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Health

Milk with diabetes

, medical expert
Last reviewed: 11.04.2020
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Nature has provided food for all the creatures that have come into being in the form of mother's milk. This nutrient contains everything necessary for the growth and development of the cub. With the development of civilization, animal milk, especially cow's, became a full-fledged food product, produced on a production scale. It has many useful ingredients - proteins, vitamins, more than 50 minerals, the most valuable of which is calcium. Its role is not limited to the building function for bones and teeth, but it affects the work of the heart, the level of blood pressure, the state of the nervous system, it reduces the level of "bad" cholesterol. To ensure a daily dose of mineral to children and adults, you need to include milk and milk products into your diet. Is milk permissible for diabetes?

Is it possible to drink dairy products and milk for type 1 and type 2 diabetes?

Is it possible to drink dairy products and milk for type 1 and type 2 diabetes? Diabetics need calcium, so the answer is unambiguous - you can, but with the caveat that their fat content should not be high. Low-fat milk, cottage cheese, yogurt, kefir, other sour-milk products are included in the list of permitted products for diabetics, and gestational diabetes is not an exception . During pregnancy, a woman, like anyone else, needs calcium, phosphorus, selenium, zinc, iodine, and others, as the foundation of a future new life is laid.

There is another opinion that cow's milk can cause diabetes. The research data are given that in some patients the connection between the onset of the disease and the consumption of milk was traced. Nevertheless, there are no official recommendations, although experts warn against replacing mother's milk with an animal, if this is not necessary.

Benefits

What good is milk for diabetes? First of all, it is a source of calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, vitamins, microelements, lactose - everything that the body needs to function properly. A factor that testifies not in his favor is fatness. Therefore, the benefits of low-fat milk products, best of all, are dairy. They are easily digested, lactose improves the liver and kidneys, removing toxins and toxins. This opinion belongs to fans of the theory of the usefulness of milk in diabetes. Here are more detailed characteristics of different types of milk and other dairy products and their effect on the body in diabetes mellitus:

