If the patient has a procedure for urography or angiography of the abdominal region, then a gastric cleansing should be performed. Two days before the diagnosis, it is necessary to exclude foods that provoke bloating (peas, fresh fruits, raw vegetables, bread). The last time before the examination, food can be taken no later than 18 hours. In the evening on the eve of the procedure, it is advisable to use a laxative drug.
If necessary, the doctor may prescribe sedatives.
The doctor dials Urografine into the syringe immediately before the diagnosis. Quality Urographin is usually transparent or has a faint yellowish hue. If the solution has a different color, a precipitate, or if the integrity of the ampoule has been compromised, the drug is not used.
If residual solutions remain after the procedure, then they must be disposed of. You can not use the remaining remedy.
The amount of Urograins administered is determined individually. If the patient suffers from kidney or cardiovascular disease, the amount of the drug should be minimized whenever possible.
During angiography, catheters are washed as often as possible to avoid the formation of blood clots. If Urografine is injected into the vessels, then it is preferable if the patient is at this time to stay in a horizontal position. After administration of the solution for half an hour, the patient's condition should be carefully monitored by the doctor.
If you require a single injection of more than 300 ml of Urografine, an additional infusion of electrolytes should be prescribed.
The most comfortable infusion of Urografine is expected after heating the solution to a temperature of 37 ° C. At that, only the volume of the preparation that is expected to be heated is heated.
Preliminary it is recommended to test Urografine, to determine the hypersensitivity of the organism to a contrast agent.
Intravenous urography is performed at an infusion rate of 20 ml per minute. If the patient suffers from heart failure, the duration of the infusion should be at least 20-30 minutes.
Typically, an adult patient is administered 20 ml of 76% of Urografin, or 50 ml of 60% of Urografine. At individual indications, the dosage is increased.
In childhood, 76% solution is used:
- from 0 to 1 year - up to 10 ml;
- from 1 to 2 years - from 10 to 12 ml;
- from 2 to 6 years - from 12 to 15 ml;
- from six to 12 years - from 15 to 20 ml;
- For children over 12 years old, adult doses are used.
Infusion administration of Urografine should be carried out with a duration of at least five minutes and no longer than 10 minutes. Patients with insufficient cardiac activity, the duration of the infusion is extended to half an hour.