Correction of the emotional-volitional sphere of a person should be carried out only after a complete examination of the patient and the establishment of a final diagnosis. Only identifying the cause of violations of mental equilibrium can exclude its negative impact on humans. If such a cause is a disease of the brain or blood vessels, first of all the therapy of the underlying disease is performed, and then correction of the patient's behavior is carried out.
Treatment of emotional lability, caused by somatic disorders, first requires the restoration of the hormonal background and vitamin-mineral balance. Special hormonal preparations, phytopreparations with a specific effect, vitamins, mineral complexes, probiotics will come to the aid here. Women during the menopause and during PMS are recommended to take special medications, for example, "Remens", "FemiTon", "FemiNorm", etc., which can not only normalize the woman's hormonal background, but also remove all unpleasant symptoms, restoring the emotional state.
It may be necessary to adjust your diet in favor of foods rich in nutrients that are lacking in the body. In this case, the menu will have to exclude foods and dishes that have an exciting effect on the nervous system, and in particular alcohol. It will benefit the use of special biologically active additives, stabilizing the level of hormones that restore the nervous system, helping to fight chronic fatigue and nervous exhaustion.
It should be understood that emotional lability is a temporary condition, amenable to correction and treatment. Usually, in order for an explosion of emotions, you need a certain trigger. If you exclude all such triggers, you can avoid affective emotional outbursts. And if this can not be done, then you need to teach the patient to control their emotions and actions. And here you will need the help of a psychologist and a psychotherapist.
Psychotherapy will help the patient to stabilize the mental state by identifying the root causes of emotional lability, drawing the ways of resolving internal conflicts, combating all sorts of fears, and removing anxiety. A specialist doctor in practice teaches a person to avoid stressful situations, really assess their abilities and capabilities, control aggression and anger.
In group sessions, patients are taught the skills of conflict-free communication and adaptation in the team. At the same time, various situations are being worked out, which can cause an uncontrolled surge of emotions, and exits from them.
Consultation of a psychotherapist can be prescribed not only to the patient himself, but also to his relatives. The doctor will help them better understand the problem itself and suggest ways to resolve it. The whole point is that the triggers of emotional outbursts can be not only situations or events, but also people surrounding the patient. It is on their behavior and attitude that peace in the family and the working collective depends.
For example, one should not react sharply and respond to outbursts of anger or irritability of an emotionally labile person, since such behavior of others only aggravates the problem. It is better to ignore such a reaction, continuing communication in a calm tone. Emotionally unstable people are characterized by mood swings, and a calm conversation will bring their condition back to normal.
It is not necessary to start conversations on topics that cause an overly emotional person to have a negative response. But praise and responsible assignments will only benefit.
Additional therapeutic measures can be considered swimming, playing creativity, manual work, dancing, yoga, listening to calm pacifying music, breathing exercises, mastering the technique of relaxation, stretching exercises, aromatherapy, etc.
In some cases, even moving or changing jobs can help, and in others you can not do without taking medications of various groups: sedatives, nootropics, tranquilizers, cholinomimetics, neuroleptics, adaptogens, vitamin-mineral complexes, which help strengthen the nervous system and improve its control function .
Treatment of children with emotional lability is mainly in behavioral therapy and the appointment of sedatives on a plant basis. The child is trained to respond correctly to various stimuli and not be frightened of his condition. This will prevent panic attacks and runaways from home.
With emotional lability, doctors primarily prescribe to patients natural sedatives: herb and tincture of the motherwort or valerian, herbal preparations "Persen", "Novopassit", etc. If the patient suffers from cardiovascular pathologies, "Zelenin drops" will come to the aid, possessing a sedative, spasmolytic and cardiogenic effect. In depressive states, adaptogens are prescribed: preparations of ginseng and elleuterococcus, phytoextracts "Abivit", "Immuniton", etc., which increase immunity and improve the adaptive properties of the organism.
Let's consider more in detail a preparation "Persen". This medicine based on mint, melissa and valerian extracts has a mild sedative effect, soothing the nervous system, but not inhibiting its basic functions. Produced in the form of tablets and capsules.
You can take tablets at any time 2 or 3 times a day, washing them with water. A single dose is usually 2-3 tablets, but not more than 12 pieces per day.
Reception of the drug may be accompanied by non-hazardous allergic reactions, and with prolonged treatment - with constipation.
Do not take the drug to patients with impaired glucose metabolism, bile duct disease, stably high blood pressure, hypersensitivity to the drug components. The drug is not intended for therapy in pregnant women, nursing mothers and children under 12 years of age.
