Shark pellets include shark cartilage and other natural components that allow the cartilage surface of joints and bones to be restored naturally. Accelerate the effect of the drug allows a combination of plant elements and 2 chondroprotectors. It should be noted that the anti-inflammatory effect of Shark cartilage does not have those side effects that are inherent in NSAIDs.
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Tablets Stop arthritis is a drug used as a prophylactic for rheumatic diseases. Since it affects the cartilage of the joints, their (as well as the spine) soreness and stiffness decreases. The drug prevents the subsequent destruction of the cartilage, and also positively affects the recovery process.
Methotrexate is a cytostatic drug that is part of a group of antimetabolites that act as antagonists of folic acid. The drug has a pronounced immunosuppressive effect in small dosages.
Tablets from rheumatoid arthritis
For the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, basic drugs are mainly used. Usually in such cases, drugs are used that can be divided into 5 main groups:
- antimalarial drugs,
- as well as the salt of gold.
Standard drugs used for the therapy of arthritis, can prevent the destruction of articular joint surfaces, and in addition they are used as a means of treating associated autoimmune diseases, such as systemic lupus erythematosus, Bechterew's disease and Sjogren's syndrome. The drugs included in this drug group interfere with the development of arthritis, but do not eliminate its manifestations (in this they are different from NSAIDs).
Basic medicines have a long-lasting effect - from the start of therapy and until the first shifts to the side of improvement can take 3-6 months. Usually, these drugs are prescribed together with NSAIDs and glucocorticosteroids.
To select the necessary basic drugs, it takes some time - to test the effectiveness of several groups of drugs, which helps achieve maximum effect. If the medications are well tolerated, you should undergo a full-fledged treatment course, after waiting for the initial stage of therapy, which has not seen any obvious symptoms of improvement.
If the drugs are chosen well, and the treatment gives the result - the basic medicines are used for many years.
Immunomodulating agents are usually used in case of neglected, severe forms of the disease, when other drugs do not give the desired effect. But you need to understand that using these drugs to achieve the desired result requires complex treatment in combination with other medicines.
Arava is a basic medicine with antirheumatic action. The drug has anti-inflammatory, immunomodulating, as well as antiproliferative effect. It is used in the therapy of adult patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis in active form. The medicine helps to reduce the strength of manifestations of the symptoms of the disease, and also prevents the destruction of the structure of articular surfaces of the joints.
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Plakvenil has immunosuppressive, as well as anti-inflammatory effect on the body with rheumatoid arthritis (chronic and acute forms). The active substance of the drug - hydroxychloroquine - has a cumulative activity. The effect of taking medication can only appear after a few weeks, but side effects can occur much earlier. To achieve the desired result, you need to take the medicine for several months. If objective improvement is not observed during the half-year of Plaquenil's administration, it should be stopped.
Neural is an immunosuppressive drug, polymyxin, which includes 11 amino acids. Used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (with active flow in severe form, when standard anti-rheumatic drugs of long-term effect do not have the desired effect or when they can not be used).
In the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, the preparation Imuran has a strong therapeutic effect without combination with corticosteroids. The medicine has an immunosuppressive effect.
Cytoxan is an antitumor drug with an alkylating effect, besides it also has an immunosuppressive effect. It is used for psoriatic and rheumatoid arthritis.
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Anesthetics for arthritis
Analgesics help reduce pain, but they can not relieve the inflammatory process in the joints - this distinguishes them from NSAIDs. Painkillers are usually prescribed for the treatment of severe forms of arthritis with severe pain symptoms, such as osteoarthritis. These drugs can contain substances such as paracetamol, as well as codeine or aspirin, or other similar substances in combination.
In the treatment of arthritis, diclofenac is usually prescribed. The use of aspirin is sometimes accompanied by side effects from the gastrointestinal tract in the form of pain symptoms and unpleasant sensations in the abdomen, so do not take it with peptic ulcer, gastritis or fasting. It is desirable to drink these medicines with milk. Codeine can cause constipation or nausea. In general, any medicine should be prescribed by the attending physician after a thorough examination of the patient in order to assess the appropriateness of using certain medications in view of the presence of concomitant diseases that he has besides arthritis.
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Therapy of osteoarthritis usually begins with the use of aspirin. Although this drug is successfully used for many medical purposes, it is not effective enough to treat arthritis and arthrosis. Often it is replaced by other medicines.
It should be borne in mind that aspirin should be administered with caution in the event that the patient has blood diseases, because this drug reduces its coagulability.
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Anti-inflammatory tablets for arthritis
NSAIDs (among these drugs, indomethacin, ketoprofen, diclofenac, as well as piroxicam, ibuprofen and butadion are among the most known) are prescribed to eliminate the inflammatory process and pain in the joints, and in addition their swelling. These drugs are the most famous and most commonly used group of drugs used in arthritis. They successfully cope with the main manifestations of the disease, but can not resist the destruction of joints, and therefore can not affect the development and course of the disease.
