What does the proctologist do?
What does the proctologist do and what is the area of his specialization? The doctor-proctologist is engaged in measures of preventive maintenance, diagnostics and treatment of illnesses of a thick and a rectum. Among the common diseases in this area are hemorrhoids, proctitis, paraproctitis, anal anus, anal fissures, fistulas, polyps, ulcers, prolapse of rectum, incontinence.
Most of these diseases begin with a defecation disorder - there is diarrhea or constipation, there are secretions from the anus (purulent, bloody), emptying painful, in sitting position also disturb the pain in the lower abdomen. Because of the intimacy of the problems, the patients delay the visit to the doctor, and as a result, the illnesses acquire a rather severe form.
In order not to embarrass the patient, the doctor can take a patient's appointment at home, this situation will not embarrass the patient, and the doctor will be able to collect anamnesis, carry out a check-up and put forward a diagnosis version, and if necessary, specify additional diagnoses for the initial diagnosis. Plus, some of the instrumental methods of research can be carried out even at home - modern technology allows the use of portable equipment in any conditions.
What diseases does the proctologist treat?
What diseases does the proctologist treat? The proctologist (coloproctologist) specializes in the diagnosis, prevention of pathologies of the rectum, colon and anus. Previously, the proctologist's specialization included diseases of the rectum alone, and the coloproctologist deals with pathologies of the two parts of the large intestine (direct and colon).
In 1997, the "proctology" branch of medicine was officially renamed "coloproctology", therefore, in fact, proctology and coloproctology are one area. Separate the two sections of the proctology - surgical and therapeutic.
Surgical proctology specializes in urgent conditions of the rectum - bleeding from a torn hemorrhoidal node, etc.
Therapeutic proctology specializes in the treatment of intestinal intoxications, parasitic infections, colitis.
Diseases, prevention, diagnosis and treatment of which the proctologist is engaged:
- foreign bodies;
- anal fissures;
- prolapse of the intestine;
- helminthic invasions;
- epithelial coccygeal passage;
- polyps of the rectum;
- diverticula of the large intestine;
- anaecopic pain syndrome.