^

Health

Aerosols from burns

, medical expert
Last reviewed: 25.06.2018
Fact-checked
х

All iLive content is medically reviewed or fact checked to ensure as much factual accuracy as possible.

We have strict sourcing guidelines and only link to reputable media sites, academic research institutions and, whenever possible, medically peer reviewed studies. Note that the numbers in parentheses ([1], [2], etc.) are clickable links to these studies.

If you feel that any of our content is inaccurate, out-of-date, or otherwise questionable, please select it and press Ctrl + Enter.

Burned once or twice, you can involuntarily think: maybe it's time to pick up the aerosol in the home medicine chest. Why aerosol? It is easy to dose and apply to the affected skin, without causing additional suffering. Aerosol creates a barrier to infection, without interfering with the heat exchange of the skin with the external environment. Modern aerosols from burns accelerate the recovery of the skin, relieve pain, contain antioxidants and antiseptics.

trusted-source[1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6]

Indications for use of aerosols from burns

Treatment in domestic conditions is allowed with minor burns and a small area of injury - less than the palm of your hand. Aerosol displays for use with:

  • wounds, trophic ulcers, cracked skin;
  • thermal and chemical burns;
  • sunburn;
  • some types of dermatitis.

It should be remembered that frequent use of aerosols from burns is addictive and lowers effectiveness. Some of them cause even a violation of the hormonal background. In the treatment of fungal or infectious wounds, aerosols are ineffective, and drugs with dexpanthenol are contraindicated for the treatment of wounds.

The healing process can be divided into three phases:

  • phase inflammation, characterized by the dying of burned skin and cleaning from the products of its decay;
  • recovery phase - growth of connective tissue in the damaged area;
  • epithelization - the formation of scar tissue and the completion of healing.

Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of panthenol

The pharmaceutical industry offers many anti-burning agents. But it was aerosol from burns that the panthenol took a deserved place in many home medicine kits. What is this tool?

With local use, it is immediately absorbed and instantly penetrates into the damaged skin, activates the recovery processes. It is converted to pantothenic acid, which is indispensable for the synthesis of coenzyme A. Pantothenic acid does not lend itself to biotransformation and is excreted with feces or urine. Coenzyme A accelerates acylation, takes part in all metabolic processes.

Panthenol should not be used for excessively suppurating wounds and burns. It is designed for use in the recovery phase. Since the drug is intended solely for external use, an overdose is unlikely.

Household burns happen unexpectedly and at the most inopportune moment. A rapid reaction in this situation is the key to a quick recovery. Remember that aerosol from burns can render in this case an invaluable service and take care of yourself.

Why are modern aerosols from burns better than alternative means?

Aerosol from burns with sea-buckthorn or propolis contains in addition plant components that increase the effectiveness of the drug. In the treatment of burns, even ordinary natural sea-buckthorn oil is used undiluted. It is recognized as the best natural remedy for burns. Sea-buckthorn oil is absolutely harmless and has no contraindications to use (except for individual intolerance and allergies). The components contained in the oil stimulate the healing of the skin and have a disinfecting effect. The disadvantage of this tool is a relatively liquid consistency and a certain "danger" for clothes: oil leaves traces that are difficult to wash. Another important disadvantage is the lack of sterility. Skin is the main natural barrier to getting into the body of viruses and bacteria. The contact with the affected skin of conditionally pathogenic bacteria, which on healthy skin does not pose a danger, is threatened with complications on the burn. Ancestors used natural remedies for burns only because they did not have effective and safe modern preparations.

Aerosols are much more convenient, but the properties of the components do not always allow the release of the drug in this form. In sprays, the active substance is stored in a cylinder under pressure and dosed by a valve. The active compound in the can is mixed with chladone. Chlado, evaporating, ensures distribution of the drug under pressure.

What are the types of aerosols from burns?

Pharmacological industry produces a large number of anti-burn aerosols with different compositions. Among all the variety of names of anti-burn sprays it's easy to get lost.

By types of dispersity, aerosols from burns are divided into solutions, suspensions, film-forming and foam preparations.

The effectiveness of aerosol from burns predetermines the drug substance and the degree of its solubility. Both excellent and poor solubility have their advantages. For example, levomycetin is poorly soluble, so it is used in the form of a suspension or as a component of a multicomponent agent. The gradual absorption and low solubility of levomycetin maintains the level of concentration on the damaged skin for a long time.

The basis of aerosols plays a decisive role: it is not only a filler, it affects the affected skin and the microflora of the wound. Basics in aerosols from burns differ in their effect and composition. They are fat-soluble, water-soluble, contain one or many components.

Relatively simple composition in aerosol-suspensions. Their constituents form a microbalance and are not very popular for the treatment of burns and wounds. The mixture released from the balloon with the film-forming aerosol is able to isolate the surface of the burn: the volatile components evaporate, leaving polymers with the active substance on the skin.

The basis of suspensions and film-forming aerosols from burns has a significant disadvantage: insignificant hydrophilicity. This makes it difficult to transport the medicine into tissues. Foam aerosols are the most promising form of drugs, but they have the most complex formulation, since they contain a complex of ingredients with different lipid and water solubility properties. The most popular formulations are "oil in water", the components of which ensure the hydrophilicity of the spray. We are talking about high molecular weight alcohols; solvents of organic origin, surfactants, etc.

Method of application of aerosols from burns

Shake well before use. Aerosol is sprayed, holding vertically, from a distance of 10-15 cm. As a result, all affected skin should be completely covered with the drug. Contraindication to the use of aerosols from burns is an increased individual sensitivity to the components. Interactions with other drugs have not been identified. Use of aerosols from burns during pregnancy and lactation is possible according to the doctor's indications. To the use of drugs, especially for a long time, should be treated carefully: the side effects of aerosols from burns can be very noticeable (diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, convulsions, headache, sloshing the skin surface, etc.).

The shelf life depends on the composition of the medicinal product, usually the aerosols are stored for up to 2 years, subject to storage conditions. The balloon should be protected from direct sunlight, shock, and heating above 45 ° C. Store at temperatures from +15 to +25 ° C.

It is important to know!

How often, due to negligence or due to lack of competence in a particular matter, good motives are treated with additional problems. It is especially unpleasant if it concerns our health, which we shook ourselves

Read more..

!
Found an error? Select it and press Ctrl + Enter.

Attention!

To simplify the perception of information, this instruction for use of the drug "Aerosols from burns" translated and presented in a special form on the basis of the official instructions for medical use of the drug. Before use read the annotation that came directly to medicines.

Description provided for informational purposes and is not a guide to self-healing. The need for this drug, the purpose of the treatment regimen, methods and dose of the drug is determined solely by the attending physician. Self-medication is dangerous for your health.

You are reporting a typo in the following text:
Simply click the "Send typo report" button to complete the report. You can also include a comment.