Watching different people in different situations, you can see that they react differently to the same event. Some adequately assess the state of affairs, and their reaction corresponds to the situation. Others respond to the same stimuli differently, their emotions have a pronounced coloring, often negative, which even frightens outsiders a little. In psychology, this behavior with violent outbursts of emotions and frequent mood swings is called emotional lability, and it is associated with a certain type of temperament (such reactions characterize choleric persons). Here we are faced with an innate characteristic of the personality, which manifests itself under the influence of the environment.
The same concept, but already concerning neuropsychic disorders, is used in physiology and psychiatry. Not all people with choleric temperament type are characterized by sharp mood swings and outbursts of aggression, which is characteristic of emotionally labile people. Such behavior can be caused by various factors, from lack of attention in childhood to organic lesions of brain structures.
Such a state as emotional lability has no age and sexual limitations. True, statistics on different age groups is quite contradictory. So, in childhood, emotional lability is more typical for boys than for girls, and in adulthood there is already an inverse relationship.
Causes of the emotional lability
So, emotional lability is not just a behavioral disorder caused by a protest or unwillingness to do something. This, in the first place, the disruption of the normal operation of the nervous system with disorders of the processes of excitation and inhibition.
The reason for such violations may be various factors that are not always associated with physiology. So, one of the reasons for emotional lability can be considered a prolonged mental stress. Emotional sphere disorders can occur against the background of:
excess or lack of attention (for example, this pathology is often associated with such a controversial diagnosis as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)).
situations that traumatize the psyche (death of a loved one, divorce, relocation, etc.)
frequent stressful situations and conflicts at work and at home,
inaccuracies in education (a bad example of parents, an authoritarian or conniving style of upbringing, constant prohibitions and behavior that cause protests).
The cause of emotional lability often become violations of the physiological functions of the body (somatic disorders):
changes in the hormonal background in adolescence, during pregnancy and the onset of menopause,
age-related, physiologically-related hormone secretion disorders (a frequent cause of emotional lability, developing in old age),
vitamin deficiency, iron deficiency anemia, hypokalemia, hyponatremia and other pathologies associated with the deficiency of important vitamins and mineral complexes in the human body.
Some of the central nervous system and vessels may be considered risk factors for the development of emotional disorder. So the development of emotional lability may be a consequence:
Stably increased blood pressure (hypertension),
low blood pressure (hypotension),
tumor processes in the brain,
atherosclerosis of cerebral vessels,
cerebral form of obliterating thromboangiitis (Vinivarter-Burger disease),
one of the forms of organic brain damage,
cardiovascular pathologies of the brain,
asthenic syndrome, which is considered an organic emotionally labile disorder and characterized by a decrease in efficiency, attention and disturbances in the emotional sphere,
chronic infectious pathologies, against which the asthenic syndrome develops with its characteristic emotional lability.
From this point of view, emotional lability acts as one of the symptoms of the diseases listed above, and its treatment is carried out as part of the complex therapy of the underlying disease.
Joy, rapture, anger, sadness, fear and other emotions are typical for a person to experience almost every day. And in this there is nothing reprehensible. It is emotions that are considered one of the mental processes that occur in the brain, are the driving force of our feelings and actions.
The very concept of "emotion" in Latin means "shock, excitement, excitement". A physiologically conditioned fact is that emotions excite the action on the cerebral cortex, which in turn induces a psychic reaction.
Emotions arise under the influence of external or internal stimuli, but the reaction to them is controlled only by the central nervous system. If the central nervous system is in order, a person is able to keep his emotions under control, his emotional background is relatively calm and not broken by trifles.
If the CNS becomes weakened for some reason, any emotion causes an instantaneous stormy reaction. And since negative emotions in a person are more than positive (and according to the theory of Academician Anokhin, absolutely all emotions initially before reaching a positive result are considered negative), then the reactions in most cases have a negative, and sometimes even destructive character.
The word "lability" in Latin means "slip, instability. From this we can conclude that in this case we are dealing with emotional instability, or a breakdown of the processes of excitation of the nervous system in the direction of its hyperactivity.
Thus, emotional lability is a CNS disorder in which there are mood swings, violent inadequate reaction to events, often accompanied by outbreaks of aggression due to inadequate control of the emotional sphere, and as a result, further exhaustion of the nervous system. And although the excess of emotions is less dangerous for the central nervous system than their absence (emotional rigidity or flatness), the lack of appropriate treatment negatively affects the health of the nervous system.
