Eyes - the organ of vision, on the condition of which our perception of the environment completely depends. They are exposed to aggressive influences from external factors: wind, sun, high and low temperature, light and darkness. In order for the eyes to perform their functions, tears are produced, which are a protection against various stimuli. This continuous process is entrusted to the lacrimal glands. After synthesis the tear falls on the cornea of the eye and through the tear ducts is in a special sac, from which it comes out. But with the normal functioning of the process, there is no excessive tearing. The eyes are watering - it means there was a failure in this system.
The statistics states that in the world about 300 thousand people suffer from eye pathologies. Most people are exposed to these problems in countries with a low standard of living. Over the past 20 years, the number of people suffering from eye diseases due to infections has decreased. Among newborns, 5% of infants suffer from impassability of the tear duct.
Causes of the tear
Tear fluid cleans and protects the cornea of the eye, nourishes the eye, improves the sharpness of the eyes, forming an aqueous lens, disinfects with the bactericidal substance of lysozyme. Why does it suddenly become uncomfortable and tear our eyes? There are several reasons for this phenomenon. Tearfulness can be caused by conjunctivitis, dacryocystitis, vascular diseases of the eyes, foreign body ingestion, allergies, infectious viral diseases, liver and gall bladder pathologies, elderly age, when the muscle tone of the eyelids and tear sack weaken, eye injuries.
The risk factors that contribute to the occurrence of such a phenomenon include:
lack of B vitamins and calcium;
prolonged wearing of lenses, violation of the rules of their operation;
use of low-quality cosmetics;
excessive dryness of air;
cold frosty weather;
fatigue and chronic fatigue.
There are two mechanisms for the development of tearing: hypersecretory, arising from excessive tear production, and retentional, associated with obstruction or disturbance of the patency of the tear ducts.
Symptoms of the tear
The daily dose of producing tears is 1ml, its increase to 10ml is considered anomalous. In fact, no one measures the volume of tear fluid, nobody even thinks about it until there is discomfort in everyday life associated with unpleasant symptoms. The first signs are redness of the eyes, uncontrolled lacrimation, photophobia, sometimes thread. Do not be confused with crying as a result of stress, in this case the role of tears has a positive aspect, because protects them due to psychotropic substances contained in the liquid.
The eyes are cold in the cold weather
If the eyes are watering in the street in cool weather or in the cold, there is no reason to worry. This is a natural protective reaction of the body to an external stimulus, tears moisturize the cornea of the eyes, preventing it from being affected. Another cause may be an allergy to cold, called cold conjunctivitis. Its essence is that under the influence of low temperature there is a release of histamine - a biologically active substance that causes vasodilation, redness of the eyelids, their swelling, and sometimes asthmatic attacks and urticaria on the body - all attributes of an allergic reaction. More women are affected than men.
The eye hurts and slezitsja
If the eye hurts and tears, it may have caused his injury. Damage can be a microscopic and unnoticed person. Provokes him getting a small mote or any chemical, say, hairspray, perfume spray, a means for washing surfaces. In this case, immediately wash the eyes with water or with chilled tea. Overexertion of the eye muscles as a result of prolonged work in front of the computer, reading in poor light, watching the TV for hours often leads to the fact that the eye is red and watery. This is a signal that you need to change your approach to your pastime. It happens that in a room with a working air conditioner there is very overdried air and this circumstance also causes a symptom when the eyes are very watery.
Eyes are itchy and watery
Allergic reaction leads to the fact that the eyes are itchy and watery. If an irritant is known, then you just need to avoid it, in another case - you need help from an allergist. If you get into the eye infection, their inflammation occurs. Everything starts, as a rule, from one, the eye is watered and festered, especially after a night's sleep, then another becomes infected. Often, the infection occurs because of non-observance of personal hygiene, the use of carcasses by women, the expiry date of which has ended.
Runny nose and watery eyes
We all noticed that when the runny nose appears, eyes begin to water. This is due to sinusitis - inflammation of the paranasal sinuses, during which the nasal septum swells and closes the passage to them. Drainage of the liquid is difficult, it accumulates, presses on the orbit and forehead, and finding no other outlet is released through the tear duct. Another cause of this combination of symptoms is allergic or seasonal rhinitis, during which it is also persistent in the nose, it is blocked and watery.
Constantly watery eyes
There are cases when eyes are constantly watering. Especially often this happens in older people. This is explained by the fact that the ophthalmic muscles are weakened, they are unable to keep the tear duct and the sac in place. If such a symptom is not associated with age-related changes, then it is necessary to undergo examination at the dentist, laura and gastroenterologist. Infections of the nasopharynx, caries, diseases of the digestive system, liver, gall bladder can lead to such an unpleasant, discomforting phenomenon.
