In itself, lacrimation in medical pediatric practice is extremely rare. This symptom mainly goes in conjunction with the main symptom of the existing disease.
Most often saliva and sneezing are added to the salivation, which are not always, though often, signs of respiratory diseases. Runny nose can appear as a consequence of increased secretion of the lacrimal glands, when the child cries for pain, insult or exposure to mucous strong irritants. He, along with the release of tears, is observed when the milk teeth are pricked.
Sometimes a child has a watery eye, and a runny nose appears when the baby is exposed to hypothermia. These same symptoms can be a consequence of overheating of the body when in a room with a fever or excessive kutaniya child.
If a child has watery eyes and he sneezes, this does not mean that he is sick. All the fault may be inappropriate microclimate in the room where the baby is. Risk factors for the appearance of lachrymation, runny nose and sneezing can be dust and sharp smells in the room, too low or high room temperature, as well as low or high humidity. These same factors can provoke the emergence of "causeless" tears in a child on the street.
Imperfection of the immune system of the child leads to the fact that many children (especially premature babies) suffer from allergies, the symptoms of which are a runny nose, sneezing, increased secretion of a tearful fluid. And various substances can act as allergens: various microorganisms, parasites, secrets of insects, pollen of flowers, chemicals, medicines, food. Often, children and adults are allergic to dust, especially paper.
On the allergic nature of lacrimation in these cases will indicate the appearance of tears only under the influence of certain factors and itching in the area of the eyes, as a result of which the baby always rubs his eyes with a fist.
If a child has a watery eye after vaccination (especially in this regard, DPT vaccination is indicative), and a runny nose appears, it can also be attributed to allergy manifestations indicating a weakened immunity.
Vaccination is the introduction into the body of a small fragment of a viral infection foreign to it. Therefore, it is natural that all the forces of the body are sent to fight infection.
If the child is healthy and has good immunity, the vaccine passes without complications in the form of lacrimation, runny nose, coughing, fever, etc. But if the immune system is weakened by an existing infection in the body, which probably has not yet manifested itself, it is likely that the vaccine can trigger the development of the disease with the appearance of the corresponding symptom, both allergic and catarrhal.
If the child has fever and watery eyes, and these symptoms are not related to vaccination, then there is a high probability that they are caused by ingestion of a viral infection. ARVI is a fairly common diagnosis in childhood, when the immune system is not yet able to cope with virus control, especially in autumn and winter. Symptoms of respiratory viral infection are sneezing, runny nose, reddening of the throat, fever, and sometimes even tearing, which occur with effective treatment.
Sometimes parents see that the child has a cough and watery eyes, and write off everything for dusty air or allergy manifestations. This is quite possible, but it should not be forgotten that these same symptoms can indicate an inflammatory reaction in the nose caused not only by the effect of allergens, but also by the negative effects of bacterial, viral and even fungal infection.
These are various types of sinusitis (inflammation of the paranasal or paranasal sinuses), the symptoms of which are known to many. This cough, nasal congestion, lacrimation, headaches, fever, sneezing and other unpleasant manifestations. Note that allergic rhinitis may have the same symptoms, but without the fever.
It would seem, what has the inflammation of the nasal mucosa to the eyes? The fact is that inflammation of the mucous membrane can lead to swelling in the nasal septum, which now prevents sputum from escaping (snot). Snot, accumulating in large quantities, in turn, squeezes the tear duct, so that tears do not enter the nasal passages, but pour out.
The appearance of a strong cough, for example, with bronchitis, can also cause lachrymation. Tears in this case appear during coughing and are caused by severe discomfort and even pain when coughing. Outside of coughing attacks, tears do not appear.
When the child is swollen and teary with eyes, there can be a great number of reasons for this. Even the most incredible. For example, lice that can settle not only on the head, but also at the roots of the baby's cilia. Or banal overheating in the sun.
The swelling of the eye can contribute to crying for a long time. A glazik can also swell from an insect bite, i.e. An allergic reaction to a bite.
In older children, edema of the mucosa may be associated with postoperative complications or improper selection of contact lenses. Eye swelling can cause and some pathologies, which will be written below.
If a child's eyes are tearing from the light, parents should seriously take this moment, because this symptom can become the first sign of inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eye, which becomes more sensitive to irritants, including light. The cause of inflammation of the mucous eye, which is called conjunctivitis, according to medical terminology, can be both an allergic reaction and an infectious factor (viruses or bacteria). Bacteria can be entered into the eye with dirty hands, and babies often rub their eyes, not watching the purity of their fingers, palms and cams. Reproduction of viruses on the eye mucosa is promoted by weakened immunity in the child.