Symptoms of the emotional lability
The manifestation of feelings and emotions is a distinguishing feature of a person, which distinguishes him from other representatives of wildlife. Each person at any one time can experience intense joy or anger, joyfully laugh or mourn. This is normal behavior of a healthy person. However, if these emotions manifest themselves too often, abruptly changing one another, and have a bright color, resembling neurotic manifestations, there is much to think about.
People who are characterized by emotional lability, it is difficult not to notice even in a large team, because they are too emotional, too sentimental, and in some situations, too aggressive.
The first signs of emotional lability can be considered frequent sharp mood swings and increased tearfulness. Such a person can shed tears over the loss of some "important" thing, to shed tears while watching a melodrama with a happy ending, to experience a feeling of affection, watching the playing children or young animals. But in less than five minutes, tears of joy and emotion can be replaced by aggression or despondency.
Increased tearfulness can be observed if emotional lability is caused by vegeto-vascular dystonia or other vascular pathologies of the brain. The same symptom often distinguishes people with organic brain damage and asthenic conditions. Emotional instability in asthenia often becomes the cause of depression and suicidal moods. However, until suicide the case most often does not reach, as the depressive mood soon changes to joyfully excited or pacified.
Outbreaks of anger in people who are characterized by pronounced emotional lability, do not require a particularly sensitive trigger. Sometimes, even a strong physical or emotional fatigue is enough to make such a person get angry and annoyed. Unable to control his emotions and cope with the sudden irritation, an emotionally unstable person splashes out all the negative on others, begins to carp at others, provoke scandals. And only the appearance of tears in front of the interlocutor can slightly pacify his emotions.
Another important symptom of the emotional lability syndrome is the intolerance of criticism, objections and rudeness in their address. Any criticism can cause an uncontrolled surge of emotions, an unquenchable desire to prove their case at any price. In the power of negative emotions, people with emotionally labile behavior rarely resort to the help of brute force, but they can throw objects and things, hit dishes, etc. They are not particularly embarrassed in the expressions, but the rudeness on the part of others is perceived as "bayonets", trying to avoid the rude ones. Outbreaks of anger very often end in weeping and groaning.
An emotionally labile person always shows a marked impatience and intolerance to the opinion of others. Affective outbursts of irritation or incomprehensible joy in him arise irrespective of stressful or climatic factors and situation. Such a person can laugh hysterically at a funeral or cry for no apparent reason.
People with the instability of the emotional-volitional sphere are characterized by increased fatigue, which is again caused by emotional lability. Explosions of emotions gradually lead to emotional exhaustion, from which weakness and decline in efficiency.
Sometimes emotionally unstable people begin to actively seek the use of their powers and abilities, but they will not stop at something concrete, because their interests change almost as quickly as the mood. Excessive enthusiasm for finding one's place in life and inability to focus on one thing, causes new outbursts of negative emotions (irritation, desperation, anger), which only aggravates the situation. Emotional lability provokes the development of such personality traits as insecurity in oneself and oneself, secrecy, suspiciousness, fixation on failures, etc.
People with emotional volitional lability are characterized by non-assortment, lack of perseverance and persistence, change of interests and preferences, instability of mood. All this along with aggressiveness and rejection of criticism leads to constant conflict situations at work and at home. And even if a person subsequently realizes that he was unnecessarily quick-tempered and unrestrained, his actions in another situation under the influence of another (or even the same) stimulus will be identical to affective.
From the outside, this behavior leads to the idea that a person simply does not control himself and his actions, which in some way is true. However, in the absence of stimuli, emotionally unstable people differ little from people with a strong nervous system.
How does emotional lability in children and adults manifest themselves?
Let us recall the reasons for emotional lability, which can affect the character of a person at any age. This is a lack of attention or excessive care, psycho-traumatic situations, inaccuracies in education. We still do not take diseases into account, although they also can not but affect the psycho-emotional state of a person.
So, attention deficit. A child deprived of the attention of relatives and friends can not reconcile himself to such a situation and is forced to attract attention in an unconventional way. Showing vagaries, rolling up hysterics, doing to spite the child, simply, tries to attract attention to himself. But over time, this behavior can become a habit, because emotional outbursts have a negative effect on the child's nervous system, gradually shaking it.
Excessive attention and care can also raise a capricious child who already does not know what he wants, because he already has everything. To fight with whims is a thankless task, because any prohibitions can create confrontation. To indulge them, mean, to provoke new attacks of hysterics. In the end, both result in the depletion of the child's nervous system and the development of emotional lability.