The eye swollen and watered
There can be several explanations for this. Puffiness, found in the morning after a dream, sometimes indicates a kidney or heart disease. Especially it can be manifested in people who abuse alcohol, spicy, fatty and salted food. Another reason is the bite of an insect, which stings, emits toxic substances. Possible allergic reaction, provoked by dust, citrus, honey, in the flowering season of different plants - pollen and other allergens. The eye can become swollen and watery as a result of even a small bruise if the soft tissue is damaged. It is not excluded and infection, because Similar symptoms are common for conjunctivitis. In any case, you need to see a doctor and do not aggravate your condition with self-medication.
Temperature and watery eyes
In full, people start to feel problems with lacrimation when they get ARVI or flu. Especially sharply and aggressively the flu shows itself: tickles in the nose, the temperature rises sharply, sneezing and watery eyes. The eyes catch colds or infections due to the fact that the nasopharynx is involved in the inflammatory process, the nasal septum swells, the passage to the nasal sinuses is closed, the lacrimal fluid finds one exit - into the tear ducts. At the same time, a stuffy nose, a cough, a headache and eyes are watering all the time; The accumulating liquid presses on the eyeballs, sometimes even purulent discharge from the eyes appears. These symptoms end with the passage of the acute phase of the underlying disease.
Eyes water and make up
It happens, especially often in women who use makeup, eyes water and pluck. This is due to the use of substandard or expired carcasses. Often, young girls living with girlfriends in the hostel, use each other's cosmetics or testers in the store, without thinking that these things are purely individual. As a result, the eyes from the carcass are watered as a result of infection and pour into a problem that requires more money than the purchase of cosmetics. Eyes can tear and pinch because of inflammation of the eyelids - blepharitis or barley - inflammation of the follicle of the eyelashes.
In the morning, watery eyes
Not always tearing of the eyes indicates a pathology, this phenomenon can also indicate a normal reaction of the body. When the eyes are watering in the morning, it's just a protective function to moisten the eyeball after the night, when drying occurs, protect it from damage and infections. During yawning, the muscles squeeze the tear sack and a tear is released. After sleep, eyes are watered, if the air conditioner works in the bedroom, it dries out the mucous membrane, so lacrimation takes place to restore balance.
The eyes are tearing from the wind
Many have their eyes watered by the wind in the street and this is normal. The eye is a very sensitive organ, and the wind is a strong irritant. In order to protect yourself from an external aggressive factor, more fluid is released to moisten the eyeball. People often experience this phenomenon more often than others. They have a worse state of the eye vessels, and the muscles holding the tear duct are weaker. If, after entering the room, lacrimation ceases, do not worry, otherwise it's worth to see a doctor.
Eyes rustle in corners
Eyes rumple in the corners because the tear holes are crowned with tubules in the corner of the eye near the bridge of the nose. In turn, they are connected to a lacrimal sac, which passes into the nasopharyngeal canal. It is because of this twinning, when the nose streams and watery eyes. The eye is covered with a three-layer film, the first layer of which is mucus and covers the cornea of the eye, the second - water (tears), the third - an oily substance that holds the second layer and does not allow tears to dry. It is the last layer of drying, forms in the corners of the eyes peculiar flakes that do not cause any harm.
Eye after surgery
Operation on the eyes is necessary for cataracts and it consists in replacing the clouded lens with an artificial one. In the absence of complications, several hours after the operation a person already walks, and after 5-6 days leaves the hospital. During this period it is important to follow all the doctor's recommendations: do not do heavy work, do not accidentally injure the eye, bury the prescribed drops. If the eye is watering after the operation, and even worse - it turns red and it hurts to immediately consult a doctor, tk. This may indicate infection and the onset of inflammation.
The eyes are watery at night
Sometimes a person is faced with a problem when the eyes water even at night. Such a pathology can be associated with age-related changes in which the skin under the eyes hangs, the lower eyelid drops and involuntary lacrimation occurs. The eyes can be watered at night with ARVI or flu. These diseases, which have already been mentioned, are given by conditions when the eyes are watering in a dream, the temperature, a cold, a cough. There may be a chemical effect on the eyes, if there is cosmetics nearby or various cleaning products, detergents that emit an odor. Not excluded and the pathology of the sebaceous glands. The doctor-ophthalmologist will establish the reason, self-treatment can do much harm.
