This pathology is often associated with the presence of hormonal disorders. They, in turn, provoke the appearance of proliferative processes, it is they that worsen the water-electrolyte balance. As a result, there is a sense of "availability", pain and the appearance of seals.
Dyshormonal hyperplasia of mammary glands is a benign neoplasm. It occurs in almost more than a part of women.
Causes of the dyshormonal hyperplasia of mammary glands
The causes are primarily associated with hormonal disorders. But, despite such a widespread development option, there are many reasons why the problem can prove itself.
In the life of every modern woman there are frustrating situations. Among them are conflicts, discontent with one's own family situation, a position at work, stress, nervous disorders and so on. All this significantly affects hormones and leads to the development of education.
Negative influence is rendered by factors of a reproductive nature. A large number of abortions, pregnancies that did not end with childbirth, a special age during the wearing of the baby, late menopause and so on.
Adverse factors of gynecological history lead to the development of benign neoplasms. This may be a violation of the menstrual cycle, infertility, hyperplastic processes of the endometrium, uterine myoma and swelling of the ovaries.
Sexual factors, such as lack of sexual activity or later onset, can cause the formation of a tumor. Reduced libido and discomfort in sexual life have a similar effect.
Endocrine disorders: problems with the thyroid gland, the presence of diabetes, dysfunction of the adrenal cortex affect the hormonal failure. As a result, a benign neoplasm develops.
Heredity, genetic predisposition and pathological liver disorders lead to the development of problems. Therefore, it is recommended that women undergo a systematic examination from a mammologist. In this case, dyshormonal hyperplasia of the mammary glands will bypass.
Symptoms of the dyshormonal hyperplasia of mammary glands
Symptoms are very peculiar. The fact is that this disease is secretive and it is not always possible to diagnose it.
You can conduct an independent examination, which will detect nodules, puffiness and soreness. So cause for concern should become seals, and, if the diameter of education is 0.5 - 1.5 cm. Excessive soreness of the chest, especially in the early days of menstruation. It can have a different character, it is an acute, dull and cutting pain.
Puffiness of the chest, excessive reception, too, should cause fear. Naturally, many women confuse this symptom with the growth of mammary glands. The fact is that puffiness occurs instantaneously, and breast augmentation is a slow process.
There may be discharge from the nipple, milk, clear or bloody. Periodically, there are pain in the shoulder or armpit. All these symptoms should alert the woman. If they are found, consult a doctor immediately. Dyshormonal hyperplasia of the mammary glands is a serious disease that needs to be eliminated urgently.
Diffusive dyshormonal hyperplasia of mammary glands
Often found in women who have a history of frequent violations of menstrual functions. A special risk group is made up of women who have done abortion more than once. Short-term lactation or complete absence of pregnancy can lead to the development of this new growth.
In general, this disease is characterized by the presence of soreness on the eve of menstruation. It is necessary to understand that such a phenomenon occurs before the monthly and at the usual time. Therefore, in many cases, this symptom alone is not enough.
Diffuse manifestation of the tumor can be of several types. These include the fibrous form, which manifests itself as coarse rigid structures and does not have nodules at all. This is a fibrous-cystic variant, characterized by granular structures with the formation of a cyst. There is an adenosic form that manifests itself in the form of soft tuberous structures and painful palpation. Fibrous-adenomatous type, it is characterized by a combination of coarse taiga and soft tuberous structures. Involutive and mixed forms, manifest themselves in the form of lipomatous changes in MF. To prevent complications of the situation, it is worthwhile to turn to a doctor in time. In this case, dyshormonal hyperplasia of the mammary glands can be eliminated without consequences.
Diagnostics of the dyshormonal hyperplasia of mammary glands
Diagnosis is carried out using standard clinical methods. These include: ultrasound, mammography, puncture biopsy and morphological study of the material obtained.
All these manipulations will make it possible to ascertain the fact of the presence of a disease or, on the contrary, to refute it. Naturally, during the examination the doctor listens to the patient and, according to her, keeps track of the symptoms. Based on the data obtained, it is decided which clinical method should be used. A big role is played by visual inspection. The doctor needs to feel the surface of the mammary glands. This will confirm the presence of nodules. The visual inspection is not always enough.
A complete diagnosis consists of examining, checking the symptoms and conducting special studies. Based on the data received, a decision is made on further treatment. Dyshormonal hyperplasia of mammary glands is eliminated surgically.
Treatment of the dyshormonal hyperplasia of mammary glands
Treatment is a complex process. Unfortunately, there is no well-developed algorithm for eliminating the problem. All this is due to the fact that the situation is different, the forms of neoplasm are also not similar to each other. Therefore, each option is approached with particular severity.
