Strawberries, cranberries and raspberries with diabetes mellitus

, medical expert
Last reviewed: 11.04.2020

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Strawberries are of two types: cultural and wild. The latter can be found in the fields, near river banks, in forests. Forest and field berry is considered not only more fragrant, but also incredibly useful in diabetes, because in terms of the content of nutrients it surpasses the cultural kombinat combining the characteristics of strawberries and strawberries.

It is recommended to use an aromatic berry fresh, because thermal treatment destroys most of the nutrients contained in it. This is an excellent tool for fighting the morning hunger, helping to replace high-calorie food. A leaf of strawberries are considered an excellent raw material for the preparation of medicinal tea (3 g leaflets brew 400 g of boiling water, insist and drink 3-4 times a day).

Lingonberry  is a berry which, with diabetes, is not only permitted, but also extremely useful. After all, it is a product with a high content of biologically active substances. 

Raspberry  is an unusually tasty and delicate berry, which because of palpable sweetness is often ignored by patients with diabetes, believing that its use can negatively affect the sugar content in the blood. This is one of the biggest misconceptions, because 100 grams of raspberries contain only 5.5 g of carbohydrates, a large amount of water and vegetable fibers that prevent the rapid absorption of sugars.

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Raspberry is considered an extremely vitamin product with a high content of flavonoids. In its composition we find 5 vitamins of group B, including choline (B4), vitamins, A, C, E, K, R (bioflavonoids). In addition, raspberries contain almost all micronutrients useful in diabetes, and even selenium, which increases the sensitivity to insulin of the heart muscle and is considered a prevention of complications of diabetes from the heart and blood vessels.

With diabetes types 1 and 2, raspberries can be eaten fresh, cooked with delicious juices and mashed potatoes, added to cocktails, used as medicinal raw materials for teas, effective at the first signs of a cold and fever. Beverages, in which leaflets and shoots of raspberries, possessing all the same properties as fruits, act as a therapeutic component.

Cowberry endocrinologists are recommended to eat in the daytime and in the evening as a delicious dessert or snack. Low GI berries and high fiber content allows you to consume fruits per 1 glass a day. But it is better to do it for 2-3 reception.

The fruits of the plant contain various vitamins (beta-carotene, vitamins C and B), minerals (berries are rich in potassium, calcium and magnesium, enriched in iron and phosphorus), natural acids. Glucose and fructose in fruits are distributed approximately in equal quantities, but their rapid assimilation is impeded by a significant content of plant food fibers.

Juice, which can be made from fresh berries, helps to remove harmful substances from the blood, stimulates the immune system, tones up the body and saturates it with vitamins. But infusion and decoction of leaves or berries cranberries (1 tsp shredded dry leaves or 1 tablespoon berries per 1 glass of water) is considered curative in kidney pathologies (due to a diuretic effect) and diabetes mellitus (helps to reduce the level sugar in the blood).

Strawberries  are another delicious and fragrant berry that is rich in ascorbic acid. 

Along with vitamin C, it has several B vitamins, beta-carotene (also provitamin A) and tocopherol (the scientific name for vitamin E). The mineral composition of the berry is also very diverse. Fruits and leaves of the plant are high in potassium and calcium, magnesium and sodium, contain minerals such as phosphorus, iron, copper, which are useful in diabetes. In the composition of the berries we find also other important minerals, for example, zinc and manganese.

Zinc benefits from diabetes in that it increases the activity of the insulin hormone and lowers blood glucose, participates in hematopoiesis, helps maintain normal fat balance, helps maintain weight in a normal manner, prevents the deposition of cholesterol on the walls of blood vessels, helps heal wounds. Manganese together with phosphorus are considered useful for women's health, which often crashes with diabetes.

The caloric content of strawberries is even lower than that of strawberries, and the carbohydrate content in 100 grams of the product is not more than 11 g. So the use of 200-300 g of this fragrant and very appetizing berries to diabetics will not hurt.



Strawberries. This delicious and fragrant berry is even more allergen than strawberry. In allergy sufferers, its use can provoke itching and rashes on the skin, its redness, vomiting, dizziness, which is very undesirable even for a generally healthy person. Especially dangerous are allergic reactions for children and expectant mothers.

Dangerous can be the use of strawberries and for people with pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract. So with increased secretion of gastric juice, the berry can provoke the development or exacerbation of gastritis with increased gastric pain. If there is a risk of liver and intestinal colic, as well as a negative effect on the kidneys. You can not eat strawberries and with inflamed appendicitis.

Cowberry. Sweet and sour taste of the berry with pleasant bitterness is also not an absolutely safe treat, especially for those diabetics whose blood pressure is lower than normal (there is a risk of a sudden drop in blood pressure), urate stones or cholecystitis are found in the urinary bladder and kidneys. In general, caution should be observed for any kidney disease, so you should first know with your doctor whether you can consume fresh berries or other cranberry dishes in this situation.

It is believed that the maximum benefit and minimum side effects from cranberries can be expected if you consume it before eating, i.e. On an empty stomach. But such treatment can cause irreparable harm to the gastrointestinal mucosa, if the diabetic has a gastritis or stomach ulcer. Especially dangerous is the treatment of cranberries with increased acidity of the stomach, when any acidic berries become a risk factor for the development of the inflammatory-erosive process in the organ.

Raspberry. This berry along with the leaves and shoots of the plant is a unique natural remedy for heat and cold, as well as one of the delicious desserts for diabetes, when the use of sweet delicacies is limited due to high blood sugar. But the use of such dessert will not benefit everyone. For example, some people may have an allergy to raspberries and this will be an obstacle to the use of berries and compounds based on the leaves of the plant.

Not best use of raspberries can affect the kidneys of nephritis, kidney stone disease and other inflammatory pathologies of this organ. Despite the fact that fresh berry does not have a pronounced acidic taste, its use for exacerbations of inflammatory and ulcerative diseases of the digestive tract is considered undesirable (although tea from raspberry shoots in this case does not hurt).

Caution in the use of berries and teas from raspberry leaflets should be observed and pregnant women, because they have a higher risk of premature birth due to an increase in the tone of the uterus.

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