Eye contact after eyelash extension
In recent years, it has become customary to correct various deficiencies in nature in human physiology by artificial methods. The same happens with the eyelashes. Women are comfortable not to spend time every morning to make up and look good, so they resort to building up. But sometimes there are problems and eyes start to water after the eyelash extensions. The reason for this can be hidden in the procedure itself, because it lasts for 1.5-2 hours with the use of various drugs and instruments, including special glue that fixes the cilia. It can cause allergies, and hypoallergenic is not so persistent. Also, the eye and red eyelids are weakened by the fact that during the extension, substrates are used to isolate the lower eyelashes. When they are not properly glued, an injury is possible. It is best to use gel or silicone pads for this.
The eyes in glasses
There are cases when tear marks in eyes. There are several reasons for this phenomenon. If glasses were bought without the prescription of the ophthalmologist, then the distance between the optical centers of the lenses may be incorrectly chosen, because of what the eye muscle overstrains, and the eyes become inflamed and watery. Discomfort can also occur if the diopter is not correctly selected when the focusing system is overstrained, if the frame is unsuccessfully planted or the lens is not properly shaped.
Eye and ear ache
Inflammation of the middle ear - otitis has several stages in its development. It begins with the fact that the ears are laid and the eyes are watered, then there is a sharp pain that eventually grows and spreads into the throat, neck, teeth, eyes, the temperature rises. It is for this acute stage of acute otitis characterized by a combination - tearing of the eye and pain in the ear. At the next stage, the pain weakens, begins to flow from the ear, the temperature drops, pressure on the eye disappears and tearing stops.
Eyed the eye with teething
Often when the teeth are erupted, the child's eyes are watered and there is excessive salivation. This is due to the fact that the growing tooth tears the soft tissues and this process is rather painful. Sometimes the temperature rises, there is discomfort. Saliva enters the nasopharynx, causing a runny nose, which is accompanied by the release of tear fluid from the eyes. In addition, at this time, immunity is greatly weakened, which is fraught with catarrhal diseases, which have the same manifestations.
The eyes from the onion are watered
Are the eyes from the onion getting wet? It's not scary, it's a natural reaction of the body to irritants. When cutting onions, enzymes are released - enzymes that accelerate chemical reactions in living organisms. Flying sulfur, which is in onions, reaching the eyes mixed with tears, begins to burn and irritate the mucous. To protect the body, the synthesis of tear fluid increases. In addition, volatile sulfur enters the nose, causing the same reaction, which further strengthens the allocation of tears. To reduce the effect of enzymes on the organs of vision, before dipping, dip a bulb or a knife in water, then the reaction will come sooner and the volatile sulfur will not catch sight.
Sore throat and watery eyes
Symptoms when the sore throat and watery eyes, are typical for adenovirus infection. It is an acute infectious respiratory disease affecting the mucous nasopharynx, eyes, intestines and lymph. It is characterized by fever (fever), rhinitis (rhinitis), sore throat (pharyngitis), weakness and watery eyes (conjunctivitis). There are several forms of the disease. In acute respiratory disease against the background of severe inflammation of the pharynx and nasal passages, the mucous eye and cornea are affected. The patient experiences itching in the nose and watery eyes. Pharyngo-conjunctival fever is accompanied by burning, sensation of a foreign body in the eye. With epidemic keratoconjunctivitis, eyes and eyelids swell, corneal opacity occurs, and sometimes it comes to its destruction and loss of vision.
Eye contact after lenses
The eye after the lenses comes off - a sure sign that something is wrong. There may be incorrectly selected lenses (not the diopter, radius of curvature or diameter). Exceeding the permissible time of their operation (no more than 12 hours per day), the delayed period of use from the time of opening the package are factors capable of triggering such a reaction. A solution for storing lenses or their composition can cause allergies. Together with the lens, penetration of the mote that will cause a microtrauma of the eye is possible. In case of infection, tumescence is added to the lacrimation.
The eyes come from the light
Any light is a powerful stimulus for our eyes. The eyes come from the light - this is how the natural defense of the body is manifested. Especially photophobia people with blue and gray eyes are exposed, tk. In their iris a little pigment. In order not to experience discomfort from this, you need to wear sunglasses or carry out solarization of the eyes. The authors of this technique believe that the eyes exist as an organ of perception and use of light, and the sun is its healer. Closure from the light with glasses - only to harm yourself, it is better to adapt our body of vision to it.
