Nodules in the chest in men
Any changes in the mammary glands in men are caused by the hormonal background. The state of the breast affects the hormones estrogens and androgens. With an excess or a lack of these substances, gynecomastia develops, that is, a disproportionate increase in the mammary glands. Very often this disease manifests itself during puberty. In addition, there are other reasons for breast augmentation in men:
- Cystic formations.
- Inflammation of tissues.
- Tuberculosis, intraprostatic papillomas.
- Hormonal disbalance.
- Malignant and benign formations.
In this case, breast cancer in men is much less common than in women. According to statistics, malignant neoplasm appears in 1 out of 100,000 men. 2.
Nodules in the mammary gland of children
The appearance of nodes in the chest in childhood is very rare. The characteristic swelling of the glands in newborns appears due to the influence of female hormones from the mother's body. Such a phenomenon does not require examination or treatment, as the changes pass independently. The formation of nodes can be associated with premature puberty. But in this case, treatment is not required. Since over time the hormonal background stabilizes.
In any case, when there are nodes in the mammary gland, there is no need to panic. It is necessary to seek medical help and undergo a series of examinations. This will allow to identify the foci of compaction, their cause and nature.
Lymphatic node of the breast
The lymph node of the mammary gland causing painful sensations requires medical attention. The disease, which increases the lymph nodes located next to the mammary gland, performing the functions of collecting lymph, is called lymphadenomatism. In the usual state, the lymph nodes are not felt and do not cause discomfort. But there are a number of diseases that cause inflammation of these sites, so they are subject to mandatory examination. The doctor carefully examines the lateral thoracic lymph nodes and seals along the edge of the large pectoral muscle (Sorgius node), subclavian and supraclavicular nodes, axillary.
In any case, pain in the lymph nodes of the breast is the basis for a visit to the doctor. If after examination the doctor diagnosed breast lymphadenopathy, then do not panic. Since the diagnosis is preliminary and is a symptom of another disease. Consider the main pathologies that cause inflammation of the lymph nodes:
- Metastases with cancer.
- Venereal diseases.
- Syphilis, tuberculosis, brucellosis.
- Infection lesions in the lymph node.
- Side effects from medications
- Fungal diseases from the category of histoplasmosis or actinomycosis.
- Parasitic infectious lesions: lambiosis, toxoplasmosis, toxocarosis.
- Viral diseases of lymph nodes: hepatitis, HIV.
Identify the lesion of lymph nodes can be independently with the help of palpation and a thorough examination of the breast. If seals were found with red skin and painful sensations with pressure, then this is an occasion to consult a doctor. Diseases of the lymph nodes of the breast can be accompanied by a regular increase in temperature, increased sweating, unexpected weight loss, increased liver or spleen.
The main task is to identify the enlarged lymph nodes and give them a characteristic. It can be soft, elastic and moving knots of small size. Similar symptoms occur with a two-sided increase. If large, dense, solitary nodes appear, this is a sign of metastasis from tumors or progression of tuberculosis. In the case where the cause can not be established and no changes are found in the breast, the doctor removes the node for histological examination or takes the tissue for a biopsy. But most often lymph nodes are affected by metastases from tumoral foci of the breast or other organs.
Fibrous breast node
Fibrous node of the breast occurs as a result of dyshormonal disease due to neuroendocrine disorders in the body. Fibrosis manifests itself in the form of hyperplastic and proliferative processes in the tissues of the gland. As a rule, fibrotic nodes appear against the background of violations of the genital function and the menstrual cycle. Chronic mastitis, inflammatory diseases of the genital organs, rejection of breastfeeding, artificial abortion and mammary gland traumas are predisposing factors to the formation of fibrous nodes.
This disease is detected in 15% of women with complaints of pain and tightness in the chest. Most often, fibrosis develops in women aged 30-50 years. In any case, the cause of the fibrous node is hormonal imbalance. There are two types of fibrous nodes of the breast:
- Local fibrosis is the initial stage of the disease, which progresses very quickly and is accompanied by painful sensations.
