Antipyretics are available in a variety of forms of release. The most common among adults are various powders for the preparation of suspensions, as well as tablets. In some cases, if the general condition is severe, injections can be used.
For the treatment of children most commonly used: syrup, suppositories, tablets.
Antipyretic drugs in injections
Of course, the most famous forms of antipyretic agents are powders and tablets. But there are cases when such drugs can not cope with a huge number of a wide variety of bacteria. Then the injection method of drug administration comes to the rescue.
Let's look at some of them.
Trojchatka. Injection of this drug helps not only cope with fever, but also significantly improve the patient's condition. As the name implies, there are three special components in this injection. All of them effectively perform their work, strengthening each other's actions.
Typically, such an injection consists of analgin, papaverine and no-shpy (diphenhydramine). Usually an injection is made into the muscle. The trojatka can consist of other active components, depending on how the disease proceeds and how the person feels. So, for example, dimedrol can be changed for suprastin, and analgin - for any other anesthetic drug.
Remember that Troychatka is used only with cases of severe illness. It helps to reduce heat, reduce allergies, and relieve pain.
Before applying the triad, all ampoules need to be heated a little in the hands, dial into the syringe analgin, papaverine and at the very end of diphenhydramine. The drug should be administered slowly.
Analgin. Analgin in the form of injection is used quite rarely, since most people prefer all the same its tablet form. Analgin is injected into the muscle slowly enough. This drug helps quickly get rid of the heat.
The maximum daily dose of analgin in the form of injection does not exceed 2 g of the drug. In this case, such shots are prohibited in some cases: if the patient does not tolerate this component, during pregnancy and during lactation, with poor blood formation.
Names of antipyretic drugs
Today in pharmacies you can find a huge number of a variety of antipyretic drugs that can be used for various diseases. The most popular among them are the following:
Paracetamol is used by mankind to lower temperatures for more than a hundred years. It is one of the most famous and safe non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. This substance has a low anti-inflammatory activity, since it almost does not function at COX. It is due to this fact that paracetamol has almost no side effects, does not irritate the stomach and does not violate the water-mineral metabolism.
In this case, on COX, produced in the brain, paracetamol acts quite strongly. Therefore, the drug is antipyretic, analgesic. It is quickly absorbed from the stomach, so it begins to act only half an hour after ingestion.
It should be noted that paracetamol is used to reduce temperature mainly in viral infections. If you notice that the body temperature does not subside after taking this remedy, you should immediately seek help from the local therapist.
Paracetamol today can be found in many tablets and powders for the preparation of a suspension. The most popular means with this active component are:
- Tylenol (including the children's form).
Classification of antipyretic drugs
All antipyretics can be divided into two large groups:
- Analgesics-antipyretics - differ anesthetizing and antipyretic effect. Such drugs can be used only if the body temperature has risen to 39 degrees, and also if other drugs do not give a positive result. Analgesics-antipyretics in many countries of the world are currently prohibited, because they can cause agranulocytosis. The most common drugs in this group are: Baralgin, Analgin Ultra, Propifenazole, Paracetamol, Sedalgin.
- Anti-inflammatory non-steroid drugs - these drugs inhibit cyclooxygenase, which takes part in the production of bradykinins, prostaglandins. Such agents also help to reduce the sensitivity to the action of the above substances. The most famous drugs in this group are: Ibuprofen, Acetylsalicylic acid, Meloxicam, Nimesulide. Doctors recommend taking these drugs with caution in case of bronchial asthma and stomach diseases.
Antiviral antipyretic drugs
Doctors recommend taking with viral diseases to relieve the heat Paracetamol and other medications with this active ingredient. Here it is worthwhile to pay attention to the fact that you need to use these funds only with a significant increase in temperature. It is not recommended to take the tablets as described in the instructions (four times a day) if the temperature remains normal.
Aspirin for the treatment of viral infections is contraindicated, especially when decreasing temperature in children. This can lead to severe disruption of the central nervous system, liver, kidneys. Aspirin is also prohibited in cases of stomach disease.
Antipyretic anti-inflammatory drugs
The composition of antipyretic anti-inflammatory drugs usually includes the following active components: diclofenac-sodium, acetylsalicylic acid, metamizole, paracetamol, phenylbutazone, indomecin, ibuprofen, piroxicam, naproxen.
The main advantages of this group of medicines is the fact that they do not affect the heat production in the human body in any way. They expand the capillaries in the skin, which increases sweating and sharply increase the heat transfer.
All these funds can be conditionally divided into several separate groups:
- Medicines with analgesic effect, but poorly expressed anti-inflammatory effect. This includes: Analgin, Paracetamol, Baralgin, and phenacetin.
- Medications with a moderate anti-inflammatory effect: Brufen, Acetylsalicylic acid, Surgam.
- Drugs with a pronounced anti-inflammatory effect: Piroxicam, Indomethacin.
Antipyretics and pain medication
The most common drugs that not only reduce body temperature with various infectious diseases, but also reduce pain, are the following.
Amidopyrine. Drug based on the active component of amidopyrine. Has analgesic, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory effect.
Drink these tablets are recommended three to four times in 24 hours in a dosage of not more than 0.3 g of the drug at a time. For children, the dose should be reduced to 0.15 g per dose. Taking this medication can cause the development of allergies, oppression of hematopoiesis.
Panadol. Drug based on the active ingredient paracetamol. It differs with antipyretic and analgesic effect.
The recommended single dose for adult patients is two Panadol tablets. You can drink up to four times in 24 hours. Please note that you can drink only four doses per day. For children, a single dose is one to two tablets. A suspension or syrup can be used to treat infants.
Taking Panadol can cause skin rashes, allergies, pain in the abdomen.
Eferalgan. The drug is based on paracetamol. Produced in the form of a solution and effervescent tablets. It differs in analgesic and antipyretic action.
When using effervescent tablets, one of them must be dissolved in one glass of water. Reception is possible up to three times in 24 hours. A solution can be used for small children.
If a patient has been diagnosed with acute or chronic liver and kidney pathologies, it is prohibited to take tablets. Reception can cause various allergic reactions.
Antipyretic drugs for children
First of all, when choosing medicines for children that reduce body temperature, it is necessary to pay attention to their form of release. Here everything depends on the child's age. For young patients, the most suitable drugs are in the form of:
- Syrup or liquid medicine - start to act quickly enough, a convenient way of taking.
- Suppositories - are sufficiently effective and begin to act quickly (from forty minutes after administration). This form is suitable in the event that the child has vomiting, and he can not drink a pill or syrup.
- Chewable tablets - it should be noted that they are not suitable for everyone, since they often cause allergies.
Remember that any febrifuge can be given only after consultation of the pediatrician. It is also necessary to select the correct dosage according to the instructions. Repeated use of such medications can only be four hours after the previous intake.
In modern pediatrics, the following antipyretic drugs are used:
- Ibuprofen (Nurofen, Ibufen).
- Paracetamol (Panadol, Tylenol, Eferalgan).
- Viburkol (homeopathic preparation).