Eye contact after welding
During welding with the help of an electric welding tool, sparks fly, an electric arc arises that radiates ultraviolet and causes a burn of the cornea of the eye. This condition is called electro-ophthalmia and is manifested in the eyes, reddening, photophobia, corneal epithelial opacity, eyes are also watering, covering the veil. In this case, do not rub them, rinse them under water and drip with the first drops under the hand. With teary eyes after welding, you should go to the doctor, tk. Only he can assess the severity of the lesion and prescribe the right treatment that will help to avoid complications.
Vomiting and watery eyes
Adenovirus infection, which has already been mentioned, affects mucous membranes not only of the nasopharynx and upper respiratory tract, but also of the digestive organs. As a result, there is nausea after eating, vomiting and watery eyes. The main way of transmission of such infection is contact fecal-oral (through dirty hands, unwashed foods), alimentary (through water in standing reservoirs, swimming pools), airborne (during sneezing, coughing). This virus counts up to 90 varieties. The peak incidence falls on the cold season, when immunity is weakened and more suitable conditions for its reproduction.
Cracks and twitches eyes
Many experienced the phenomenon when the eye twitches. Ophthalmic tic is caused by involuntary contraction of muscles and, often, reflects the state of our nervous system - increased nervous-reflex excitability. Stress and various experiences lead to the appearance of tics. When the eye is peeling and twitching, there may be other causes. One of them is the lack of vitamins and microelements. So, calcium is responsible for neuromuscular conduction, its lack leads to convulsions and spasms. The lack of magnesium provokes tics, twitching. Lack of glycine leads to violations in the central nervous system. Often watered and twitching eyes from the monitor due to overwork. A multi-hour sitting at the computer screen causes similar hyperkinesis.
Eye contact after cosmetics
Low-quality cheap cosmetics sometimes causes an allergic reaction, and this leads to tears in the eyes after cosmetics. Not necessarily mascara, shadows lead to lacrimation, even from a foundation can tear your eyes. The fact is that any facial care products, except for the main ingredients, contain chemical preservatives, otherwise they will not be stored for the stated time on the package. Quality components are more expensive and safer to use. Therefore, even in the absence of hypersensitivity, a similar response of the organism is possible. It is best to first use the samples or cosmetics of famous brands.
The eyes are watered when reading
Eye fatigue often leads to tears in the eyes when reading. Some people tend to "drunken" reading, besides there are action-packed works from which you can not tear yourself away. But you need to control yourself, take breaks and let your eyes rest. It is important to have good coverage of the room where you read and well-chosen parameters of points, if you use them.
The eyes are watering after the bath
Bath and heat - concepts are inseparable. Different materials involved in the design of the room, heating appliances can give off under the influence of temperature harmful chemicals. If the eyes water after the bath, this is exactly what happened to you. To confirm your suspicions, you must for some time refuse to go to this institution, and then choose another, finished with wooden building materials.
Eye contact with diabetes
Due to diabetes mellitus it is possible to develop serious eye diseases: cataracts, glaucoma, retinopathy. High concentration of sugar in the blood negatively affects the visual mechanism, worsens vision and can lead to blindness. A tear in the eye for diabetes can be due to glaucoma, blepharoconjunctivitis, which occurs against the background of elevated blood sugar levels and is bacterial or demodectic. Another cause is dry eye syndrome, which develops due to the intake of hypoglycemic drugs.
Eye contact with glaucoma
Eyes in glaucoma are watered, because this disease disrupts the drainage of fluid inside the eye, its accumulation takes place, as a result of which pressure on the vessels and nerves of the eye increases. In addition to lacrimation, headaches and pains in the eyes, covering the veil before the eyes, deteriorating visual acuity, around the light sources, people see halos. Ignoring the problem leads to disastrous consequences - a complete loss of vision.
Eyewear from the TV
The main reason that watery eyes from the TV, is their overwork. The screen of the TV or computer monitor requires a certain eye strain, and a long look at a point increases the load on them. If there was a problem with the eyes when watching the programs, you need to take a more careful approach to choosing the distance from the TV, lighting the room. Promotional pauses allow you to change the focus, move away from the screen, do some exercises for the eyes.
Eye contact after albucid
Albucid - eye drops that have an antimicrobial effect. Applied with conjunctivitis, blepharitis, keratitis (diseases caused by streptococci, staphylococcus, E. Coli, gonococci, chlamydia). They are also used for prophylaxis after operations. The eyes after albucid with increased sensitivity to sulfanilamides, to which it belongs, in case of an overdose, simultaneous application with preparations containing silver salts, after the expiration of the useful life and the violation of storage conditions (28 days after opening the bottle in a dark place, the temperature of 8-15 0 C).