- Periductal fibrosis is the proliferation of connective tissue around the gland ducts. In most cases, leads to cystic transformations.
- Linear fibrosis is diagnosed by ultrasound. Pathology is the nodal areas along the walls of the ducts, ligaments and interlobular septa of the breast.
- Focal fibrosis - this form requires differential diagnosis from a malignant neoplasm. For this, the patient is subjected to a puncture biopsy.
Nodular fibrosis is characterized by the formation of large seals in the chest, which are well palpated. Discomfort and pain are classic symptoms of the disease. Pain begins to intensify before menstruation, gives to the shoulder and armpit. If the nodes begin to increase during menstruation, this is a clear sign of fibrosis. In addition, additional symptoms of the pathology are bloody discharge from the nipple. Nodes can be multiple and single, have a granular, elastic surface.
Treatment of the fibrous node of the breast involves surgical intervention and conservative medical therapy. The tactics of treatment depend on the cause of the disease, the prevalence and localization of seals, as well as on the individual physiological characteristics of the patient's body.
- With conservative treatment, a woman is prescribed painkillers, hormonal drugs for correction of disorders, homeopathic medicines for normalizing the hormonal background. And also medicines for strengthening the immune system of the body.
- Surgical treatment is rarely used. Typically, the operation is performed to remove individual fibrous nodes, which led to cosmetic defects in the breast and suspected malignant process.
Important in the treatment is the observance of dietary recommendations. In order to reduce the symptoms of fibrosis, in the premenstrual period it is necessary to give up coffee, cocoa, chocolate and strong tea. These drinks contain methylxanthines, substances that stimulate the growth of fibrous tissue.
Fibromatous node in the mammary gland
Fibromatous node in the mammary gland occurs in 20% of women. The disease has no age limits, so it may appear as a young girl, and an adult woman. Fibromatous nodes are benign formations that appear in the muscular walls of the uterus and the mammary glands. This pathology is considered the most common lesion of the reproductive system.
The main symptoms of the fibromatous node of the breast: painful sensations during palpation, sometimes acute and paroxysmal, as well as heavy bleeding during menstruation. Diagnose the disease at the reception of a gynecologist or mammologist. To make an accurate diagnosis, the doctor conducts a number of additional studies. To determine the location and size of the nodes, the patient is given mammography, ultrasound and computed tomography. Treatment is reduced to taking medication hormonal medications.
Diffuse nodes in the mammary gland
Diffuse nodes in the mammary gland are a group of diseases that cause the appearance of seals. In this case, the diffuse nodes that arise against the background of mastopathy significantly increase the risk of developing breast cancer. Female mammary glands in reproductive age are susceptible to proliferative and regressive changes in supporting and epithelial tissues. Due to the violation of these processes, a diffuse rearrangement takes place. Changes can be diffuse, diffuse-nodal and fibrocystic mastopathy.
Allocate such forms of diffuse nodes in the mammary gland:
- Diffuse mastopathy with adenosis.
- Sclerosing adenosis.
- Diffuse fibrocystic mastopathy with a predominance of cystic or fibrous components.
- Mixed form of diffuse nodes.
To determine the severity of the pathology, the patient is sent for mammograms. The examination makes it possible to conditionally determine the relationship between connective tissue glandular tissues and the fat background. The main symptoms of diffuse nodes are multiple seals of different sizes that cause severe pain during palpation. This symptomatology requires medical diagnosis and treatment.
Hypoechoic node of the breast
A hypo echogenic node of the breast is formed because of cancer cells or cells of cystic formations. In most cases, the symptomatology of hypoechoic nodes does not manifest itself. Only some women experience aching pain and burning sensation in the chest. Therefore, the disease can be detected when visiting a mammologist and conducting a standard diagnosis.
Treatment depends on the stage of development of nodular formations and the location of their localization. If the nodes grow, the patient is prescribed the intake of iodine-containing drugs. At gipoehogennyh sites more than one centimeter, biopsy is shown. Oncological diagnosis is made in 5% of cases.