Bedsores appear in many patients and are considered a rather serious consequence of many diseases, which are accompanied by prolonged immobilization of a person. As a rule, in 70% of cases they occur in elderly patients.
Special ointment from decubitus helps improve the blood supply of tissues, heal the surface of the skin, wash the necrotic masses from the wounds.
Indications of the ointments from bedsores
As a rule, it is recommended to use ointments for the treatment of pressure ulcers of all stages. At first, various drugs help to slow down the development of the infectious process in the wound, improve blood circulation in the wound. If the patient has already started the second stage of decubitus, then it is worth paying attention to the funds intended for drying the wounds. For the third and fourth stage, ointments are selected for cleaning ulcers and getting rid of pus.
Among the most popular means for treating decubitus, ointments take a special place, because they have a lot of advantages:
They accelerate the healing process of wounds.
Have a relatively low cost.
Improve trophic tissue.
Help to eliminate pain and other unpleasant sensations.
I render bactericidal action, eliminating pathogenic bacteria.
Names of ointments from bed sores for bedridden patients
Solcoseryl. A remedy that is intended to improve the trophism of tissues and their regeneration. Active deactive substance is deproteinized dialysate, which is obtained from the blood of young healthy calves.
Apply the drug only on the area of the skin that has been damaged. It is necessary to clean the wounds before using the drug. Apply on a cover evenly a small layer twice a day (can be three times as recommended by a specialist). Therapy lasts until the healing of pressure sores.
If you are predisposed to develop allergic reactions and do not tolerate the components of the remedy, you can not apply it. Undesirable for pregnant women. Rarely, but there is a manifestation of side effects in the form of marginal dermatitis or urticaria.
Algophine. Ointment is based only on natural components: salt of fatty acids, chlorophyll derivatives, film-forming agents and carotenoids. Ointment has a strong anti-inflammatory effect, and also stimulates the regeneration of tissues.
To smear only the skin with wounds, without affecting the healthy surface, if necessary, it is possible to use a tampon or bandage.
Some patients experience a burning sensation in the application area during the Algofin therapy. There are no contraindications for use, ointment is recommended even for pregnant women.
Methyluracil. Active active ingredient of the preparation is dioxomethyltetrahydropyrimidine, due to which the nucleic acids are reduced. Ointment promotes rapid regeneration of damaged tissue.
Dosage in treatment is established by the doctor in accordance with the individual symptoms of each patient. If you have a predisposition to develop allergic reactions and individual intolerance of substances that make up the basis of the drug, its use is contraindicated. Some patients complain of the manifestation of an allergy to methyluracil as a side effect.
Mephenate. The preparation is based on the following active ingredients, which are used in the treatment of pressure sores, are mefenamine sodium salt and vinylin.
Ointment is used only on the skin where there are bedsores with a special spatula usually once a day (but can be applied up to three times in 24 hours). Duration of therapy is approximately fifteen days. If treatment needs to be continued, further therapy is performed under the supervision of a physician. You can apply the product under the bandage.
The only contraindication: individual intolerance. Some patients may show: irritation, allergy, swelling, slight numbness.
Alantan Plus. The drug is based on two active substances: allantoin and dexpanthenol. Due to this composition, the ointment has a healing effect, cleans wounds from unnecessary keratin deposition, stimulates regeneration.
Apply recommended from one to several times a day. Dosage is prescribed by a doctor. Therapy continues until the symptoms disappear and the wound heals completely.
The drug is not recommended for use in patients who suffer from frequent allergies, especially to dexpanthenol and allantoin. Sometimes in the process of therapy, this remedy may occur: allergies, hypersensitivity of the skin.
Ointment for decubitus with silver
Ointments, which contain silver, are usually used to treat bedsores of the first stage. The most popular among them are the following drugs.
Dermazin. A remedy that has an antibacterial effect. The active substance, which is part of the drug, is silver sulfadiazine.
You can apply the ointment under the bandage or without it with a thin layer twice a day until complete healing. When using a dressing, you should change it daily (several times).
The drug should not be applied to patients with intolerance to its basic substances, up to one year, during childbirth. Sometimes, the use of the product appears: itching, burning, allergies.
Sulfargin. Has antibacterial action. The active ingredient is silver sulfadiazine. Has bactericidal action against many gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria (Klebsiella spp., Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus spp., Proteus spp., Etc.).
