Hyperesthesia of tooth enamel
Hyperesthesia of tooth enamel is the defeat of a thin tissue that protects the tooth from external injuries. The tooth enamel is very sensitive. The lack of vitamins and minerals, due to improper nutrition, breaks the pH balance and destroys the protective layer of enamel.
- Excessive use of harmful products: soda, acidic foods and sweet - this is one of the causes of hyperesthesia of tooth enamel.
- The use of hard toothbrushes and toothpastes with abrasive elements is another cause of the disease.
- Very often, enamel disease is accompanied by bleeding and atrophy of gum tissues.
- Non-compliance with the rules of oral hygiene, non-treatment of dental problems and visits to the dentist.
- Negative influences have also harmful habits that lead to the formation of cracks and break the integrity of the enamel (clenching of teeth, gnashing of teeth, nibbling of nails, etc.).
In the absence of proper treatment, hyperesthesia of the enamel of the teeth can provoke inflammation of the nerve and pulp of the tooth. Because of hypersensitivity, there is swelling of the gums, which indicates an inflammatory process that requires medical treatment.
Hyperesthesia of hard tooth tissues
Hyperesthesia of hard tooth tissues is a common dental disease. Hyperesthesia is classified according to several. There is a generalized and local form of the disease, as well as several degrees of development. Let's take a closer look at the peculiarities of hyperesthesia of hard tooth tissues.
- Hyperesthesia for the spread
Painful sensitivity manifests itself in the whole dentition, and in a single tooth. Depending on the degree of spread of the painful sensations, there is a local, that is, a limited form of hyperesthesia and generalized.
- Local - occurs in one or more teeth at the same time. Very often, the pain is associated with caries, non-carious lesions and other dental diseases of hard tooth tissues. Hypersensitivity may occur due to treatment, removal or sealing of the teeth.
- Generalized form - pain affects all teeth at the same time. As a rule, this form develops because of exposing the necks of the tooth due to periodontal disease, erosion of the teeth, increased erosion and other diseases.
- By origin
I distinguish two types of hyperesthesia, the first is associated, and the second is not associated with the loss of hard tooth tissues. If the increased sensitivity arises from the violation and loss of hard tooth tissues, this is due to the presence of carious cavities, increased erasability of enamel and hard tooth tissues. If the disease is not associated with the loss of hard tooth tissues, the appearance of hypersensitivity provokes periodontal disease, metabolic disorders or gum recession.
- Clinical course
This category of disease has three stages. In the first stage, the tooth reacts to temperature stimuli; in the second stage, pain occurs due to temperature and chemical stimuli, and in the third stage, pain sensations appear when exposed to temperature, chemical and tactile stimuli. That is, painful sensations appear even from an easy touch to the teeth.
This classification of hyperesthesia of the teeth allows the dentist to perform differential diagnostics and select the most effective treatment.
Symptoms of hyperesthesia of the teeth
Symptoms of hyperesthesia of the teeth are manifested as a short-term pain in the mouth, in the area of teeth and gums. Patients complain of discomfort after sour, hot, cold and sweet food and drinks. Unpleasant sensations arise for a couple of minutes and subside. But the pain grows with time and becomes intense, pulsating, not passing.
Sometimes even a breath of cold air causes terrible pain in the teeth. Painful sensations in hyperesthesia - this is a constant and the most true symptom of the disease. Sometimes, with hyperesthesia, there are periods of remission, when stimuli do not cause painful sensations, and the intensity of discomfort is significantly reduced. But, after such fading, hyperesthesia of teeth returns with new force, causing severe pain and discomfort.