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Last reviewed: 07.06.2024

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Acesol is a medicinal product that contains electrolytes such as sodium chloride, potassium chloride and sodium acetate. Electrolytes are substances that play a key role in regulating many vital processes in the body, such as the balance of water and salt, the functioning of the nervous system and muscles, and the maintenance of an optimal pH level in the body.

Here is a brief description of each of these electrolytes:

  1. Sodium chloride: Sodium is one of the major ions involved in the regulation of water and salt metabolism in the body. Chloride is an anion that combines with sodium to form the sodium-chloride electrolyte, which is important for maintaining electrolyte balance in cells and tissues.
  2. Potassiumchloride: Potassium is also an important electrolyte that plays a key role in the functioning of the heart, muscles and nervous system. Potassium ion is the major intracellular ion, and its concentration within cells is carefully regulated to maintain normal electrical potential and cellular function.
  3. Sodium acetate: Acetate is a form of hydrocarbon that is also used to regulate pH levels in the body. Sodium acetate is often used in medical practice to correct metabolic acidosis and maintain normal electrolyte levels.

Acesol is commonly used to restore and maintain electrolyte balance in the body for various conditions such as diarrhea, vomiting, loss of fluids and electrolytes during severe physical exertion or after surgery.

Indications Acesol

  1. Diarrhea and vomiting: In severe diarrhea or vomiting, there is a significant loss of fluid and electrolytes. Acesol may be used to restore electrolyte balance and prevent dehydration.
  2. Electrolyte imbalance: In case of deficiency or excess of sodium, potassium or other electrolytes in the body, acesol may be used to correct their levels.
  3. Intense physical activity: Intense exercise or competition may cause potassium and sodium loss through sweat. Acesol may help restore electrolyte balance in athletes.
  4. Stressful Conditions: During stressful situations or periods of increased stress on the body, such as surgery, injury, or illness, the need for electrolytes may increase. Acesol may be used to help maintain normal electrolyte balance.
  5. Small bowelsyndrome: In patients with small bowel syndrome or other conditions that result in impaired electrolyte absorption, acesol may help compensate for electrolyte losses.

Release form

Acesol (Acetosol) is usually available as a powder or granules for preparing a solution.

To prepare Acesol solution, the powder or granules are usually dissolved in a certain amount of water according to the instructions provided on the package or your doctor's recommendations.


  1. Sodium chloride (NaCl):

    • Sodium chloride plays a key role in maintaining cellular osmotic pressure and fluid balance in the body.
    • It is involved in nerve impulse transmission and muscle contraction, regulates blood volume and blood pressure.
  2. Potassium chloride (KCl):

    • Potassium chloride is important for regulation of electrolyte balance and normal functioning of the cardiovascular system.
    • It is involved in nerve impulse transmission and muscle contraction, and plays a role in the regulation of acid-base balance.
  3. Sodium acetate (CH3COONa):

    • Sodium acetate is a source of sodium and acetate that can be used in the body to form bicarbonate.
    • Bicarbonate plays an important role in the regulation of acid-base balance, participating in the maintenance of optimal pH of blood and tissues.


  1. Absorption: Sodium, potassium and acetate contained in acesol can be absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract into the bloodstream. Absorption occurs mainly in the upper portions of the digestive system.
  2. Distribution: Sodium and potassium are widely distributed throughout the body, penetrating cell membranes and participating in the regulation of osmotic pressure and water balance. Sodium acetate can also penetrate cells and be used in the Krebs cycle.
  3. Metabolism: Electrolytes do not normally undergo metabolic processes in the body. They either participate in cellular metabolism or are excreted from the body through the kidneys.
  4. Excretion: Sodium and potassium are eliminated from the body mainly through the kidneys with urine. Sodium acetate may also be excreted in the urine.
  5. Half-life: Thehalf-life for sodium and potassium is usually short because they are rapidly involved in osmotic pressure and water balance. For acetate, the timing characteristics may be different and depend on the physiological needs of the body.
  6. Individual Characteristics: The pharmacokinetics of electrolytes may vary depending on the patient's condition such as renal function and cardiovascular system.
  7. Shelflife and storage: Please note that Acesol is a solution and may undergo changes depending on storage conditions.

Use Acesol during pregnancy

Acesol can be used during pregnancy, but with some caution. Here are a few key aspects:

  1. Correction of electrolyte balance: Acesol may be prescribed to correct electrolyte disturbances or dehydration states that may occur during pregnancy due to nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea.

  2. Caution in use: Electrolyte levels and general health should be monitored, as changes in water-salt balance can affect both mother and fetus.

  3. Medical supervision: The use of Acesol during pregnancy should be under strict medical supervision with regular monitoring of renal function, electrolyte levels and hydration status.


It is important to consult your doctor before using Acesol during pregnancy. The physician will evaluate the potential risks and benefits of using this solution based on the current health status of the pregnant woman, the presence of symptoms of dehydration or electrolyte deficiency, and other individual factors.

