The severity of the underlying disease depends on the method of application and the dose of antibiotics for lactation. Use medicines only for medical purposes, adhering to such rules:
- Antibiotic is better to take at the time of lactation or after it. Due to this, the number of active components of the drug that are trapped in breast milk will be significantly less. Multiplicity of medication should be compared with the time of feeding the child.
- If the drug should be taken once a day, it is better to do it before the evening feeding. If the medicine is prescribed 2 times a day, then the first time it is taken before bedtime, and the second after 12 hours, that is, in the evening or at night.
- If breastfeeding has been suspended, then you should continue to express milk every 3-4 hours. In this case, before starting therapy, you need to make a supply of breast milk. It can be stored in the freezer for a month.
- Restorative breastfeeding should be 3-4 days after the end of antibiotic therapy.
During therapy, it is not allowed to change the dosage or treatment regimen that are prescribed by the doctor. This will reduce its effectiveness, which can lead to complications of the disease and will require additional treatment.
Antibiotics for angina during lactation
Angina is an acute bacterial disease with a defeat of the tonsils. Most often occurs due to streptococcal infection, viruses, fungi, bacteria. Antibiotics for angina during lactation are needed not only to treat the disease, but also to prevent its serious complications. Therapy is performed after consultation with a doctor, as only an expert can make the correct diagnosis and choose safe, but effective drugs.
If acute tonsillitis occurs in mild or moderate form, then antibacterial agents use Amoxiclav tablets. If penicillin intolerances are prescribed, Erythromycin, Azithromycin or Wilprafen. If the pathology proceeds in severe form, then injecting antibiotics are prescribed.
Effective antibiotics for angina during lactation:
Antibacterial combination. Contains two active components: amoxicillin and clavulanic acid. The first is a broad-spectrum antibiotic, and the second is an inhibitor of beta-lactamase microorganisms. The drug is active against many harmful microorganisms, viruses and bacteria.
- Indications for use: pneumonia, acute and chronic sinusitis, bronchitis, urinary tract infections, otitis media, zaglugal abscess, gynecological infections and soft tissue lesions, gonorrhea, periodontitis and odontogenic infections, prevention of purulent-septic complications, mixed infections.
- There are several forms of production of tablets for oral administration of 250-500 mg amoxicillin / 125 mg clavulanic acid with enteric coating, powder for suspension for oral administration, powder for solution for parenteral administration. Tablets are taken before meals, washed down with water, the dose is selected individually for each patient. The course of treatment is 5-14 days.
- Side effects are mild and temporary. Most often, patients encounter such reactions: nausea, diarrhea, indigestion, vomiting, flatulence, a change in the color of urine. Also, allergic reactions, dizziness and headaches, hepatobiliary disorders, disorders of the urinary system are possible.
- Contraindications: hepatitis, individual intolerance to the components of the drug, cholestatic jaundice. In case of an overdose, there is insomnia, dizziness, increased agitation, convulsions. Treatment is symptomatic, it is possible to conduct hemodialysis.
Semisynthetic antibiotic, is active against gram-positive microorganisms and a number of gram-negative microorganisms. Does not degrade in the acidic environment of the stomach. Effective in diseases caused by a mixed infection.
- Indications for use: pneumonia, bronchopneumonia, lung abscess, tonsillitis, peritonitis, cholecystitis, sepsis, intestinal infections, gonorrhea, soft tissue injuries and other infections caused by microorganisms that are sensitive to the drug.
- Method of use: the preparation is available in the form of oral tablets and powder for the preparation of a suspension. Single dose 500 mg, daily 2-3 g. The daily dosage is divided into 3-6 receptions. The duration of therapy depends on the severity of the disease, usually 5-10 days, but not more than 2-3 weeks.
- Side effects: allergic rashes, disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. To eliminate them, you must stop taking the drug and conduct desensitizing therapy.
- Contraindications: penicillin intolerance, hepatic insufficiency, allergic diseases, bronchial asthma, hay fever.
Semisynthetic antibiotic cephalosporin series, available in the form of capsules. Has bactericidal properties, is active against a wide range of harmful microorganisms.
- Indications for use: lower respiratory tract infections, bronchitis, pneumonia, urinary tract infections, soft tissues, bones and joints, otitis media, sinusitis, pharyngitis, tonsillitis.
- Usage and dose: capsules are taken orally, regardless of food, with water. Dosage of 1-2 grams per day, divided into several doses. Duration of therapy is 7-10 days.
- Side effect: disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, allergic skin rashes, headaches and dizziness, insomnia, growth of opportunistic microorganisms.
- Contraindications: hypersensitivity to active components. With extreme caution used during pregnancy and lactation.
