Symptoms of increased cardiac pressure
Normally, the difference between the systolic and diastolic blood pressure values - pulse or cardiac pressure - is 40 mm Hg. Art. Symptoms of increased cardiac pressure in the form of dyspnea, cardiac arrhythmia and swelling of the lower limbs, according to clinical practice, indicate serious problems of the cardiovascular system of the body, in the first place, those who are over 50.
Since the index of pulse blood pressure gives an idea of the state of hemodynamics, then its increase to 60 mm Hg. Art. Can be caused by stenosis or insufficiency of aortic valves, atherosclerosis (aortic stiffness), increased intracranial pressure, endocarditis, anemia, hyperthyroidism.
Symptoms of high blood pressure in the elderly
It is estimated that the symptoms of high blood pressure in the elderly at the age of 65 and older - alone or in combination with other diseases - are present in at least 55-60% of patients.
High blood pressure levels are manifested in the same way as described above. But at this age, only systolic blood pressure is very often increased, and the lower, that is, diastolic, remains within the norm (90 mm Hg) or lower. In this case, there is an increase in pulse pressure - the difference between systolic and diastolic blood pressure.
Symptoms of increased systolic pressure (or isolated systolic hypertension) are associated with age-related changes in the vascular system that lead to sclerotization (loss of elasticity) of the aorta and major arteries. The clinical picture of this type of arterial hypertension is characterized by headache, noise and ripple in the head, dizziness (especially when changing the position of the body), frequent short-term loss of consciousness (fainting), sleep disturbances, dyspnea, pressing and constrictive pain in the heart, intermittent claudication (with atherosclerosis of the vessels of the legs). This type of high blood pressure is the main cause of strokes and acute heart failure.
Much less often, only diastolic blood pressure, which forms the walls of blood vessels, is elevated. If there are symptoms of increased diastolic pressure - weakness, headaches, dizziness, general malaise - this indicates problems with the blood vessels. With an increased diastolic blood pressure on the walls of blood vessels, the blood flow in the heart is disturbed, which leads to irreversible changes in the heart muscle - its overstrain and a decrease in the contractile function. In addition, an isolated elevated diastolic blood pressure may be a sign of the presence of kidney diseases in a person.
Symptoms of high blood pressure in adolescents
The dependence of blood pressure on age is obvious: at birth, the systolic BP index of the baby is 70-75 mm Hg. By the year, it grows to 90 mm Hg. Art. By 9-10 years of age, arterial pressure in physically healthy children of normal growth grows to 100/65 mm Hg. To 12 years - up to 120/80 mm Hg. Art. And in adolescents 14-16 years old (without deviations in physical development), the normal blood pressure is 130/70 mm Hg. Art.
And the World Health Organization has proposed a uniform for all criterion of high blood pressure in adolescents with 13 years of age - the level of blood pressure 140/90 mm Hg. Art.
Symptoms of high blood pressure in adolescents begin to manifest, mainly in the pubertal period (puberty) - at 12-17 years. Increased blood pressure in adolescents is manifested by hyperhidrosis (increased sweating) and polyuria (increased urine output), tachycardia attacks, tinnitus, dizziness, headache and flushes to the face, problems with sleeping, as well as complaints of pain in the chest and epigastric region.