After anesthesia, watery eyes
When the eyes are watered after anesthesia, a complication of anesthesia, which does not result in a visual impairment, is rare (according to statistics, 1 case for 2000). This is due to the fact that eyelids during anesthesia are not always closed, and if the operation lasts a long time, the cornea of the eye becomes dry and the eyelid sticks to it. When opening the eyes, it is slightly injured, which leads to lacrimation, sometimes a vague point appears.
Leaked eyes after alcohol
People after a tumultuous feast or a prolonged binge can be calculated at once: the eyes, the swollen face, the unhappy look are watered. The appearance of chronic alcoholics generally leaves no doubt about the presence of addiction: a swollen blue face, red lips, weather-beaten lips, hands are shaking. The harmful effect of alcohol on the cardiovascular system, the work of the central nervous system is known, but why do the eyes get wet after alcohol? The explanation for this lies in the fact that alcohol leads to narrowing of the vessels of the oculomotor muscles and optic nerve. As a result, the supply of the visual organ with blood and oxygen is reduced. In addition, the blood pressure of the eyes rises, small vessels burst, there are micro-flashes. Often people with a hangover not only watery eyes, but also on the eye protein a network of red veins is formed, pain, itching and itching are felt. With such feelings, there is a desire to rub your eyes, and this leads to the entry into them of pathogenic bacteria. All this is a prerequisite for loss of visual acuity.
Eyewear and want to sleep
Leaves eyes and drowsiness - the interconnected phenomena, tk. When you want to sleep we yawn, at this time there is a squeezing of the muscles of the eye canal and tears involuntarily roll out. The mechanism of yawning is associated with the functioning of the brain. The lack of oxygen that occurs during overwork, being in a little ventilated room, causes this reflex. Yawning, a person swallows oxygen in an increased volume, it enters the brain and enriches it, and the exhausted carbon dioxide is eliminated from the body. Therefore, the tandem: watered his eyes and wants to sleep - a normal physiological process. If the eye is not injured, not inflamed, then there should be no worry if the eyes are watering before going to sleep.
The eyes water in the spring
When the eyes are watery in the spring and autumn, it is the body's reaction to a change in the temperature regime or to the brightness of the sun's glow. Sometimes our visual organ is not in a position to drastically change from one climatic conditions to another. It takes some time to get used to. This can help sunglasses and contrasting trays with hot and cold water. If the eyes and the sensation of sand are watered, then an allergy to flowering in the spring of a plant is possible. In this case it is better to consult an ophthalmologist and an allergist to determine the cause and get recommendations for the elimination of an unpleasant symptom.
After DTP, eyes are watered
DTP abbreviation - adsorbed pertussis-diphtheria-tetanus vaccine prevents occurrence of these dangerous infectious diseases in children. This vaccine, like others, carries a load on the entire body of the child and can cause a different response of the body: fever, redness of the injection site, loss of appetite, nervousness. It happens, after DTP, eyes get wet, there is a runny nose. This is due to the weakening of immunity, cold symptoms appear, and the rhinitis is associated with the swelling of the nasal septum, which causes lacrimation.
The eye is watering, the pupil is narrowed
The pupil is a small round hole in the iris of the eye 2-6mm in diameter, through which light rays penetrate. Its constriction or expansion is due to a circular and radial muscle. The pupil usually narrows in bright light, after the elimination of the stimulus it expands. But such a symptom can also indicate the presence of the disease, the use of drugs or some medications, the extinction of human brain activity, the violation of thyroid function, stroke. If the eye is watered and the pupil is narrowed, it can be a sign of eye diseases: inflammation of the iris (iritis), corneal damage, inflammation of the vessels, etc. Only the doctor will determine the correct diagnosis.
Leaked eyes after sex
If sex causes tears of joy, then this is just a manifestation of emotions, of happiness. The sexual act is associated with excitement, tension, which is often manifested by reddening of the face and lacrimation of the eyes. A more sad consequence of sex is infection with chlamydia. Reiter's syndrome is a disease in which multiple organs are affected sequentially or simultaneously, including eyes in the form of conjunctivitis. There is itching, photophobia, tears flow.
Eyed eyes with laughter
If you are rolling and laughing with all your heart, tears begin to flow. The eyes are smeared with laughter, because during this process the person frowns, the muscles contract and press on the tear ducts, which in turn put pressure on the tear sack, the liquid is released.