The death of a mother, father, brother, sister, beloved grandparents can also have a negative impact on the child's psyche. He either closes in himself, and the psyche blocks strong emotions, or becomes nervous, crying, sleeps badly, requires increased attention from other relatives. As a lack of emotions, and an overabundance of them negatively affects the nervous system and the development of personality traits.
Emotional lability in children can develop as a result of an authoritarian or opposite conniving style of upbringing. But often an enormous role in the development of the child's personality is played by the example of parents. The kid as a sponge absorbs the information received during communication with parents. If the mother often rolls out tantrums, and scandals in the family become more the norm than the exception, it is clear that at some point the child will decide that this is how it should behave. He will also roll up tantrums, scream and capricious, that over time, if you do not pay attention to it in time and take appropriate measures, it will grow into a style of behavior.
To reveal pathological emotional instability in childhood is much easier than in adolescence. After all, adolescents' behavior, caused by hormonal reorganization, is negativity and protests, which are usually caused by the strictness of parents or teachers, various prohibitions, and sometimes a lack or excess of attention. In many adolescents, this behavior is normalized as soon as the hormone level returns to normal, i.e. As you grow up. And here an important role is played by the understanding of teenage problems by parents and teachers, which should help a young man or girl overcome this difficult period of life.
If a teenager stays with his problems one on one, does not find understanding in adults, emotional outbursts can not be avoided. Protests and hysterics are part of the behavior of an insufficiently adult person, weakening his nervous system. This manner of behavior, he then transfers to adulthood.
Emotional lability in adults is symptomatic slightly different from the behavior of a moody child. A person can still demand special attention, but do it in other ways. For example, to try to become leaders by any means, without taking into account personal qualities, try to impose their opinions on others, aggressively reacting to objections, making risky actions, not thinking about the consequences, etc.
In a team, emotionally labile individuals get along with great difficulty, because they can not find a common language with the majority, react sharply to any comments and rudeness, commit rash acts that others do not welcome. The family can be quite authoritarian and unrestrained: they demand unquestioning obedience, provoke scandals on any occasion, throw out things in a fit of anger, which adversely affects the psychological climate of the family.
But on the other hand, with a benevolent attitude, such people can turn out to be good friends and responsible workers. They are sympathetic, able to empathize, ready to help, diligent, especially if they hear praise in their address and understand that they are appreciated.
But these are all common phrases. In fact, you need to consider the nature of emotional lability, according to which the symptoms of the condition can change.
There are 2 forms of emotional lability: borderline and impulsive. For the first characteristic: increased impressionability and anxiety, instability of interests, inability to concentrate for a long time on one thing (by the way, often such individuals can simultaneously do several things), disobedience and lack of response to bans in childhood. Emotions in this case differ in strength and brightness, while they can be both negative and positive. Such people can often and for a long time to experience what is happening, to dwell on failures, to pass before difficulties. They very often feel tired, both emotional and physical.
People with an impulsive type of emotional instability are characterized by negativism and a depressed, gloomy mood. Negative emotions predominate over positive emotions, which often leads to depression, addiction to alcohol or drugs, smoking, supposedly to calm nerves. Such people are more characterized by suicidal tendencies.
But aggression can be directed towards other people or objects. Affective outbursts of anger against the background of irritability lead to domestic violence, vandalism and other dangerous consequences.
The personal qualities of people with an impulsive type often boil down to vindictiveness, rancor, resentment, and incomprehensible stubbornness. They are annoyed by work at home, especially domestic difficulties, the need to adjust to the team, perform tasks as required by management. Labor and family relationships most often they do not add up. We often have to change jobs and stay for a long time alone.
Complications and consequences
The borderline type of emotional disorder is not yet considered a pathology. It is enough for such people to create normal conditions for life, and affective behavior can be avoided. Taking into account personal characteristics, attention and respect from colleagues, lack of rudeness, love of family and friends will help a person to live a fairly calm and happy life, to get a permanent job and friends who will appreciate him for his sympathy and good nature.
If this does not happen, and emotional outbursts continue, the nervous system will weaken so much that the borderline emotional lability develops into an impulsive one. And sometimes even in the neurotic disorder, which requires the intervention of a specialist (psychologist, psychotherapist, neurologist, etc.) and appropriate treatment.