Another frequently used group of drugs is nootropics ("Piracetam", "Glycine", "Nootropil", etc.). These drugs have a direct effect on the work of the brain.
"Glycine" - a drug that has a sedative effect and improves metabolism in the brain tissues. It is prescribed both for psychoemotional overexertion, and for many organic and functional pathologies of the brain.
Prescribe the drug usually 1 tablet 2 or 3 times a day. Tablets do not need to be chewed or swallowed. They are placed on the cheek or under the tongue until completely dissolved. The course of treatment is from 2 weeks to 1 month.
The administration of the drug in rare cases is accompanied by allergic reactions, and among the contraindications, only the increased sensitivity to the drug is noted.
To a patient with pronounced affective reactions in the form of aggression and bouts of anger, the doctor can prescribe tranquilizers ("Phenazepam", "Gidazepam", "Adaptol", etc.). To reduce impulsiveness and aggression, as well as to normalize the night rest, prescribe neuroleptics ("Azaleptin", "Leponeks", "Zalasta", etc.).
"Phenazepam" is a psychotropic drug that can relieve emotional tension, reduce the feeling of anxiety and fear, which helps to transfer stress situations more easily and react more calmly to irritants.
Take the drug at an average daily dose of 0.0015 to 0.005 g, divided into 3 divided doses. How to take the drug will tell the doctor.
The drug, like all tranquilizers, a lot of contraindications and side effects. It is not prescribed to patients who are in a state of shock or coma, with myasthenia gravis, angle-closure glaucoma, respiratory failure and pathologies that cause it to become worse. Do not take the drug during pregnancy, lactation, hypersensitivity to the components of the medication. Not applicable in pediatrics.
Among the frequent side effects should be noted: drowsiness and lethargy, dizziness, disorientation in space, impaired concentration, confusion, ataxia, etc.
Elderly patients, people with severe impairment of the behavioral sphere and those who have suffered craniocerebral trauma, can be assigned holinomimetiki ("Cerepro", "Holitilin", "Noocholine", etc.).
"Cerepro" - a drug that improves behavioral and cognitive reactions, as well as the activity of brain structures.
The daily dose of the drug for oral administration is 1200 mg (800 mg in the morning and 400 mg for lunch). Evening medication causes sleep disturbances. Therapeutic course is long (about six months).
Contraindications for taking the drug are acute hemorrhagic damage to brain structures, pregnancy and lactation periods, hypersensitivity to the drug. In pediatrics it is used only for acute indications.
The observed side effects: manifestations of allergies, dyspepsia, symptoms of inflammatory or ulcerative gastrointestinal lesions, dry mouth, sleep disorders, aggressiveness, dizziness, convulsions, frequent urge to urinate, etc.
Acceptance of any of the above drugs should be carried out only after consultation with the attending physician, because only he can determine which of the groups will have the most effective and safe effect on the patient's body.
Unconventional treatment of emotional lability
Alternative treatment in case of emotional lability is a good help for drug therapy. The emphasis in this case is on the treatment of herbs, because many plants have the properties of sedatives and neuroleptics, while they have much less contraindications and side effects.
The property to soothe the nervous system is such plants as chamomile, mint, melissa, oregano, motherwort, valerian, cones of hops. Cooked on their basis, decoctions and infusions have long been used as sedatives. Broths of herbs also added baths.
To enhance the effect, you can brew more than one herb, and several. For example, pour a tablespoon of a mixture of herbs (oregano, tansy and marigold) with boiling water (1 cup) and insist until the liquid cools. Drink the formula within a day, dividing into 2 or 3 admission.
By the way, valerian, along with kipreem, marjinym root, blue cyanosis, prickly pear and some other herbs, also possess the properties of neuroleptics, while having fewer contraindications.
Speaking of alternative treatment, it is worth mentioning one simple recipe: with a strong nervous excitement to drink a glass of warm water. Also helps beet juice with honey, which should be drunk three times a day.
As for homeopathy, with emotional lability may be useful some drugs used to stop the symptoms of neurosis. For example, hysterical manifestations can be removed through drugs such as Ignacy, Pulsatilla, Grisea, Mossus, Kaulofilum, etc. Mood swings, increased irritability and irritability, which drain the nervous system, are treated with Agaricus, Anacardium, Beladonna, Stramonium, Phosphorus, Hyoscyenus, Causticum and other homeopathic medicines, which can be prescribed only by a specialist doctor.
To strengthen the nervous system and in traditional medicine, and in homeopathy apply vitamin complexes.