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Heferol

, medical expert
Last reviewed: 01.06.2018
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Heferol helps to fill the lack of iron in the body. This substance is an important element that takes part in the synthesis of hemoglobin and other globin enzymes.

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Indications Heferol

Treatment and prevention of iron deficiency anemia.

Increased loss of iron: bleeding from the digestive tract (stomach ulcer and duodenal ulcer, ulcerative colitis, polyposis, hemorrhoids), bleeding from the urogenital tract (polymenorrhea, hypermenorrhea, metrorrhagia, hematuria), with fibromyomatosis, bleeding of various genesis. 

The increased need for an organism in the gland: the period of intensive growth and sexual development, pregnancy, the period of breastfeeding.

Insufficiency of iron intake: reduced intake from food, impaired absorption of iron in malabsorption syndrome, the presence of inflammatory diseases of the digestive tract.

Release form

Available in the form of capsules - in 1 bottle 30 pcs. One package contains one bottle. Also available in blisters - 10 capsules. One package contains 3 blister plates.

Pharmacodynamics

Heferol contains iron fumarate (2-valent iron). This substance promotes the process of erythropoiesis occurring in the bone marrow, and besides it is an integral part of hemoglobin (about two-thirds of the total iron), as well as myoglobin and individual enzymes. The lack of external intake of iron or a problem with its absorption in the body can lead to the development of latent or pronounced clinically iron deficiency anemia.

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption of iron occurs in the intestine, during the sequential release of the substance from the capsules. If a person is healthy, about 10-15% of the dose is absorbed. And if the patient is deficient in iron, the absorption increases to 25-30%. Excretion from the body occurs through the kidneys (the minimum of the substance), and besides this, together with bile and feces. Nursing mothers get about 0.25 mg / day in milk.

Use Heferol during pregnancy

There was no adverse effect on the fetus when the drug was taken by a pregnant woman.

Contraindications

Among the contraindications:

  • Hypersensitivity to the components of the drug;
  • Anemia that is not associated with a lack of iron (such as megaloblastic, which arises from a deficiency of the vitamin B12 group, as well as hemolytic);
  • Acute intestinal obstruction or diverticulosis;
  • Iron-deficiency anemia (lead);
  • Hemosiderosis;
  • Regular blood transfusions;
  • Simultaneous treatment with iron-containing drugs through intravenous infusions.

Side effects Heferol

Side effects of taking Hephaerol can be such reactions: discomfort or pain in the epigastrium, also vomiting with nausea, constipation or diarrhea, black stool, allergies of varying severity. Unreasonable prolonged use of drugs can cause hemosiderosis.

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Dosing and administration

Take the drug should be on an empty stomach before breakfast, half an hour before it. The capsule should be washed with plenty of water. For children from 12 years and adults, the dosage is 2 capsules / day in 1 or 2 doses (for treatment) and 1 capsule (for prevention). Therapeutic course can be 6-12 weeks. Drug consumption continues until the normalization of blood counts (approximately 3-4 months).

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Overdose

Acute overdose manifests itself by such symptoms: pain in the epigastrium and vomiting with nausea, as well as melena and diarrhea. At the same time, paleness, drowsiness, and cyanosis of the skin can also be observed. If the case is severe, shock or collapse may occur, and in some cases a coma condition and death. In case of internal reception, the lethal dose is 180-300 mg / kg of body weight. Sometimes a dosage of 30 mg / kg may become toxic. The appearance of signs of an overdose occurs after 1 hour or several hours after taking the medication.

Treatment: a call of a vomiting and a lavage of a stomach. As a specific antidote, deferoxamine appears. Chelation with deferoxamine is used:

  • if the dosage of iron used fumarate is 180-300 + mg / kg;
  • the index of saturation of iron in blood serum exceeds the level of 400 mg%;
  • the saturation index of iron in the blood serum becomes higher than the total iron-binding capacity of the organism, and / or the patient falls into a coma / shock state.

Conducting hemodialysis will not give the desired effect.

Interactions with other drugs

The process of absorption of iron from the digestive tract decreases when combined with tetracycline and its derivatives, as well as antacids. Iron slows the absorption of penicillamine, tetracycline and individual quinolones (such as norfloxacin, ciprofloxacin, and ofloxacin) from the digestive tract.

When combined with chloramphenicol, inhibition of the hematologic response to treatment with iron-containing agents occurs.

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Storage conditions

The medicine should be stored in a closed place from children and the sun, dry place. The temperature should be kept within 15-25 ° C.

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Shelf life

Heferol is allowed to be used for 5 years from the date of manufacture.

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Attention!

To simplify the perception of information, this instruction for use of the drug "Heferol" translated and presented in a special form on the basis of the official instructions for medical use of the drug. Before use read the annotation that came directly to medicines.

Description provided for informational purposes and is not a guide to self-healing. The need for this drug, the purpose of the treatment regimen, methods and dose of the drug is determined solely by the attending physician. Self-medication is dangerous for your health.

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