Treatment of nipple inflammation is prescribed depending on its cause, established by the doctor during the examination of each patient.
In bacterial nipple inflammation, the use of antibiotics (such as Ampicillin, Gentamicin, Oxacillin, Clindamycin, etc.) is necessary. Also, tetracycline ointment, synthomycin emulsion, Clotrimazole ointments, Levomecol and others are prescribed. Nipples should be washed daily with a soda solution (teaspoon per 250 ml of warm water) or alcohol-free antiseptic solutions (Chloroxylene, Chlorhexidine, Cetrimide).
The ointments Actovegin and Solcoseryl promote the healing of inflamed nipples due to the stimulation of tissue trophism. Pregnant and lactating women are contraindicated in their use.
Inflammation of the nipples during pregnancy and breastfeeding is treated with the help of dexpanthenol ointment (D-Panthenol) or Bepanten plus cream. Read more about antibiotics for breastfeeding.
Medications for inflammation around the nipple caused by hydradenitis include oral antibiotics (Amoxicillin, Doxycycline, Lincomycin) that take a course within one to two weeks. Outside, the inflammation is treated with a slightly warm solution of table salt, and also apply ointments containing antibiotics (Mupirocin, Levomikol, etc.). It may require surgical treatment - opening the exudative cavity and draining it. The surgeon's help is sometimes needed to open up long-lasting abscesses of a different etiology, as well as in cases of obstruction or ectasia of the milk ducts.
Herpes on the nipples and areolas is usually treated by a dermatologist who prescribes such medicines in the form of ointments like Acyclovir, Zovirax, Bactroban, etc. Fungal infections (Candida) require ingestion of antifungals and the use of ointment Nystatin, Miconazole, Mycostatin, Clotrimazole, Terbinafine or Zalain, which are not used during pregnancy and lactation.
Complications for some causes of inflammation of juices can be in the form of scarring and maiming of the breast. And life-threatening consequences include, first and foremost, the whole body's inflammatory reaction to infectious nipple inflammation and bacterial mastitis-sepsis.
Alternative treatment for nipple inflammation and homeopathy
Applying any alternative treatment, one should keep in mind: the process of infectious inflammation with the formation of pus requires drug therapy, and to try to fight bacteria without antibiotics in this situation is not worth it.
However, many home remedies for inflamed nipples are offered, for example:
- If the cause of nipple inflammation is breastfeeding, you can use your own breast milk, applying it to the affected nipple before and after feeding, allowing it to dry completely in the air.
- A warm 10-minute compress on the inflamed nipples (only in the absence of purulent inflammation).
- Careful massage of the nipples with warm olive or almond oil (tablespoon) with the addition of two or three drops of tea tree oil, which has antiseptic properties.
- Massage the affected area with an ice cube wrapped in a sterile tissue.
- Lubricate the nipples with fresh aloe juice 4 times a day for three days (before washing the child must be washed off - so that the baby does not have diarrhea).
To conduct treatment with herbs is recommended with the help of powdered basil leaves, which are made from fresh plant and applied to nipples and otolary zones three times a day for a week. In the same way, you can use the flowers of marigold, which will successfully replace the essential oil of calendula (4-5 drops) mixed with olive (tea or dessert spoon).
Anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties of camomile help to treat inflammation of the nipple during pregnancy and breastfeeding (compresses are made with a decoction of chamomile or irrigation of their nipples).
Homeopathy is inapplicable during the period of the child's fostering and breastfeeding. In other cases, homeopaths offer patients the remedies Alumen, Arnica, Calcarea carbonica, Chamomilla, Graphites, Sanguinaria (for the right breast nipple) and Silicea (for the left nipple).