Causes of itching in the anus
The causes of itching in the anus are different, therefore, in their diagnosis, special attention is paid to the symptoms, its duration, the patient's age and other individual characteristics of the organism. Let's look at the common etiological factors of this symptom.
- Anorectovaginal lesions and diseases - itching caused by anal hemorrhoids, rectal fissures, warts, fistulas, genital warts.
- Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract - gastritis, ulcers, polyposis, dysbacteriosis.
- Pathology and deformities of the pelvic organs - prostatitis, cystitis, cervical erosion, urethritis.
- Dermatological diseases - pediculosis, eczema, scabies, lichen, candidiasis.
- Allergic dermatitis - itching may be caused by the action of ointments, intimate hygiene products, deodorants, linens (poorly washed with powder or synthetic).
- Infectious lesions - fungi and bacteria. Often there are also parasitic diseases (teniasis, giardiasis, opisthorchiasis, enterobiasis ).
- Weakened immune system and diseases of organ systems - renal failure, cancer pathology, diabetes, hyperthyroidism.
- Non-compliance with the rules of hygiene - itching occurs due to the frequent use of gels and soaps or from the irritating effect of feces on the skin. Pruritus may occur due to intense physical exertion, wearing tight underwear and clothing, overweight, high humidity and heat, which provoke the growth of bacteria.
- Food and bad habits - discomfort may occur due to the abuse of spicy food, alcoholic beverages, citrus and spices. Drinking coffee and drug addiction can also provoke anal itching.
- Mental diseases - psychosis, neurosis, pathology cause a lot of painful symptoms. In some cases, proctologists diagnose idiopathic pruritus, that is, pruritus, the cause of which has not been identified.
Itching around the anus can be caused by tissue inflammation or an infectious etiology. Allergies to pads, intimate hygiene products or synthetic underwear provoke an itch. A doctor is treated with this problem extremely reluctantly, and, as a rule, when the disease worsens and becomes chronic. This symptom requires diagnostics, since its cause can be a health-threatening illness or, on the contrary, symptoms of a minor problem that can be solved quickly and permanently.
High fever, diarrhea, constipation, moisture, and stool residues that remain on the skin folds around the anus are an ideal place for reproduction and attack of fungi and bacteria. That is why it is very important to take proper hygiene and eat right. Regular consumption of fiber, vitamins and probiotic microorganisms will help to regulate the work of the gastrointestinal tract. Not be superfluous and limiting the use of sweet and spicy. Stress and high blood sugar also cause itching around the anus.
Itching and burning in the anus occurs for various reasons, but such symptoms interfere with a normal life, cause discomfort and anxiety, and decrease performance. Many people living with this problem are embarrassed to talk about their disease of the anus and rectum. Very often, burning and itching are caused by rough toilet paper or shaving the hair in the anus. People with obesity appear diaper rash that provoke anal irritation. Another etiology of discomfort is worms, pinworms, and dirty laundry.
Treatment begins with the elimination of pain. During treatment, it is very important to keep the anus clean and dry, to wash regularly without using sponges, and after defecation use only wet wipes. These are the easiest ways to relieve the symptoms of burning in the anus. For therapy, the proctologist performs diagnostics and prescribes tests. And only after that he prescribes ointments, creams, suppositories and other medicines that will help to cure the problem.
Itching and redness of the anus is symptoms of contact dermatitis, which can occur due to injury and irritation of the skin around the anus in both women and men and children. The simplest treatment is to eliminate irritants. Redness and itchy irritants include intimate hygiene products, synthetic and tight underwear, unhealthy diet, dirty bed linen and towels.
- If itching and redness are caused by bacterial, that is, perianal dermatitis, then small vesicles and pustules with pus appear in patients. In the absence of proper treatment, this type of dermatitis provokes the formation of crusts, erosion and soak.
- In case of allergic dermatitis, itching and burning sensations are observed in the initial stages, and in the absence of therapy, papules appear with serous contents, upon opening of which erosion begins. All this suggests that itching and redness of the anus will not go away on their own and require medical treatment.
itching of the vagina and anus is called anogenital and is an unpleasant painful sensation that causes nervousness and the need to scratch the skin. It can be caused by an infection or a fungus. In this case, in order to get rid of unpleasant sensations, you need to contact a gynecologist or a proctologist and hand over smears. Based on the test results, the cause of the itch will be determined and an effective therapy will be prescribed, which will allow to get rid of the painful symptoms.
Itching in the vagina is very often seen in women. The main etiological factors are Menopause, that is, endocrine disorders, neurosis, leucorrhea, inflammatory diseases, urine irritation in diabetes mellitus, urogenital infections or helminths. But this symptom can be triggered by improper hygiene, irritation due to cramped underwear, intimate means and other allergens. When pruritus occurs, it is very important to seek medical help, as this will cure the discomfort at an early stage and prevent the development of diseases.