- Overdose: nausea, vomiting, headaches and dizziness, loss of consciousness. For treatment, gastric lavage and hemodialysis are indicated. During treatment, it is necessary to express milk and not use it. Restore lactation can be 2 days after the end of therapy.
The drug with a wide range of bactericidal effects. It is active against gram-positive and gram-negative microorganisms. It is available in powder form for the preparation of injection solutions.
- Indications for use: pneumonia, lung abscesses, pleural empyema, urinary tract infections, bone and articular infections, skin and soft tissue infections, peritonitis and other diseases caused by microorganisms that are sensitive to the drug.
- Method of administration: the drug is administered intravenously and intramuscularly. Dosage and duration of treatment is determined by the attending physician, individually for each patient. The daily dosage should not exceed 1-4 g.
- Side effects: skin allergic reactions, transient increase in the level of aminotransferase liver. Disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, dysbacteriosis, superinfection, local reactions due to intramuscular injection, phlebitis with intravenous administration.
- Contraindications: intolerance of the components of the drug, pregnancy, newborn children.
- Overdose: dizziness, headaches, paresthesia, convulsions, vomiting, heart palpitations. For treatment symptomatic therapy, hemodialysis is indicated.
Antimicrobial drug, which in the spectrum of its action is similar to penicillins. It is active against gram-positive and gram-negative pathogens. Produced in the form of tablets of 100-250 mg with enteric coating and ointment 1%.
- Indications for use: pneumonia, pneumoplethritis, infectious lung lesions, septic conditions, erysipelas, mastitis, osteomyelitis, peritonitis, purulent inflammatory processes, sepsis.
- Method of administration: a single dosage is 250 mg, in especially severe cases, 500 mg are prescribed. The medication is taken every 4-6 hours 1-1.5 hours before meals. With prolonged use of the drug may develop resistance to it.
- Side effects: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, impaired liver function, allergic reactions.
- Contraindications: intolerance of active components, severe violations of liver function, allergic reactions in history.
According to the instructions, the antibiotics described above are not recommended for lactation. But it is necessary to take into account that this contraindication is not absolute. The doctor takes into account the state of the mother and child, the course of the disease. Based on this, the dosage and duration of treatment are selected. The course of therapy, as a rule, takes 7-14 days. If necessary, its duration can be extended. It is forbidden to stop taking prescribed medications on your own, as it often leads to serious complications and even death.
Local treatment of angina is ineffective. Since rinsing solutions, compresses or lozenges for resorption do not create the necessary concentration of active ingredients for the destruction of pathogens. Such procedures can be used as a supplement to the main therapy.
Aids for the treatment of acute tonsillitis during breastfeeding:
- Rinsing - it is necessary to carry out when the first symptoms of the disease appear. Allow to prevent the development of purulent complications. From pharmacy drugs, nursing mothers are allowed to take a solution of furacilin, tincture of calendula and eucalyptus, Miramistin, Chlorhexidine, Iodinol. Also for rinses you can use infusion of chamomile and sage, infusion of garlic, aloe juice with Kalanchoe and honey, carrot or beet juice.
- Tablets for absorption, sprays, inhalations - before using them, it is necessary to rinse the throat well so that the infection does not enter the digestive tract. Inhalations can be done with mineral water or saline. From pastilles and tablets for resorption with antiseptics are recommended: Sepptelet, Lizobakt, Strpsils, Trachisan. Also allowed to use spray Stopanguin, Cameton, solutions of sea salt Solin or Aquamaris.
During the treatment of tonsillitis it is very important to monitor the child's condition. Despite the relative safety of the main antibacterial drugs, their use can provoke a baby's digestive disorders, abdominal pain and colic, anxiety, various allergic rashes on the body. If these symptoms occur, you should see a doctor. Since abolition of antibiotics is not recommended, the doctor may prescribe other drugs or temporarily stop lactation.
Antibiotics for bronchitis in lactation
Inflammation of the bronchial walls caused by viral, bacterial or fungal infections is bronchitis. Infection occurs both contact and airborne. Antibiotics for bronchitis in lactation are necessary to effectively eliminate pathogens and to prevent possible complications. The female organism after weaning is weakened, so it is more susceptible to various infections.
Bronchitis can occur in acute and chronic form. The first lasts about 10 days, accompanied by symptoms of flu or colds. Treatment depends on the causative agent of the disease:
- If a viral infection is detected, then antiviral agents are used. Most often I designate interferon inducers, which stimulate the production of proteins that suppress the growth and development of viruses.
- In bronchitis of bacterial nature, antibacterial drugs are used. The type of medication and its dosage are selected by the attending physician, individually for each patient. In the period of breastfeeding, semisynthetic penicillins, macrolides or cephalosporins are most often used.
