Why are modern aerosols from burns better than alternative means?
Aerosol from burns with sea-buckthorn or propolis contains in addition plant components that increase the effectiveness of the drug. In the treatment of burns, even ordinary natural sea-buckthorn oil is used undiluted. It is recognized as the best natural remedy for burns. Sea-buckthorn oil is absolutely harmless and has no contraindications to use (except for individual intolerance and allergies). The components contained in the oil stimulate the healing of the skin and have a disinfecting effect. The disadvantage of this tool is a relatively liquid consistency and a certain "danger" for clothes: oil leaves traces that are difficult to wash. Another important disadvantage is the lack of sterility. Skin is the main natural barrier to getting into the body of viruses and bacteria. The contact with the affected skin of conditionally pathogenic bacteria, which on healthy skin does not pose a danger, is threatened with complications on the burn. Ancestors used natural remedies for burns only because they did not have effective and safe modern preparations.
Aerosols are much more convenient, but the properties of the components do not always allow the release of the drug in this form. In sprays, the active substance is stored in a cylinder under pressure and dosed by a valve. The active compound in the can is mixed with chladone. Chlado, evaporating, ensures distribution of the drug under pressure.
What are the types of aerosols from burns?
Pharmacological industry produces a large number of anti-burn aerosols with different compositions. Among all the variety of names of anti-burn sprays it's easy to get lost.
By types of dispersity, aerosols from burns are divided into solutions, suspensions, film-forming and foam preparations.
The effectiveness of aerosol from burns predetermines the drug substance and the degree of its solubility. Both excellent and poor solubility have their advantages. For example, levomycetin is poorly soluble, so it is used in the form of a suspension or as a component of a multicomponent agent. The gradual absorption and low solubility of levomycetin maintains the level of concentration on the damaged skin for a long time.
The basis of aerosols plays a decisive role: it is not only a filler, it affects the affected skin and the microflora of the wound. Basics in aerosols from burns differ in their effect and composition. They are fat-soluble, water-soluble, contain one or many components.
Relatively simple composition in aerosol-suspensions. Their constituents form a microbalance and are not very popular for the treatment of burns and wounds. The mixture released from the balloon with the film-forming aerosol is able to isolate the surface of the burn: the volatile components evaporate, leaving polymers with the active substance on the skin.
The basis of suspensions and film-forming aerosols from burns has a significant disadvantage: insignificant hydrophilicity. This makes it difficult to transport the medicine into tissues. Foam aerosols are the most promising form of drugs, but they have the most complex formulation, since they contain a complex of ingredients with different lipid and water solubility properties. The most popular formulations are "oil in water", the components of which ensure the hydrophilicity of the spray. We are talking about high molecular weight alcohols; solvents of organic origin, surfactants, etc.
Method of application of aerosols from burns
Shake well before use. Aerosol is sprayed, holding vertically, from a distance of 10-15 cm. As a result, all affected skin should be completely covered with the drug. Contraindication to the use of aerosols from burns is an increased individual sensitivity to the components. Interactions with other drugs have not been identified. Use of aerosols from burns during pregnancy and lactation is possible according to the doctor's indications. To the use of drugs, especially for a long time, should be treated carefully: the side effects of aerosols from burns can be very noticeable (diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, convulsions, headache, sloshing the skin surface, etc.).
The shelf life depends on the composition of the medicinal product, usually the aerosols are stored for up to 2 years, subject to storage conditions. The balloon should be protected from direct sunlight, shock, and heating above 45 ° C. Store at temperatures from +15 to +25 ° C.