Itching and Pain in the anus can be of different intensity, but always cause discomfort and interfere with normal life. Pain arises from the fact that the rectum and anus have a lot of nerve endings. With cracks, ulcers and other pathologies, itching turns into a burning sensation, and the pain becomes burning and cutting. Discomfort is aggravated during and after stool. Because of this, many patients avoid bowel movements. Pain and itching in the anus is worse with constipation, hard stools and diarrhea. Very often, pain causes bleeding, and even purulent discharge.
Do not forget that pain and itching in the anus are symptoms that indicate the presence of a disease or infection in the body. Therefore, it is very important to seek medical help so that the proctologist can diagnose the cause of the pain and prescribe an effective treatment. If during time you do not seek medical help, the pain will become chronic and may cause serious pathologies.
Severe itching in the anus may occur due to high sugar, in this case it is necessary to pass a blood test for sugar. If the itching is caused by helminthic invasion, then the patient needs to pass a rectal scraping and feces analysis. Etiology can be in infectious diseases, fungus and lesions of the anal canal (fissures, hemorrhoids). Hard toilet paper, cramped synthetic underwear and intimate hygiene products cause allergic reactions, the main symptoms of which are severe anal itching.
At the first symptoms you need to contact the proctologist. This will get rid of the painful sensations before they become chronic. During the diagnosis, the proctologist prescribes the patient to pass feces to detect worms. Not superfluous and bacteriological analysis of feces with an unstable chair. An analysis of sugar in the blood is also obligatory, as very often itching occurs with elevated sugar and diabetes.
When pathological changes are detected, the proctologist performs sigmoidoscopy. The study eliminates prostatitis and urethritis. During treatment, special attention is paid to anus hygiene. The skin should be clean and dry, it is recommended to wipe with wet wipes. For therapy, the doctor prescribes ointments, creams, pastes, suppositories, disinfectants and antihistamines.
Itching of the anus and labia occurs when the anus and vagina are inflamed (infectious and non-infectious). Itchy sensations appear due to irritation of the skin nerve endings. With the appearance of any painful sensations and itching, it is necessary to contact a gynecologist and a proctologist. Since the unpleasant symptoms do not go away without full therapy. In some patients, itching occurs due to a decrease in immunity, which leads to an imbalance of microflora and the development of conditionally pathogenic microflora, which causes itching.
Diagnosis of etiological factors is carried out in a complex. At the first stage, the gynecologist conducts a physical examination, after which the patient takes smears and scrapes from the anus and labia, as well as general and biochemical blood tests and feces. Materials scrapings and smears are sown on bacteria and their nutrient medium, to determine sensitivity to certain antibiotics. If there is a suspicion of allergic causes, the doctor conducts a study of the hormonal status and makes allergic tests.
Based on the test results, a treatment plan is prepared. If the etiology of the pathological symptom is an infection, then the doctor selects a regimen for taking antibiotics and antifungal drugs. For non-infectious causes, more research is being conducted. Antihistamines and corticosteroids are used for treatment. Compulsory are the physiotherapeutic methods of therapy.
Itching between the anus and the vagina most often occurs due to infection. Etiology can be in thrush, that is, candidiasis or bacterial vaginosis. But sometimes, the discomfort is caused by a more serious infection. Without examination and testing it is impossible to accurately determine the cause, since most infections have similar symptoms. Therefore, when itching occurs between the anus and vagina, you should immediately seek medical attention.
On examination, the doctor takes smears on the flora and bacteriological seeding. Additionally, you can take a urine test, PCR smears for sexually transmitted diseases. Mandatory is a blood test, ultrasound examination of the small pelvis. Only after a complete diagnosis can identify the cause and prescribe complex therapy. Self-medication is dangerous and ineffective. Therefore, in order to prevent exacerbation of symptoms, it is necessary to seek medical attention.
Itching and discharge from the anus are caused by inflammatory and neoplastic lesions of the rectum. These diseases include: Anal fissures, prolapse of the rectum, fistula, tumors (benign and malignant).
- If the discharge is purulent or mucous, then the etiology may also be in infectious infection.
- Spotting from the anus is a symptom of tumors of the rectum and hemorrhoids.
All of the above diseases are accompanied not only by discharge from the anus, but also by strong anal itching. Itching is an additional symptom that may indicate allergies, infectious lesions (pinworms), anal papillomas (abnormal growth of the skin caused by the papilloma virus). Ignoring the symptoms is dangerous, so you need to seek medical help and go to the proctologist or coloproctologist. The doctor will diagnose and schedule tests, which will result in a treatment plan.
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