- If bronchitis is caused by a fungal infection, then the therapy is based on the use of antifungal drugs. Mandatoryly, expectorants are prescribed to cleanse the bronchi.
Antibiotics of a wide spectrum of action are effective in the treatment of all forms of bronchitis. But they are appointed in the event that the blood test reveals signs of bacterial infection, a woman for a few days keeps a high temperature, there was shortness of breath and sputum became abundant.
Most often, patients with bronchitis are prescribed antibiotics:
Bactericidal antibiotic from the group of semisynthetic penicillins. Has a wide range of action. Acid-resistant, quickly and completely absorbed in the intestines. Available in the form of oral tablets with enteric coating, oral solution and suspension, dry substance for injection.
- Indications for use: bronchitis, pneumonia, pyelonephritis, angina, urethritis, colibenteritis, gonorrhea and other diseases caused by microorganisms sensitive to the drug. Dosage and duration of treatment depend on medical prescriptions.
- Side effects: various allergic reactions, rhinitis, conjunctivitis, joint pain, fever. In rare cases, the development of superinfection is possible. Also, allergic reactions with cephalosporin antibiotics are possible.
- Wilprafen Solutab
Antibiotic from the group of macrolides, has bacteriostatic properties. Getting into the focus of inflammation, creates high concentrations of the active ingredient, having a bactericidal effect. The drug is available in the form of enteric-coated tablets and oral suspensions.
- Indications for use: upper respiratory tract infection and ENT organs, lower respiratory tract infection, oral cavity infection, scarlet fever, diphtheria, skin and soft tissue infections, genital and urinary tract infection.
- Method of application: 1-2 g in 2-3 divided doses. Duration of treatment is 5-10 days. The use of elevated doses causes overdose symptoms. This is manifested by violations of the gastrointestinal tract: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea.
- Side effects: heartburn, vomiting, dysbiosis, violation of bile flow, skin allergic reactions, dose-dependent hearing disorders, candidiasis.
- Contraindications: hypersensitivity to macrolides, severe liver dysfunction. With extreme caution used during pregnancy and lactation.
Antibiotic macrolide with bacteriostatic properties. Has a wide range of action. It is available in the form of tablets with an enteric coating.
- Indications for use: bronchitis, pharyngitis, atypical pneumonia, osteomyelitis, soft tissue infections, prostatitis, toxoplasmosis, tonsillitis, urethritis, sinusitis, gynecological pathologies, otitis, prevention of infectious diseases of ENT organs, urinary tract and meningococcal infection. The drug is taken 1 tablet 3 times a day. Duration of treatment is 5-7 days.
- Side effects: skin allergic reactions, itching, diarrhea, nausea, epigastric pain, paresthesia, gastrointestinal ulceration, vomiting, pseudomembranous colitis. Overdose manifests similar signs. There is no antidote, therefore symptomatic therapy is indicated.
- Contraindications: allergic reactions to the components of the drug. With extreme caution, it is used during lactation, with liver failure and with obstruction of the biliary tract.
The duration of treatment and dosage of medications prescribed by a doctor depend on the form and stage of the disease. The reaction of the child to the antibiotic is also taken into account. It is contraindicated to take such medications independently.
What antibiotics can be used for lactation with genyantritis
Sinusitis is an inflammation of the paranasal sinuses. In 75% of cases, the disease develops due to advanced ARVI or rhinitis. According to medical statistics, every tenth defeat of nasal sinuses is caused by untimely appeal to the dentist. During pregnancy and lactation, this problem is particularly relevant, as hormonal changes lead to a disruption of the water-electrolyte balance and exacerbation of problems with the teeth and chronic pathologies of the nasopharynx.
The disease is characterized by such symptoms: severe headaches, thick purulent discharge from the nose, fever, heaviness. What antibiotics can be used for lactation in genyantritis can be determined only by a doctor after a full diagnosis. This is due to the fact that the disease can be caused by a variety of bacterial agents, starting with a hemophilic rod and ending with Staphylococcus aureus. Diagnosis is carried out with a nasal smear and a microbiological laboratory. This will determine the most suitable antibiotic.
Most often, for the treatment of sinusitis, antibacterial drugs are prescribed:
Antibiotic means of a wide spectrum of action. Refers to the macrolide pharmacological group. It is active against gram-positive and gram-negative microorganisms. Produced in the form of tablets, capsules and syrup in a vial for oral use.
- Indications for use: infectious diseases caused by microorganisms sensitive to the preparation, angina, bronchitis, sinusitis, tonsillitis, scarlet fever, pneumonia, skin and soft tissue infections, Lyme disease, urinary tract infections.
- The medicine is taken 1 tablet 2-3 times a day, the course of treatment is 5-7 days.
