Can I remove flat birthmarks? This question bothers many people. Flat birthmarks can be removed. But is it worth it? If the mole has begun to change, is damaged, regularly injured by clothing, then it is better to remove it. If it is benign and does not interfere, then there is no need to clean it.
You can get rid of a birthmark for aesthetic reasons, but be sure to check after a dermatologist. Neoplasm should be examined, a diagnosis and a way of removal established. All these procedures are desirable to be carried out in a medical institution of an oncological profile. A histopathological examination of the removed neoplasm should be performed to ensure that there are no signs of degeneration.
To remove birthmarks is contraindicated in acute infectious and inflammatory processes, exacerbation of chronic diseases, diseases of the cardiovascular system, autoimmune, mental and oncological diseases, pregnancy.
Removing flat moles
There are several methods for removing benign nevi.
During cryodestruction, the formation of new growths under the action of liquid nitrogen at low temperatures is destroyed by cold and subsequent death. This method is used to remove flat moles. Its disadvantage is the possibility of injury to healthy tissue and incomplete destruction of the birthmark (the procedure will have to be repeated). After cryodestruction, burns, scars and scars may remain, a long period of healing, sometimes about six months.
Unlike the previous method, the removal of flat moles with a laser has significant advantages. During the procedure, there is no pain, risk of infection, and healthy tissue around the mole is not injured, as the removal parameters are strictly observed. After laser removal methods, there is no scar left, so they are recommended for removing nevuses on the face and exposed parts of the body. With the help of the laser, you can remove birthmarks that are located in hard-to-reach areas of the body.
The procedure of laser evaporation consists in the action on the birthmark of the laser beam, layer by layer evaporating the liquid component from the cells of its tissue.
The disadvantage of this method is the inability to conduct a histopathological study, from a distant tumor there is nothing left.
The method of cutting flat moles with a laser knife leaves the possibility of analyzing the tissues of a distant mole, but there is a risk of thermal skin burn.
The laser knife cuts the layered pigmented skin to a layer where there is not a single melanocyte.
After removal, the wound from the mole is treated with an antiseptic and covered with a sterile bandage. It is protected from sunlight and moisture. A few days later, a crust is formed, falling off in a couple of weeks.
Removal of flat moles with a swirlington (radio wave knife), developed and tested in the US, has the following advantages: quick and painless operation; removal of moles that are in hard-to-reach areas of the body; rapid skin regeneration.
This method can be used to excise not only safe, but also some malignant nevuses.
With this method, a contactless removal of the tumor tissue with a sargitron takes place, with simultaneous stopping of bleeding and disinfection, there are no postoperative scars. Under the destructive effect of the radio wave knife, only nevus tissues are found, and the healthy skin around it is not injured. The operation usually lasts up to 0.5 hours, its duration depends on the number and size of the tumors being removed.
In addition to the above contraindications, removal of nevuses with a radio knife is not carried out if the patient has a pacemaker.
Large melanomoplastic moles are surgically removed. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia, the nevus is removed with a scalpel along with a small patch of adjacent skin. After the operation, there remains a scar that heals for several weeks and requires care.
After removing the moles, it is recommended: three times a day to treat the wound with an antiseptic; refrain from long exposure to the sun; not to visit solariums, swimming pools, baths, saunas; urgently consult a doctor, injuring the place of removal or finding a seal in the area of the removed nevus, a discoloration of the skin.
How to remove flat birthmarks at home?
At home removing moles is very dangerous. It is strictly forbidden to try to get rid of large or markedly changing nevi. This can cause irreparable harm to health. Only the doctor after the examination can give recommendations on the removal of the mole.
Now many different natural remedies are offered for elimination of skin imperfections - warts and moles. They are sold without a medical prescription, but as a result of their use you can lose health and even life.
So, drugs that can remove skin defects.
On the Internet the Stefalin ointment spreads to get rid of moles and warts. It is positioned as a 100% natural remedy without chemical additives, consisting of "a special inflorescence of grasses and roots harvested on high-mountain slopes in different places." It removes, according to its distributors, any nevi, warts and papillomas, including melanomopods.
It is not so much the effectiveness of this ointment as the safety that causes doubt. It is not sold in pharmacies, because it is not licensed, therefore, has not passed the necessary control tests.
In pharmacies, drugs are sold, which the alternative rumor attributes to the ability to remove all kinds of small skin defects, including moles. But these funds, first of all, are addressed to medical workers, and not to the average citizen for self-treatment.
Solkoderm solution is used externally to eliminate benign superficial skin defects, such as warts, actinokeratosis, seborrheic keratosis, genital warts and non-vestal nevus (after checking for good quality). The instructions for using the drug indicate that this solution should be applied by a doctor or under his supervision. It is not recommended to use Solkoderm independently.
In pharmacies sell different preparations based on celandine, for example, mountain celandine - alcohol concentrate from celandine for lubricating warts and papillomas, with the addition of gentian, alternating, rhododendron golden and goose paw. About birthmarks in the instruction, nothing is said, but self-medication lovers usually do not stop it.
Even more severe preparation Superchistotel, which has nothing to do with herbs. It is a mixture of alkalis. Sold in a small bottle with an applicator to apply to the skin of the drug. Its components cause the death of skin cells as a result of an alkaline burn. Skin cells die from necrosis, the new formation darkens, withers and disappears. There may be a scar, and in particular, there are no references to the removal of moles in the official instruction for the drug.
The above and similar remedies are unlikely to help get rid of moles, but can cause significant damage to health. Compared with these drugs, alternative products based on natural ingredients are more sparing. However, it should be borne in mind that no alternative means is recognized by the official medicine as effective.
Radically to deal with moles even with alternative means is dangerous. The following recipes may be suitable for the reduction of freckles or very light small flat moles. At home, pure and white skin was treated with herbs, as well as other means that were used in the household.
The safest of them can be considered:
- fresh juice celandine - they apply a neoplasm three times a day (can be with Vaseline - an even more gentle effect and convenient to apply);
- apple cider vinegar - use one drop per day per birthmark, the duration of the procedure is 5 days;
- pencil - active substance (silver nitrate) has a disinfecting, necrotizing effect, smears the tumor every 10 days for a month;
- juice of garlic and lemon drip by turns on the nevus for about half a minute every 2 weeks;
- You can wipe the birthmark with castor oil, dandelion juice or pineapple juice 2 times a day (whitening effect);
- honey and linseed oil mix and compress the nevus for 2 or 3 minutes;
- garlic paste is applied to the birthmark, it is sealed with a plaster for no more than 4 hours (the skin around the birthmark is lubricated with petroleum jelly), you can repeat it after 3 or 4 days;
- acetic essence - to drip on a nevus from a pipette 1 drop per day for a month (the skin around a birthmark should be smeared with petroleum jelly).
And the safest method is conspiracy:
- on the bread spike - cut off the bread spike and cut off the disgusted nevus by the cut, bury the spikelets into the earth with a cut upward, as soon as it rotates - the mole will disappear;
- on apples - a mature beautiful apple cut in half and rub one half of the other over the nevus, fold the halves into an entire apple, bind and bury it in the ground when the fruit rotates - the mole will disappear;
- for potatoes - potatoes are cut in half, one half immediately buried in the ground, the other - rub the mole and bury it near the first, respectively, the mole will disappear when the potato halves rot.
The consequences of removing moles
Removing the nevus at home can lead to the most negative consequences. If we assume that we can safely get rid of it, we can, after some time, face a deadly danger - melanoma. Her early stages are often confused with the usual flat birthmark. Therefore, before removing the nevus in any way, it is necessary to consult an oncodermatologist, who will conduct its full diagnosis.