However, the life of people with emotional lability is so far from perfect. Constant conflicts and nervous excitement adversely affect the quality of life of these people. Constant physical and emotional fatigue, depression, problems at work and in the family provoke not only nervous exhaustion, but also the development of other pathologies of health. No wonder they say that all the diseases are from the nerves.
But again, the painful condition, everyday and financial problems cause more and more outbreaks of negative emotions. It turns out a vicious circle, which can only be broken, helping the nervous system to recover.
Diagnostics of the emotional lability
Emotional lability can not be called a full-fledged disease, but it will also be considered a personal feature of her to be wrong. It is rather a borderline state of the psyche, which at any time can develop into a serious illness or end with an act of suicide. Therefore, treating it inattentively is simply unacceptable.
Noticing the first signs of an emotional disorder, one should not postpone the trip to the doctor until better times, but must seek help. The same is recommended for relatives of a child or an adult, if his behavior is clearly beyond the standard, and the emotions are extremely expressive. After all, this indicates a weakness of the nervous system with possible negative consequences.
To begin with, you need to consult a therapist or family doctor, describing the symptoms in detail, and he will send for examination to a psychotherapist or neurologist. In addressing a doctor with such problems, there is nothing shameful, because the person's guilt in his "illness" is not, but help is really needed.
Usually a diagnosis can be made based on the patient's complaints and anamnesis. However, additional tests or instrumental examinations that can help to exclude or confirm the organic cause of this condition (brain diseases and other health pathologies) may be prescribed. What analyzes and methods of research are needed, the doctor himself decides.
Differential diagnosis of emotional lability is to identify its type and cause, causing affective outbursts of emotions. So emotional lability often is one of the symptoms of asthenic syndrome, characterized by: weakness, increased sensitivity (impressionability, sentimentality, tearfulness, etc.), dizziness, decreased motor and attention, irritability. In turn, asthenia can be a consequence of various mental trauma, organic brain damage, infectious pathologies, suicide attempts, the effects of anesthesia, etc. The goal of the doctor is to identify the underlying causes, followed by their correction and treatment.
Treatment of the emotional lability
Correction of the emotional-volitional sphere of a person should be carried out only after a complete examination of the patient and the establishment of a final diagnosis. Only identifying the cause of violations of mental equilibrium can exclude its negative impact on humans. If such a cause is a disease of the brain or blood vessels, first of all the therapy of the underlying disease is performed, and then correction of the patient's behavior is carried out.
Treatment of emotional lability, caused by somatic disorders, first requires the restoration of the hormonal background and vitamin-mineral balance. Special hormonal preparations, phytopreparations with a specific effect, vitamins, mineral complexes, probiotics will come to the aid here. Women during the menopause and during PMS are recommended to take special medications, for example, "Remens", "FemiTon", "FemiNorm", etc., which can not only normalize the woman's hormonal background, but also remove all unpleasant symptoms, restoring the emotional state.
It may be necessary to adjust your diet in favor of foods rich in nutrients that are lacking in the body. In this case, the menu will have to exclude foods and dishes that have an exciting effect on the nervous system, and in particular alcohol. It will benefit the use of special biologically active additives, stabilizing the level of hormones that restore the nervous system, helping to fight chronic fatigue and nervous exhaustion.
It should be understood that emotional lability is a temporary condition, amenable to correction and treatment. Usually, in order for an explosion of emotions, you need a certain trigger. If you exclude all such triggers, you can avoid affective emotional outbursts. And if this can not be done, then you need to teach the patient to control their emotions and actions. And here you will need the help of a psychologist and a psychotherapist.
Psychotherapy will help the patient to stabilize the mental state by identifying the root causes of emotional lability, drawing the ways of resolving internal conflicts, combating all sorts of fears, and removing anxiety. A specialist doctor in practice teaches a person to avoid stressful situations, really assess their abilities and capabilities, control aggression and anger.
In group sessions, patients are taught the skills of conflict-free communication and adaptation in the team. At the same time, various situations are being worked out, which can cause an uncontrolled surge of emotions, and exits from them.
Consultation of a psychotherapist can be prescribed not only to the patient himself, but also to his relatives. The doctor will help them better understand the problem itself and suggest ways to resolve it. The whole point is that the triggers of emotional outbursts can be not only situations or events, but also people surrounding the patient. It is on their behavior and attitude that peace in the family and the working collective depends.