After neuritis of the facial nerve, eye watering
Neuritis of the facial nerve is a disease in which the craniofacial nerve is affected, responsible for facial expressions, movement of the lips and eyelids. The eye on the affected side does not close, and the lower eyelid can be turned out. Since the eye constantly remains open, the cornea envelope dries, lacrimation arises. Perhaps the development of conjunctivitis and keratitis - inflammation of the cornea of the eye, for which this phenomenon is also characteristic.
After probing the lacrimal canal is watering the eye
Probing the lacrimal canal is a procedure that is used when it is blocked. Obstruction arises from congenital pathologies of the head, poor functioning of the drainage system, age-related changes, infectious diseases, injuries, neoplasms, medications. In case of obstruction of the canal, the natural outflow of fluid is disturbed, the eyes are watered, swollen, redden, infection develops. To check the patency of the channels use sounding. A special tool is inserted into the channel, expanding it. If the problem was exactly this, the unpleasant symptoms go away. After probing the lacrimal canal, it may take time for the eye to water. But if you properly look after the eye after the procedure, observe the rules of hygiene and do his massage, everything will work out. If the lachrymation does not pass, then it is necessary to look for another reason.
The eyes are blinded by the VSD
Vegeto-vascular dystonia is referred to as neuroses, in which the regulation of the vascular tone is impaired. Under this name, there are many different symptoms related to malfunction of the cardiovascular, respiratory and other systems. Periodically there are seizures, during which the breath is caught, the heart beats faster or breaks occur in his work, sweat appears on the body, the face and eyes turn red, there is a feeling of fear, an inner trembling, and a lot of watery eyes. All these manifestations are secondary, therefore, it is necessary to identify the true cause of such conditions and direct treatment to them.
The eye is caught in the child
Why do we have already examined the eyes of the elderly in elderly people, but why is the eye of a newborn child being eyed? In the womb of the mother's eyes, the eyes of the fetus are protected with a special gelatin film from hitting the amniotic fluid. After birth, the film bursts at the first cry. Lacrimal fluid begins to be produced by the third month of life, until this time the child cries without tears. Sometimes the film remains intact and prevents the fluid from escaping from the lacrimal sac, accumulating there and causing inflammation. Doctors recommend to massage it, but if it does not pass, then rid of this problem is capable of probing the tear duct, which is done at the age of 2-3 months after the birth of the child.
Eye contact during pregnancy
Discomfort during child bearing can also affect the organs of vision. Tears in the eyes during pregnancy in the event that there is not enough tear fluid for their moisturizing. This can happen as a result of hormonal adjustment, when the level of estrogen production decreases. Another cause may be allergies, flu, acute respiratory infections, or eye injury.
If lacrimation occurs due to eye disease, and not caused by temporary stimuli, then over time their condition will only worsen. At the initial stage, tears flow, then there will be reddening, edema of the eyelids, suppuration. Without the definition of diagnosis and treatment, the disease progresses and can reach a dangerous stage, not only for the organ of vision, but also for human life.
Complications and consequences
The consequences and complications of ignored lachrymation are possible in the form of impairment and even loss of vision, and purulent masses accumulating in the eyes are capable of causing sepsis and meningitis.
Diagnostics of the tear
In ophthalmology, there are many different methods that help to establish the correct diagnosis. The examination is conducted by an ophthalmologist in an office equipped with various special instruments. For example, if a lacrimal canal is suspected, a fluorescent dye test is used. It helps determine the work of the drainage system of the eyes. The test of Schirmer allows us to identify dry eye syndrome. For the lower eyelid, a strip of paper is laid and analyzed, as far as she was soaked with a tear. Examination of the eyelashes under a microscope for demodex is the basis for diagnosing demodicosis. Measurement of eye pressure is performed.
In the arsenal of instrumental diagnostics of eye diseases are various devices, through which a diagnosis is made. The sounding of the eye canal is carried out by a special thin instrument, which is inserted into the interior. This procedure is carried out with a diagnostic purpose, and with a therapeutic. Dacryocystography or dacryoscintigraphy gives an image of the eye outflow system. To do this, a contrast agent is dripped into the eye and X-ray, CT or MRI is done. Ultrasound of the eyeball will give an opportunity to reveal a foreign body or a new growth. Glaucoma is determined with a special lens, and the procedure is called gonioscopy. Using a Goldman lens, examine the fundus.
Diagnose this or that disease of the eyes, leading to lacrimation, based on the patient's complaints, the history, examination of the ophthalmologist and, if necessary, additional instrumental studies. As a rule, differentiation occurs between the dry eye syndrome, glaucoma, conjunctivitis, allergic reaction, foreign body, keratitis.
