Medicines are indicated for partial seizures with simple or complex symptoms, psychomotor seizures, convulsive seizures in sleep, diffuse seizures, and mixed types of epilepsy. Also prescribed for such forms of epilepsy - akinetic, JME, submaximal, IGE.
Names of tablets from epilepsy
The most popular drugs for epilepsy are such tablets: carbamazepine, valproate, pyrimidone, clonazepam, phenobarbital, benzodiazepines, pheniton.
Finlepsin is an antiepileptic agent based on carbamazepine, which contributes to the normalization of mood, has an anti-manic effect. It is used as a basic medicine or in combination with other medications, because it can raise the anticonvulsant threshold, thereby simplifying socialization for people who suffer from epilepsy.
Carbamazepine is a derivative of dibenzoazepine. The medicine has antidiuretic, antiepileptic, neuro- and psychotropic effect. It promotes the normalization of the state of membranes of irritated neurons, suppresses serial neuronal discharges and lowers the strength of neurotransmissions of nerve impulses.
Seizar (Phenytoin, Lamotrigine)
Seizar is an anticonvulsant. Affects the Na + channels of the presynaptic membrane, reducing the force of excretion of mediators through the synaptic cleft. Primarily, this suppression of excessive isolation of glutamate - an amino acid that exerts an exciting effect. It is one of the main irritants that create epileptic discharges in the brain.
Phenobarbital has anticonvulsant, hypnotic, sedative and antispasmodic effect. It is used in combination therapy of epilepsy, combining with other medications. Basically, such combinations are selected for each patient individually, based on what is the general condition of the person, and also from the course and form of the disease. There are also ready-made combination medicines based on phenobarbital - this is paglueferal or gluferal, etc.
Clonazepam has a calming, anti-epileptic, anticonvulsant effect on the body. Since this drug anticonvulsant effect is more pronounced than other drugs in this group, it is used in the treatment of convulsive diseases. The use of clonazepam reduces the strength and frequency of epileptic seizures.
Ethosuximide is an anticonvulsant that suppresses neurotransmission into motor regions of the cerebral cortex, thereby increasing the resistance threshold for the occurrence of epileptic seizures.
Valproate sodium is used both for self-treatment and in conjunction with other antiepileptic medicines. The drug itself is effective only for small forms of the disease, but for treatment of more severe types of epilepsy, combined treatment is necessary. In such cases, such drugs as lamotrigine or phenytoin are used as additional agents.
Vigabatrin suppresses exciting impulses in the central nervous system by normalizing the activity of GABA, which is the blocker of spontaneous neuronal discharges.