Be sure to remove pus and necrotic masses before using this medication. Use once or twice a day under a bandage or without a bandage. Lubricate affected areas with a small layer. The duration of treatment is determined by the doctor. Usually - not less than 3 weeks.
The drug can lead to unpleasant consequences if used for the treatment of pregnant women, young children (up to a year), patients with intolerance to the components. Sometimes, side effects rarely develop: digestion disorders with the development of diarrhea or constipation, nausea and vomiting, leukopenia, pain, burning of the skin, allergies.
The drug is based on the active substance antibiotic sulfatiazole. Due to this, growth of pathogenic organisms and their reproduction are inhibited. Additionally, the ointment also includes silver ions that help strengthen the basic characteristics of sulfatiazole.
The drug is analgesic. You can use a bandage if necessary. Apply several times a day with a small layer of pressure sores. Treatment continues until all wounds disappear.
Restriction for the use of the ointment is the intolerance of its main ingredient. You can not treat her small and premature babies. Side effects of the drug: unpleasant sensations on the skin (burning, itching), allergies.
The drug is antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, regenerative. The drug is based on the active ingredient - diethylbenzimidazolium triiodide.
When applying the ointment, make sure that the layer covers the bedsores completely. Duration of therapy and dosage are individual and depend on the stage of the wound process. Can be used under the bandage.
The drug is contraindicated in: thyrotoxicosis, acute liver failure, for the treatment of pregnant women and young children (under one year of age). Some patients who used the remedy noted that they developed an allergy, the skin often itched and burned.
Ointment with zinc
Dermatoprotective agent, which contains an active component - zinc oxide. Has a fairly pronounced anti-inflammatory effect.
For treatment, the ointment is applied in a thin layer to the bedsore beds from one to two times for 24 hours. The doctor may increase the dose, if necessary. The therapy lasts until the wounds completely heal.
The remedy can be used by almost everyone if you do not have an allergy to zinc. Sometimes patients note that the use of ointment leads to the appearance of unpleasant symptoms: skin swelling, itching of the skin and other allergic reactions.
Active active ingredients of this remedy are: xerogene, birch tar, castor oil. Ointment is actively used to treat wounds, ulcers, juvenile acne, furunculosis, psoriasis, bedsores in bedridden patients.
In the treatment of decubitus ointment should be applied a thin layer only to the affected areas of the skin. In this case, the wounds must first be disinfected. Therapy is individual, so the dose and duration are usually prescribed by the doctor.
The drug is contraindicated for use with intolerance of at least one of its main components. Among the main side effects are: allergic reactions (itching, flushing of the skin, burning, irritation).
Active active ingredient of the drug is sulfur. It has an antiparasitic and antimicrobial effect. Actively used for the treatment of acne, as well as for the therapy and prevention of bedsores in bedridden patients.
The drug can be used from the age of three. Apply to affected areas of the skin in small amounts two to three times a day. Therapy continues until the wound is healed.
Ointment is contraindicated for use with intolerance of its main component. Also it can not be used for treatment in early childhood and during pregnancy.
Among the main side effects of using the drug is: allergic reactions (burning, itching, swelling).
Ointments from bedsores of German manufacture
Recently, pharmacies have been introducing new and new means for the effective treatment of decubitus. One such medication is the German ointment "Brownunin".
This antiseptic and disinfectant, the active ingredient of which is povidone-iodine. Is active in relation to a wide range of fungi, bacteria (including mycobacteria tuberculosis), viruses.
Dosage is completely individual and is prescribed by the attending physician in accordance with the severity of the patient's condition.
Ointment is contraindicated for use in hyperthyroidism, kidney failure, adenoma of the thyroid gland. Also, you can not use the ointment during pregnancy, breastfeeding, with intolerance of its components.
Among the side effects can be distinguished hyperemia and burning, when the appearance of which you need to cancel therapy.
Consider the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of ointments from bedsores on the example of the popular drug Algofin.
Ointment is created using only natural, natural components, therefore it is completely safe for the patient's health. It differs in antimicrobial action against most anaerobic and aerobic bacteria (staphylococcus, streptococcus, peptococcus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, clostridia), as well as Candida fungi.
It also differs in anti-inflammatory, stimulating, regenerative, repair action. Reduces swelling of the affected tissue, so that they are quickly cleared of necrotic masses and heal.
