What does the coloproctologist do?
A coloproctologist is a specialist who owns a complex of medical knowledge in the field of coloproctology and is engaged in diagnosing and treating colon diseases using effective research methods.
What does the coloproctologist do? First of all, the detection of diseases associated with problems of defecation, pain in the rectum, symptoms indicative of disorders of the function of the large intestine. This doctor prescribes the treatment of a diagnosed disease, and also performs surgical operations related to the removal of hemorrhoids, treatment of fistula of the rectum, diverticular disease and its complications, paraproctitis (in acute and chronic forms), anal fissures, and the like.
The diagnostic methods used by the coloproctologist are directed to the detection of ulcerative colitis, intestinal dysbacteriosis, irritable bowel syndrome, epithelial coccygeal path, Crohn's disease, perianal condylomas, and polyps and colon cancer, constipation and a number of other ailments.
A coloproctologist before the appointment of treatment makes a special plan for examining the patient, taking into account the age of the patient, the nature of the pathological process, the presence of concomitant diseases and choosing the most rational methods of diagnosing the disease in the shortest possible time. Based on the results of the information received, the doctor gives recommendations on both conservative and surgical treatment, carries out the necessary preoperative preparation of the patient, performs surgical operations or takes part in them directly, and then monitors the condition of his patient in the postoperative period (post-surgical rehabilitation).
In the competence of the coloproctologist - the decision of organizational questions on rendering of the effective help to coloproctological patients, step-by-step realization of corresponding actions; providing consultative support in the units of the medical institution, as well as carrying out activities aimed at the timely detection of diseases of the coloproctological type and their prevention. The coloproctologist also participates in the organization and conduct of scientific and practical conferences, lectures and medical seminars devoted to the current problems of modern coloproctology.
What diseases does the coloproctology treat?
The coloproctologist uses in his practice modern diagnostic techniques for rapid detection of the disease and the appointment of appropriate treatment for its elimination. The whole complex of diagnostics (laboratory and instrumental) required in a particular case is usually carried out within 1-2 days.
Due to the selection by the experienced specialist of the least painful and at the same time the most effective methods, the duration of the patient's treatment in the hospital is usually not more than 3 days. After the treatment, rehabilitation measures are carried out and the patient's health is subsequently monitored. We can say that the coloproctology supervises the patient at all stages of treatment.
What diseases does the coloproctology treat? This is almost all diseases associated with abnormalities in the operation of the colon, as well as problems of defecation, dysfunction of the anus and rectum. Among the most common diseases of this type are the following:
- anal itching and anal fissures;
- dysbiosis, hemorrhoids;
- irritable bowel syndrome;
- insufficiency of the anal sphincter;
- cholelithiasis and colitis (ischemic, ulcerative);
- acute paraproctitis;
- diffuse polyposis, polyps of the colon and rectum;
- pararectal cysts, fistulas;
- stricture of the anus;
- cryptite and papillitis;
- inflammation of the epithelial coccygeal path;
- diverticular disease;
- peaked perianal condylomas;
- Crohn's disease;
- benign and malignant tumors of the large intestine.
This is an incomplete list of pathological conditions and diseases, the treatment of which is directed by the actions of the coloproctologist. In any case, at the first symptoms of detection of any disease, it is necessary to contact the experienced specialist as soon as possible to avoid negative complications.