With proper medical supervision and strict adherence to recommendations, acesol can be a safe and effective means of maintaining hydration and electrolyte balance during pregnancy.


  1. Hyperkalemia (high blood potassium level): The drug should be used with caution or avoided in case of hyperkalemia because it contains potassium chloride, which may increase potassium levels in the body.
  2. Hypernatremia (high blood sodium level): Hypernatremia may occur in case of excessive sodium intake. In this case the use of the drug should be limited or completely excluded.
  3. Hyperchloremia (high blood chloride level): Patients with hyperchloremia should use "Acesol" with caution, because the drug contains sodium chloride.
  4. Hypertension (high blood pressure): In some patients, hypertension may be due to sodium chloride. In such cases, the use of Acesol requires special caution.
  5. Poshkodzhennya nirok ta sercja: In the presence of serious kidney or heart disease, it may be necessary to adjust the dosage or completely refuse the drug.
  6. Hypokalemia (low blood potassium level): The drug may be contraindicated in hypokalemia, as it contains potassium chloride, which helps to increase the level of potassium in the body.

Side effects Acesol

  1. Hyperkalemia: Hyperkalemia (elevated blood potassium levels) may occur with Acesol use, especially in patients with kidney disease or other conditions that may increase potassium levels in the body.
  2. Hypernatremia: Prolonged or improper use of Acesol may result in the development of hypernatremia (increased sodium levels in the blood), which may lead to worsening of the patient's condition.
  3. Hypervolemia: The use of Acesol may lead to an excessive increase in the volume of fluid in the blood, which can lead to edema and high blood pressure.
  4. Alkaline reaction: The sodium acetate contained in Acesol can cause an alkaline reaction in the blood, which can lead to changes in pH and other disturbances of homeostasis.
  5. Injection site reactions: If Acesol is administered intravenously, injection site reactions such as soreness, redness, or swelling may occur.


  1. Hypernatremia: An overdose of sodium chloride can cause hypernatremia, which is characterized by increased sodium levels in the blood. This can lead to dehydration, rapid heart rate, high blood pressure, seizures and in severe cases even convulsions and coma.
  2. Hyperkalemia: An overdose of potassium chloride may cause hyperkalemia, which is characterized by increased levels of potassium in the blood. This can lead to cardiac arrhythmias, weakened or arrested heart, muscle weakness and paralysis, as well as hypotension and impaired kidney function.
  3. Hyperhydration: Overdose of sodium acetate may lead to hyperhydration, especially in case of simultaneous intake of large amounts of fluids. This may cause edema, increased pressure inside the cranial cavity and other serious complications.
  4. Acid-dependent pH disorders: Excessive administration of sodium acetate can cause a shift in the acid-base balance towards alkalinity, which can lead to various pH disorders in the body.

Interactions with other drugs

  1. Drugs affecting potassium: Since acesol contains potassium chloride, combination with other drugs that also affect potassium levels in the body may lead to hyperkalemia. This includes drugs such as spironolactone, anticoagulants like heparin, and potassium preparations.
  2. Drugs affecting sodium: Similarly, acesol contains sodium, so combination with other drugs that also affect sodium levels in the body (e.g., diuretics or some antihypertensive drugs) may result in hypernatremia or sodium deficiency.
  3. Drugs affecting acid-base balance: Acesol contains sodium acetate, which may affect the acid-base balance of the body. Therefore, combination with other drugs affecting blood pH (e.g. Diuretics, acetazolamide preparations) may require additional monitoring of electrolytes and acid-base balance.
  4. Drugs affecting renal function: Since acesol is excreted via the kidneys, drugs affecting renal function (e.g. Nephrotoxic antibiotics) may increase the risk of undesirable effects or changes in electrolyte balance.
  5. Drugs affecting the circulatory system: Combination with drugs affecting the circulatory system (e.g. Anticoagulants) may require more frequent monitoring of electrolyte levels and renal function.

Storage conditions

  1. To restore electrolyte balance:

    • For adults, it is usually recommended to prepare a solution by dissolving the contents of one or more servings of Acesol in a specified volume of water (usually 200-250 mL of water).
    • Dosage may vary depending on the degree of dehydration and surrounding circumstances, so always follow your doctor's advice or the instructions on the package.
    • The solution is usually taken orally until electrolyte balance is restored.
  2. For diarrhea or vomiting:

    • It is recommended to consult a physician to determine the dosage and method of administration depending on the degree of fluid and electrolyte loss.
  3. For the kids:

    • The dosage and route of administration for children is usually determined based on their age, weight and medical condition. It is recommended to consult a physician for individualized recommendations.


To simplify the perception of information, this instruction for use of the drug " Acesol" translated and presented in a special form on the basis of the official instructions for medical use of the drug. Before use read the annotation that came directly to medicines.

Description provided for informational purposes and is not a guide to self-healing. The need for this drug, the purpose of the treatment regimen, methods and dose of the drug is determined solely by the attending physician. Self-medication is dangerous for your health.

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