Pigmented spots on the face are conventionally grouped into three main groups:
Freckles, which have a beautiful scientific name - Ephelin (in Greek - sunspots). These pigmentation spots on the face are small, scattered not only in the face, but also throughout the body. Most often, ephelids appear on the exposed to the sun areas of the skin. Freckles - a characteristic feature of the first phototype, that is, people with white, sensitive skin.
Chlazmy - pigmented spots on the face, located, as a rule, symmetrically, having a clear outline. This kind of pigmentation does not recognize sex, age and racial limitations. Any violation of hormonal balance, whether it be pregnancy, drug or alcohol intoxication, endocrine disease can trigger the appearance of chloasma on the face.
Age spots on the face - lentigo. Absolutely harmless pigmented formations, different in size, most often brownish in color, they appear on the exposed sun and air areas of the skin. Lentigo can appear on the face, arms, back and chest.
Pigmented spots on the face, caused by more serious internal diseases:
The nevus or the so-called birthmark. It is considered a benign dermal formation formed by melanin-containing cells. Nevuses can be different in structure, size and color. Most often nevuses are harmless enough, however, some of them, under the influence of unfavorable factors - trauma, irradiation can degenerate into malignant tumors - melanoma.
Pigmented spots on the face in the forehead area, limited by a centimeter line - linea fusca. This is a rare type of pigmentation, nevertheless, it is very indicative in terms of symptoms of menacing pathologies of the nervous system - syphilitic damage, oncology of the brain, encephalitis.
Hepatic pigmentation - chloasma (chloasma hepatica). This kind of pigmentation indicates chronic diseases of the liver, pancreas. Hepatic pigmentation has a clear symmetry, is located on the cheeks closer to the neck, also characteristic of it are typical vascular networks - telangiectasias.
Brocc's dermatosis. It has a symmetrical pigmentation in the mouth area, which is why it is called pigmentary perioral dermatosis. Pigmentation can also extend to the chin. This is a typical female pigmentation, in men such dermatosis is not found, as the main cause of Brock's dermatosis is the violation of the ovulation process.
Pigmented spots on the face of a secondary nature, as a relapse of major dermal chronic diseases. The cause is eczema, flat lice, secondary syphilis, neurodermatitis, and burns.
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