Among different age groups, manufacturers recommend using the individual dosage and duration of application that the therapist or pediatrician prescribes. Adults and adolescents in the acute period should take, according to the manufacturer's instructions, 4 mg of the drug (2 capsules or 2 tab.) Once. The maximum allowed amount of the drug per day is 16 mg, which corresponds to 8 tablets. Or 8 caps.
For therapeutic measures in the chronic form of diarrheal syndrome, adult patients are recommended to use 2 caps. Or 2 tab. Every day. The drug is taken until the number of acts of defecation is reduced to one two times a day.
For elderly patients, a dose is prescribed taking into account the existing diseases in the anamnesis and the severity of their course. Duration of treatment, dosage and the regimen is recommended by the attending physician.
Loperamide is discontinued after normalization of stool consistency or absence of stool for 12 hours. The standard treatment cycle takes from 1 to 2 days. If during the treatment with Loperamide there is flatulence, then stop taking the drug. During treatment there is a need to replenish the departed, as a result of frequent defecation, fluid and trace elements. It requires dietary nutrition and taking medications that normalize the water and electrolyte balance (for example, Regidron).
Patients with liver diseases take the drug with extreme caution, under close monitoring of the body. It is also necessary to observe the condition and pay attention to the clinical syndromes of intoxication of the nervous system.
During therapy with medication, it is required to exclude activities that require:
- concentration of attention;
- reaction rate.
Loperamide from diarrhea to a child
Admission Loperamida children, whose age is less than 6 years, is permitted in the form of drops or tablets. Producers of the drug are not recommended to prescribe Loperamide for children younger than 2 years of age. According to statistics, there were cases of death in children caused by paralysis of the smooth muscles of the intestine. All the incidents that occurred were related to the independent appointment by the parents of Loperamide, where the dosage of the drug was inadequately prescribed, and contraindications were not taken into account.
In many cases, paralytic intestinal obstruction developed during the use of Loperamide to treat diarrhea of infectious genesis. The result of uncontrolled use of the drug in a child's body is a violation of water-electrolyte equilibrium, which leads to a deterioration in the child's condition. During this period, it is necessary to saturate the body of the child with liquid and trace elements, because they are lost in large quantities with frequent evacuation of the intestine. All these measures were not carried out by parents. In view of the foregoing, WHO decided to exclude Loperamide from the list of diarrheal agents for children under the age of two.
Children 6-8 years of age may take 2 mg of the drug once (1 capsule or 1 table). If, after defecation, the stool has a liquid consistency, give the baby Loperamide at a dosage of 1 mg (1/2 table or 1/2 capsule). The maximum allowable daily dose is 3 tablets (6 mg). For the treatment of chronic diarrheal syndrome, 2 mg Loperamide per day is prescribed.
Children 9-12 years are allowed to use the drug 2 mg three times a day.
Loperamide does not help with diarrhea, what should I do?
If the normalization of the stool did not occur within 2 days, it is necessary to clarify the diagnosis. Most often this situation is possible if the patient has OCI (acute intestinal infection). The main symptoms of this disease are:
- weakness and lethargy;
- pallor of the skin;
- loss of appetite;
- Diarrhea (in severe cases with an admixture of blood and mucus);
- a feeling of chills;
- cramping in the abdomen;
Any reaction of the body is physiologically necessary. When poisoning, vomiting and diarrhea remove toxins and infected contents from the digestive tract. Using Loperamide for diarrhea caused by infection, the patient can do themselves harm. The contents affected by toxins will not be evacuated and will begin to poison the body from the inside, sucking and spreading with blood flow throughout the body. If you solved the problem with diarrhea, but without improving your health and the temperature has started, you must stop taking Loperamide. The drug does not treat, but only relieves the symptoms of diarrhea.