If parents see that the child has a red eye and is watering, it is possible that the baby has just rubbed the eye and everything will be after a little time. If the redness does not come off, and other unpleasant symptoms join it, for example, pain and swelling of the eyelid, most likely the baby develops conjunctivitis. Although the same symptoms can accompany other inflammatory pathologies, such as the inflammation of the sebaceous glands (blepharitis), manifested as barley or haljason (chronic or "frozen" barley), inflammation of the lacrimal glands (dacryoadenitis), etc.
Lachrymation and eyeball are also characteristic for the early stages of acute dacryocystitis with the release of pus (phlegmon of the lacrimal sac).
If the child's eyes are red, swollen mucous, tears flow, but there is no pain, most likely these symptoms are associated with an allergic reaction. But the appearance of pain is a sign of inflammatory processes in the eye area or irritation of the trigeminal nerve.
But pain is a companion and other pathologies of the eye. For example, glaucoma, which, by the way, affects not only adults. In this case, the child hurts his eyes and water, there are headaches, nausea, vomiting.
If a child or an adult coughs and fits, then most likely we are dealing with conjunctivitis. Although, again, the secretion of pus from the eye can be associated with the pathologies of the tear ducts and stagnant phenomena in the eye, which is often observed in the period of newborn and in young children.
Particular attention should be paid to parents who noticed that their child has watery eyes when watching TV. If this is an isolated case, then most likely, lacrimation is associated with overexposure of vision and eye fatigue caused by the contemplation of bright flashing pictures on the screen.
If the symptom is repeated every time you watch TV, especially when the child is at the TV or computer for a short time, you should not postpone the trip to the ophthalmologist. The causes of tearing eyes when watching TV is very much. And it is important to identify exactly the one that caused such a symptomatology.
For the general development, let us say that lacrimation during and after watching TV programs, as well as with any vision tension in children, can be caused by:
- abnormalities of refraction (astigmatism),
- presence of foreign bodies in the conjunctiva of the eye,
- various changes in the mucosa, including inflammatory processes,
- obstruction of nasolacrimal pathways,
- edema of the nasal mucosa with rhinitis,
- metabolic disorders, in which crystals are deposited on the cornea, unusual inclusions appear, etc.,
- hereditary dystrophy of the cornea, and other anomalies of the iris of the eye,
- incorrect growth of eyelashes (sometimes this happens against the background of blepharitis),
- inadequate closure of the eyelids,
- glaucoma, disorders of accommodation,
- involuntary movement of the eyes (nystagmus),
- pathologies of the fundus, etc.
As you can see, without the help of a specialist, this can not be done. But sometimes the eyes of a child get watered because of a serious pathology, which requires careful diagnosis and immediate treatment. Ignoring the watery eyes of the child, the parents doom their children to major health problems in the future, because what can be easily and quickly cured at an early stage, when switching to a chronic form, makes it much more difficult for therapy that becomes more prolonged and not always successful . There is something to think about.
Tears in newborns
Parents need to know that infants are deficient in the development of certain systems, including tear and shedding systems. Tear glands in newborns are not yet capable of producing a secret, so babies cry for up to 2 months without secreting tears.
If the eyes of a newborn child are watered, this must necessarily alert the parents. Such a baby should be shown to the doctor, who will subsequently monitor the child's condition.
Isolation from the eyes of the infants during the first months of life of a light yellow liquid is a symptom of congenital obstruction (impaired patency) of the nasolacrimal canal. Such a pathology manifests itself as lachrymation with serous-purulent secreted, and in some cases, development of inflammatory disease of the lacrimal sac (dacryocystitis) due to obstruction or stenosis of lacrimal ducts.
In occasion of a stenosis (narrowing) of nasolacrimal ways all is clear. This is a congenital pathology with which one can live. In 90% of cases the problem is solved with age and does not require special treatment.
But with the plugging of the lacrimal canalicules the situation is different. While the child is in the womb of his mother, some of his organs, including the eyes and nasopharynx, are protected by a special film that does not allow the amniotic fluid to enter the fetal body. The rupture of the protective film occurs in the first days after the birth of the child, his eyes and nose begin to function normally. If the film does not break, stagnant phenomena appear in the eye, which is manifested as a discharge of purulent fluid, redness and swelling of the eye, cilia cramping, pain.
Because of such symptoms, parents often confuse dacryocystitis with conjunctivitis, begin to treat the baby with the usual means in this case, which does not bring a positive effect. After all, the causes of pathologies are significantly different and require different treatments.
If a child has an eyelid before 1 year, this is most likely not due to mild irritation, but to a certain pathology, which can be detected only by a specialist doctor. But self-medication in this case can have rather dangerous consequences, which the mother or father can hardly wish for her child.
Even if the lachrymation of the baby is associated with a simple scratching of the eye (and little children often reach for them with handles, not yet realizing the danger), one should not be treated irresponsibly. It is very simple to bring a bacterial infection into the wound, which in turn will cause an inflammatory process with an unpleasant and even dangerous for the baby symptomatic.