Injections of saline solution are carried out SC or to / in the method.
Often the dosing is given intravenously, through an IV, which had previously been necessary to warm to a temperature indicator 36-38 of C. The injected volume of drug to the patient based on the state of human and the number of lost body fluids. In addition, you need to take into account the weight and age of the patient.
For a day, an average of 0.5 liters of medication is used. In this case, the substance is introduced at a rate of 540 ml / h (on average). In case of severe poisoning, a maximum allowable daily dose of 3 liters can be administered. If there is a need, you can inject 0.5 l at a rate of 70 drops / minute.
For children, the sizes of daily portions are in the range of 20-100 ml / kg. In this case, the size of the dose is determined by taking into account the age and weight indices of the child. It should be remembered that with prolonged use of drugs it is necessary to monitor the plasma values of electrolytes and their level inside the excreted urine.
To dissolve the substances used through the dropper, 50-250 ml of sodium chloride per 1 dose of the substance is used. The parameters of administration are determined by the basic medicament.
Hypertensive solution is injected intravenously.
When appointing drugs to quickly restore the balance of chloride and sodium ions, you need to take 0.1 liters of the drug (through a dropper).
To perform a rectal enema, by which the act of defecation is induced, 0.1 liters of a 5% solution is required. For the day is also allowed the introduction of 3 liters of saline.
Hypertensive enema should be slowly administered with swelling affecting the heart or kidneys, hypertension and increased level of ICP (in a dosage of 10-30 ml). It is forbidden to conduct such enemas in the presence of erosion in the large intestine, and in addition to inflammation.
Wound lesions with pus are treated with the solution according to the scheme, which is determined by the treating doctor. Compresses with medicament are applied to the wound itself or to another lesion in the epidermis. Such compresses help the escape of pus and provoke the rapid death of pathogenic bacteria.
A nasal spray must be treated with a cleaned nasal cavity. For adults, a dosage of 2 drops is required inside each of the nares, and for children - 1 drop. Medication is prescribed for therapy or prevention. Bury the drug should be about 20 days.
Inhaled sodium chloride is used to treat colds. In this case, the drug is mixed with bronchodilator drugs. Carry out inhalations three times a day, for 10 minutes.
At extreme need, such saline can be manufactured on your own at home. In this case, it is required to stir the boiled salt (1 teaspoon) in boiled water (1 L). If you need to make a certain dose of the solution, for example, with a salt weighing 50 g, you need to perform the necessary measurements for this. Such a substance can be used locally, for inhalation procedures, enemas, and with it rinses. But it is strictly forbidden to administer it intravenously, or to apply it for eye washing or wound lesions of an open type.