Symptomatic calcium deficiency in the body can be very diverse and resemble the manifestations of various pathologies and conditions of man. Not all symptoms can be immediately associated with this pathology, but there are some that, when they occur, you should immediately think about the normalization of nutrition and the intake of additional doses of calcium in the form of medications. However, before this, it is still necessary to visit a doctor who will confirm the diagnosis, give recommendations on nutrition and will dose medications.
So, the first obvious signs and alarming symptoms of a lack of calcium in the body can be considered:
- Deterioration of hair condition and premature fallout. The hair becomes dull and brittle, it has a tendency to delamination and fatness (or drying out) due to metabolic disorders, which cause disruptions in the work of sebaceous and sweat glands.
- Problems with the teeth. This is a violation of the sensitivity of tooth enamel, premature deterioration of the teeth, frequent recurrences of caries, inflammatory processes in the gum area.
- Increased brittleness and delamination of the nail plate.
- Painful look.
- Convulsive syndrome.
- The development of osteoporosis in adolescence and young age.
- Increased incidents of injury with a fracture of bones.
But there are other manifestations of this condition that can hardly be called specific, which is why they are often attributed to fatigue or diseases such as arthritis, avitaminosis, hypertension, etc., but not hypocalcemia. Nevertheless, for the lack of calcium in the human body can indicate such symptoms as:
- Decreased performance due to rapid fatigue and constant weakness.
- Sleep disorders, manifested in difficulties with falling asleep and awakening, even against the background of general calm.
- Manifestations of emotional lability (mood swings, flashes of irritability and anger, acute inadequate reaction to criticism).
- High susceptibility to stress, which was not previously observed.
- The emerging difficulties with concentration and memory.
- Problems with muscles and joints. Incompatible pains in the joints of the hands and feet, muscle pains (myalgia), more frequent cases of cramps in the gastrocnemius muscle, the muscles of the hand and foot (especially under the influence of cold).
- Propensity to bleeding due to decreased blood clotting due to lack of calcium. It can manifest itself in the form of frequent nasal bleeding, bleeding gums, profuse and prolonged menstruation. Sometimes on the body there are bruises that are not associated with a trauma to the body.
- The appearance of reactions of intolerance to antigens, previously did not cause such an immune response. In adults, it manifests itself in the form of normal allergies, in children - in the form of diathesis.
- A general decrease in the body's defenses. Reduced immunity entails frequent cases of colds and infectious diseases that occur with complications or become chronic. There are also frequent exacerbations of chronic infections.
The deficiency of Ca in the body may indicate symptoms such as early gray hair and increased sweating.
Sometimes the body tells us what it lacks. Children are more sensitive to such signals and less constrained by convention, so they gladly lick the walls and gnaw the chalk at any convenient opportunity. This behavior, as well as insufficient growth of the child (relative to the norm for a certain age and taking into account the heredity), becomes a clear sign that the baby does not have enough calcium in the body.
Symptoms of lack of calcium in the body in women
Household problems, caring for her husband and children take a lot of time for a woman, and she does not even think about that irritability, fatigue, deterioration of health and appearance are the cause of the pathological condition of the body, expressed in a lack of calcium.
And in vain, because frequent mood swings, constant weakness and fatigue, deterioration of hair and nails, dry and pale skin tone with a decrease in its elasticity, recurring caries, decreased immunity may well be symptoms of developing hypokalemia. And if they add bony feet to the weather, muscular pains and cramps, increased blood flow during menstruation (due to a decrease in its coagulability), bleeding gums, bone fractures, the appearance of allergies, the development of cardiac pathologies (arrhythmia, hypertension, etc.). .), kidney and thyroid gland, then a serious lack of calcium in the body is evident.
The causes of hypocalcemia may be different, we have already mentioned them. But here is a purely female cause of lack in the body of Ca is considered unbalanced nutrition during pregnancy and lactation. As during the time in the womb, and during the period of breastfeeding, the baby receives calcium for its growth and development from the mother's body.