  • mare's milk - in composition differs from cow's, it has less fat and protein, but more lactose. It is well absorbed and has a high biological value. The composition and amount of proteins is close to the female, and the percentage of polyunsaturated fatty acids in it is even higher. By the presence of ascorbic acid, it surpasses all other species, it has many B vitamins, vitamin D, E. It has everything in order to increase immunity, prevent the appearance of sclerotic plaques, balance the nervous system - properties suitable for diabetes mellitus; milk - is obtained by boiling and prolonged vexation at a lower temperature of ordinary milk. Its readiness is determined by changing the color from white to cream, reducing the volume, forming a film. The resulting product contains less water in its composition, the concentration of other substances increases, only vitamin C is destroyed, it becomes much less. Stuffed milk is better absorbed, its caloric value is low, this makes it preferable for diabetics whole milk;
  • goat's milk - it is at all times revered as a remedy for many diseases due to the fact that it contains about 40 beneficial to the body components: vitamins B1, B2, B6, B12, C, E, A, D, enzymes, amino acids, antioxidants, magnesium, iron, manganese, potassium, sodium, calcium, etc. In composition it is very close to the breast. With its help metabolic processes, thyroid functions are restored, the immune and cardiovascular system is strengthened, hemopoiesis and blood circulation is improved. Lysozyme in its composition provides antibacterial and healing effect. Despite the high fat content, it is recommended for diabetics to drink goat's milk, while observing certain rules: to eat in small portions at intervals of 3 hours, to balance the calorie content of food at the expense of other products;
  • cottage cheese with diabetes - nutritionists believe that this is the ideal product for diabetes. It refers to sour-milk products, it contains many useful elements that are well perceived by the digestive tract, are easily digested, replenishing protein stores, strengthening defenses, bone tissues, normalizing pressure. Given that his insulin index is high enough and stimulates a powerful release of insulin, a low-fat product is recommended in a small portion and not more often than once a day;
  • kefir - splits glucose and milk sugar in the body, includes a whole set of probiotics. It is recommended to drink in the morning, preferably after breakfast in the volume of a liter-liter;
  • porridge on milk is a source of slow carbohydrates, i.e. Those whose energy is released gradually and does not lead to a sharp jump in glucose. Such food should prevail in patients with diabetes mellitus. For the preparation of cereals suitable for the following cereals: buckwheat, oatmeal, pearl barley, rice from long-grained varieties. Each of them contains its own useful components. So, in buckwheat there is a lot of iron, oatmeal strengthens blood vessels and clears blood from harmful cholesterol, the latter two contain phosphorus, speed up metabolic processes. When they are cooked milk should be twice as much cereals, sugar is excluded. After boiling, it is best to leave on low heat to languish until the seeds are boiled;
  • coffee with milk - to coffee in diabetes, the attitude of specialists is ambiguous: some consider it a useful drink, others emphasize its negative effect on the body. It turns out that it combines both. The pluses include the presence of many organic substances: calcium, phosphorus, calcium, vitamin P, vegetable alkaloids, pectins. Caffeine is on the opposite side of the scales - it invigorates, its effect lasts up to 8 hours, it may disturb sleep, heart palpitations, feelings of anxiety and anxiety, excessive production of hydrochloric acid. Low-fat milk neutralizes such manifestations. This allows the fans of this drink, even with such an endocrine disease, not to deny themselves the pleasure, but not to abuse it;
  • Dry milk - is obtained from the usual through thickening followed by evaporation. The high temperature of exposure to the product (up to 180 ° C) leaves him no chance to retain all of his medicinal properties, but still many valuable components in reconstituted milk are present: amino acids, proteins, part of vitamins, minerals. It is easily digested, strengthens the heart muscle, improves eyesight, so it is suitable for diabetics;
  • tea with milk - tea is not only possible to drink with diabetes, but it is also necessary. It contains polyphenols - natural antioxidants that can maintain insulin levels, protect vessels from atherosclerosis, strengthen the heart muscle, prevent the formation of cancer cells, and resist viruses. For diabetics the most useful sorts of tea are black, green, karkade. But to add milk to it is not recommended, tk. This reduces the quality characteristics of the drink, sugar should also not be present in it;
  • coconut milk - in the unripe fruit of a coconut there is a liquid called milk, which when matured turns into copra - a white flesh. Due to the rich composition of nutrients, the drink is very useful, it quenches thirst well, it has a beneficial effect on brain function, helps to get rid of depressions and decay, has antiviral properties. But all this is not for diabetics, a large number of fatty acids puts its use under prohibition;
  • sour milk or curdled milk - by its characteristics is not inferior to fresh, at the same time is easier to digest by the body. Lactic acid in its composition improves the intestinal microflora and the work of the stomach, increases the body's resistance to disease-causing bacteria. Sour mare milk - koumiss is considered a drink of longevity. It truly has the most valuable properties for the body, but it also contains a certain percentage of alcohol, which is harmful for people with diabetes. But in this case, you should not abandon it altogether; it is low-calorie, does not accumulate in the form of fats, improves blood and lymph circulation, makes the body more resistant to various infectious diseases. You should choose a weak koumiss, which contains only 1% of alcohol;
  • chicory with milk - chicory is useful for digestion of the plant, with the help of the pectin contained in it, metabolism is improved, toxins and waste products are released. But most of all it makes him attractive to diabetics inulin. A quarter of a gram of this polysaccharide replaces the gram of fat. It is used in dietary products, dietary supplements, baby food. Although it does not replace insulin, it helps reduce sugar, prevents the development of complications of the disease. Chicory without milk is not a delicious drink, so the addition of low-fat milk will improve its taste and does not affect the value of the plant.

trusted-source[1], [2]

Contraindications

Milk and other dairy products are contraindicated for individual intolerance, lactose deficiency. Diabetes mellitus eliminates the consumption of fatty species. Sour milk is not recommended for ulcers, gastritis with high acidity, cholelithiasis. Koumiss increases the burden on the kidneys, so it is necessary to exercise moderation in doses.

trusted-source[3], [4], [5], [6], [7], [8], [9], [10]

Possible risks

There may be complications in the form of bloating, flatulence, even diarrhea with unpleasant pain symptoms in the abdomen. Skeptics of the benefits of milk for diabetics are very determined. They argue that milk can provoke even the development of diabetes and it must be limited already in childhood. There are no official recommendations and bans of officials from medicine on this score, so for a common man this is just an assumption.

trusted-source[11], [12], [13], [14], [15], [16], [17], [18], [19]

Reviews

In the responses of many people with diabetes, there is evidence that they include milk and other dairy products in their diet. Preference in most cases is given to kefir, it is easier to digest and does not cause any unpleasant consequences. Counting the grain units, their content in dairy products is taken into account and is regulated by other food.

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