Moles are never the same. They can be different in color (from beige to dark brown), in convexity (flat, convex, hanging), in location and shape.
The growth of a mole within 2 mm per year without changing the color and in the absence of unpleasant sensations can be considered the norm. The first signs of pathological growth of the birthmark, which need to pay special attention, usually the following:
- The appearance of asymmetry.
Normally, the birth is symmetrical. If the shape of the spot does not correspond to this sign, it is better to consult a doctor.
Normally, the birthmark is clearly delineated, not blurred, without torn edges.
Color education in the norm is always uniform and homogeneous. Pathology can include blackening, redness of the birthmark, the appearance in its structure of points, veins, etc.
- The diameter of a birthmark.
Significant in diameter spots are always more prone to degeneration. Particularly dangerous are the structures with intensive growth.
- Development of a birthmark in dynamics.
With age, moles on the skin can, as they appear, and disappear. And this will not always be considered a sign of the disease. What should alert:
- rapid growth in the size or number of moles;
- sensation of itching, tingling, or pain in the mole;
- superficial peeling;
- bleeding, the appearance of cracks.
The most common issues associated with the growth of a birthmark
- The child has birthmarks on his body. This is normal?
Sometimes a child can be born with already existing birthmarks. Most often this happens in children with fair skin or in premature babies. There is nothing wrong with this: more than that, it is believed that congenital nevi are less likely to degenerate into a cancerous tumor than those that appeared in adulthood.
If the child's births occur with the child with age, then you just have to watch them and observe some precautionary rules to avoid complications. Most moles are genetically conditioned, and you should not be afraid of them. Well, if periodically such a child will be examined by a doctor-dermatologist.
- I have dark moles and even a few red. Recently noticed that the red birthmark is growing. Is it dangerous?
The red speck is most often not a mole, but a hemangioma - a cluster of blood vessels. Usually such formations do not touch at first, but observe their growth in dynamics. The fact is that sometimes hemangiomas can even disappear on their own.
In any case, with a growing red mole, it is better to see a surgeon or dermatologist.
- During pregnancy, many moles appeared, and one mole grows and itches. Is it worth worrying about this?
Indeed, in pregnant women very often there is an increased growth of moles and the appearance of new ones. This is due to cardinal hormonal changes inside the body, because the amount of certain hormones increases in thousands (!) Times. The situation can be further aggravated if the woman has problems with the thyroid gland.
The growth of a mole in a pregnant woman is not always a disease. But if the formation itches, or there are other pathological changes about which we wrote above, then the doctor's consultation should not only be mandatory, but also urgent.
- What if the hanging mole on the leg grows?
The growth of a hanging mole is no different from the growth of any other birthmark. If the increase is insignificant, and there are no other signs of rebirth, then one should not panic. Otherwise, the doctor's intervention is mandatory.
- Recently noticed that a black birthmark grows on the body. In this case all the other birthmarks are lighter. What could it be?
A black mole carries a greater amount of pigment, and is therefore considered more dangerous in terms of cancer degeneration. The holder of such education should carefully monitor and record any slightest modification of the speck. And it's even better if the doctor does this.
- Constantly growing new birthmarks. Is this the norm?
As we have already said, the growth of a mole may be associated with many causes. Therefore, the appearance of new pigmented formations is quite understandable and is considered a variant of the norm. In some people, the number of moles on the body is determined by thousands, and they are quite healthy. Another question is that a person with a large number of birthmarks is more likely to develop cancerous tumors. For this reason, such people are encouraged to visit the dermatologist regularly for diagnosis.
- If the convex mole grows, but its color does not change - is it worth it to panic?
If the growth of the birthmark is intense, exceeding 2 mm per year, then panic is really worth it. More precisely, do not panic, but consult a doctor for advice and diagnosis. In case the increase is small, and there are no other negative signs, then the reason for panic is most likely absent. For more accurate information, you should still see the doctor.
- A flat birthmark grows in diameter: can I remove a flat birthmark? And whether it is necessary to do this?
A flat birthmark is removed in the same way as others, for example, convex formations. If the speck is troubling, then it is undoubtedly desirable to get rid of it. And the sooner this is done, the better.
- Never had many birthmarks on my body. But I heard that most birthmarks grow during pregnancy. Does this happen to all women?
This occurs in the vast majority of women, depending on their genetic predisposition. That is, some may have several additional formations, while others may have several dozen. And the first and second case is a variant of the norm.