NSAIDs interfere with the production of hormone-like elements, as well as prostaglandins, which are the cause of the development of the inflammatory process and the appearance of pain. These drugs should be used with caution, as they can lead to erosive and ulcerative complications from the stomach. Sometimes they are prescribed in combination with other drugs that reduce the effect of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on the digestive tract.
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Diclofenac is one of the most popular and known NSAIDs. This drug helps in the treatment of arthrosis. It combines effective anti-inflammatory properties, as well as a strong analgesic effect.
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Ibuprofen is used in the treatment of joint diseases. It is less effective than indomethacin, if we talk about its analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties, but it is much better tolerated by patients without causing strong adverse reactions.
Indomethacin has a highly effective anti-inflammatory properties, and also has a strong analgesic effect. The drug is produced in tablets of 25 mg. Although it is considered one of the most effective means for arthrosis or arthritis, it should be borne in mind that this medication has an extensive list of side effects.
Ketoprofen is an NVS, a derivative of aryl carboxylic acid. The medicine has antipyretic, analgesic, and anti-inflammatory properties. It helps to reduce pain in the joints both at rest and during movement, reduces their swelling and stiffness in the morning, and also increases the amount of movement performed by the joints.
Movalis is one of the most famous drugs, the active ingredient of which is meloxicam. The main advantage of this medication is that it can be consumed by long courses (several months or even years), but only under the supervision of the attending physician. The drug is produced in the form of tablets. This form of manufacture allows the medicine to act for a long time, so it is enough to take only 1 tablet a day. You can take it either in the morning or at bedtime after a meal.
Celecoxib has powerful analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties, helping to get rid of pain in arthrosis and arthritis, and at the same time almost does not cause an adverse reaction from the gastric mucosa and the gastrointestinal tract as a whole. This drug is available in capsules with a dosage of 200 or 100 mg.
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Nimesulide has a powerful anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect, helping to eliminate the main symptoms in arthrosis. It also has antioxidant properties and helps to reduce the activity of elements destructively affecting cartilage tissue, proteoglycans, and collagen fibers.
Etorikoksib is available in tablets under the trade name "Arkoksia". When taking drugs at low dosages (not more than 150 mg / day), it does not cause serious side effects and does not affect the gastric mucosa (as well as other drugs from the drug group COX-2). During the treatment of arthrosis, the drug is prescribed in a dosage of 30-60 mg / day.
Since the drug of this group is able to negatively affect the organs of the cardiovascular system, at the initial stage of reception it is necessary to perform regular checks of the BP index.
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Corticosteroid preparations for arthritis
Corticosteroids are drugs that have the properties of the hormonal substance cortisol. In the body, it is produced by the adrenal cortex. Cortisol affects various systems in the body, among others also on the immune system.
Corticosteroids reduce the levels of prostaglandins, and also affect T and B lymphocytes, which are involved in immune reactions. In this way, there is an effect on the processes of inflammation in the joints.
These drugs are high-speed, they are often used for arthritis and other diseases of the musculoskeletal system. When compared with NSAIDs, corticosteroids have anti-inflammatory properties more powerful, and they also effectively cope with autoimmune diseases, in which it is necessary to prevent the development of autoimmune aggression against the body's own tissues. But it should be borne in mind that because of immunosuppression, the vulnerability of the organism to any infections is increasing - this is the main drawback of this group of drugs.
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The active component of the drug is betamethasone - a synthetic systemic glucocorticoid. Since betamethasone acts as a synthetic derivative of prednisolone, it has powerful anti-allergic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-rheumatic properties. Celeston has increased SCS activity, as well as a weak mineralocorticoid effect.
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Prednisolone is a synthetic substance that can have similar characteristics of the hormones produced by the adrenal glands of hydrocortisone, as well as cortisone. When administered orally, this component is 4-5 times more active than cortisone and 3-4 times hydrocortisone. In addition, the difference between prednisolone and these substances is that it does not cause a noticeable delay in water and sodium, and rarely causes hyperkalemia. The drug also has powerful anti-inflammatory properties.
Diprospan is a medicine from the group of glucocorticoids, which has an immunosuppressive, anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory effect on the body. This drug is used to treat autoimmune diseases of connective tissue, as well as the musculoskeletal system (such as osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis).
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A synthetic-type glucocorticoid drug used to treat rheumatoid arthritis (in addition to Bechterew's disease and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis).
Metipred inhibits the development of tissue reaction to various agents (mechanical and thermal, chemical and immunological, as well as infectious). This allows glucocorticoids to affect the symptoms of the disease, reducing its manifestations, but without affecting the very cause of its appearance. Methylprednisolone has strong anti-inflammatory properties, which are at least 5 times higher than the similar properties of hydrocortisone.