For example, one should not react sharply and respond to outbursts of anger or irritability of an emotionally labile person, since such behavior of others only aggravates the problem. It is better to ignore such a reaction, continuing communication in a calm tone. Emotionally unstable people are characterized by mood swings, and a calm conversation will bring their condition back to normal.
It is not necessary to start conversations on topics that cause an overly emotional person to have a negative response. But praise and responsible assignments will only benefit.
Additional therapeutic measures can be considered swimming, playing creativity, manual work, dancing, yoga, listening to calm pacifying music, breathing exercises, mastering the technique of relaxation, stretching exercises, aromatherapy, etc.
In some cases, even moving or changing jobs can help, and in others you can not do without taking medications of various groups: sedatives, nootropics, tranquilizers, cholinomimetics, neuroleptics, adaptogens, vitamin-mineral complexes, which help strengthen the nervous system and improve its control function .
Treatment of children with emotional lability is mainly in behavioral therapy and the appointment of sedatives on a plant basis. The child is trained to respond correctly to various stimuli and not be frightened of his condition. This will prevent panic attacks and runaways from home.
With emotional lability, doctors primarily prescribe to patients natural sedatives: herb and tincture of the motherwort or valerian, herbal preparations "Persen", "Novopassit", etc. If the patient suffers from cardiovascular pathologies, "Zelenin drops" will come to the aid, possessing a sedative, spasmolytic and cardiogenic effect. In depressive states, adaptogens are prescribed: preparations of ginseng and elleuterococcus, phytoextracts "Abivit", "Immuniton", etc., which increase immunity and improve the adaptive properties of the organism.
Let's consider more in detail a preparation "Persen". This medicine based on mint, melissa and valerian extracts has a mild sedative effect, soothing the nervous system, but not inhibiting its basic functions. Produced in the form of tablets and capsules.
You can take tablets at any time 2 or 3 times a day, washing them with water. A single dose is usually 2-3 tablets, but not more than 12 pieces per day.
Reception of the drug may be accompanied by non-hazardous allergic reactions, and with prolonged treatment - with constipation.
Do not take the drug to patients with impaired glucose metabolism, bile duct disease, stably high blood pressure, hypersensitivity to the drug components. The drug is not intended for therapy in pregnant women, nursing mothers and children under 12 years of age.
Another frequently used group of drugs is nootropics ("Piracetam", "Glycine", "Nootropil", etc.). These drugs have a direct effect on the work of the brain.
"Glycine" - a drug that has a sedative effect and improves metabolism in the brain tissues. It is prescribed both for psychoemotional overexertion, and for many organic and functional pathologies of the brain.
Prescribe the drug usually 1 tablet 2 or 3 times a day. Tablets do not need to be chewed or swallowed. They are placed on the cheek or under the tongue until completely dissolved. The course of treatment is from 2 weeks to 1 month.
The administration of the drug in rare cases is accompanied by allergic reactions, and among the contraindications, only the increased sensitivity to the drug is noted.
To a patient with pronounced affective reactions in the form of aggression and bouts of anger, the doctor can prescribe tranquilizers ("Phenazepam", "Gidazepam", "Adaptol", etc.). To reduce impulsiveness and aggression, as well as to normalize the night rest, prescribe neuroleptics ("Azaleptin", "Leponeks", "Zalasta", etc.).
"Phenazepam" is a psychotropic drug that can relieve emotional tension, reduce the feeling of anxiety and fear, which helps to transfer stress situations more easily and react more calmly to irritants.
Take the drug at an average daily dose of 0.0015 to 0.005 g, divided into 3 divided doses. How to take the drug will tell the doctor.
The drug, like all tranquilizers, a lot of contraindications and side effects. It is not prescribed to patients who are in a state of shock or coma, with myasthenia gravis, angle-closure glaucoma, respiratory failure and pathologies that cause it to become worse. Do not take the drug during pregnancy, lactation, hypersensitivity to the components of the medication. Not applicable in pediatrics.
Among the frequent side effects should be noted: drowsiness and lethargy, dizziness, disorientation in space, impaired concentration, confusion, ataxia, etc.
Elderly patients, people with severe impairment of the behavioral sphere and those who have suffered craniocerebral trauma, can be assigned holinomimetiki ("Cerepro", "Holitilin", "Noocholine", etc.).
"Cerepro" - a drug that improves behavioral and cognitive reactions, as well as the activity of brain structures.
The daily dose of the drug for oral administration is 1200 mg (800 mg in the morning and 400 mg for lunch). Evening medication causes sleep disturbances. Therapeutic course is long (about six months).
