
To treat diaper dermatitis in infants, you must first wash and dry the affected skin, and only then apply ointment. When the first signs of the disease appeared for the first time, the drug is used three times in 24 hours. Can be used for prevention.
Patients who suffer from allergies and intolerance to active substances of the drug, it is prohibited to use it. May cause an allergic reaction.
Desitin. A drug based on the active component of zinc oxide. Differs drying and astringent action.
If the first signs of diaper dermatitis only appeared, ointment should be applied three times in 24 hours. Before using the product, the skin is washed and dried.
Patients who suffer from allergies and intolerance to active substance agents, use it is prohibited. May cause an allergy.
Ointment for dermatitis for children up to 1 year
The skin of children up to a year is very sensitive, it is very thin and easily irritable. That is why a variety of types of dermatitis manifest in babies much more often than in older children. Treatment of children under one year should be under the supervision of the attending physician. All ointments should be used with extreme caution.
The most suitable preparation for infants is Skin-cap. It helps to remove inflammation very quickly. In addition, it can be used for a long period of time. Also in some cases, doctors recommend using Bepanten or D-Panthenol. With their help, you can minimize the number of bacteria than accelerate the healing of lesions.
Among the popular healing ointments that can be used to treat children under one year, there are Kuriozin, Methyluracil Ointment (10%), Actovegin. Radevit is used to stimulate the regeneration of damaged skin.
Consider pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of ointments for dermatitis for children on the example of the popular drug "D-Panthenol."
Used for external use, speeding up the regeneration of the skin. The preparation contains dexpanthenol, which is a derivative of pantothenic acid. It takes an active part in acetylation, helps release energy from carbohydrates, synthesize and break down fatty acids.
Thanks to pantothenic acid, the protective functions of the skin are maintained. D-Panthenol regenerates the skin, normalizes metabolism in cells, relieves inflammation, softens and moisturizes the skin.
Dexpanthenol has low molecular weight, low polarity and hydrophilicity, so active substances can easily enter any layers of the skin. Absorption occurs quickly.
Intolerance of the components of the drug.
Syphilis of the skin.
Tuberculosis of the skin.
Rosacea or acne.
Viral skin diseases.
Fungal and bacterial skin diseases.
Tumors or skin cancer.
Side effects of the ointments for dermatitis for children
Atrophy of the skin.
It is very important to store any ointments from dermatitis in a place that is completely inaccessible to young children. The air temperature should not exceed +25 degrees.
Shelf life - about two years.
More information can be found in the product manual.
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Medical expert editor
Portnov Alexey Alexandrovich
Education: Kiev National Medical University. A.A. Bogomolets, Specialty - "General Medicine"
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To simplify the perception of information, this instruction for use of the drug "Ointment for dermatitis for children" translated and presented in a special form on the basis of the official instructions for medical use of the drug. Before use read the annotation that came directly to medicines.
Description provided for informational purposes and is not a guide to self-healing. The need for this drug, the purpose of the treatment regimen, methods and dose of the drug is determined solely by the attending physician. Self-medication is dangerous for your health.
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