After the birth of the child, the mother organism continues to take care of its offspring, producing milk, which is the main and only source of calcium for the baby with natural feeding. It turns out that the mother, both before and after birth, should receive the amount of calcium in order to meet the need for him and his body, and the baby's body. If this does not happen, both the mother and the child suffer. It is not for nothing that the daily calcium intake for a pregnant woman and nursing mothers is elevated and is in the range of 1200-1500 mg.
By the way, calcium intake will also increase for women, who lead an active lifestyle, i.е. Regularly performing sets of physical exercises that accelerate the metabolism of calcium.
Another delicate reason is the desire to remain slim and attractive for men by any means. Hence the fashion for strict diets, allowing you to quickly remove from the body of excess kilograms. But ladies often do not think that along with these kilograms can go and far from excess calcium.
The decrease in the level of calcium is observed in women in both the premenstrual period and during menstruation. Such changes are associated with hormonal imbalance during this period, because the female hormone estrogen is actively involved in the metabolism of calcium and contributes to its removal from the body. For the same reason, the development of osteoporosis during the menopause is so often observed. The disease is accompanied by increased fragility of bones and withering of the skin. But if menstrual deficiency Ca is a temporary phenomenon, then with menopause a woman can experience it constantly.
By the way, many symptoms of menopause are associated with a lack of calcium in the body of a woman. These are the tides with pressure jumps, heat and heartbeat, and hyperhidrosis (especially at night), and disturbed psychoemotional balance, and weakness of the muscles of the bladder, and even a decrease in libido.
Symptoms and causes of calcium deficiency in the body in men
Despite the fact that men are not disturbed by such moments as pregnancy, lactation, menstruation and a decrease in the level of estrogen in menopause, the causes of hypokalemia are not much lower for them than for women. In many ways, they are associated with harmful habits, such as smoking and drinking alcohol abuse, interfering with calcium absorption in the intestine. In addition, adolescent boys are more prone to risky "games" with drugs.
A common cause of development of hypocalcemia and osteoporosis in men is also heavy physical labor against the background of insufficient intake of calcium into the body.
Do not think that osteoporosis is a disease of menopausal women. Although men and suffer from this pathology is somewhat less common than women, but they tend to earlier development of the disease. This is especially true for men who professionally engage in sports. Active sports and heavy physical activities contribute to the accelerated elimination of Ca from the body, and hence the need for it increases and is equal to the norm for pregnant women (1100-1200 mg per day). By the way, this amount of calcium is contained in 1 liter of milk, but you need to consider that its digestibility in this case is only about 30%.
The lack of potassium and calcium in the body becomes the frequent reason that a young and generally healthy woman can not become pregnant at all. And the risk of cervical erosion in these women is much higher.
Symptoms of a lack of calcium in the body in men were listed above. This deterioration in working capacity, short temper, deterioration of the skin, teeth and nails, early baldness, the development of pathologies of the cardiovascular and nervous system, etc.
Lack of calcium in the baby's body
Lack of calcium in children can show up at any age. If the expectant mother during pregnancy has not received enough of this important trace element, which is the building material for the developing in the womb of life, the deficit of Ca will necessarily affect the condition and development of the child. The same can be said about the lactation period, until the child receives complementary foods.
Such babies, suffering from a lack of Ca, have a reduced immunity, because of what they often can see red rashes on the cheeks, indicating a tendency to allergies (diathesis). Children later begin to walk because of the weakness of the legs, they have a little weakened grasping reflex.
If the child's body does not continue to receive the necessary amount of calcium, you can see a lag in growth. Violation of the formation of the skeleton at an early age leads to the development of pathologies such as rickets, scoliosis, etc.
Lack of calcium in the body in the child has other manifestations. As adults, and children or adolescents with this problem are characterized by increased excitability, they are more likely to develop emotional lability associated with disruption of the CNS.
Such children may not get enough sleep, complain about pain in the legs, and later experience certain learning difficulties due to lack of concentration and weak memory.
In adolescence, there may be complaints about the crunch of bones and joints with the movement of arms and legs, pain in the spine. There is a violation of posture.
The washing away of calcium from bones in the older children and adolescents is greatly facilitated by the fascination with fast food and sweet carbonated drinks like "Pepsi-Cola". And the refusal to eat healthy foods containing calcium, such as milk, cottage cheese, cheese, parsley, sesame, etc., only aggravates the problem.