What should I do if my eyes water? Of course, the first step is to establish the cause of this phenomenon. It is more reasonable to be examined at an ophthalmologist. Eyes are a very tender and sensitive organ, so self-medication can easily harm them. With allergies it is important to establish an allergen and, if possible, to eliminate it from yourself. To remove allergy symptoms, resort to blockers of histamine receptors and stabilizers of membranes of mast cells. For the removal of edema, anti-inflammatory drugs are used.
Rapid eye fatigue (asthenopia) often indicates poor vision and requires its correction, proper arrangement of the workplace and compliance with the work regime (good lighting, breaks in work, strengthening the muscles of the eye exercises).
Blepharitis does not respond well to treatment. Regardless of the cause that caused it, careful hygiene of the eyelids is required. For this, there are special gels and lotions. In addition, ointments and drops (moisturizers, containing an antibiotic, etc.) are prescribed, depending on the variety of the disease.
Dacryocystitis - inflammation of the lacrimal sac is most often treated in a hospital. Assign anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and restorative drugs.
Carrying out eye treatment, it should be remembered that allergy preparations stimulating the central nervous system should be buried for no more than 5 days, besides, with ischemic heart disease, hypertension, thyroid diseases, they are contraindicated. Treatment of viral conjunctivitis treatment should last no more than 10 days. And prolonged use of drops containing corticosteroids can lead to the formation of glaucoma.
Remedies for watery eyes
Means from watery eyes include eye drops, the advantage of which over other drugs is that they act directly on the focus of pathology. In the pharmaceutical market, there are various drops of eye tear. So, when fatigue while working with a computer drops dripping, moisturizing the eyes and creating a protective film on its surface. These include preparations of artificial tears, vizin pure tears, sisteyn, vidisik.
Vizin clean tear - dripping into the conjunctival sac. To do this, head back, with a clean hand pull the lower eyelid, holding the bottle head down. With each tap, a drop drips. Do this four times a day. Side effects from the application occur rarely in the form of an allergic reaction. In this case, discontinue treatment. During pregnancy, the drug can be used only as directed by a doctor. The lenses are removed before instillation.
For those who use contact lenses are suitable artelak, oxyal, chylo-chest, chilozar-chest and others.
Artelak - before using these drops, you also need to remove the lenses and wear them after a quarter of an hour. The required dose is 1 drop several times a day. Side effects are possible as a burning sensation, blurred vision, a sense of the presence of a foreign body, rarely - an allergy. Contraindicated in hypersensitivity to the components of the drug.
When allergies are prescribed antihistamine eye drops: lecrolin, allergodyl, spersallerg, opatanol.
Allergodyl - use a drop in the morning and in the evening, with severe allergies it is recommended to double the frequency, but not more than a month and a half. Apply, starting with 4 years. Possible reaction of intolerance, bitter taste in the mouth, eye irritation. Contraindicated during pregnancy and lactation, as well as behind the wheel.
With allergies and various inflammations, anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed. They are divided into two groups: non-steroid (diclofenac, indocollir) and corticosteroid (dexamethasone, maxidex) eye drops.
Indocollir - used in the non-infectious nature of pathology. Drip drop by drop 4 times a day. With intolerance of the components of the drug, when the burning sensation in the eyes is felt, itching, redness of the eyelid treatment should be stopped.
To anesthetic drops are lidocaine, alkoin, they are used only for the doctor's prescription. To reduce the intraocular pressure use trusopt, taflotan, Betoptik. In bacterial inflammations, treatment is prescribed after the determination of the pathogen, depending on its sensitivity to the antibiotic. It can be drugs tobreks, fucitalmic, maxitrol. If lacrimation is caused by a viral infection, then resort to such antiviral drugs as interferons. Drops of ophthalmoferon and okofheiron contain ready human interferon.
It is known that a person who has strong immunity, is less susceptible to various infectious and bacterial diseases. Therefore, in order to strengthen it, it is necessary to take vitamins C, A, E, Group B, retinol. For the eyes are useful foods: carrots, sweet peppers, apricots, oranges, spinach, broccoli, nuts, dried apricots and others. There are various vitamins and vitamin-mineral complexes that will replenish the supplies of missing elements that protect the eyes: Aevit, compliment ophthalmos, okuvite, lutein complex, ophthalmic, dopelgertz vitamins for eyes with lutein. Vitamin eye drops are also used, which are used both for the treatment of eye diseases and for their prevention: katachrome, crystal glass, taufon, taurine, riboflavin.