Pharmacokinetics of the drug has not been studied.
Most ointments for the treatment and prevention of bedsores are safe for patients, so the only contraindication to their use is the intolerance of the components. Also, do not use such drugs during pregnancy without the advice of a doctor. If you are predisposed to the manifestation of various allergic reactions, it is worth applying the ointment with caution.
Some ointments have other contraindications: children's age, liver failure, hyperthyroidism. Before use, be sure to read the instructions carefully.
Side effects of the ointments from bedsores
Burning in place of application.
Itching and redness.
Skin irritation and swelling.
Dosing and administration
Dosage is often individual and depends on the severity of the disease and its stage. As a rule, the ointment is applied at least twice a day in a small amount. Sometimes it is necessary to disinfect and clean the wound before use.
Preparation of ointments from decubitus in the home
Alternative medicine offers several effective ointments that can be prepared at home. Here are some of the most popular recipes.
Take an equal amount of vodka and olive oil. Mix for the formation of a viscous consistency and rub the affected skin 2-3 times a day. The therapy lasts from ten to twelve days.
Take one tablespoon of marigold (dried flowers) and grind with a coffee grinder. Mix with Vaseline (50 g). Apply 1-2 times a day to the affected skin until the wound is completely healed.
Take 100 g of any vegetable oil (preferably olive oil), a small piece of beeswax. Stir to obtain a uniform mass, and cool. Lubricate ointment obtained by ointment several times a day.
Take two tablespoons of olive oil, add two finely chopped bulbs. Ingredients should be boiled on low heat for 20-25 minutes. Then add half of the molten candle to the church. Two or three times a day smear the affected skin.
Take 200 g of beeswax, 20 sections of bulbs with husk, fir sulfur, one liter of olive oil. Combine all the ingredients of the ointment, except onions, and cook over a small fire for half an hour. Then add the onions and cook for another 40 minutes. Cool, strain and apply to the skin.
Ointments for prophylaxis of bedsores
The most effective drug for the prevention of pressure ulcers is the "Actovegin" ointment.
The active ingredient of the drug is a substance that is obtained from the blood of young calves (deproteinized hemoderivat). Does not contain toxic components. Thanks to its composition, it helps to speed up the healing of tissues. That is why this ointment is often used for the prevention and treatment of pressure sores.
For the prevention of decubitus, ointment is applied a thin layer on the patient's skin, a bandage is applied, which must be changed daily (three to four times). The drug is well tolerated by both adults and children. It is contraindicated to use the remedy for intolerance to its main components. Among the main side effects, only allergy is released. It is possible to apply ointment during pregnancy, but only on the recommendation of the attending physician.
Ointments from decubitus should be stored in places inaccessible to young children at temperatures below +30 degrees.
The shelf life of such drugs is usually three to five years. It is not recommended to use the ointment after the expiration of this period.
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Medical expert editor
Portnov Alexey Alexandrovich
Education: Kiev National Medical University. A.A. Bogomolets, Specialty - "General Medicine"
The main direction of solving the problem is the systematic prophylaxis of bedsores in patients at risk. It should include the early activation of patients after surgery and serious illnesses, regular changes in the position of the patient's body in a stationary position, the constant replacement of soaked bed linen, the use of anti-bedsore mattresses and other devices for unloading the most affected areas, the use of massage and physiotherapy.
Treatment of decubitus should be aimed at restoring skin in the area of decubitus. Depending on the stage of the process, this can be achieved by conservative measures (cleaning the wound, stimulating the formation of granulations, protecting them from drying and secondary infection) or surgically (surgical removal of necrosis and plastic closure of the soft tissue defect).
Decubitus (decubitus - decubitus ulcer) is a chronic soft tissue ulcer that occurs in patients with impaired sensation (usually in a stationary state) due to compression, friction, or displacement of the skin, or as a result of a combination of these factors.
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To simplify the perception of information, this instruction for use of the drug "Ointments for bedsores" translated and presented in a special form on the basis of the official instructions for medical use of the drug. Before use read the annotation that came directly to medicines.
Description provided for informational purposes and is not a guide to self-healing. The need for this drug, the purpose of the treatment regimen, methods and dose of the drug is determined solely by the attending physician. Self-medication is dangerous for your health.
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