Treatment of the disease begins with methods of conservative therapy. Initially, to stop vomiting, the patient is prescribed complete rest, and also for a time refusal from food. A nasogastric tube is inserted into the stomach through the nose, which helps to empty its contents. In this way, stop vomiting.
During the treatment, intravenous administration of drugs (anesthetic, antispasmodics, antiemetic) and solutions is performed. Uses also prozerin - it is injected under the skin to stimulate the motor activity of the intestine.
Prozerin should be administered under the skin 1-2 r. / Day. 1 ml of a solution of 0.05%. The maximum one-time dose is 0.002 grams per day, and 0.006 g can be administered per day. Side effects of the drug: severe sweating, hypersalivation, digestive disorders, dizziness and headaches, pollakiuria, visual impairment, twitching of the lingual muscles and skeletal musculature. The drug is contraindicated in hyperkinesis, epilepsy, angina and bradycardia, as well as with severe atherosclerosis and bronchial asthma.
Sodium chloride solution 0.9% is used with a strong loss of extracellular fluid (observed with continuing vomiting), intestinal obstruction, as well as hyponatremia and hypochloremia, combined with dehydration, and as a detoxification drug. Contraindicated in acidosis, hypernatremia and hyperkalemia, pulmonary edema and brain, extracellular hyperhydration, left ventricular failure in acute form. Among the side effects: hyperhydration, acidosis, as well as hypokalemia.
Beetroot can be used as an alternative treatment for vomiting in case of intestinal obstruction. Tincture is prepared as follows - boil in a pan water (5 liters), clean 0.5 kg of beet, and add them to water. Leave to boil for 45 minutes, then leave for 3 hours to infuse. Then tincture should be filtered, add to it 150 g of sugar, as well as yeast (1 tsp). The resulting drink should be left for a day, and then drink without restrictions at any time and in any quantities.
Intestinal obstruction is also treated with enemas using oil and milk. You can make a mixture for an enema in the following way - heat up 100 g of milk and melt 20 grams of melted butter in it. The resulting medication should be poured into the enema, after which it can be used to inject the patient into the anus. Next, you need to lie on your left side for a while (so that the medicine has passed into the intestines as deeply as possible). A similar procedure should be performed before bedtime (2 hours) for 3 days.
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Herbal treatment also helps to cope with the manifestations of the disease.
Effective is the recipe, which uses sand sedge and St. John's wort. To make the medicine it is necessary to take 100 g of sedge, as well as 70 g of St. John's wort, finely chop them and fill them in a thermos (the volume of the thermos must contain at least 3 glasses of water (600-650 g)). Next, you need to let the herbs to brew during the night, and drain the infusion next morning. The medicine should be taken before meals four times a day for 1 week. A single dose should be ¾ a stack. (about 175-180 g).
Fennel may also be used to treat intestinal obstruction. Usually this recipe is used for children. The decoction is made as follows: 0.5 tsp. Fennel to fall asleep in a cup, pour it with boiling water, cover and leave for 15-20 minutes. Drinking beverages with fennel helps to improve intestinal peristalsis. An alternative option is the use of tea bags with fennel - this is a more convenient way.
The homeopathic preparation of Conium is prescribed for mild vomiting or mild peristalsis. It is used under the tongue until it is completely resorbed - for a single dose of 8 granules per day, it is necessary to do 5 medications per day. The treatment course usually lasts 8 weeks. If necessary, it can be re-assigned.
Among the contraindications to taking the drug is an individual hypersensitivity to any compound substance, during pregnancy and lactation, with kidney and epilepsy in severe forms, and also for children under 18 years of age. Conium is cautiously prescribed to people with hypotension. Among the side effects are rare manifestations of dermatitis or allergies. In case of an overdose, a strong lowering of the blood pressure is possible.
Operative treatment of intestinal obstruction is performed under general anesthesia (endotracheal anesthesia is used through intubation with additional use of muscle relaxants). The presence of this pathology involves the implementation of the midline incision in the abdominal cavity (its anterior wall) - the so-called wide median laparotomy. This incision is necessary for a complete examination of organs from the inside to reveal the cause of the appearance of intestinal obstruction. Once the cause is established, appropriate surgical procedures are performed.
Elimination of obstruction can be different methods - it depends on the degree of changes that occurred on the strangulated area of the intestine, the etiology of the disease, as well as the general condition of the patient. Most often perform such procedures:
- When turning, the detortion is performed;
- When invagination, the process of disinvagination is carried out;
- If there is an adhesive obstruction, dissection of adhesions is done;
- If gallstone blockage is observed due to the obstructing calculus, intestinal opening is performed to remove this obstruction;
- The non-viable part of the intestine or the part that is affected by the tumor is completely removed.
Before performing the operation, the bandages of the legs are performed with an elastic bandage to prevent the risk of blood clots in the veins of the shins.