To carry out the procedure of inhalation with dioxidine is much easier when the techniques of conducting, how to dilute, the proportions of the solution used are known. All these points need to figure out before the start of treatment.
Only Dioxidine is used in vials for inhalation: 0.5% or 1% solution is suitable. It is additionally diluted with isotonic solution of sodium chloride (saline) to the required concentration.
Dioxidine for inhalation nebulizer is used according to the following scheme:
- carefully open the ampoule with the drug, using the attached nail file and cotton pad;
- 1 ml of dioxidine is poured from the ampoule into the measuring container, saline is added (if there is 0.5% preparation, then add 2 ml of saline, and if there is 1% preparation, then add 4 ml of saline);
- the solution is mixed very carefully, and then filled into the nebulizer.
Saline and dioxidine for inhalation must be mixed necessarily: concentrated dioxidine, falling on the mucous tissue, can have a pronounced toxic effect.
Often, doctors prescribe the so-called "complex" mixture for a nebulizer - for example, inhalation with dioxidine and dexamethasone. Dexamethasone is a glucocorticosteroid agent, which is an adrenal cortex hormone and actively influences metabolic processes in tissues. This component has a powerful effect and is assigned only in special advanced cases when it is not possible to cure the disease in another way. The combination of dexamethasone and dioxidine allows you to quickly relieve an attack of dry cough or bronchospasm, eliminate allergic cough. With caution use this "complex" mixture for the treatment of patients with endocrine disorders, diabetes.
If dexamethasone or hydrocortisone is additionally used, dioxidine for inhalation should still be diluted with saline, and only then refilled in a nebulizer. As a rule, corticosteroid preparations are also diluted separately with saline. The specific dosage and frequency of the procedure should be indicated by the treating doctor.
Dioxidine for inhalation for adults
As practice shows, adults use inhalations with dioxidine much more often than children: the drug has an extensive antimicrobial effect, but if used improperly, it can be dangerous due to the risk of intoxication.
For the treatment of adult patients, dioxidine is diluted with a saline solution according to the instructions (more often 1: 2). The resulting liquid is shaken and poured into the compartment of the inhaler.
The frequency of repetition of procedures - 1 time per day, for 2-7 minutes. The duration of therapy is about a week.
In pregnancy, inhalation with dioxidine is contraindicated, as there is evidence of the damaging effects of the drug on the fetus. Breast feeding is also considered a contraindication to the use of the solution. Even minimal penetration of dioxidine into the infant’s blood can be dangerous due to the high toxicity of the drug.
Dioxidine inhalation for children
Pediatricians are not advised to put dioxidine in a number of drugs of the first choice, which means the following: inhalation with dioxidin is used only when other drugs have not had the desired effect.
The drug is allowed to use in children from 2 years of age. However, it is impossible to “prescribe” him to a child on his own: only a pediatric practitioner can do this.
Often carry out inhalations with dioxidine for children with a cold, sinusitis, sore throat. Standardly prepare 0.5% remedy for saline, with a dilution of 1: 4. The maximum one-time amount of dioxidine for inhalation is 2 ml of the prepared solution, and the duration of the procedure is no more than five minutes per day.
Inhalations with dioxidine for children when coughing is carried out with the same solution, twice a day for 2 minutes.
Many young children are almost unable to persuade to use a nebulizer for treatment. It is impossible to force a child and even more to use force, as a frightened child will not only not perceive the procedure adequately, but also will not be able to inhale the therapeutic solution normally and regularly. It is better to try to cheer up the baby, to show by example how to breathe with the help of an inhaler.