For the treatment of eye diseases, in combination with medicamental methods, conservative treatment is widely used. Physiotherapeutic treatment includes electrotherapy (galvanization, UHF therapy, electrostimulation, low-frequency magnetotherapy, electro-reflexotherapy), light therapy (laser and quantum therapy), mechanotherapy (phonophoresis), barotherapy. But the most common method is drug electrophoresis.
What to do at home, if the eyes water?
Most people are so organized that they first try to cope with their own health problems. What to do at home, if the eyes water? There is an alternative treatment, the recipes of which you can try to apply. Eyeglasses are effective:
brew steep black tea, cool, moisten cotton pads and put on closed eyelids;
grate the raw potatoes, mix with the egg yolk and apply as a compress;
make infusion of laurel leaves (a glass of water 3-4 leaves), which wash the eyes, make lotions.
Apply for the treatment of tear and 2% propolis solution. To do this, dissolve it in warm boiled water, drip a few drops 3-4 times a day. You can also try eyelid massage, especially the area of the conjunctival sac, this will strengthen the lacrimal muscle.
Nature has taken care that a person finds in the surrounding flora drugs from various diseases. Therefore, herbal treatment exists in ophthalmology. Such herbs as calanchoe, aloe, thyme, chamomile, cornflower, plantain, cumin, flowers of the althea will help get rid of inflammation. Infusions of them drip, wash their eyes, make compresses for ever.
Homeopathy, as a rule, is used in conjunction with other therapeutic measures. Drugs are selected by the homeopath according to the constitutional principle. But the fact that they are used in weak dilutions and can not do harm, gives the right to recommend them for treatment during lacrimation.
Alergin-ARN - is produced in granules, consisting of 5 components of vegetable and animal origin. It is used for allergic conjunctivitis. The dose of admission depends on the patient's age: from 3 to 6 years, take 1 pellet per year of life. After 6 years - 6 pellets under the tongue 30 minutes before or 1.5 hours after a meal until complete resorption. The course of treatment is 3-8 weeks. Contraindicated with hypersensitivity to the components of the drug, as well as pregnant women and during lactation, tk. Its effect on this category of patients has not been studied. Allergy is possible as a side effect.
Diluphen - a spray, is used for colds, accompanied by a runny nose, abundant lacrimation. Adults are given two injections in each nostril 4 times a day, one is shown to the children. The course of treatment is up to a month. Contraindicated with hypersensitivity. No side effects were found.
Dentokind - a drug that brings relief to children whose teeth are pricked. Produced in white tablets. Infants are recommended the first two days of the pill every other hour. Daily rate should not exceed 6 pieces. Then, 1 tablet three times a day. After a year, appoint the same scheme, but 2 pieces at a time. Adverse events were not observed, only a short-term deterioration of the primary symptomatology occurred after the dose was reduced.
Kalium Sulfurukum salt of Dr. Schüsler # 6 - is used for inflammation of the mucous membranes of the mouth, nose, throat, eyes. Children up to a year are prescribed on a pill 2 times, from 1 to 6 years - three times, from 6 to 11 - 4 times, after this age up to 6 times a day. Has contraindications for allergies to wheat and sick celiac disease.
Okulochel - eye drops are used for dry eye syndrome, their fatigue. Young children are recommended 1 drop in each eye once a day, older children increase the dose to 2 drops twice a day, adults - 2 drops three times. Possible side effects in the form of local allergies. Pregnant and lactating women need to coordinate the treatment with the drug with their doctor.
In modern ophthalmology, there are various techniques using the latest technology and tools for conducting surgical intervention, including with the help of a laser. They pass bloodlessly, painlessly, in a short period of time, without causing any special discomfort to a person. So, surgical treatment is resorted to in the case of congenital or acquired obstruction of the lacrimal canal, if all previous measures have not yielded results. One of them is dacryocystorhinostomy, which consists in creating a new canal connecting the tear sack and the nasal cavity. This is a complex operation that is carried out under general anesthesia. Surgery for the treatment of glaucoma is a laser or knife hole, through which the excess fluid is removed from the eye. All surgical treatment has its risks and complications, which the doctor should warn the patient about.
Various problems with the organ of vision, as a rule, do not bear a direct threat to life. According to statistics, 80% of pathologies can be prevented or cured. But the prognosis for the eyes in the absence or untimely treatment may be unfavorable. Possible detachment of the retina, melting of the cornea of the eye, atrophy of the optic nerve.
Today, in medicine, the need to restore vision is becoming increasingly important. Patients complain of reduced visual acuity, clarity of perception. For many, the perceived object is twofold, or "flies" appear before the eyes.