The first question is the question of nutrition. It must necessarily be rational. It is necessary to reduce consumption of animal fats and to refuse products, which include methylxanthines. This "word" means cocoa, chocolate, tea, coffee and cola.
To normalize the liver, which worsen in this disease, it is worth starting to take vitamins. In general, they are aimed at stabilizing the activities of the peripheral and central nervous system. Pay attention to vitamins A, E and C, B1 and B6. B1 perfectly normalizes the metabolism of estrogens and has a luteinizing effect. B6 takes part in the exchange of amino acids. He is engaged in the regulation of the gonadotropic function of the pituitary gland. Vitamin C regulates redox processes.
Much depends on the psychoemotional state of women. It is advisable to drink a course of sedatives. First it is recommended to start with lighter drugs. Among them, there are tincture of motherwort, valerian, quaternary medicine and peony. Every day you need to drink 15-25 drops of infusions up to 3 times a day. As for the Quater's mixture, one tablespoon is enough, 2-3 times a day. Duration of treatment should not exceed 2 months. If the violations are persistent, then it is worth moving on to more serious drugs. It can be Relanium and Seduxen, every day you need to take 5-15 mg of these medicines per day. A good action has and Elenium, enough 10-20 mg per day. Rutodel and Mezapam are strong agents that should be taken at a dosage of 10-30 mg per day.
An enormous role is played by the anti-inflammatory treatment of dyshormonal hyperplasia of the mammary glands. It is fully aimed at eliminating the edema of the interstitial tissue of the breast and reducing the pain syndrome. In this case it is recommended to use Nimesil, Methindol or Brufen. They are prescribed in the amount of 250 mg at a time, daily medication is used 2-3 times. You need to start treatment 3-5 days before the start of menstruation. At the same time, you can not take these funds!
It is not excluded the use of hormone therapy. Anti-extrogens are actively used. Among them are Tamoxifen and Toremifene. They competitively bind to the estradiol receptors and in the cells of the MF tissues. The first drug is used in a dosage of 10-20 mg per day. Toremifene is used for half a year for 20 mg per day.
Drugs that reduce prolactin levels are also needed. This is Parlodel, which is used for half or whole tablet per day. A good action is provided by Dostineks, it is used once a week. You need to pay attention to herbal preparations. It can be Mastodinone, used 30 drops twice a day, and Cyclodinone, 1 tablet 2 times a day.
It is also necessary drugs that significantly suppress the gonadotropic function of the pituitary gland and inhibit the secretion of LH and FSH. Among them are Dekapeptil Depot and Nafarelin. Dosage of data by medication is prescribed by the attending physician. Perfect fit and Livial, 2.5 mg per day for 3 months.
This treatment is, so to speak, standard. But when he is appointed, the individual characteristics of the organism are taken into account. Despite the large number of necessary drugs, dyshormonal hyperplasia of the mammary glands is removed exclusively surgically.
Prophylaxis of dyshormonal hyperplasia of the mammary glands is the timely elimination of dysfunctions of the glands of internal secretion. Naturally, it is necessary to eliminate and disorders in the female sexual sphere. All this precedes the occurrence of mastopathy.
It is recommended to go to the mammologist once every six months or a year. This will avoid the appearance of the disease or diagnose it in the early stages. Particular attention should be paid to the breast and yourself. It is advisable to massage and feel it. The woman herself is able to determine the presence of nodules and seals. Note the selection and nipple is also simple.
If you have any strange symptoms, you should immediately seek help from a doctor. This will help not to complicate the situation and start effective treatment. Eliminate neoplasm quickly fails, so a woman should be set for a long recovery course. It is necessary to understand that dyshormonal hyperplasia of the mammary glands is a serious problem, which must be correctly eliminated.
The prognosis of dyshormonal hyperplasia of mammary glands is positive, but only if the treatment was prescribed on time. It must be understood that the problem can be eliminated only surgically. Then follows a long process of rehabilitation. Therefore, it is not necessary to delay the visit with a doctor.
If a woman does not turn in time to a medical facility, serious complications may arise. The later treatment begins, the longer this process will be.
To date, this phenomenon occurs quite often. In this case, much depends on the woman herself. If she turned to a doctor and started a timely treatment, everything will quickly end and the forecast will be positive. Otherwise, serious complications are not excluded.
But no matter how quickly the help was not provided, the problem can be eliminated only with the help of an operation. All medicines play a rehabilitation role and are aimed at restoring many functions. To prognosis was positive, dyshormonal hyperplasia of the mammary glands should be eliminated on time.
Last update: 05.10.2018
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Medical expert editor
Portnov Alexey Alexandrovich
Education: Kiev National Medical University. A.A. Bogomolets, Specialty - "General Medicine"