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Health

Aerosols from sore throats

Angina can be treated not only with the help of antibiotics, but also using topical preparations: such as sprays. Aerosol from angina has anti-inflammatory properties, and also helps to relieve pain in the throat.

Indications of the aerosols from sore throats

Aerosols from sore throats are used for such types of diseases: purulent, lacunar, catarrhal, fungal, Plauta-Vincana angina, follicular, and also with the disease of lateral ridges.

Release form

With severe pain in the throat, as well as painful sensations when swallowing, you should use aerosols that have an anesthetic effect - such as Tantum Verde or Cameton. In the case of dryness in the sore throat in the larynx, Bioparox, Ingalipt or Stopangin are used. If a patient has fungal angina, Miramistin is prescribed.

Aerosol from sore throat for children

The most popular aerosols from sore throats for children are the following medicines: Ingalipt, Geksoral, Cameton, Hexaspree, and also Tantum Verde, Miramistin and Stopangin. The instructions of these drugs prescribe a ban on the use of these sprays for children under 3 years old. By the way, Hexaspray is allowed only from the age of 6.

If the sore throat is accompanied by severe pain in the throat, which does not allow the swallowing process to be carried out normally, then combined preparations should be used that give an anesthetic and disinfecting effect - it is Stopangin or Geksoral.

Aerosol from sore throat with antibiotic

Aerosols from an angina with an antibiotic are used in case of purulent or prolonged, severe angina. One such medication is Bioparox. Such sprays help to quickly eliminate the symptoms of the disease, and also prevent the development of possible complications. It should be borne in mind that this type of medication is rarely prescribed to children, and that during the treatment it is necessary to undergo a full course, without stopping the intake immediately after the acute manifestations of angina disappear.

Pharmacodynamics

The properties of aerosols from sore throats are considered on the example of Bioparox

Bioparox is an antibiotic with anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties.

Chemical and biological experiments have shown that the drug acts on streptococci: Streptococcus spp. Group A, as well as Streptococcus pneumoniae and Staphylococcus spp. In addition, it acts on several strains of Neisseria spp., Anaerobes, Candida fungi, and Mycoplasma spp. The active substance of the drug, fusafungin, exhibits a similar effect on the human body.

Fusafungin lowers the saturation of tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha), and also prevents the release of free radicals by mononuclear phagocytes (while retaining the process of phagocytosis). This allows the active substance to exert an anti-inflammatory effect on the patient's body.

Pharmacokinetics

After inhalation, the active substance of the spray (fusafungin) usually gets on the mucous membrane of the nasal and oral cavity, and also the pharynx. In the blood plasma fusafungin is almost not absorbed (the concentration is extremely low and is a maximum of 1 ng / ml), so the drug is safe to use.

Use of the aerosols from sore throats during pregnancy

Aerosols from quinsy for pregnant women should meet certain requirements, among them: anti-inflammatory, disinfecting, and hypoallergenic properties. In addition, the spray should have an emollient effect, without irritating the mucous membrane.

One of the most popular drugs is "Aquamaris", which is a hypertonic solution of sea water. This spray has no contraindications, so it is allowed to use it at any gestation period - it will not have a negative effect on the well-being of the future mother or her baby.

Also, during pregnancy, it is allowed to use Bioparox, especially if the patient is on the first trimester.

Also pregnant can be used with angina "Stopangin". But here there are restrictions - this spray is not allowed to be used by pregnant women with a period of less than 14 weeks. In other cases, it is well tolerated and does not cause any complications.

Contraindications

Aerosols from sore throats can not be used in such cases:

  • When allergic to the components of the spray;
  • Children who have not reached a certain age (for the drug Hexoral, for example, such is the age of up to 3 years);
  • There are some drugs that can not be used for diabetes or anemia;
  • In diseases of the lungs or skin infections;
  • With heart disease.

Side effects of the aerosols from sore throats

Among the side effects of the spray is Jox: usually it is well tolerated, but sometimes there may be an allergic reaction (such as hyperemia, itching, or urticaria), burning on the site of application, and also dryness of the mucous membranes. In case of occurrence of similar reactions it is necessary to stop taking the medicine. With prolonged use, the spray can cause iodism, in which the patient has increased salivation, the taste of metal in the mouth is felt, and there is also a laryngeal edema and eyelid.

A side effect of taking Bioparox may be an allergy, but in rare cases. Usually, such reactions occur in patients who are predisposed to allergies.

Common manifestations in these cases are such disorders as unpleasant aftertaste, sneezing, redness of the eye mucous; may appear dry mucosal airways, throat irritation, nausea and cough. In some cases, vomiting occurs, extremely rarely - anaphylaxis. There may be problems with respiratory organs - occasionally attacks of simple or bronchial asthma, laryngospasm, dyspnea sensation, angioedema (also of the larynx). On the skin, there is sometimes a rash or hives, as well as itching.

Dosing and administration

Before using the aerosol, it is necessary to rinse the throat (simple water) - this will remove excess mucus and pus, so that the medicine more effectively affects the inflamed areas. Before the procedure should be 1-2 times to press the spray can - so the medicine will fall on the nozzle. After that, you should enter it into the mouth and press, turn in turn to the right and left. It is necessary to hold your breath before pressing - so that the spray does not get into the respiratory tract. Then it should be during 2-5 minutes to try to swallow less saliva, and within 30-40 minutes after the procedure do not drink anything and do not eat.

Aerosol from the yohs sore throat is used 2-4 rub. / Day. If there is an urgent need, you can apply it every 4 hours.

Bioparox for adults is prescribed in the amount of 4 inhalations four times a day. For children over 3 years of age, doses of 2-4 inhalations are prescribed four times a day. The treatment course usually lasts a maximum of a week. Upon completion, you should always consult your doctor to find out how effective the treatment was.

Geksoral for adults and children over 3 years: a one-time dose should be administered 1-2 seconds twice a day (it is best to perform this procedure in the mornings and evenings). The duration of the treatment course is individual, it is determined by the attending physician.

Overdose

Overdosage with a spray of Yoks can be observed if the medicine is swallowed - in this case there may be manifestations of acute intoxication with iodine. In this case, there is nausea, vomiting, a taste of metal, diarrhea and pain in the abdomen. During 3 days from the moment of ingestion of the drug, laryngeal edema is observed, which can develop even to asphyxia, and in addition anuria, pulmonary edema or aspiration pneumonia. Sometimes there is a violation of the systemic blood flow.

When taking Bioparox, an overdose of fuzaphungin may occur. In this case, there are signs: a feeling of numbness in the mouth, dizziness, circulatory disorders, increased painful sensations in the throat, as well as burning in it.

Hexorol-hexaethidine, if swallowed by a large amount of the drug, can cause vomiting, so there is no significant absorption into the circulatory system.

Interactions with other drugs

Sprays from sore throat can not be used together with other local disinfectants.

Storage conditions

Aerosols from sore throats should be stored in a place that is closed from the sun. The air temperature should not exceed 25 degrees.

Shelf life

Aerosol from angina can be used for 2-5 years from the date of manufacture.

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Medical expert editor

Portnov Alexey Alexandrovich

Education: Kiev National Medical University. A.A. Bogomolets, Specialty - "General Medicine"

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To simplify the perception of information, this instruction for use of the drug "Aerosols from sore throats" translated and presented in a special form on the basis of the official instructions for medical use of the drug. Before use read the annotation that came directly to medicines.

Description provided for informational purposes and is not a guide to self-healing. The need for this drug, the purpose of the treatment regimen, methods and dose of the drug is determined solely by the attending physician. Self-medication is dangerous for your health.

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