Contraindications for taking the drug are acute hemorrhagic damage to brain structures, pregnancy and lactation periods, hypersensitivity to the drug. In pediatrics it is used only for acute indications.
The observed side effects: manifestations of allergies, dyspepsia, symptoms of inflammatory or ulcerative gastrointestinal lesions, dry mouth, sleep disorders, aggressiveness, dizziness, convulsions, frequent urge to urinate, etc.
Acceptance of any of the above drugs should be carried out only after consultation with the attending physician, because only he can determine which of the groups will have the most effective and safe effect on the patient's body.
Unconventional treatment of emotional lability
Alternative treatment in case of emotional lability is a good help for drug therapy. The emphasis in this case is on the treatment of herbs, because many plants have the properties of sedatives and neuroleptics, while they have much less contraindications and side effects.
The property to soothe the nervous system is such plants as chamomile, mint, melissa, oregano, motherwort, valerian, cones of hops. Cooked on their basis, decoctions and infusions have long been used as sedatives. Broths of herbs also added baths.
To enhance the effect, you can brew more than one herb, and several. For example, pour a tablespoon of a mixture of herbs (oregano, tansy and marigold) with boiling water (1 cup) and insist until the liquid cools. Drink the formula within a day, dividing into 2 or 3 admission.
By the way, valerian, along with kipreem, marjinym root, blue cyanosis, prickly pear and some other herbs, also possess the properties of neuroleptics, while having fewer contraindications.
Speaking of alternative treatment, it is worth mentioning one simple recipe: with a strong nervous excitement to drink a glass of warm water. Also helps beet juice with honey, which should be drunk three times a day.
As for homeopathy, with emotional lability may be useful some drugs used to stop the symptoms of neurosis. For example, hysterical manifestations can be removed through drugs such as Ignacy, Pulsatilla, Grisea, Mossus, Kaulofilum, etc. Mood swings, increased irritability and irritability, which drain the nervous system, are treated with Agaricus, Anacardium, Beladonna, Stramonium, Phosphorus, Hyoscyenus, Causticum and other homeopathic medicines, which can be prescribed only by a specialist doctor.
To strengthen the nervous system and in traditional medicine, and in homeopathy apply vitamin complexes.
To prevent emotional lability, not associated with organic pathologies and tragic situations, in childhood is not so difficult. Respectful relationship between family members, quick resolution of conflict situations without scandals, love and sufficient attention to the child can hardly provoke hysterics and moods in the baby. His nervous system will not be subject to excessive loads, and hence in the future the likelihood of developing emotional instability will be minimal.
If you can not avoid whims, you just need to react to them correctly. Do not emphasize the child's attention to the problem by shouting and punishing, but ignore the attacks of hysterics, continuing to behave in the usual way. The child will quickly get tired of shouting into the void, and he will calm down.
In adolescence, it is possible to prevent emotional lability and neuroses if one takes into consideration the peculiarities of the child during this period with understanding. Shouts and bans will provoke protest and self-restraint in oneself, but a quiet conversation heart to heart, involving him in an interesting and useful business will have a positive effect on the teen's future behavior.
In the adult age, outbursts of irritability and anger in an emotionally labile person can be prevented by eliminating annoying factors such as loud sounds and talking in elevated tones, stressful situations, rudeness, etc. Such people are less likely to be in noisy digging and premises with a large crowd of people, more often to be alone with nature, listen to pacifying music, dance or find a favorite thing. During work, you need to periodically take breaks for rest with tea on herbs (mint, lemon balm, chamomile), learn to control your emotions, calmly react to rudeness and self-critical attitude to yourself.
It is recommended that relatives and close ones avoid those unpleasant to the patient and capable of causing a negative affective reaction. Criticism should sound soft and unobtrusive. Patience, love, attention, fair praise and encouragement from surrounding people will help to establish relationships in the family and at work, as well as improve the quality of life of an individual with insufficient control of the emotional sphere.
The forecast of emotional lability is favorable in the overwhelming majority of cases. The main thing is the desire of the person himself and those around him to change the situation for the better. If the lability of the emotional-volitional sphere is caused by organic brain lesions, the restoration of normal behavioral skills will depend on the success of the treatment of the underlying disease.
Last update: 25.06.2018
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Medical expert editor
Portnov Alexey Alexandrovich
Education: Kiev National Medical University. A.A. Bogomolets, Specialty - "General Medicine"
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