- Side effects: nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain, increased activity of hepatic enzymes, skin rashes.
- Contraindications: intolerance to macrolide antibiotics. With special care is prescribed in pregnancy and lactation, allergic reactions in the history, with severe violations of the liver and kidneys.
Antibacterial agent of a wide spectrum of action. It is active against aerobic, anaerobic, gram-positive and gram-negative microorganisms. Contains clavulanic acid and amoxicillin. Produced in tablet form, as a syrup, a dry substance for the preparation of a suspension and powder for injection.
- Indications for use: acute and chronic bronchitis, lobar bronchopneumonia, empyema, lung abscesses, urinary tract infections, sepsis, tonsillitis, sinusitis, pharyngitis, peritonitis, pelvic infections, osteomyelitis, postoperative infectious complications.
- Method of use: the dosage and the course of treatment depend on the form of release of the drug and the severity of the course of the disease. Tablets are prescribed 3 times a day for 375 mg (1 capsule), if the infection has a severe course, then the dosage can be doubled.
- Side effects: digestive disorders, skin allergic reactions, headaches and dizziness, liver dysfunction, hyperemia of the mucous membranes. In the case of an overdose, these reactions take a more pronounced character. To eliminate them, you must stop taking the drug, carry out symptomatic therapy and seek medical help.
- Contraindications: hypersensitivity to the components of the drug, allergic reactions in the anamnesis. With special care and only under medical supervision is used during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
Semisynthetic antibiotic from the pharmacotherapeutic group of cephalosporins of the 1st generation. It has bactericidal properties and a wide spectrum of action. Quickly absorbed from the digestive tract, penetrates into all organs, tissues and body fluids. It has several oral forms of release: capsules, tablets, powder for suspension.
- Indications for use: bronchitis, pneumonia, pleurisy, lung abscess, infections of the ENT organs, infectious lesions of the urinary system and skin, osteomyelitis, arthritis. The drug is prescribed in a dosage of 1-4 g, but if the disease is caused by a gram-negative flora, the dose can be increased to 4-6 g. The course of treatment is 7-14 days.
- Side effects: dyspepsia, diarrhea, pseudomembranous colitis, increased weakness, violation of the blood picture, dizziness, various severity allergic reactions.
- Contraindications: individual intolerance to antibiotics penicillin series and cephalosporins. The possibility of cross-allergy is necessarily taken into account.
Cephalosporin antibiotic of 3rd generation. Has a bactericidal effect by inhibiting the synthesis of the bacterial cell wall. Has a wide spectrum of antimicrobial action, affects aerobic, anaerobic, gram-positive and gram-negative microorganisms. It is available in powder form for the preparation of injections.
- Indications for use: infections of the ENT organs, upper and lower respiratory tract, skin and soft tissues, infections of the abdominal cavity organs, sepsis and bacterial septicemia, bacterial meningitis and endocarditis, salmonellosis, prevention of postoperative purulent-septic complications.
- Method of administration: The drug is used for intramuscular and intravenous injections. Use only freshly prepared solutions. With intramuscular administration, 500 mg of the drug is dissolved in 2 ml of water, with intravenous in 5 ml of water or 1 ml of solvent. The daily dose of the active ingredient should not exceed 2 mg.
- Side effects: nausea, vomiting, stool disorders, transient increase in hepatic transaminase activity, cholestatic jaundice, skin allergic rash, blood picture disorder, phlebitis, tenderness at the injection site, candidiasis.
- Contraindications: hypersensitivity to the components of the drug, penicillins and other cephalosporins, pregnancy and lactation, hepatic-renal failure.
- Overdosage occurs with prolonged use of the drug or use of increased dosages. It manifests itself as leukopenia, neutropenia, hemolytic anemia and other abnormalities on the part of the blood picture. Treatment is symptomatic.
When choosing medicines, it should be taken into account that most of the effective drugs are contraindicated for lactating women. This is due to the fact that antibiotics penetrate all body structures, including breast milk. Strongly acting drugs can cause abnormalities on the part of the digestive tract in the child, allergic reactions and even fungal lesions of the mucosa.
In addition to tablets, saline solutions for nasal lavage may be prescribed for treatment. Most often use Marimer, Dolphin or Quix. These drugs clear the nose and sinuses from pus and mucus. For treatment, vasoconstrictive drops may be used, but when used, it is very important not to exceed the daily dosage: Nazivin, Galazoline, Tysin.
If prolonged treatment of sinusitis does not lead to positive results, this may indicate the presence of cysts or polyps in the nasal sinus. In particularly severe cases, surgical intervention is possible. ENT conducts a puncture of the maxillary sinus. This procedure takes place in an outpatient setting and does not require the cessation of lactation.